Buddhist Sanskrit Lexicon

Ākhyāta ca Nāman


A

√ak
¦[cf.√ag][cf.√aṅg] [cl1p] move with curvilinear motion (around corner), originally curvilinear celestial motion ('k'); snake like motion ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.901] akaṃ, (m) (kuṭilāyāṃ gatau) |
akati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|

√akṣ
¦[cl1p][cl5p] reach, pass through, penetrate; [dk.vyāp]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.742] akṣūṃ, vyāptau̍ |
akṣati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
akṣa
¦[cl1.imp.2sg] look! |
akṣnoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
·
pratyakṣa
¦[n] direct perception; before the eyes |
pratyakṣatā
¦[f] (before the eyes)fulness, presence, directness |
akṣa
sākṣa
¦[adj] with seeds |
akṣi
¦[n][agt] the eye; number two; dual; sun and moon |
akṣa
¦[cp.bk] [n][agt] the eye |

Ag

√ag
¦[cf.aṅk][cf.ak][cl1p] to move windingly, wind; [dk.gam] [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.902] agaṃ, kuṭi̱lāyā̱ṃ gatau̍ |
agati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
duraga
¦[m] moving tortuously |
prāñc
prāg
¦[cp][<prāñc]|
agni
¦[m][agt] fire, digestive fire (ayurveda) |
niragnika
¦[adj] fireless, combustionless |

√agh
¦[cl10p] go wrong, lose ones way; [dk.gam] [dk.kṣip] |
aghayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
ānagha

aṅk

√aṅk
¦[cl1ā] mark, stamp, brand; [dk.aṅk] [dk.lakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.92] aki̱ṃ, lakṣa̍ṇe |
aṅkate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√aṅk
¦[cf.ag][<añc] [cl1ā][cl10p] move in a curve, angular motion ; [lat] anc [grk] agk ; [dk.gam] [dk.kuṭ] |
aṅkate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
aṅkayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|
·
aṅkura
¦[m] shoot, sprout |
√aṅg
¦[cf.ag][cf.ak] [cl1p] move around ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.155] agiṃ, (gaty arthaḥ) |
aṅgati
[cl1.av.3sg] moves |
√aṅg
¦[cf.aṅk] [cl10pā](cause to) mark, make a characteristic; [dk.pad] [dk.lakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.474] aṅgaṃ, (pade, lakṣaṇe) ca |
aṅgayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] marks, distinguishes |
·
aṅga
¦[n] limb of body, appendage, branch; the body |
anaṅga
¦[mfn] bodiless |
aṅgika
¦[adj] having many parts, consisting of many parts |
aṅgula
¦[m] a measurement of one finger's breadth (equals: eight barley corns; twelve aṅgula equals one vitasti; twenty four equals one hasta); ++ |
agra
agratva
¦[n][abst] highest perfection |
agrī
sāmagrī
asāmagrī
samagrīvat
¦[n][act] having completeness |
agrīya
agrya
agryatva
¦[n][abst] principally, primarily, foremostfully |

√aṅgh
¦[cl1ā] go, set out, set about, commence; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.115] aghi̱ṃ, (gaty ākṣepe | gatau gaty ārambhe cetya pare) |
aṅghate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
aṅghri
¦[m] foot, base |

√aṅś
¦[cf.<aś][cl10pā] attain; divide, apportion, distribute; [dk.āp] vyāpti |
aṅśayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
aṅśa
¦[m] share, portion |
aṅśatā
¦[f] apportionment, distribution, allotment, division |

ac

√ac
¦[cf.añc][cf.aṅk][cl1pā] go around requesting ; [dk.ac] [dk.yāc] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.999] acu̍ṃ, [gatau yācane ca] ity eke̍ |
acati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] requests, goes |

√añc
¦[cf.ac][cl1pā] bend, curve, reverence, directed towards ; [dk. ] |
añcati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
vīci
¦[f][abst] deceit, seduction, supplication, leading astray |
añca
¦[n][agt] adore, reverence, ; curve, curl submissively, beg, mumble indistinctly |
ādyañca
¦[n] most highest reverence |
samyañca
¦[n] (turned towards) each other, one point, one direction |
samyag

aj

√aj
¦[cl1p] move straight forward; be aggressive, aggravate, anger; push forward, conduct, drive, hunt; [lat] ag [grk] ag [eng] agr ; [dk.gam] [dk.nī] [dk.aj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.262] ajaṃ, gati kṣa̱pa nayoḥ̍ |
ájati
¦[av.3sg] pushes forward, aggravates, angers |
ajyate
¦[pv.3sg] pushed on, agitated, aggravated |
vyajyate
¦[pv.3sg] driven forth |
·
aja
¦[m] troop, drove; driver, leader |
samāja
¦[m] a gathering, an assembly, a society (guhyasamāja tantra) |
ajira

añj

√añj
¦[cl7p] manifest; anoint; shine [dk.kan] [dk.dīp]; go [dk.gam] [dk.ṛṣ]; (to worship); (be) angelic, preeminent ; [grk] ag [lat] ang |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.21] añjūṃ, vyaktim, rakṣaṇa kānti̱ gatiṣu̍, (vyaktim, arṣaṇa kānti̱ gateṣu̍) |
anákti
¦[av.3sg]|
āñjīt
¦[aor.av.3sg]|
·
añjali
¦[m] reverence with folded hands |
añjana
¦[m] manifestation, emanation |
nirañjana
¦[m] (without) attributes, qualities, manifestation, eminence |
vyañjana
anuvyañjana
¦[n][agt] a secondary characteristic |
añjanā
¦[f][obj] añjanāsundarī: satī wife of pavanañjaya and mother of hanuman (jain); a monkey princess, mother of marut's son māruti or mother of vāyu's son hanuman (hindu) |
√añj
¦[cl10pā] make to speak [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.316] ajiṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) ca |
añjayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√aṭ
¦[cf.at][cl1pā] habitually wandering [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.332] aṭaṃ, gatau |
aṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
aṭate
¦[mv.3sg]|
paryaṭet
¦[opt.3sg] (ought) wander, ramble, roam, (about) |
āṭīt
¦[aor.av.3sg]|

aṇ

√aṇ
¦[cf.√an][cl4ā] breathe; live [dk.aṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.71] aṇa̱ṃ, prāṇa̍ne |
aṇyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
āṇiṣṭa
¦[aor.mv.3sg]|
·
aṇa
¦[n][agt] breath, respiration |
prāṇa
pratiprāṇa
¦[m] counter breath, harmonic life force |
praṇi
¦[m] praṇa breathing creature |
prāṇi
¦[m] living breathing beings, living entities |

*aṇ
aṇu
aṇutva
¦[n][abst] minuteness |

√at
¦[cl1p] move between two points; go constantly, walk, run ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.38] ataṃ, sāta̍tya gamane |
atati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
āti
¦[f] the bird Turdus Ginginianus |

ad

√ad
¦[cl2p] eat, consume, devour ; [grk] ed [lat] ed ; [dk.ad] [dk.bhakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.1] a̱daṃ, bhakṣa̍ṇe |
atti
¦[av.3sg]|
addhi
¦[imp.av.2sg] must consume; must devour |
·
adya

adhas
¦[m] genitalia |

*adhv
adhvan
¦[m] time (buddh) |
adhva
¦[cp][m] time (buddh) |
tryadhva
¦[m] triple time |

*adh
adhika
anadhika
¦[mnfā] non‐increase, perfect, boundless, having no superior |

anunnata
¦[pali.anuṇṇata][a.mnfā] unelevated, unuplifted |

√an
¦[cf.√aṇ] [cl2p] [cl4ā] breathe, live ; [dk.aṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.65] ana̱ṃ, ca prāṇane |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.72] ana̱ṃ, prāṇane, ity eke̍ |
ániti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
ányate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg]|
anyās
¦[cl2.opt.av.2sg] you should breathe |
·
ana
¦[m] breath, respiration |
udāna
¦[m] uplifting breath ; the throat cakra vital air (moves upward) ; the navel, an eyelash ; heart felt joy (buddh) ; one of a nine fold division of sutras (buddh) |
anila
¦[m] wind, rasa of the body, humor |

analpa
¦[adj] huge, large, greatly, not a little, much, numerous |
anāyāsa
ani
¦[m] axle tree pin |

ant


*ant
ánt
¦ [m.] end, final |
anta
¦[m] natural condition; final result, ending, ultimate end, conclusion |
atyanta
paryanta
aparānta
¦[m] extreme final end, terminus, death; western lands beyond the edge |
samanta
¦[adj] having the ends together, circle around, contiguous, adjacent |
ananta
¦[adj] unending, eternal |
ānanta
¦[adj] forever unending |
antatā
¦[f][abst] conclusiveness |
anantarya
¦[adj] without disruption, non hindrance |
nairantarya
¦[n] vacuousness, unsubstantiality, lacking of substance, superficiality |
anantaka
antara
anantara
¦[adj] continuous, unending, |
nirantaram
¦ [ind] closely, constantly, immediately |
vyantara
sāntara
antavat
¦[adj] having an end, finite |
anantavat
¦[adj] having no end, eternal |
antikatā
¦[abst.f] nearness, contiguity |
antya
¦[adj] last in place, time, or order |

√andh
¦[cl10p] to make fervent exertion to see [grk] anth ; [dk.dṛś] [dk.ghaṭ] : (<dh(being in the light)+an(not)) |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.471] andhaṃ, dṛṣṭy upaghā̍te | upasaṃhā̱ra ity a̱nye |
andhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
andha

anupama
¦[adj] incomparable, excellent |

*an
anya
¦[adj] another, other, different. other than ; [lat] alius |
anyatva
¦[n][abst] otherness |
anyam
¦[n][agt] inexhaustableness |
anyā
¦[fā][abst] inexhaustability |

*ap
ap
¦[f] water, air |
apja
apavat
¦[adj] watery natured |
ab
¦[f] water |

√am
¦[cl1ā] approach, go to devotedly |
amati
¦[av.3sg]|
āmat
¦[impf.av.3sg]| mbk

*amb
ambu
¦[n] an andropogon; water |
ambuja
ámbara
¦[n] circumference; ++ |
ambhas
¦[n] celestial waters |

√ambh
¦[cl1ā] [en] sound, recite; go, honour ; [dk.śabd] [dk.paṭh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.448] ambhi̱ṃ, śabde, kva̍cit paṭhyate |
ambhati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|

aṃśu
¦[m] beam of light |

√aṃh
¦[cv.aṅgh][cl1ā] go, set out, commence [dk.gam] |
aṃhate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
ahi
¦[m] serpent, vṛtra the sky serpent, a “serpent like” cloud, a traveler |
√aṃh
|[cl10pā] cause to go forth speaking resplendently [dk.bhāṣ] [dk.gam] |
aṃhayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|

ayuta
¦[pst.av.p] ten thousand |
ayutadvaya
¦[n] twenty thousand |
dvyayuta
¦[pst.av.p] twenty thousand (dvi-ayuta) |
aruṇa
¦[m][agt] red color; the dawn; the sun; ruby |

√arc
¦[cl1p] adore, praise; shine, be brilliant [dk.pūj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.232] arcaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
arcati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
arcita
abhyarcita
¦[pst.pv.p] (all around) reverenced |
·
arcis
¦[nf] ray of light, light, lustre, flame |
arciṣa
¦[m] fire |
√arc
¦[cl10pā] make praise, cause to adore |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.340] arcaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
arcayati
¦[cs.3sg]|

arj

√arj
¦[cl1p] procure, acquire; [dk.arj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.256] arjaṃ, arjane |
arjati
¦[av.3sg]|
upārjita
¦[pst.pv.p] procured, acquired, gained |
·
arjuna
¦[adj] acquire [mn] ++ |
√arj
¦[cl10.pā] make preparation ; [dk.yat] [dk.pad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.250] arjaṃ, pratiya̱tne (sa̱mpāda̍ne ca) |
arjayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

arṇava

arth

√arth
¦[cl10ā] strive to obtain; contrive, scheme ; [dk.kṛ] [dk.yā] [dk.arth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.447] artha̱ṃ, upayā̱cñāyā̍m |
prārthayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg] eagerly made to be accomplished |
sāmarthya
¦[gnd] having completely accomplished |
·
artha
¦[mn] the method of a means to do something, meaning, way or art of it, skillful means, function of it |
anartha
¦[n] non‐method, a method contrary to the objective |
sārtha
arthaka
¦[m][adj] meaningful |
arthatas
¦[adv] sense of, really, truly, indeed, intruth; towards a particular object | vsk, mbk
arthā
¦[f] prosperity; opulence, substance; aim, purpose, way |
apārthā
¦[f] misconceived, meaningless |
arthatā
¦[f] aim, purpose, pursuit, directedness |
arthika
¦[adj] belonging to methods |
arthin
vyartha
¦[adj] useless, without purpose |
svārtha
¦[mnfā] self interest |
svaparārtha
¦[mnfā] for another and ones self mutually beneficial |
parārtha
asamartha
¦[mnfā] dissimilar aim |
arthya
¦[adj] suitable, appropriate, inclined to, wise, knowing, clever |
nairarthya
¦[n] meaningless nonsense |
sāmarthya
¦[n ] (common, same) aim, meaning, object; strength, ability, fitness |

ard

√ard
¦[cl1p] go, move; [cf.cl7] implore, solicit, beg ; [lat] ardeo [eng] ardent, arduous ; [dk.gam] [dk.yāc] [dk.ard] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.57] ardaṃ, gatau̱, yāca̍ne ca |
ardati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] moves |
·
ardita
¦[pst.pv.p] moved |
√ard
¦[cl6p][rv] [en] move, be moved, be scattered (like dust) [dk.gam] |
ṛdantu
¦[cl6.imp.av.3pl] let them be moved |
√ard
¦[cl10] violently going [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.365] ardaṃ, (arda̍ṃ) hi̱ṃsāyā̍m | svari̱ted ity eke̍ |
ardayati
¦[av.3sg]|
√ard
¦[cl7p] [ved+] beg, beseech ; [lat] ardeo [en] ardent, arduous ; [dk.yāc] [dk.ard] |
ṛṇatti
¦[av.3sg] asks, begs, ardently doth beseech |
·
ardra
¦[n] in the (head of rahu) nakṣatra ardra (gemini), the orion constellation bright (vm.05̇7) (red giant) star betelguese (seed of rahu's energy) is ruled by ferocious rudra (śiva) with thunder and brings life giving moisture to earth making people more simple and emotionally child like, cleansing the mind to make the intellect afresh with a keen curiosity. |

ardha
¦[adj] halved, half [n] half part; a part |

√arh
¦[cl1p] honour, worship; deserve, be worthy; [dk.pūj] pūjāyām [cl10pa] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.841] arhaṃ, pūjāyām | iti̱ dhuṣiṃ rā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍taḥ |
arhati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] worthy |
·
anargha
¦[adj] of no value, worthless; priceless, incalculable, inestimable [m] a false price, an overvalue |
arhat
¦[cf.arhan][m] a venerable perfected person (theravada) |
arhattva
¦[n][abst] worthiness, attractiveness, dignity |
√arh
¦[cl10pā] honour, worship ; [dk.pūj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.257] (sva̱daḥ, saka̱rmakā̍t) arhaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.367] (dhṛṣā̍dvā) arhaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
arhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

al

√al
¦[cl1p] adorn; be competent; prevent ; [dk.al] [dk.bhūṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.593] alaṃ, (ala̍ṃ) bhūṣaṇa paryāpti vā̱raṇeṣu̍ | a̱yaṃ sva̍ri̱ted ity eke̍ |
alati
¦[av.3sg]|

*alp
alpa
¦[mfān] small, minute, trifling, little |
analpa
¦[adj] large, important, great |
alpatva
¦[n] pettiness, triviality, meanness, littleness |

av

√av
¦[cl1p] avariciously protect ; [dk.rakṣ] [dk.av] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.684] avaṃ, rakṣaṇa, gati, kānti, prīti, tṛpty, avagam; praveśa śravaṇa svāmy arthayā; ca na kriyec, ca,āādīpty, avāpty, āliṅgana, hi, ()ddhiṣu | iti̱, ma, vyā̍dayo jayati̱; varja̱m, udāttā̍, u̱dātte̍, taḥ |
avati
¦[av.3sg]|
avatu
¦[imp.3sg] must protect. must favour |
avatha
¦[av.2pl] |
aviṭha
¦[av.2pl] ye favour |
·
avi

√aś
¦[cl5ā] attain, reach, arrive, assemble; obtain ; [dk.āp] [dk.han] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.20] aśū̱ṃ, vyā̍ptau saṅghā̱te ca̍ |
aśnute
¦[mv.3sg]|
samaśnute
¦[mv.3sg] fully attains |
·
aśin
¦[adj] reaching far, lasting long |
aśva
¦[m] horse; a person of horse like sexual prowess; (cp.bk) a stallion (stud) |
āśva
¦[cf.aśva]|
aśaya
¦[m] lasting impression, that which remains, tendencies |
sāśana
¦[m] spiritual practice, spiritual teachings |
√aś
¦[cl9p] to taste, to eat, to consume [dk.bhuj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.59] aśaṃ, bhoja̍ne |
aśnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
prāśnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
prāśnāt
¦[prs.av.p][mn] of those who are tasting |
·
aśaya
¦[m] hungry |
aśa
¦[m] consuming |
āśin
¦[adj] eating, enjoying |

aśīti
¦[f] eighty |
aśu
¦[n] a tear |

√aṣ
¦[cf.√as][cl1pā] go around shining most generously; go, move [dk.gam]; shine [dk.dīp] ; bestow [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1030] aṣa̍ṃ, (gati dīpty ādā̱neṣu̍) ity eke̍ |
aṣati
¦[av.3sg]|

aṣṭa
¦ eight |
aṣṭau
¦[mn] eight |
aṣṭamī
¦[f] eighth |
aṣṭi
¦[f] the number sixteen |

As

√as
¦[cf.√aṣ][cl1pā] go around shining most generously; go, move [dk.gam]; shine [dk.dīp] ; bestow [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1029] asa̍ṃ, gati dīpty ādā̱neṣu̍ |
asati
¦[av.3sg] moves; excells |
asate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√as
¦[cl2pā] befullness of existing; [dk.bhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.60] asaṃ, bhu̱vi |
asti
¦[av.3sg] is, exists | tsn, tsk, vsk, tps, mbk, jns
stas
¦[av.3dl] those two are |
asi
¦[av.2sg] thou art |
asmi
¦[av.1sg] am I | tps, jns
santi
¦[av.3pl] they are, they exist | tps
se
¦[mv.2sg] you are |
āsat
¦[ipf.3sg] it t'was |
abhyāsat
¦[ipf.3sg] t'was unto being | mbk
āsan
¦[ipf.3pl] were they |
syātām
¦[opt.3dl] those two ought be |
syur
¦[opt.av.3pl] they ought be, they would be | mbk
abhyasya
¦[gnd] after having practiced |
syāt
¦[ind] perhaps ; [pot.3sg] perhaps is |
syāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought be | tsn, vsk, tps
astu
¦[imp.3sg] [ind] let it be so |
·
sat
¦[prs.av.p][mnfī] being, existing |
asat
¦[prs.av.p] unbeing, not being |
·
astitā
¦[abst.f] existfullness |
astitva
¦[n][abst] existence, befullness |
svasti
¦[su.√as.ti][ind] be well, do well [nf] well being, success |
astya
¦[adj] existent |
√as
¦[cl4p] throwfullness ; [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.106] asuṃ, kṣepa̍ne |
ásyati
¦¦[av.3sg]| throws |
asyami
¦[av.1sg] throw |
abhyasyanti
¦[av.3pl] they practice, repeat, learn by repeat practice |
abhyasyate
¦[pv.3sg] is practiced repeatedly |
abhyaset
¦[op.3sg] ought repeatedly practice |
apāsya
¦[gnd] having thrown away, having left behind |
·
asta
nyasta
¦[pst.pv.p] caste down, thrown down; given up |
nirasta
viparyasta
aviparyasta
vyasta
¦[pst.pv.p] separated, taken apart; disordered; dispersed; inherent in (opp.samasta); spread, extended |
samasta
·
asta
¦[n] (setting sun) home, going home (death) [dk.gam] |
samasta
¦[m] the aggregate of all parts |
asra
samāsa
¦[m] thrown together aggregation, assemblage |
samāsatas
¦[ind] in a succinctly concise summary manner |
asthi
¦[‐̍u][n] bone ; [lat] ossis, os |
√ah
¦[cl5.p] say, speak, to express ; [dk.āp] [dk.bhaṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.29] ahaṃ, vyā̍ptau |
āha
¦[prf.3sg] did say, twas said |
ahaṅkāra
¦[m] egoic self |
nirahaṅkāra
¦[m] selfless nature |

Ā

*ātm
pratyātma
¦[m] towards the soul |
ātmaka
¦[adj] forming the nature thereof, composed of |
nirātmaka
¦[adj] having no unique existence, with out self, egoless |
nairātmya
¦[n] selflessness, egolessness, insubstantiality |
ātmatā
¦[f] core essentialness, (essence) |

the twelve ātmatās :

samātmatā
¦[f] quintessence, full nature |
sātmatā
¦[f] with spirit, with essentialness; commonality of essence |
ātmana
¦[adj] most soulful |
ātman
¦[m] soul, self, ego, persona, an entity, essence, nature |
anātman
¦[m] non-soul, non-self, without essence |
durātmān
¦[m] wicked soul |
parātman
¦[m] higher soul (non incarnate) |
svaparātman
¦[m] self identity with soul, self identity with ego |
svātman
¦[m] the self soul |
māhātmī
¦[cp.ātmān] great soul |
ātmīkṛ
¦[f] making ones own |
svamātmān
¦[m] one's own self |
ātmatā
¦[f]| mbk
ātmānā
¦[adj] spontaneously |
sātman
¦[adj] united with soul or spirit |
sātma
¦[m] united with soul spirit (cp form)|
sātmī
¦[f] united with soul spirit (cp form)|
ātmanīya
¦[adj] one's own |
ātmika
¦[m][dmn] (self essence, basis of self)|
ātmikā
¦[f][dmn] having a nature like; consisting of |
ādhyātmika
¦[mnfāī][dmn] spiritual, holy; relating to self soul or supreme spirit |
adhyātma
ātmīya
¦[adj] soulful |
ātmya
¦[adj] belonging to one's self, personal; soulful; [cp.bk] having nature of |
adhyātma
daurātmya
¦[n] wicked souled depravity |
nairātmya
*ād
ādi
anādi
¦[adj] without beginning, eternal, perpetual; secondary, not primarily, not formostly |
ādika
āditas
¦[ind] from the first, from the beginning |
ādivat
¦[n] foremostly like |
ādau
¦[ind][m] at first, firstly, in the beginning |
ādya
ādyanta
ādyā
¦[f] ādyā śakti, a formless state beyond all duality and gender (advaita, śākta); kālī mahāvidyā, consort of śiva |

āp

√āp
¦[cl5pā] grasping to obtain [dk.āp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.16] ā̱pḷṃ, vyā̍ptau |
āpnóti
¦[av.3sg] obtains |
avāpnoti
¦[av.3sg] holding down, reach, attain, get |
prāp
prāpnoti
¦[av.3sg] firmly grasps | tsn
saṃprāpnoti
¦[av.3sg] fully to obtain |
prāpnute
¦[mv.3sg] attains, obtains, reaches |
samāpnute
¦[mv.3sg] to obtain completely, to accomplish | tps
prāpnuvanti
¦[av.3pl] they strongly grasp |
prāpayiṣyati
¦[ft.cs.3sg] (shalt be caused) to attain, to obtain |
prāpsyate
¦[ft.mv.3sg] shall obtain |
prāpsyāmi
¦[ft.av.1sg] I shall obtain |
prāpyate
¦[pv.3sg] grasped, obtained |
avāpya
¦[gnd] having attained |
prāpya
¦[gnd] having attained, having obtained |
aprāpya
¦[gnd] (having) not obtained |
samprāpya
¦[gnd] having been fully accomplished |
āpnuyāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought obtain, ought grasp |
prāpnuyāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] (ought to) obtain, attain |
·
āpya
¦[fut.pv.p] will obtain, shall take |
āpta
avāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was reached [pst.av.p] was obtaining |
prāpta
aprāpta
aparyāprāpta
¦[pst.ap] not about fully first attaining |
samāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was completely obtained; finished, concluded, ended |
samprāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was completely obtained |
asamprāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was not completely obtained, was unobtained |
·
āpana
āpāna
¦[n][act][adj] reaching, obtaining |
āpti
¦[f] acquired, accomplished, perfected, abundance |
avāpti
¦[f] obtaining, getting |
paryāpta
¦[adj] abundant; adequate, complete; extensive; willingly |
prāpti
aprāpti
¦[f] unattaining |
āprāpti
¦[f] well attaining |
samprāpti
¦[f] (completely) acquiring, holding |
samāpti
¦[adv][f] (fully) realized, (complete) accomplishment |
vyāpāra
¦[m] doing, performance, a profession |
vyāpitva
¦[n][abst] an all pervaded graspedness |
vyāpin
vyāpina
¦[n] all pervading, all obtaining |
vyāpinam
¦[n.sg]| jns
āyus
¦[n] life, vitality, longevity |
√āśri
¦[cf.śri][cl1p] attach, join, adhere; be subject to, depend [dk.sev]|
āśrayati
¦[av.3sg]|
āśrayanti
¦[av.3pl] they depend on |
āśrayet
¦[opt.av.3sg] one ought join |
samāśrayet
¦[opt.av.3sg] one ought totally enjoin |
āśritya
¦[gnd] having obtained shelter; having recourse to |
·
āśrita
·
āśraya
¦[m] locus, basis, foundation |
nirāśraya

ās

√ās
¦[cl2a] sit, establish [dk.viś]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.11] āsa̱ṃ, u̱paveśa̍ne |
āste
¦[mv.3sg]|
upāsīta
¦[opt.av.3sg] one ought sit reverently near |
āstām
¦[imp.av.3sg] must sit |
·
adhyāsita
¦[pst.ap] sitting over and above |
upāsita
¦[pst.pp] served, honored, worshiped, |
·
āsana
anāsana
¦[m] lack of āsana, without yoga practice |
upāsana
¦[n] focused attention on one point for insight |
āsyā
paryupāsya
¦[mnfā] to be worshiped or served |
abhyāsa
¦[m] diligent effort, repeated study, continuous learning |
viparyāsa
¦[m] errorful delusion, misapprehension; ++ |
aviparyāsa
¦[m] non‐misapprehension, correct comprehension |
āḥ
¦ bija seed syllable of the karma nātha and vāyu maṇḍala and yellow and yāma and amoghasiddhi and throat cakra |

I

i

√i
¦[cl2pā] go (iṇ) ; [dk.gam] [dk.i] ; go having remembered (ik) [dk.smṛ] ; focus the mind upon, learn (iṅ) [dk.i] [dk.gam] ; |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.40][cl2p] i̱ṇ, gatau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.41][cl2ā] i̱ṅ, a̱dhyaya̍ne | nity̱am adhi̍pūrvaḥ | adhyayana
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.42][cl2p] i̱k, smara̍ṇe | a̱yam apy adhi̍pūrvaḥ |
éti
¦[av.3sg] it goes |
udeti
¦[av.3sg] goes up, arises |
samudeti
¦[av.3sg] rise up together |
vyeti
¦[av.3sg] follow, join in; going off; dissipate, separate, disperse; decline |
avaiti
¦[av.3sg] goes down |
upaiti
¦[av.3sg] goes near to, goes on |
yánti
¦[av.3pl] they go |
iyāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought go |
āyante
¦[mv.3pl](iṇ) they are brought |
pratīyate
¦[pv.3sg] go towards |
pratītya
¦[gnd] (having) gone against, gone contrary wise, opposition; having gone toward; having chaotically moved around; having disjunctive motion; (becomes the oneness of the 'uni'verse conjunctively) | mmk
apratītya
¦[gnd] (having) not gone contrary wise, not gone against |
pretya
¦[gnd] having departed, having gone forth |
·
anvita
¦(anu·√i)[pst.pv.p] (was) followed, going along with, endowed with, connected with, understood |
anvita
¦[m][agt] a follower, one who goes along with |
samanvita
¦[pst.av.p] fully understanding, connected together; possessing |
viparīta
¦[pst.pv.p] turned around, reversed, inverted; adverse |
aviparīta
samviparīta
¦[pst.pv.p] lowly degraded [adj] totally contrarian, adverse, inauspicious, |
ita
¦[pst.ap] going, [pst.pv.p] gone |
atīta
¦[pst.pv.p]
gone by, gone beyond, passed over |
¦[n][agt]
the past, dead, transmigration |
¦[m][agt]
a certain śaiva sect (wander about) |
upeta
¦[pst.pv.p] approached, arrived |
sameta
susameta
¦[pst.pv.p] combined well together |
·
nyaya
¦[n] go down, decay, destruction, entropy |
aya
¦[m] going, moving, walk |
anvaya
¦[m] logical connection, standard order of things, |
anvayatva
¦[n][abst] logicalness, rationalness |
anvayā
¦[f] logical agreement |
udaya
¦[m] going up, rising up, manifesting |
samudaya
¦[m] fully rising up, completely manifesting, |
viparyaya
aviparyaya
¦[m] non existence of contrariety, lack of contradiction, without contradiction |
vyaya
avyaya
adhyayana
¦[n][act] very much going |
ayanika
¦[adj] going a bit |
apāya
¦[m] going away, vanishing, departure |
upāya
¦[m] expedient means (four upāyas) |
sāmopāya
¦[m] gentle words for winning an adversary, conciliation, negotiation |
dānopāya
¦[m]|
bhedopāya
¦[m]|
daṇḍopāya
¦[m]|
paryāya
¦[m] the coming around, the going around, the cycling |
prāya
¦[m] fasting unto death; stage of life or age; chief prominent part (pra aya-going forth) |
abhiprāya
¦[pali.adhippāya,intention][m] difference, towards divisioned parts |
upāyaka
¦[m] related to means or method |
upāyatā
¦[f] skillful expedience |
upāyāsā
¦[f] despair |
pratīti
¦[f] (going towards) clear insight, apprehension, conviction; delight, respect, trust |
avyaya
pratyaya
¦[m] presupposition, fundamental idea, conviction, conjecture, apprehension, condition |
nāgārjuna:
apratyaya
¦[m] non-assumption |
aparapratyaya
¦[m] an assumption not dependent on another person |
āpratyaya
¦[m] firm presumption |
pratyayavat
¦[psv.adj] possessing a presupposition |
apratyayavat
¦[psv.adj] having no presupposition, causeless |
mahāniraya
¦[m] an unhappy hell realm, naraka |
samaya
samayin
¦[m] sectarian religionist |
antarāyika
¦[n] an obstacle; going within; going between |
upāyikā
¦[cf.upāya][f] method, means, way (abhidharmakośa-upāyikā) |
eti
¦[f] arrival, approach |
√i√in√inv
¦[cl5] send |
ino̍ti
¦[av.3sg] sends |
·
ina
adhīna
¦[pali][adj] dependent, depending on, subservient to, subjugated, dependent on circumstances |
itara
¦[mnfā] other, different from |

√ind
¦[cl1p] empower [dk.īś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.65] idiṃ, paramaiśv̱arye |
indati
¦[av.3sg] empowers |
·
parīndanā
¦[f][abst] empowerment, entrustment |
indra
¦[m] heroic atmospheric deity; a heroic leader |
indu
¦[m] moon; time of moonlight; soma |
indriya
¦[n] organ of sense; faculty of sense |

idh


√indh√idh
¦[cl1ā][cl7ā] blaze resplendently, enkindle, inflame, ignite; [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.11] i̱ndhīṃ, dīptau̍ | u̱dātto 'nu̍dāttet || |
indháte
¦[cl1.mv.3sg] enkindles |
inddhé
¦[cl7.mv.3sg] enflames |
idhyatām
¦[cl7.imp.pv.3sg] must be enkindled |
idhyamāna
¦[cl1.mn.ppp] made to inflame; emblazoned |
·
indhana
indhanavat
¦[n]|

√iras
¦[cl4p] have enmity, be hostile ; [lat] īra ; [dk.krudh] |
irasyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
iras

√iṣ
¦[cl1p] [cl4p] move with quick impelling forcefulness; to impel, incite, animate; proclaim, promote [dk.iṣ] [gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.22] iṣaṃ, gatau̍ |
eṣati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
iṣyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]¦ strongly discharges, promotes, impels |
iṣyate
¦[cl4.pv3sg] promoted, advocated, impelled, forced |
√iṣ
¦[cl9p] move with continued frequent repetition ; [dk.īkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.61] iṣaṃ, ābhī̍kṣṇaye |
iṣṇāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg] moves fervently |

iṣ

√iṣ,√ich
¦[cl6p] fervent seeking, desire ; [rus] isk ; [dk.iṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.78] iṣaṃ, (iṣuṃ) i̱ccāyā̍m |
icchati
¦[av.3sg] fervently desires |
icchanti
¦[av.3pl] they endeavour, strive to obtain |
icchasi
¦[av.2sg] you desire |
icchet
¦[op.av.3sg] ought desire or seek |
iṣyate
¦[pv.3sg] (be) sought after, desired | tsn, vsk, mbk
anviṣyate
¦[pv.3sg] is sought after |
adhyeṣayīta
¦[opt.mv.3sg] ought be fervently sought (solicited for instruction ??) |
·
icchat
¦[prs.av.p][mn] desiring |
iṣṭa
aniṣṭa
veṣṭa
¦[pst.av.p] (vi) without desiring; increased desiring |
eṣṭavya
¦[grndv] shall be sought after |
·
ikṣu
¦[m] sugar cane |
icchatā
¦[f] desire, wishfulness |
svecchā
¦[f] one's own desire, personal wish, self desire |
sveccha
¦[cp]|
iṣṭakā
¦[f] a brick; the sacrificial brick for an alter |
iṣṭatara
¦[adj] higher grasping desire |
īṣvarya
aiśvarya
¦[n] sovereignty, dominion, the group of siddhis together (8) |
eṣa
anueṣaṇa
¦[adj] searching |
adhyeṣaṇa
¦[n][act] soliciting (instruction) |
eṣā
¦[f] wish, desire |

Ī

√ī
¦[cl4ā] go [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.38] ī̱ṅ, gatau̍ |
īyate
¦[mv.3sg]|

īkṣ

√īkṣ
¦[cl1ā] regardfulness of looking [dk.dṛś] [dk.īkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.694] īkṣa̱ṃ, darśa̍ne |
īkṣate
¦[mv.3sg] gazes in mental reflection |
vīkṣate
¦[mv.3sg]| look at, behold |
apekṣate
¦[mv.3sg] beholds, regards, considers |
·
apekṣata
¦[pst.pv.p] considered |
apekṣya
¦[apaeīkṣ] [ft.pv.p][mnfā] shall be regarded, shall be contingent |
anapekṣya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) disregarded |
nirīkṣya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) unseen, unconsidered |
parīkṣya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) verified, tested |
parīkṣyam
¦[adj]| tps
apekṣitavya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] shall be regarded |
·
īkṣa
anīkṣā
¦[f] invisible, unseen |
upekṣā
¦[f] equanimity, neutrality, overlooking, disregard, indifference |
samupekṣā
¦[f] complete equanimity, total indifference |
pratyakṣa
vipratyakṣa
¦[adj] visibly manifest [n] increasing pramāṇa of direct perception |
apekṣā
¦[f] contingence, relative dependence, cause-effect connection (buddh); regard, attention, consideration |
nirapekṣa
¦[mnfā] disregard, indifference, unnoticed |
nirapekṣatva
¦[n][abst] indifference, regardlessness |
parīkṣā
¦[f] investigation, test |
parokṣa
¦[adj] beyond seeing, out of sight [m] an ascetic [n] absence, invisibility |
īkṣaṇa
parīkṣaṇa
pratyavekṣana
¦[n] [act] looking after, [agt] care, attention |
prekṣaṇīya
¦[adj] to be visibly seen, sightly, beautiful [n] a show or spectacle |
prekṣāvat
¦[adj] circumspect, deliberate, prudent |
prekṣāvant
¦[adj] considerate, wise |
ābhīkṣṇa
¦[adj] repeated, frequent [n] continued repetition (ā-abhīkṣṇa) |
ābhīkṣṇaya
¦[n] continued frequent repetition ¦

īḍā
¦[f] a secondary nādī (opp:piṅgalā) ; ++ |
īpa
samīpa

īps

√īps
¦(desid. of √āp)[cl1pa] wish to obtain, desire, long for [dk.āp] |
īpsati
¦[av.3sg]|
īpsate
¦[mv.3sg]|
īpsita
¦[pst.av.p] obtaining |
·
īpsu
¦[adj] (to obtain) striving, wishing, desirous of, craving, grasping at |
abhīpsu
¦[adj] desiring |

īr

√īr
¦[cl2ā] goes atrembling, moves ashaken, rises up shaking ; [dk.gam] [dk.kamp] [dk.īr] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.8] ī̱raṃ, gatau, kampa̍ne ca |
prerte
¦[cl2.mv.3sg]|
preryyate
¦[cl2.pv.3sg] tis moved |
udīryate
¦[cl2.pv.3sg] is risen up trembling |
udīrayet
¦[cl2.cs.opt.3sg] one ought speak out with emotion | jns
īrita
¦[pst.av.p] was going |
prerita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was forth) urged, impelled, turned |
·
udīrṇa
¦[adj] roused, excited, haughty |
samīra
¦[m] air, breeze, wind; breath, moving the pranic vital air |
samīraṇa
preraka
√īr
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) agitate, excite, throw, caste ; [dk.īr] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.342] īraṃ, kṣepe̍ |

īrṣy

√īrṣy
¦[cl1p] envious ; [dk.īrṣy] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.588] ī̱rṣyaṃ, īrṣyaāarthāḥ̍ |
īrṣyati
¦[av.3sg] envious, jealous |
·
īrṣyā
¦[f] envy, jealousy, one of the forms of mātsarya (buddh envy) |

īś

√īś
¦[cl2a] to exist in an elegant lordly manner; be accomplished, be masterful [dk.īś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.10] īś̱aṃ, aiśva̍rye |
īṣṭe
¦[cl2.mv.3sg]|
·
īśa
¦[m] sovereign, lord, chief |
īśvara
¦[m] supreme leader |
īśvarya
¦[adj] guiding |
aiśvarya
¦[n] sovereignty, dominion; paranormal siddhi mastery; the state of being supreme and lordly |

√īh
¦[cl1ā] endevour, be eager to do, make an effort [dk.ceṣṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.719] īha̱ṃ, ce̱ṣṭāyā̍m |
īhate
¦[mv.3sg] is eager |
·
samīhita
¦[pst.av.p] totally striving |
īha

U

√ukṣ
¦[see cf.√vakṣ]|

√ugr
¦[<ogra] [cf.gras] [cl10pā] fiercely harm with sadistic pleasure ; [dk.av] [dk.vaj] |
ugrayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ugrasa
¦[adj] strong smelling, strong |
ogra
[mfī] an ogra ([en]ogre) of huge formidable proportions. A most terrible, high noble savage, fierce, passionate and wrathful, by nature. Epithet of rudra, and thus śiva; A mixed caste, kṣatriya and śudra, (ogra) person, is of low, vile nature, both crude and rude (krūra), employed for killing snakes and the like. The tantras define an ogra as a bardish singer of eulogies. |
√uc
¦[cl4p] be pleased or want, like, take pleasure in, suitable, fitting ; [dk.av] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.135] ucaṃ, samavā̱ye |
ucyati
¦[av.3s]|
ūcuḥ
¦[prf.3pl] was pleased |
·
ucita

uttama
¦[adj] very highest, most high |
utsuka
(ut·su·ka)

√und,√ud
¦[cl7p] [cl6p] [en] moist; (undulating wave); [lat] und [gk] ud; [dk.klid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.20] undīṃ, kleda̍ne |
unátti
¦[cl7p] flow, wet |
undati
¦[cl6p]|
·
udita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) arisen, elevated, ascended |
·
udaka
¦[n] water |
uda
¦[n] water (begin or end of cp) |
daka
¦[n] water (mostly cp) |
mahodaka
¦[adj] abounding in water |
udadhi
¦[m] holding moisture, ocean, lake, river, cloud, vagina |
indu
¦[m] drop, bright drop, moon (drop in sky); refers to soma |

ubhaya
¦[mnfī] both, of both ways, in both manners |
upama
¦[adj] uppermost, highest; nearest, next; best, first, excellent |
upāsana
¦[n] devoted attention to a single point for insight |
upāsya
¦[adj] to be served, to be revered |
*uras
aurasa
urdhva
¦[adj] upward |

uṣ

√uṣ
¦[cf.vas][cl1p] burning, searing light [dk.dah] [dk.ruj] [dk.uṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.779] ūṣaṃ, ru̱jāyā̍m |
óṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
oṣadhi
¦[m] sensations; herbs and grains |
uṣṇá
auṣṭra
[cf.uṣṭra]
pratyūṣa
¦[m] dawn, day break |

ūn

√ūn
¦[cl10p] wanting, deficient, defective [dk.ūn] |
ūnayati
¦[av.3sg]|

ūrdhva
ūru
¦[m] thigh, shank|

√ūh
¦[cl1pā] infer, reason, deliberate about, observe, mark, note, regard ; [dk.tark] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.735][ā] ūha̱ṃ, vita̱rke |
ūhate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
ūhata
¦[pst.pv.p] deliberated, reasoned, |
vyūhata
·
vyūha
¦[m] reasoning, logic; ordering; subdividing elements of a construct |
avyūha
¦[m] nonresolution, indivisability, nonseparation, unordered, nonarrangement |
vyūhatā
¦[f][abst] orderliness, regularity |
√ūh
¦[cl1pā] push, thrust, move, remove ; [dk.nud] |
ūhati
¦[av.3sg]|
vyūhati
¦[av.3sg] push apart, place in order |
·
vyūhatā
¦[f][abst]|


√ṛ√ṛch
¦[cl1pā] [en] go toward to obtain; reach out to grasp; approach ; [lat] aro, orior; [dk.gam] [dk.āp] [dk.ṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1086] ṛ̱, gati prā̱paṇayoḥ̍ |
ṛccháti
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
ṛccha
¦[cl1.imp.av.2sg]|
samarpayāmi
¦[cs.1sg] I am fully caused to go |
·
araṇa
arpaṇa
¦[n][act] procuring, entrusting, offering |
samarpaka
¦[mfn] furnishing, yielding |
samarpita
¦[mn] fully given or offered |
udāra
ari
ārya
anārya
¦[adj] ignoble, unnoble, inferior, lessor, unpious, disrespectable |
āryā
¦[f] revered noble woman; mother |
ūrmi
¦[mf] a wave, a billow; fig. wave of pain or passion; six human infirmities: cold and heat [of the body], greediness and illusion [of the mind], and hunger and thirst [of life] |
ṛta
√ṛ
¦[cl3] go!, get out! (very old form probably confined to vedas) ; [dk.gam] [dk.ṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.17] ṛ̱, gatau |
íyarti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
iyṛhi
¦[cl3.imp.av.2sg]|
√ṛ
¦[cl5] injure, kill ; [dk.hiṃs] [dk.ṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.38] ṛ̱, hiṃsāyām, ity eke |
ṛṇóti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
ṛṇu
¦[cl5.imp.av.2sg]|
·
ṛṇa
¦[cl5][ved+][n] duty, debt, obligation |

√ṛj√arj
¦[cl1pā] go [dk.gam], stand firm [dk.sthā], acquire [dk.arj]; be strong, be healthy |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.200] ṛja̱ṃ, gati sthānaāarjanaoupārj̱aneṣu̍ |
árjate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
·
ṛju
anṛju
¦[mnfā] unstraight, crooked; dishonest |

√ṛj√ṛñj
[cl7ā][cl6pā][cl4ā] direct, stretch [dk.?] |
ṛñjate
¦[cl7.mv.3sg] rgveda |
ṛñjáti
¦[cl6.av.3sg] rgveda |
ṛjyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] rgveda |

√ṛñj
¦[cl1ā] parch; fry ; [dk.bhṛj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.201] ṛjiṃ, (bharjane) |
ṛñjate
¦[mv.3s]|

√ṛdh
¦[cl4p] increase, grow, flourish, prosper [dk.vṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.27] ṛdhuṃ, vṛddhau̍ |
ṛdhyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
sārddha
¦[adj] with half |
ṛddhi
¦[f] siddhi, psychic power; accomplishment, perfection, success; growth |
samṛddhi
¦[f] (complete) perfection, accomplishment |

ṛṣ

√ṛṣ
¦[cl6.p] go, move; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.7] ṛṣīṃ, gatau̍, | u̱dātta̍ u̱dātte̍t ||
ṛṣati
¦[av.3sg] goes, moves |
√ṛṣ
¦[cl1.p] move with flowingly quick motion, rush; [dk.gam] [dk.ṛṣ] |
aṛṣati
¦[av.3sg] gracefully moves |
·
ṛṣi
¦[m] seer sage; epithet of gautama buddha; ++ |


E


*ek
eka
ekī
¦[cp]|
ekaka
¦[adj] sole, single, solitary, alone |
ekatas
¦[ind] one and the same |
ekatva
¦[n][abst] oneness |
anekatva
¦[n][abst] non‐oneness, separateness, duality |
ekadā
¦[ind] one time, once |
ekaika
¦[adj] one and one, one to one |
aneka
pratyeka
¦[adj] towards solely the one |
aikya
¦[n] oneness, unity; ++ |

ettaka
¦[<pali etta] [adj] so much, this much |
etāvat
¦[adj][ind] so much, so far, so many |

√edh
¦[cf.ṛdh][cl1ā] thrive, strongly prosper [dk.vṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.2] e̱dhaṃ, vṛddhau̍ |
édhate
¦[mv.3s]|
·
edhātuka
¦[<edhatu][mf] belonging to happiness |

√eṣ
¦[cf.iṣ][cl1ā] go, move; creep, glide; glide or hasten towards; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.705] e̱ṣṛaṃ, gatau |
eṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
adhyeṣayet
¦[cl1.op.cs.3sg] one ought be hastened towards |
√eṣ
¦[cl1ā] attain, to obtain, aspire after, contrive ; [dk.yat] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.701] e̱ṣṛaṃ, prayatne, ity eke̍ |
eṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
samudeṣyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] brought to full manifestation |
·
eṣā
¦[f] wish to obtain |
eṣin
¦[adj] driving, impelling, desiring |

O


om
¦ bija seed syllable of head; vairocana white mudra enlightenment |

Au


*aud
audārya
¦[n] generosity, magnanimity |
auddhatya
¦[<ud.dhata] arrogance |

K


√kaṭ
¦[cl1p] to go; throw out [dk.gam] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.359] kaṭīṃ, gatau̍ |
kaṇṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
kaṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
utkaṭa
prakaṭa
¦[adj] evident, manifest; visibly, openly (cp.front) |
√kaṭ
¦[cl1p] downpouring all surrounding rain, deluge ; [dk.vṛṣ| [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.330] kaṭeṃ, varṣā va̱raṇayoḥ̍ |
kaṭati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kaṭh
¦[cl1p] to live in distress ; [dk.śuc] [dk.vāś] [dk.kṛś] [dk.jīv] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.385] kaṭhaṃ, kṛccra jīv̱ane ||
kaṭhati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kaṭhina

√kaṇ
¦[cf.kaṇth (cl1ā)] [cl1p] sound, cry, sigh ; [dk.śabd] [dk.śuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.517] kaṇaṃ, śabdaāarthaḥ |
kaṇati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kaṇṭaka
¦[m] sting; eructation, horripilation; vexation, pain |
kaṇṭha
¦[m] throat, voice, sound |
√kaṇ
¦[cl1p] go, approach [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.903] kaṇaṃ, gatau̍ |
kaṇati
¦[av.3sg]|
√kaṇ
¦[cl10pā] wink, close the eye lid [dk.mīl] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.240] kaṇaṃ, ni̱mīla̍ne |
kaṇayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

kaṇa
¦[m](implies smallness) seed, grain, flake, spark, atom |

√kaṇṭh
¦[cl1ā] being anxious, regret ; [dk.śuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.297] kaṭhi̱ṃ, śoke̍ |
kaṇṭhate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
·
kaṇṭha
¦[m] the narrow neck or throat of anything, the throat or neck, |
√kaṇṭh
¦[cl10pā] (cause) to mourn ; to long for, to desire ; [dk.vac] [dk.śuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.385] kaṭhiṃ, śoke̍, | prā̱yeṇa,outpū̍rva utḵaṇṭhā va̍canaḥ |
kaṇṭhayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|

katu
¦[f] katu rasa (ayurvedic) |

kath

√kath
¦[cl10pā] tell, narrate, inform ; [dk.kath] [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.389] kathaṃ, vākya pra̱bandhe, (vākya prabandha̱ne) |
katháyati
¦[av.3sg]|
kathyate
¦[pv.3sg] tis told, tis said, tis explained, tis informed |
sakathyate
¦[pv.3sg] with being informed, with being told | tps
kathayāmi
¦[av.1sg] I tell |
·
kathita
¦[pst.pv.p] t'was told |
·
kathana
katham
¦[adv] how pray tell, in what way, whence? |
kathā
¦[f] what's to mention |
kathika
¦[m] one who expounds, who tells, who narrates |
kathikatva
¦[n][abst] narration, explanation |

√kad
¦[cl1ā] being confounded or perplexed, despondent, incapable ; [dk.kal] [dk.klav] [dk.bhram] sambhrama |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.881] ka̱daṃ, (vaiklavye, | vaikalya, ity, eke) ity, anye |
kadate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
kattva
¦[n][abst] perplexity, bewildered dumbness |
kādivat
¦[n] confusion |

kadamba
¦[m] orange blossomed tree 'nauclea cadamba' |
kadambaka
¦[m] fruit of kadamba tree 'nauclea cadamba' |

kan

√kan
¦[cl1p] be serenely satisfied ; [dk.kan] [dk.dīp] [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.531] kaniṃ, dīpti kānti ga̱tiṣu̍ |
kanati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kanaka
kanda
kānti
¦[f] loveliness, splendour, beauty, |

√kap
¦ [<krap] [cl1p] have empathy ; [dk.kṛp] [dk.cal] calane |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.877] kapa̱ṃ, (kṛpāyāṃ, gatau ca,) ity, a̱nye |
kapati
¦[av.3sg] has empathy (resonates) with another |
√kam
¦[cl1ā] [en] wish, long for, desire, have lustful passionate urging ; [lat] comis ; [dk.kan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.949] kam | na kami- (mit) |
kāmayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt3sg] one ought be encouraged to be desiring, passionate | jns
·
kāmi
¦[m] lustful libidinous man |
kāminī
¦[f] libidinous woman, harlot |
kāmina
¦[m] lustful persons |
kāma
¦[m] passion, lust, desire, wish |
akāmaka
¦[adj] dispassionate |
pañcakāmaka
¦[adj] like the way of five passions |
kāmuka

kamp

√kamp
¦[cl1ā] tremble, shake ; [dk.cal] [dk.kamp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.435] kapi̱ṃ, cala̍ne |
kampate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
kampita
¦[pst.pv.p] trembled |
·
kapaṭa
¦[mn] fraud, deceit |
akampya
¦[adj] unwavering, nontrembling |
anukampā
¦[f] to sympathize with, feeling compassionate, feeling resonance with |
anukampin
¦[adj] compassionate, merciful |
aprakampa
¦[mfn] unshaken, firm, steady; unrefuted |

√karṇ
¦[cl10pā] pierce, bore ; [dk.bhid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.470] karṇaṃ, bheda̍ne, (iti, dhātv anṯaram, ity, apa̍re) |
karṇayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
karṇa
¦[m] ear |

karpāsa
¦[<√kṛ][mn] cotton tree (gossypium herbaceum) |

kal

√kal
¦[cl1ā] [en] sound ; calculate; audibly count [lat] calculo ; [dk.śabd] [dk.khyā] [dk.kal] |
dhatukula
¦[1.570] kala̱ṃ, śabda saṅkhyā̱, nayoḥ̍ |
kalate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
triṣkāla
¦[m] the three times |
kāla
¦[m] time, black |
akāla
¦[adj] timeless, untimely |
kalā
¦[f] a component, a diminutive single part of a whole, one of the 64 arts of śilpa |
kalāpa
¦[m] group, unit (kalā āpa √āp) |
vikala
¦[adj] unparted; disjointed, sorrowful, morally destitute |
sakala
kali
¦[m] fourth yuga or age; calumny, strife, discord |
kalya
¦[adj] calculated cleverness |
√kal
¦[cl10pā] forceful persecution, push on, drive forward, go after ; [dk.gam] [dk.khyā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.404] kalaṃ, gatau̍, sa̱ṅkhyāne̍ ca |
kālayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√kal
¦[cl10pā] insightful vigorous action, impel, incite, urge on ; [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.93] kalaṃ, kṣepe̍ |
kalayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
kalya
vaikalya
¦[cf.vikalya]|
avaikalya
¦[cf.avikalya]|
niṣkala
¦[adj] maimed, impotent, barren [m] a condition of the female genital organ |

*kal
kalaṅka
¦[m] stain; defamation, blame |
kalaśā
¦[f] a ceremonial vase |
kaluṣa
akaluṣa
¦[n] pure, moral, clean |
kalmaṣa
(<karmaṣa, √kṛ)
kalyāṇatā
¦[abst.f] auspiciousness |

√kaṣ
¦[cl1p] [en] injuring, killing ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.781] kaṣaṃ, hiṃsā artha |
kaṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
kaṣṭa
·
kaṣāya

√kas
¦[cl2ā] go; approach chastising ; [dk.gam] [dk.śās] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.15] kasiṃ, gati śāsa̱nanayoḥ̍, iti, eke |
kaste
¦[mv.3sg]|
√kas
¦[cl1p] go, move; approach resplendidly ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.996] kasaṃ gatau̍ | iti̱ kucā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍to̱, ruhi̱stvan u̍dāttaḥ | vṛt | jvalā̍dirgata̱ḥ || |
kasati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kastṛ
¦[m] agent, mover |

kastūrikā
¦[f] musk; female himālayan musk deer |
kastūrika
¦[cp]|

kāṅkṣ

√kāṅkṣ
¦[cl1p] [en] desire, strive for ; [dk.kāṇkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.760] kākṣiṃ, kāṅkṣāyām |
kāṅkṣati
¦[av.3sg] desires, strives for |
vikāṅkṣasi
¦[av.2sg] hesitate, desireless |
·
kāṅkṣā
¦[f] wish, desire, inclination |
niṣkāṅkṣa
¦[adj] desireless |
kāṅkṣin
¦[adj] desiring, waiting for |

*kāl
kāla
samakālatva
¦[n][abst] timelessness |

kāś

√kāś√kśā
¦[cl1pā] radiating a brilliantly shining appearance ; [dk.dīp] [dk.kāś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.734] kāśṛ̱ṃ, dīptau̍ |
kāśate
¦[mv.3sg]|
prakāśayati
¦[av.cs.3sg] (makes to) emanate, shine forth |
prakāśayanti
¦[av.cs.3pl]| tps
saṃprakāśayate
¦[mv.cs.3sg] (makes one to) emanate, shine forth |
saṃprakāśayitā
¦[p.fut.cs.3sg] (shall fully cause to) emanate, appear, shine forth |
prakāśya
¦[gnd] having radiated brilliantly |
·
prakāśita
¦[pst.av.p] radiating, shining forth |
·
ākāśa
ākāśavat
¦[adj] void natured |
avakāśa
¦[m] 'shine between', shine down, illuminate; open space or interval; leisure, opportunity |
prakāśa
sakāśa
saṅkāśa
¦[adj] appearing [m] appearance, looking like |
susaṅkāśa
¦[adj] beautiful luminous appearing |
saṃprakāśa
¦[m] appearance, make visible, reveal, illuminate |
kāśanā
¦[f] emanation |
prakāśanā
¦[f] elucidation, teaching |
kāśaya
¦[n] a red traditional monks robe (budh) |
vicakṣana
¦[adj] (clear sighted) radiant distinct sagacious |
kāṣṭha
¦[cf√kas][n] forest timber fire wood |
kāṣṭhavat
¦[adv] stick·like | tsn
kāṣṭhādi
¦[cf√kas][n] funeral pyre of forest timber |

√kās
¦[cl1ā] cough [sa] kāsṛ śabdak utsāyām ; [rus] kasl ; [dk.śabd] |
kāsate
¦[cl1ā]|

Ki


√kit
¦[cl1p] [en] attitude to live a healthy fit life ; [dk.vas] [dk.ruj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1148] kitaṃ, nivā̱se, ro̍gāpana̱yane ca̍, | u̱dātte̍t |
ketati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kit
¦[cl10p] call, summon, gather, invite |
ketayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
saṅketa
¦[m] calling together |
saṃketaka
¦[m] agreement, consent, rendezvous, signal |
sāṅketika
¦[m] mutually agreed upon, conventional, conventional relative truth |

√kīrt
¦[cl10p][cl1pā] mention, recite, praise ; [dk.vac] |
kīrtayati
¦[cl10p.av.3sg]|
kīrtyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] is praised, celebrated |
·
kīrtita
¦[pst.pv.p] praised, extolled, celebrated |
parikīrtita
¦[pst.pv.p] (around) proclaimed, announced, boasted |
prakīrtita
¦[pst.pv.p] (first) foremost extolled |
kīrtayat
¦[prs.av.p] mentioning, relating |
·
kīrtana
¦[n] eulogy, devotional chant, repetitive chanting praise; ++ |

Ku

kuc

kuc
¦[cl6p] make small, contract ; [dk.kuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.95] kucaṃ, sa̱ṅkoca̍ne |
kucati
¦[av.3sg]|
kuc
¦[cl1p] make a shrill high sound ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.211] kucaṃ, śabde̍ tā̱re |
kocati
¦[av.3sg]|

kuṭ

√kuṭ
¦[cl6p] bend, become crooked, deceitful; be dishonest ; [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.93] kuṭaṃ, kauṭi̍lye |
kuṭati
¦[av.3sg] become crooked, bend |
·
kuṭila
¦[adj] crooked; deceitful, dishonest, fraudulent |
√kuṭ
¦[cl10ā] break into pieces, divide, separate; [sa] kuṭa cedane, iti, eka [dk.chid] |
koṭayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg]|
·
koṭi
¦[f] division to sides; highest point; preeminence, excellence |
*kuṇḍ
kuṇḍalinī
¦[f] the energetic life force dwelling in cakras and nadis; the deity thereof |
kuṇḍalī
¦[f] coiled, one's compacted life force; the deity thereof |

kuts

√kuts
¦[cl10p] despitefully abuse; [lith] kussinu ; [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.220] kutsa̱ṃ, avakṣepa̍ne |
kutsayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
kutsita
¦[pst.pv.p] despised |
·
kutsā
¦[f] reproach, contempt, censure |
kunda

kup

√kup
¦[cl4pā] [en] wrathful anger agitation ; [dk.krudh] [dk.kup] ; [lt] cup |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.146] kupaṃ, krodhe̍ |
kupyati
¦[av.3sg] angers |
kupyate
¦[mv.3sg] agitate |
·
kopita
¦[pst.pv.p] incensed, wrathfully angered |
·
kopatas
¦[ind] angerly, through anger | vsk
√kur
¦[cl6p] utter a sound; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.67] kuraṃ, śabde̍ |
kurati
¦[av.3sg]|

kul

√kul
¦[cl1p] to accumulate, collect together; having kinship, bound together ; [dk.bandh] [dk.kul] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.976] kulaṃ, saṃstyā̱ne, bandhu̍ṣu, ca |
kolati
¦[cl1p]|
·
akulita
¦[pst.av.p] disrupting, separating |
·
kula
¦[n] group, herd, family |
adikula
¦[n] foremost group |
ākula
¦[n] close family |
samākula
¦[n] crowded or bound together; greatly agitated, perplexed |
kulā
¦[f] tantrik ceremonial gathering days of a half month (pakṣa) on: 4th 8th 12th 14th |
kuli
anukūla
ānukūlya
kola
¦[m] embrace, embracing; ++ |
kaulika

kuliśa
(ku riś)

√kuś
¦[cf.kus][cl4p] embrace, enfold; [dk.śliṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.123] kuśaṃ, saṃ̱śleṣaṇe, iti eke (śleṣa̍ṇe) |
kuśyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kuśala
akuśala
kauśala
|[n] well being, health, skill ¦
akauśala
¦[n] illhealth, discord, unfitness, unskilled |
kauśalya

√kuṣ
¦[cl9p][cl6p] tear apart ; [dk.kṛṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.54] kuṣaṃ, niṣka̱rṣe |
kuṣṇāti
¦[cl9p]|
kuṣati
¦[cl6p]|

√kus
¦[cf.kuś][cl4p] embrace, enfold ; [dk.śliṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.125] kusaṃ, saṃ̱śleṣaṇe, (śleṣa̍ṇe) |
kusyati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kū
¦[cl2p][cl6ā][cl9pā] sound, make a noise; cry out, coo, caw (bird), hum (bee) ; [dk.śabd] [dk.kai][dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦ [6.136][6.137] kuṅ, śabde̍ | kūṅ, ityeka̍ (dī̱rghānta̱, iti̱, kaiya̍ṭādayaḥ | hra̱svānta̱, iti̍, nyā̱saḥ) | u̱dātta̍ ā̱tmane̍, bhāṣaḥ | vṛt | kuṭā̍dayo ga̱tāḥ || |
kauti
¦[cl2.av.3sg] make sound |
kuvate
¦[cl6.mv.3sg] cries out |
kūnāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg]|
·
kavi
¦[m] bard, poet, sage, prophet; a sagely prophetic bardish poet |

√kū
¦[cl1ā] move ; [dk.gam] |
kavate
¦[mv.3sg] moves |

kūṭa
¦[mn] heap, mound |

kūj

√kūj
¦[cl1p](inarticulate sound) hum, moan, groan, cry out ; [dk.kūj] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.255] kūjaṃ, avya̍kte̱ śabde̍ |
kūjati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kūl
¦[cl1p] cover, screen, hide, enclose ; [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.603] kūlaṃ, ā̲vara̍ṇe |
kūlati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
anukūlata
·
anukūla
¦[m] going along the shore, with the current, convenient, pleasant |

kṛ

√kṛ
¦ [cl1pā] [cl8pā] [cl2p] create, put together ; [cl5pā] see kṝ ; [dk.kṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1048] [cl1.pā] kṛ̱ñ, kara̍ṇe ; [8.10][cl8pā] ḍukṛ̱ñ kara̍ṇe | anu̍dātta ubha̲yato̍ bhāṣaḥ || vṛt || ity u vı̍karaṇā̲stanā̲dayaḥ || 8 || |
karanti
¦[cl1.av.3pl]|
ākārayanti
¦[cl1.cs.3pl]|
kariṣyati
¦[cl1p.fut.3sg] shall one make |
kariṣyāmi
¦[cl1p.fut.1sg] shall I make |
kariṣyasi
¦[cl1p.fut.2sg] shall you make |
kārayet
¦[cs.opt.3sg] caused to make |
karóti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] makes, creates | 8.1̇0
apākaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] carries away; wrongfully hurts |
āviṣkaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] manifests, arouses, bestows |
saṃskaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] completely creates |
karóṣi
¦[cl8.av.2sg] you make |
kurvanti
¦[cl8.av.3pl] they inspire, create, make, do | tps
vikurvanti
¦[cl8.av.3pl] make different, change, transform |
vikurvasi
¦[cl8.av.2sg] thou make'st |
akarot
¦[cl8.ipf.3sg] had made |
kurvati
¦[cl8.av.3sg]|
kurvate
¦[cl8.mv.3sg]|
kuru
¦[cl8p.imp2s] must thou do |
kurute
¦[cl8.mv.3sg] one does, it does, it acts |
abhisaṃskurute
¦[cl8.mv.3sg] consecrates, shapes, forms, renders |
kuryām
¦[cl8.opt.av.1sg] I ought do |
kuryāt
¦[cl8.opt.av.3sg] one ought do, one could do | jns
prakuryāt
¦[cl8.opt.av.3sg] one ought first do |
kurvat
¦[cl8.prs.av.p] doing, acting |
krṇóti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
kárṣi
¦[cl2.av.2sg]|
kriyate
¦[cl2p.pv.3sg] made to manifest |
kriyatām
¦[cl2p.imp.pv3sg] do!! |
kṛtvā
¦[gnd] having made |
kṛtya
¦[cl8.ft.pv.p] (shall be) made, done | vsk, mbk
‐kṛtya
¦[cp.gnd] having been made |
saṃskṛtya
¦[gnd] having performed, having done |
kāritva
¦[gnd] having been made |
kartum
¦[inf] to do, to make |
kartu
¦[inf] to make [adj] to do |
karttum
¦[inf] to make |
·
kārya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] to be done, shall be practiced |
kartavya
¦[ft,pv.p][mnfā] shalt be made or done |
akarttavya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] shalt not be done |
karaṇa
¦[prs.av.p] doing, making, causing, effecting ; [mnfā] |
karaṇa
¦[n] an action, a doing, making; motive, principle |
upakaraṇa
¦[n] assistive action for another |
prakaraṇa
¦[n] explanatory text; treatise, book, |
vyākaraṇa
¦[n] elucidation, explanation; grammatical analysis |
akariṣyat
¦[cl1.ft.av.p][mn] shall do |
vikurvita
¦[cl8.pst.av.p] (was) assuming various shapes |
kṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] done, made, accomplished, performed, created; doing, making, creating |
akṛta
vyākṛta
avyākṛta
avyākṛtatva
¦[n][abst] indeterminacy, indeterminism |
parakṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] done by another, created by another |
prakṛta
saṃskṛta
saṃskṛtatva
¦[n][abst] (being) completed to perfection; sacralisation, sacrament |
asaṃskṛta
¦[cf.nirvaṇa][pst.pv.p] uncreated; lacking conditioned qualities (pratītya-samutpāda); unrefined |
abhisaṃskṛta
svakṛta
vikṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] monstrously imperfected |
kārita
¦[pst.pv.p] caused, effected by |
karta
¦[pst.av.p] making |
kartta
¦[pst.av.p] creating, making |
kriyamāṇa
¦[prs.mv.p][mnfā] doing, making |
·

‐kar

kartā
¦[f] agent, doer; grammatical subject |
katā
¦[pali]|
kartṛ
karttṛ
¦[m] maker |
akartṛka
¦[adj] without a doer, agentless |
kartṛtva
¦[n][abst] creativity, creativeness |
kártra
¦[n] illusion, spell, charm |
karuṇā
¦[f] empathy, sympathy, compassion |
karuṇāvat
¦[mnfā] compassionate; pitiful |
kāruṇya
¦[n] compassion |
sakaruṇa
karmaka
¦[adj] action |
akarmaka
¦[adj] without agent, without activity; intransitive (grammar)|
karmatā
¦[f] effect, activity, |
karman
¦[n] action, deed; destiny |
karmaṇyatā
¦[f][abst] agile cleverness, aptitude, flexibility |
karmaṇyatva
¦[n][abst] actionality, deedfulness, serviceability, |
karmāṇa
¦[m] activities |
karmika
¦[adj] active. acting; evolutionary |
parikarmita
¦[adj] arranged, put in order, prepared |
aparikarmita
¦[adj] disturbed |
kara
ākara
duṣkara
¦[m] ill deed |
saṅkara
¦[m] mixing together, collecting together, blending |
karaṇatā
¦[f][abst] instrumentality, instrument of causality |
karā
¦[cf.kara][f] making, doing, causing |
duṣkarā
¦[f] (difficult) to do, to perform |
karāṇa
¦[n] doing, acting |
karin

‐kār

kāra
akāra
¦[n] inaction, non-action |
adisatkāra
¦[m] highest reverent attention |
adhikāra
¦[m] (foremost) supremacy, competence, rightious authority, rank, qualification, rule |
ākāra
sākāra
¦[m] (with) form, expression; a branch of yogacarya philosophy (dharmakīrti ce600-660: cittamātra) |
ākāratā
¦[abst.f] manifestness |
ākāravat
¦[adv] form like, appearing like | tsn
nirākāra
¦[m] unmanifest; a branch of yogācāra philosophy (vasubandhu: nirākāra vijñāna vāda) |
upakāra
¦[m] assistence, benefit, favour; advantage; preparation, embellishment |
nirākāratva
¦[n][abst] unmanifestness |
dviprakāra
¦[m] (dual partite) manner, action [adj] two fold |
triprakāra
vikāra
¦[adj] chaotic, ever changing |
nirvikāra
¦[adj] unchanged, immutable, firm |
satkāra
saṃskāra
asaṃskāra
abhisaṃskāra
¦[m] formative thought or mental condition; karmic conditioning |
kāraka
¦[m] doer, maker; small work (diminutive) |
adikāraka
¦[m] prime creator, principle creation |
anukāraka
kārin
anukārin
¦[adj] imitating, mimicking, acting |
anukāri
¦[cp]|
upakārī
kārya
¦[n] function, method, workings |
akārya
¦[n] non method |
svakārya
¦[n] ones own duty or function |
akāryaka
¦[adj] belonging (adj.vṛddhi) to misdeed |
kāraṇa
¦[n] cause, reason, motive |
akāraṇa
¦[n] non cause |
niṣkāraṇa
¦[n] without cause |
kāraṇā
¦[f] pain, agony |
kāraṇavat
¦[adj] like a cause |
kāriṇa
¦[m] doing, creating |

‐kri

kriyā
¦[f] doing, performance, action; religious ceremony, sacrifice, worship; means, expedient means |
kriyāvant
¦[adj] possessing activity |
akriyāvant
¦[adj] possessing inactivity |

‐kur

akurvāṇa

‐kṛ

kṛt
¦[afx] a suffix to roots to make a noun with the sense of 'making' |
kṛtaka
akṛtaka
¦[adj] unassumed |
kṛtā
¦[ṛgveda][f] an abyss |
kṛti
¦[f] (act of) doing, creating, making |
ākṛti
¦[f] an intense action, rapid activity |
prakṛti
¦[f] fundamental original nature; irreducible first principle |
prakṛtī
¦[f] the primordial unmanifested principle containing the three guṇas in a subtle state |
kṛtya
askṛtya
akṛtrima
¦[adj] natural, non artificial |

√kṛ
¦[cl3pā] to make mention of, praise, speak highly of ; [dk.vac] [dk.stu] |
cakrat
¦(rv)[av.3sg]|
parikīrttyate
¦[pv.3sg] talked about |
prakīrttita
¦[pst.pv.p] declared, revealed |
·
karṇa
¦[m] ear; |
prakīrtti
¦[f] fame, celebration |

√kṛt
¦[cl6p] cut, divide, tear asunder, destroy ; [dk.ced][dk.ched] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.171] kṛtīṃ ceda̍ne |
kṛntáti
¦[av.3sg]|
kṛteyam
¦[opt.mv.1sg]| vsk

kṛtsna
¦[adj] all, whole, entire |

kṛp

√kṛp
¦[cl10pā] caused to be weak with pity ; [dk.bal] [dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.408] kṛpam, daurbalye |
karpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cl1.ā] being fit, adequate ; [dk.arth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.866] kṛ̱pūṃ sāma̍rthye | vṛt || iti̱ dyutā̍daya u̱dāttā̱ anu̍dāttetaḥ || |
karpate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cf.krap][cf.kap] [cl1.ā] ; [dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.875] kṛ̱paṃ, [krapam, kapam], kṛ̱pāyā̱ṃ, gatau̍ ca |
karpate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cl10pā] caused to be reflecting, thinking ; [dk.cint] cintana |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.278] kṛpeśca (10.277 [avakalane | miśrīkaraṇa ityeke | cintana ityanye]) || ā svadaḥ sakarmakāt | |
karpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cl6ā] lament, pity, empathize ; [dk.kṛ] [dk.śuc] |
kṛpate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
kṛpatā
¦[f] mercifulness, compassion |
akṛpatā
¦[f] unmercifulness |
kṛpā
¦[f] compassion, empathy |
mahākṛpā
¦[f] great compassion |
kṛpālu
¦[adj] compassionate, having pity upon |
karpūra
¦[mn] camphor |

kṛś

√kṛś
¦[cl4p] gaunt, to become lean or thin, become emaciated or feeble; diminish [dk.kṛś] [dk.tan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.140] kṛśaṃ, tanū̱kara̍ṇe |
kṛśyati
¦[cl4p]|
.
akṛcchratva
¦[n][abst] effortlessness, untroubled equanimity |

√kṛṣ
¦[cl6p] plow, drag, cultivate ; [dk.kṛṣ] [dk.likh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.6] kṛ̱ṣa̍ṃ, vi̱lekha̍ne | iti tudā̍ḏayo 'nu̍dāttāḥ svari̱tetaḥ̍ || |
kárṣati
¦[av.3sg] plows |
·
kṛṣta
¦[pst.pv.p] dragged |
·
utkarṣa
prakarṣa
¦[m] excellence, superiority, cultavation |
karṣaṇa
apakarṣaṇa
ākarṣaṇa
¦[n] pulling, attracting; conjuring an absent person to ones presence (tantrik)|
prakarṣavat
¦[adj] excelling (in,by) |

√kṝ
¦[cl5pā] hurt, injure, kill ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.7] kṛ̱ñ hi̲ṃsāyā̲m |
kṛṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|

√kṝ
¦[cl6pā] scatter ; [dk.kśip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.145] kṝ, vikṣe̱pe (nikṣe̱pe) |
kirati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ākīrṇa
¦[pst.pv.p] scattered, overspread, filled with, surrounded by |
·
kiraṇa
¦[m] ray of light, beam of moon or sun light; minute particles of dust (in light beam) |

kḷp

√kḷp
¦[cl1ā] oscillate, resonate harmonically, wave; invigorate; order, arrange; succeed; [dk.kḷp] dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.866] kṛ̱pūṃ sāma̍rthye | vṛt || iti̱ dyutā̍daya u̱dāttā̱ anu̍dāttetaḥ || |
kálpate
¦[cl1a3sg]|
kalpyate
¦[pv.3sg] invigorated, oscillated | tsn, vsk
vikalpyate
¦[pv.3sg] (being) excited, invigorated, alternated, resonated, changed; mentally resonated (yogācāra) | tsk
parikalpayase
¦[cs.pv.2s][cs.mv.2s] (caused to) determine, settle; choose, presuppose, perform, accomplish; |
kalpet
¦[opt.3sg]|
kalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] (ought be made to) be excited, to oscilate, to resonate; be perfected; be harmonious |
avakalpayet
¦[cl1a.cs.opt.3sg] ought be considered for attention | jns
parikalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] ought be all around enlivened; constructively imagined |
prakalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] ought be made enlivened forth, ought be first enlivened |
vikalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] (ought be made to) change, alternate; waver; prepare, arrange, contrive, fashion; conjecture; ++ |
kalpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] (caused, made) to reverbate, oscillate, resonate | tsn
kalpayanti
¦[cs.av.3pl] (made) to resonate, to reverberate |
vikalpayat
¦[pap.cs.mn] (cause to increasingly) resonate, vibrate, enliven; conjecture; +++ |
saṅkalpya
¦[gnd] having been fully actualized to completion | tps
·
kalpita
avikalpita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) quieting, stilled, non-vibrant |
parikalpita
saṅkalpita
¦[pst.pv.p] focused intent, attenuated, proposed, sought as a result |
·
kalpa
¦[m] shimmer, oscillation, resonance, vibration; competence; epoch of yugas | mmk
parikalpa
¦[m] shimmering illusion |
saṅkalpa
¦[m] firm resolve; all of existence; all epochs together |
adisaṅkalpa
¦[m] pinnacle of all existence; foremost resolve |
vikalpa
¦[m] more alternation, increased oscillation, more volatility, wavering doubt; between two kalpas; cognitive resonance, dichotomizing conceptualization, conceptual cognition (logic), |
avikalpa
¦[adj] not mentally resonating, without thought |
nirvikalpa
vikalpaka
¦[adj] little doubt |
vikalpata
¦[m] mental resonance of thought |
avikalpata
¦[m] thoughtless stupor; without mental construction | }
kalpatama
¦[m] highest epoch |
nirvikalpaka
¦[n] non sensory intuitive knowledge |
nirvikalpatva
¦[n][abst] tranquil mindedness |
parikalpatva
¦[n][abst] illusiveness |
savikalpaka
¦[m] with anxious excitement |
svavikalpa
¦[m] insecure, self doubt or hesitation |
nirvikalpakatva
¦[n][abst] immediate insightfulness |
savikalpakatva
¦[n][abst] with mental determination |
parikalpaka
¦[m] rule, precept |
kalpana
¦[n] vibrating; forming, emanating, inventing, imagining, fashioning; name of a religious ceremony |
saṅkalpana
¦[adj] all epochs, conjoined vibrations |
adikalpana
¦[n] first imagining or conceiving |
adivikalpana
¦[n] foremost distinction, assumption, indecision, imagination |
kalpanā
¦[f] practice, sadhana, mental resonance, preparation |
adikalpanā
¦[f] first mental construct; foremost practice |
prakalpanā
¦[f] shaping |
vikalpanā
¦[f] deed, work, act, practice |

ketakī
¦[f] type of tree |

√kev
¦[cf.sev][cl1ā] serve, attend to [dk.sev]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.583] ke̱vṛṃ (sevane) ityapyeke̍ |
kevate
¦[mv.3sg] serves |
·
kevala
kaivalya
¦[n][abst] isolation, absolute oneness, perfect unity, detachment, emancipation, beatitude |
*keś
keśa
¦[√kliś?][m] hair |

kai

√kai
¦[cl1p] to sound, cawing; [dk.kai] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1064] kai̱ , (śabde) |
kāyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kāka
¦[m] crow cawing; crow; contemptuous metaphor, impudent person; male impotence ; [lat] modus coeundi |
kaikṛtya
¦[adj] sound making |

koṭara
¦ (ProtoDrav.*kuz: cavity) [mn] hollow of a tree, a cave or cavity |
koṭi
¦[f] edge or point; highest degree or number |

*kau
kaukṛtya
¦[n] wickedness, regrettable behavior, remorse |
kauśīdya
¦[n][agt] spiritual sloth, stagnation, indolence, stupor, idleness (opposite of diligence) ; one of the five mental faults |
kausīdya
¦[n][agt] sloth, indolence |

kya
¦[n] anything agreeable to |

Kra


√krand
¦[cl1p] cry out (forest) ; [dk.rud] [dk.ru] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.74] kra̱diṃ (āḥ vāne rodane ca) |
krándati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ākrandavat
¦[adj]|
√krand
¦[cl1ā] despondent crying out, wail [dk.śabd] [dk.kal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.879] kra̱diṃ (vaiklavye | vaikalya ityeke) |

√krap
¦[cl1ā] going with compassion ; [dk.gam] [dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.876] kra̱paṃ (kṛpāyāṃ gatau ca, ityeke̍) |
krapati
¦[av.3sg]|

kram

√kram
¦[cl1pā] step out, stride (foot) ; expanding outward movement ; [dk.kṣip] [dk.kram] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.545] kramuṃ, pāda vikṣe̱pe, | ity, aṇā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍taḥ || |
krāmati
¦[av.3sg] strides |
atikrāmati
¦[av.3sg] over steps |
kramate
¦[mv.3sg] expand itself, increase itself |
saṅkramet
¦[opt.3sg] ought move together |
·
krānta
¦[pst.av.p] was stepping |
viniḥkrānta
¦[pst.av.p] was increasingly unstrideful hindering [m] an obstacle |
saṅkrānta
¦[pst.av.p] was assembling together; was fully striding |
·
saṅkrānti
¦[f] going, proceeding through a transition |
krama
¦[m] step, level, regular progress, stride |
atikrama
¦[m] overstepping, overcoming |
duratikrama
¦[m] ill disregarding, overstepping foulness |
vyatikrama
¦[m] transgression; (stepping) over, by, away |
parikrama
¦[m] circumambulation, succession |
saṅkrama
¦[m] a group of gathered steps; transmigration, transition, passing on, (pudgalavāda) |
kramatā
¦[abst.f] progressiveness, stridefulness |

krīḍ

√krīḍ
¦[cl1pā] play, sport, amuse one's self ; [dk:krīḍ] [dk.hṛ] [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.405] (| krīḍṛ vihā̱re ||) |
krīḍati
¦[av.3sg]|
krīḍanti
¦[av.3pl] they sport |
·
krīḍā
¦[f] sport, play, dalliance, frolic, amorous coquetry |
krīḍatā
¦[abst.f] playfulness |

krudh

√krudh
¦[cl4p] wrathful anger ; [dk.krudh] [dk.kup] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.86] kru̱dhaṃ, (krodhe̍, kope̍) |) |
krudhyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
krodha
¦[m] anger, wrath, rage |

kruś

√kruś
¦[cl1pā][ā(epic)] cry out, shriek, yell; lament, weep ; [lat] lugeo, crocis [goth] hrukjan ; [dk.rud] [dk.kruś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.992][p] kru̱śaṃ, ā̱ḥvāne̱ roda̍ne ca | iti̱ ṣadā̍daya̱strayo 'nu̍dāttā u̱dātte̍taḥ |
krośati
¦[av.3sg]|

klav

√klav
¦[cl1ā] fear, be afraid ; [dk.klav] |
klavate
¦[mv.3sg] afraid |
·
vaiklava
¦[n] bewilderment, despondency |

klid

√klid
¦[cl4pā] (become) wet, damp; rot [dk.klid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.157] klidūṃ, ādrībhā̱ve |
klidyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kledana

kliś

√kliś
¦[en] torment |
  1. ¦[cl9p] afflict, torment ; [rus] klešč ; [dk.kliś] [dk.bādh] |
    dhātupāṭha
    ¦[9.58] kliśūṃ, vi̱bādha̍ne |
    kliśnāti
    ¦[cl9.av]|
  2. ¦[cl4āp] tormenting painful molested afflictiveness , to cause pain ; [dk.tap] |
    dhātupāṭha
    ¦[4.57] kleśa̱ṃ, upatā̱pe |
    kliśyati
    ¦[cl4.av] cruelly tormenting molests |
    kliśyate
    ¦[cl4.mv] torments or molests, afflicts, feels pain | jns, mbk
    kliśyanti
    ¦[cl4.av.3pl] torment, afflict |
    ·
    kliṣṭa
    akliṣṭa
    kliṣṭā
    ¦[f] defilement, afflicted, agonizing, citta vṛtti |
    akliṣṭā
    ¦[f] non-defilement |
    saṅkliṣṭā
    ¦[f][abst] total impurity |
    kleśa
    ¦[pali.kilesa][m][en] impurity, depravity, pain affliction; wrath, anger ; [tib.nyon mongs] |
    triviṣa
    pañcakleśa
    (saṃkhya yoga)
    ṣaṣthakleśa
    (yogācāra)
    ṣaṣthakleśa
    (sarvāstivāda) (kleśamahābhūmika)
    daśakleśa
    (sarvāstivāda) (upakleśaparīttabhūmika)
    daśakleśa
    (bauddha)
    kaya:
    vak:
    citta:
    upakleśa
    ¦[m] minor impurity |
    niḥkleśa
    ¦[m] non affliction |
    saṅkleśa
    ¦[m] (total) affliction, defilement |
    asaṅkleśa
    ¦[m] (complete) nonaffliction, nondefilement |
    nissaṅkleśa
    ¦[m] without defilement, unblemished |

*kṣaṇ
kṣaṇa
¦[mn] small moment of time (instant) |
kṣaṇika

√kṣaṇ
¦[cl8pā] hurt, injure, wound ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[8.3] kṣaṇu̍ṃ, hi̱ṃsāyā̍m |
kṣaṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|
kṣata
kṣantavyam
¦[ft.av.p] will be injurious |
·
kṣati
¦[f] injury; loss; damage; fault; destruction (removal of in cmp) |
kṣana
¦[m] killing, injuring |

√kṣam
¦[cl1ā][cl4p] calm abiding, be patient, endure ; [dk.sah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.510] kṣamū̱ṣ, saha̍ne |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.103] kṣamūṃ, saha̍ne |
kṣámate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg] endures |
kṣamante
¦[cl1.mv.3pl]|
kṣamyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
·
kṣānti
¦[f] calm abiding, endurance, patience |
kṣamā
¦[f] patience, calmness, calm abiding, forebarence, serenity |

kṣar

√kṣar
¦[cl1p] flow, stream, glide; flow away, flow out, wane, perish ; [dk.cal] [dk.kṣar] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.986] kṣaraṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣarati
¦[av.3sg] flows, streams, glides, flows away |
·
akṣara
kṣīra
¦[n] milk, milky sap, sperm |

√kṣā
¦[cl1p] burn, set on fire |
kṣāti
¦[av.3sg] burns |
kṣānti
¦[av.3pl]| tps
·
kṣāṇa
¦[pst.pv.p] burned |

√kṣi
¦[cl2p,cl6p] habitate, possess |
kṣéti
¦[]|
·
kṣetra
¦[n] field, abode, place |
kṣetratva
¦[n][abst] abidefulness |
satkṣetra
¦[n] true abode |
kṣema

kṣi

√kṣi
¦[cl5p] harm (speech) ; [dk.kṣi] [dk.hiṃs] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.33] kṣi (kṣī), (hiṃsāyām) | kṣir bhāṣāyām, ity, eke |
kṣiṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|
√kṣi
¦[cl6p] having a depressed manner (of speech) ; [dk.kṣi] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.143] kṣi̱, nivāsa ga̱tyoḥ | iti̍ ri̱yatyā̍ḏ ayo anu̍dāttāḥ para̍smai bhāṣāḥ |
kṣiyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√kṣi
¦[cl1p] ruin, loss, destroy; [dk.kṣi] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.269] kṣi̱, kṣa̱ye |
kṣayati
¦[cl1p] |
·
kṣa
¦[m] rakṣa, destruction, loss, lightning |
kṣaya
¦[m] ruinous decaying destruction, ruination, dissipation, loss, waste, decay, ruin |
akṣaya
akṣayatva
¦[n][abst] imperishableness, inexhaustability |
saṃkṣaya
¦[m] complete ruination |
kṣīṇá
¦[adj] withered, expended, wasted away |
akṣīna
¦[adj] energized, enlivened |

kṣip

√kṣip
¦[cl6pā] toss, repulse, shake up, dispatch ; [dk.īr] [dk.kṣip]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.5] kṣi̱pa̍ṃ, prera̍ṇe |
kṣipáti
¦[av.3sg] throws |
kṣipanti
¦[av.3pl] they reject |
kṣipet
¦[opt.av.3sg] (ought) throw, toss; ++ |
prakṣeptum
¦[inf] to throw forth |
·
kṣipta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) thrown, tossed |
akṣipta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unthrown, kept |
avikṣipta
¦[adj.mnfā] attentive |
·
kṣipra
¦[adj] springing, quick, swift |
kṣipra
¦[cp]| tps
kṣepa
¦[m] |
prakṣepa
¦[m] throwing, scattering upon |
apratikṣepa
¦[m] non‐contradiction |
vikṣepa
¦[m] dispersion, throwing away, tossing about, mental distraction, inattention |
avikṣepa
¦[m] gathering together, collection, collecting together |
adhivikṣepa
¦[m] very much throwing away |
saṅkṣepa
¦[m] all combined, throwing together |
abhisaṅkṣepa
¦[m] summary statement; aggregation, being thrown into together, contraction, simplification |
pratikṣepya
¦[adj] to be thrown aside |
√kṣip
¦[cl4p] throw off (oppress) ; [dk.īr] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.15] kṣi̱paṃ, prera̍ṇe | anu̍dāttaḥ |
vikṣipyate
¦[cl4.pv3sg] thrown away, cast off |

√kṣu
¦[cl2p] sneeze, cough, (ācchu) ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.31] ṭukṣu, śabde̍ |
kṣauti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
·
kṣuta
¦[pst.av.p] was sneezing |
kṣut
¦[cp]|
·

kṣud

√kṣud
¦[cl1pā] crush, pound, pulverize ; [dk.kṣud] [dk.iṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.6] kṣu̱di̍ṃr, sa̱mpreṣa̍ṇe |
kṣo̍dati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kṣubh
¦[cl1ā(rare)] tremble anxiously ; [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.854] kṣu̱bhaṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣobhate
¦[mv.3sg] trembles |
kṣubhyate
¦[pv.3sg] agitated |
·
kṣubhita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) shaking, trembling |
saṅkṣubdha
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) agitated, shaken |
·
saṅkṣobha
¦[m] commotion; shock; pride; an agitated exciteful disturbing commotion; a violently upsetting jolting shock; an arrogant agitating pride; |
√kṣubh
¦[cl4pā] strongly move about, shake ; [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.154] kṣubhaṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣubhyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√kṣubh
¦[cl9p(rare)] be unsteady, stumble ; [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.55] kṣubhaṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣubhṇāti
¦[av.3sg]|

Kh

khaṇḍ

√khaṇḍ
¦[cl10pā] divide, cleave, smash, break ; [dk.khaṇd] [dk.bhid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.66] khaḍiṃ, khaṇḍane, bhedane |
khaṇḍayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] (cause to) break into pieces, divide |
·
khaṇḍayitavya
¦[fut.pv.p] will be made to be torn asunder |
·
√khaṇḍ
¦[cl1ā] churn, stir, break apart, crush, destroy ; [dk.khaṇd] [dk.manth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.317] khaḍi̱ṃ, ma̱nthe |
khaṇḍate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√khan
¦[cl1pā] excavate, split open ; [dk.dṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1020] khanu̍ṃ, ava̱dāra̍ṇe |
khanati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kha
¦[n] sky (hole) |

khara
¦[adj] harsh, rough, sharp, piercing; cruel, injurious |

√khal
¦[cl1.p] shake up, gather together ; [dk.cal] [dk.ci] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.626] khalaṃ, sañc̱alane, sañc̱aye ca |
khalati
¦[av.3sg]|

√khid
¦[cl6p] press down, be depressed, lanquish ; [grk.kedos] ; [dk.dhā] [dk.śram] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.172] khi̱daṃ, paridhā̱te (pari̱dhāta̍ne) |
khidati
¦[ved][av.3sg]|
khindati
¦[clsic][av.3sg]|
khidyate
¦[pv.3sg] is depressed |
·
khinna
¦[pst.av.p] (was) tired, weary, sad |
akhinna
¦[pst.av.p] was unweary |
khedita
·
kheda
¦[m] exhaustion, lassitude, depression |

*khil
akhila
nikhila
¦[mnfā] without a gap, entire, whole, complete, all |

khyā

√khyā
¦[<kha][cl2pā] express, proclaim, announce, praise, celebrate ; [dk.kath] [dk.khyā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.55] khyā̱, pra̱katha̍ne |
khyāsi
¦[av.2sg] proclaim |
khyāti
¦[av.3sg] expresses, praises, extolls, celebrates, proclaims |tsn, tps
prakhyāti
¦[av.3sg] sees, announces, proclaims |
saṅkhyāti
¦[av.3sg] enumerates, counts ]
·
khyāta
¦[pst.pv.p] celebrated, renowned, proclaimed |
khyāta
¦[adj]|
ākhyāta
¦[n][act] said, told, explained, expounded, proclaimed |
vyākhyāta
¦[pst.pv.p] (broadly) expounded, expounding, proclaimed, made known, explained |
samākhyāta
¦[mnfā] (completely) explained, proclaimed, |
·
ākhya
ākhyā
¦[f] proclamation, so named, so proclaimed |
pratyākhyā
¦[f] counter point, counter view, repudiation |
vyākhyā
¦[f] commentarial explanation, gloss |
nivyākhyā
¦[f] simple explanation; teaching down |
saṅkhyā
¦[f] calculation, consideration |
asaṅkhya
¦[adj] uncountable, innumerable |
asaṅkhyeya
¦[n] a very long span of time (159th x greatkalpas) |
ākhyas
¦[m] name of prājapati; a group of eight devas |
prakhyāna
¦[n] perceiving, seeing, knowing, extolling |
ākhyāna
¦[‐‐u̍][n][act] telling, saying, declaring |
vyākhyāna
¦[adj] praising, proclaiming |
ākhyāna
¦[‐‐̍u][n][agt] a tale, story, legend, communication |

Ga


gagana
¦[n] sky, heaven, air |
¦[cp]|
jns

√gaj
¦[cf.garj][cl1p] sound, roar ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.279] gajaṃ, (śabdārthaḥ) |
gajati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gaj
¦[cl10pā] cause to sound, roar ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.149] gajaṃ, (śabdārthaḥ) |
gajayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√gaj
¦[<garj] be drunk, confused |
gajayati
¦[cs.3sg]|

√gaṇ
¦[cl10pa] enumerate ; [dk.khyā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.391] gaṇaṃ, sa̱ṅkhyā̍ne |
gaṇayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
gaṇa
¦[m] assembly, group, troop |

√gad
¦[cl1p] (articulate) say, tell, relate broadly ; [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.54] gadaṃ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci |
gadati
¦[av.3sg]|
jagāda
¦[prf.3sg][prf.1sg] did clearly say |
gadita
¦[pst.av.p] was telling |
·
gada

√gandh
¦[cl10.p] cause to implore, beseech ; [dk.ard] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.204] gandha̱ṃ, arda̍ne |
gandhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√gandh
¦[dn.gandha] [cl10pā] to smell [pal.viśuddhimagga] ; [dk.vās] |
gandháyati
¦[<pal] [av.3sg] is smelt |
·
gandha
sugandhi
¦[adj] fragrant; pious, virtuous |
gandharva
¦[m] celestial artful demi-devas |

gam

√gam
¦[cl1p][cl2p][cl3] go; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1137] ga̱m (gamau) |
gáchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
gacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] it goes |
avagacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] goes down, apprehends, recognizes, | vsk
āgacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] (strongly) it goes |
pragacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] goes forth |
vigacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] go asunder, go away, ceasse, vanish | tsn
gacchanti
¦[cl1.av.3pl] they go |
atigacchanti
¦[cl1.av.3pl] they pass over, they surpass, they overcome |
gaccham
¦[pal][cl1.av.3sg] going |
gamyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] brought |
adhigamyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] very much approached | tsn
avagamyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] brought downward going |
gacchet
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought go |
adhigamiṣyati
¦[ft.av.3sg] (shall) accomplish, approach, discover; go up to, meet, obtain |
gantā
¦[prf.fu.3sg] will go |
gantum
¦[inf.as] to go |
samadhigantum
¦[inf.as] (to thoroughly) acquire, obtain, surpass; go over, study, understand; approach |
āgamya
¦[gnd] having arrived, having come to be |
āgatya
¦[gnd] having arrived or come |
gamya
anāgamya
¦[gnd] having not gone to |
avagamya
¦[gnd] having gone down |
upagamya
¦[gnd] having approached |
samāgamya
¦[gnd] having fully arrived |
·
gata
agata
āgata
¦[pst.pv.p] was well departed |
anāgata
atigata
¦[pst.av.p] was going beyond |
gatāgata
¦[pst.av.p], [n][act], going and coming, |
adhigata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) gone over, studied |
anadhigata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unattained, unacquired, unstudied |
nirgata
¦[pst.av.p] gone out |
sugata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) well departed, well going |
vigata
vinirgata
¦[pst.av.p] even more gone outward |
upagata
¦[pst.av.p] had gone near, had gone to |
upāgata
¦[pst.av.p] was strongly going to |
vyapagata
¦[pst.av.p] had fallen away; had gone away |
gamita
¦[pst.av.p] was attaining |
gamyamāna
¦[prs.mv.p][prs.pv.p][mn] being moved, being brought, being gone, being departed, being gone over; being traveled; being understood |
gantavya
¦[ft.pv.p] to be brought |
upagantavya
¦[ft.pv.p] to be brought near to |
abhyupagantavya
¦[ft.pv.p] to be gone towards; to be agreed upon |
gacchat
¦[mn.prs.av.p] am going |
·
ga
¦[adj] going to, moving towards |
gaṅgā
¦[f] the swift flowing (river) |
saugata
gamya
¦[adj] going to, understanding |
agamya
¦[adj] to ignorance gone |
adhigamya
¦[adj] attainable, conceivable, to be studied |
anuga
¦[adj] go along after [m] companion |
prāga
jagat
jagatī
¦[f] female living beings |
gati
¦[f] motion, going away; manner thereof; the migrating ātman through cycles of rebirth; mode of existence, expedient means; path, way; course of fate |
avagati
¦[f] conceiving, guessing, anticipating |
durgati
¦[f] miserable ill going |
saṅgati
¦[f] coming together, sexual union |
sugati
¦[f] (well going) condition, refuge, position, state, happiness |
gantu
¦[m] traveler, way farer, stranger, rambler |
āgantu
gantur
¦[m] course, way; a moving traveler thereof |
agantur
¦[m] non-way, the uncoursed, the untravelled |
agantukatva
¦[n][abst] adventitiousness, incidentality, randomness |
gantṛ
¦[mnf] a mover (person or thing) |
agantṛ
¦[mnf] a non mover |
gama
adhigama
¦[m] obtaining, acquiring, gaining knowledge |
anugama
¦[m] going along, going after |
abhyupagama
¦[m] going near to, agreement, consent, promise |
apagama
¦[m] absence, going away, disappearance, depart, vanish, departure, move aside, death |
āgama
anāgama
¦[adj] unapproachable, not present [m] non arrival, |
abhyāgama
¦[a.mnfā] arrival, visit [m] encountering, approaching, arriving at a result; enmity, striking, battle, war |
samudāgama
¦[a.mnfā] (full, complete) upward going, rising, attainment, achievement, knowledge, |
udgama
¦[adj] rising, going up |
nirgama
¦[adj] without going |
anirgama
pragama
¦[m] first manifestation, first move, start of a relationship |
vigama
¦[m] departure, disappearance, cessation |
samāgama
¦[adj] going together |
saṅgama
¦[m] coming together; (sexual also) |
jaṅgama
¦[adj] moving, living; [n] what is moving or alive |
āgamikā
¦[f] a learned mentress, one knowledgeable concerning early buddhist āgamas |
gamana
agamana
¦[n] unmoving, nongoing |
dvigamana
¦[n] twice going |
gāmin
¦[adj] going or moving to, in, on, into, towards, approaching (sex); reaching, obtaining |
anugāmin
¦[adj] companion follower |

*gambh
gambhīra
gambhīra
¦[adj] profound, serious, sagacious; ++ |
gambhiratā
¦[f] profoundness, earnestnesss, sagacity, depth |
gambīrya
¦[adj] majestic, dignified, noble, with gravitas, with reverence |

√garv
¦[cl10pā] proud ; [dk.man] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.449] ga̱rvaṃ, māne̍ | ity ā̍g̱̱a̱rvīyāḥ̍ |
garvayate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
garvita
¦[pst.av.p] conceited |
·
garva

√garv
¦[cl1p] [en] become proudly haughty [lith.garbe] ; [dk.dṛp]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.666] garvaṃ, darpe̍ |
garvati
¦[av.3sg]|

√garj
¦¦[cl1p] sound, roar, rumble; cry ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.258] garjaṃ, śabde̍ |
garjantas
¦[cl1p.av.3d] those two do roar |
·
garjita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) rumbling, roaring |
·
√garj
¦[cl10pā] caused to roar, made to cry out ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.177] garjaṃ, śabde̍ |
garjayate
¦[mv.3sg] |

√gal
¦[cl1p] drop, drip, ooze, trickle |
galati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
galita
¦[pst.pv.p] was dropped |
√gal
¦[cf.gṝ] [cl1p] to eat, swallow, devour, and discharge food ; [dk.ad] [dk.bhakṣ] [dk.gṝ] [dk.sru] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.627] galaṃ, ada̍ne, bhakṣa̍ṇe, srā̱ve ca̍ |
galati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gal
¦[cl10ā] to make known, teach, cause to know |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.223] gala̱ṃ, srava̍ṇe |
galayate
¦[mv.3sg]|

gaveṣ
¦[gā+iṣ][cl10pā] seek, search, hunt; fervently strive after ; [dk.mārg] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.425] gaveṣaṃ, mārga̍ṇe |
gaveṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
gaveṣayet
¦[cl10.op.3sg] should search for |

√gā
¦[cl1ā] go towards ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1101] gā̱ṅ, gatau̍ |
gāte
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
āgā
¦[mnfā] going |

√gā
¦[cl3p][veda] praise, eulogy ; [dk.stu] [dk.gā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.26] gā̱stutau̍, | anu̍dātta̱ḥ, para̍smai, bhāṣaḥ | canda̍si | vṛt | ghṛ pra̍bhṛta̱ya ekā̍da̱śa canda̍si | iya̍ti bhā̱ṣāyā̱m api̍ || vṛt || iti̱ ślu vi̍karaṇā ju̱ḥoty ā̍dayaḥ || 3 ||
jígāti
¦[av.3sg]|
√gā
¦[cl4pā] sing, chant, recite, praise, proclaim ; [dk.stu] [dk.gā] |
gāyati
¦[]|
gāyate
¦[]|
·
gāthā
¦[f] verse, stanza, song |
gīta
gīti
¦[f] song, singing |

gāh

√gāh
¦[cf.gādh][cl1pā] plunge, plunge deeper ; [dk.loḍ] [dk.gāh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.736] gāhū̱ṃ, vi̱loḍa̍ne |
gāhate
¦[cl1ā.3sg]|
gāhati
¦[cl1p.3sg]|
·
gāḍha
·
duravagāhatā
¦[abst.f] hard to fathomness, difficult comprehensiveness |

√gu
¦[cl1ā] indistinct mumbled sound; proclaim, sound out ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1100] gu̱ṅ, avya̍kte̱ śabde̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1105] gu̱ṅ, śabde̍ |
gavate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|

√guṇ
¦[cl10pā] calling out to someone in greeting ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.436] guṇaṃ, ca ā̱mantra̍ṇe |
guṇayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
*guṇ
guṇa
¦[m] an attribute, a strand, a quality, essence |
āguṇa
¦[m] strong attribute |
svaguṇa
guṇavant
¦[mn] possessing characteristics |
guṇā
¦[<pali][f.pl] qualities, aspects |
guṇita
¦[pst.pv.p] intensified, multiplied, heaped together |
guṇya
¦[adj] having virtuous good qualities; praised |

gup

√gup
¦[cl1pā] [p] protect [dk.rakṣ] ; [ā] be on guard [dk.gup] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.461][p] gupūṃ, rakṣa̍ṇe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1125][ā] gu̱paṃ, gopa̍ne |
gopati
¦[av.3sg]|
gopate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
gupta
jugupsita
·
jugupsā
¦[f] aversion, dislike, abhorrence, disgust |
√gup
¦[cl4p] disoriented, confused ; [dk.muh] [dk.kul] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.147] gupaṃ, vyākula̱tve |
gupyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gup
¦[cl10] speak guardedly ; [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.302] gupaṃ, bhāṣārthdaḥ |
gopayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

Gur

√gur
¦[cl6ā] raise, lift up, exalt ; [lat] gravis ; [dk.yam] [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.131] gurī̱ṃ, u̱dyama̍ne | u̱dātta̱ anu̍dāttet ||
gurate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
guru
gurutā
¦[f] weight, heaviness, trouble, burden; solemnity, sombre dignity |
gaurava
¦[n] difficulty, heavyness |
agaurava
¦[n] eaze, lightness |

√guh
¦[cl1pā] secretiveness of concealment ; [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1043] guhū̍ṃ, sa̱ṃvara̍ṇe | iti̱ hikkā̍daya u̱dāttāḥ̍ svri̱tetaḥ̍ |
gūhati
¦[av.3sg] conceals |
abhiguhya
¦[gnd] having concealed |
·
guhya
¦[adj] concealed [n] a secret |
gūḍha

√gṛ
¦[cf.ghṛ] [cl1p] sprinkle, moisten ; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1087] gṛ̱-, secane |
garati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gṛ
¦[cl9pā] invoke, sing, praise, call, proclaim; [dk.gā] [dk.jñā] |
gṛnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
gṛnīte
¦[mv.3sg]|
parigṛhṇāti
¦[p3sg] proclaim around |
gṛhītvā
¦[gnd] having invoked |
parigṛhīta
¦[pst.av.p] praising everywhere |
·

gṝ

√gṝ√gir√gil
¦ [cl6pā] swallow, devour ; [dk.gṝ] |
giráti
¦[cl6p]|
girate
¦[cl6ā]|
·
gara
garva
¦[m] pride, arrogance |

*go
gotra
¦[n] herd, group, family, race, cast |

go
gautama
¦[m](from a large ox - important person) epithet of śakyamuni buddha; a descendant of the ṛṣi gotama; ++ |
gomaya
√gai
¦[cl1p][cl3p] sing, speak or recite in a singing manner; relate in metrical language ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1065] gai̱, śabde̍ |
gāyati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
pragīyate
¦[cl1.pv.3s] praised forth |
jigāti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|

granth

√granth
¦[cl9p] tie, fasten, knot, bind together, arrange in a series ; [dk.granth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.49] granthaṃ, sanda̱rbhe |
grathnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
grathita
¦[pst.pv.p] arranged, bound together |
·
saṅgrathana
|[n][act] (completely) assembling, binding together, fastening |
grantha
¦[m] verse composition, book in verse or prose; binding together |
granthi
¦[m] tie, knot, |
√granth
¦[cl10pā] cause to be tied or bound together ; [dk.dṛbh] [dk.bandh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.375] granthaṃ, sanda̱rbhe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.362] granthaṃ, bandha̍ne |
granthayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√granth
¦[cl1ā] contrive deceitfully; be crooked (physical) ; [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.36] grathi̱ṃ, kauṭi̍lye |
granthate
¦[mv.3sg]|

grah

√grah,√grabh,√gṛbh
¦[cl9pā] grab, seize, grasp [dk.āp] [gk.grah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.71] graha̍ṃ, upādā̱ne (upaāadā̱na) | u̱dāttaḥ̍ svari̱tet || vṛt || iti̱ śnāvi̍karṇā̱ ṛyā̍dayaḥ |
gṛhṇáti
¦[av.3sg] grasps |
gṛhyate
¦[pv.3sg] grasped | tsn
saṃgṛhyate
¦[pv.3sg] fully grasped |
gṛhyeta
¦[opt.pv.3sg] ought be grasped |
grahītā
¦[prfp.ft.3sg] shall grasp |
·
gṛhṇat
¦[prs.av.p][mn] grasping |
gṛhṇata
¦[cp]|
parigṛhṇat
¦[prs.av.p][mn] embracing, grasping, obtaining |
gṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] grasped, grasping |
agṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] ungrasped |
durgṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] ill grasped |
parigṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] enveloped, embraced, grasped all around |
·
gṛh
¦[adj] grasping, seizing |
gṛha
graha
āgraha
¦[adj] (strongly) grasping |
agraha
anugraha
¦[m] kindness, favour, benefit, promoting good |
udgraha
¦[m] to take up, lifting up, elevating, accomplishing, memorized, remembered |
anudgraha
¦[m] non grasping, not taking up |
niravagraha
¦[adj] ungrasped, unrestrained, free |
parigraha
¦[adj] greedy, all around grasping or seizing |
saparigraha
¦[adj] with attachment |
samparigraha
pragraha
vigraha
saṅgraha
¦[adj] fully grasping |
grahaṇa
grahatā
¦[f][abst] graspedness, state of being a planet |
parānugrahatā
¦[f] altruism |
nisparigrahatā
¦[f] non‐grasping all around, |
grahatva
¦[n][abst] graspfulness |
avigrahatva
¦[n][abst] inseparableness |
grāha
agrāha
¦[adj] ungrasping |
grāhin
¦[mnf] grasping, seizing, taking hold, obtaining |
grāhya
agrāhya
saṅgrāhya
¦[adj] (to be) enjoined, embraced, attracted, won |
grāhaka
parānugrāhaka
¦[n] compassionate altruistic obtaining for another |
parigrāhaka
¦[adj] everywhere grasping |
grāhatā
¦[f][abst] holding‐ness, graspingness |
grahaṇa
¦[adj] grasping [n] grasp, acquiring |
garbha
¦[m] germ, kernel, nucleus; interior chamber, womb; embryo, child, brood; fire |

grāma
¦[m] village, community; collection (things)|

gras

√gras
¦[cf.ugr] [cl1ā] [en] devour, consume [dk.gras] ; [dk.ad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.717] grasu̱ṃ, (ada̍ne < glasu̱ṃ [1.718]) |
grasate
¦[mv.3sg]|
grasta
¦[ps.pv.p] absorbed |
√gras
¦[cf.ugras] [cl10pā] cause to strike a physical blow ; [dk.gras] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.271] ugrasaṃ, ity eke̍ (ukā̍ro, ghā̍tv ava̱yava, ity eke̍ | nety, a̱nye) |
grasayati
¦[av.3sg]|

grīva
¦[m] the neck |

Gh

ghaṭ

√ghaṭ
¦[cl1āp] focused fervent over exertion; produce, make, form ; [cest] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.867] gha̱ṭaṃ, ce̱ṣṭāyā̍m |
ghaṭate
¦[mv.3sg] [e+] fervently strive |
ghaṭati
¦[av.3sg][rare]|
·
ghaṭat
¦[prs.av.p] exerting, making, producing |
ghaṭa
¦[prs.pv.p] intently occupied |
[m]
a pot, jar, clay water pot; various jar like shapes: a temple, a column, the head, yogic breath suspension (kumbha); ++ |
ghaṭana
ghaṭanā
[f] bringing about, effecting, making, procuring |
√ghaṭ
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) strike, maim, kill ; [dk.gam] [dk.han] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.248] ghaṭaṃ, saṅghā̱te | hantya̍ arthāś ca |
ghaṭayati
¦[av.3sg]|
√ghaṇṭ
¦cl10pā] speak, shine ; [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.298] ghaṭiṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) |
ghaṇṭayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

ghaṇṭā
¦[f] bell |
ghana

√ghur
¦[cl6pā] cry out frightfully ; [dk.bhī] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.71] [cl6p] ghuraṃ, bhīmārtha śa̱bdayoḥ̍ |
ghurati
[av.3sg]
ghurate
¦[mv.3sg]|
jughure
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
ghora
¦[adj] horrible, awful, dreadful |
atighora
¦[mnf] most highly dreadful |

√ghuṣ
¦[cl1p] announce, proclaim; being silent to prevent pain unto another person, to 'hold one's tongue' (see:dhātupāṭha) ; [dk.śabd] [dk.piṭh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.741] ghuṣiraṃ, avi̍śabdane | śabda̱ ity a̱nye pe̍ṭhuḥ |
ghoṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ghoṣa
¦[m] proclamation |
ghoṣaṇa
¦[n] proclaiming publicly |
√ghuṣ
¦[cl10pā] cause to proclaim aloud ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.251] ghuṣiraṃ, vi̱śabda̍ne |
ghoṣayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√ghṛ
¦[cf.gṛ] [cl3p] be lustrous; besprinkle, moisten, drip ; [dk.kṣar] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.15] ghṛ̱, kṣaraṇa dī̱ptyoḥ |
jigharti
¦[av.3sg] drips |
ghṛta
√ghṛ
¦[cl1p] besprinkle, moisten ; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1088] ghṛ̱, seca̍ne |
gharati
¦[cl1p.av.3sg] moistens |
√ghṛ
¦[cl8pa] shine; (shine to burn) ; [rus] gor ; [dk.sic] |
ghṛnoti
¦[cl8p.av.3sg] shine, light, burn |
·
nairghṛṇya
¦[n] without light, pitiless cruelty |
ghṛṇā
¦[f] tender heartfelt compassion; hateful disgusted malice (with a locative) |

ghṛṣ

√ghṛṣ
¦[cl1p] rub, grind, crush ; [dk.ghṛṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.805][p] ghṛṣuṃ, saṅgharṣane |
gharṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
saṅgharṣa
¦[m] collision, clash, contention |

ghrā

√ghrā
¦[cl1p][cl3pa][cl2p] to smell, snuffle at, perceive odour ; [dk.ghrā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1075] ghrā̱, gandhopādāne (ghrā̱ṇe) |
jighrati
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
ghrāti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
aghrāt
¦[aor.3sg]|
·
grata
¦[]|
·
ghrāṇa

C

√cak
¦[cl1p] quake |
cakanti
¦[av.3pl]|
cakita
cakra
¦[n] pranic locus, circle, wheel |
√cak
¦[cl1pā] be content : [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.892][cl1p] cakaṃ, tṛptau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.98][cl1ā] caka̱ṃ, tṛptau̍ pratighā̱te ca̍ |
cakati
¦[av.3sg]|
cakate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√cakṣ
¦[<√kāś(redup)][cl2a] see, perceive, consider [dk.dṛś] ; narrate, speak, tell, inform, bear witness [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.7] ca̱kṣi̱ṅ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci | a̱yaṃ darśa̱ne aapi̍ | anu̍dā̱tto aanu̍dāttet |
pracakṣmahe
¦[cl2.mv.1p] (we) tell, relate, inform, declare; consider |
·
vicakṣana
¦
avicakṣana
¦[n][act] unperceptive, ignorant, unclever, undiscerning |
cakṣus
¦
cakṣū
¦[cp]|

√cañc
¦[<cañcala<√cal][cl1.p] leap, jump, move excitedly, shake, be unsteady ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.217] cañcuṃ (gatyarthaḥ) |
cañcati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] leaps excitedly |
·
cañcala
¦[adj] unsteady, discordant |
cañcura
¦[adj] wily clever expertise |

√caṭ
¦[cl1p] go hastefully ; [dk.caṭ] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.331] caṭeṃ, (varṣa avaraṇayoḥ) ity, eke̍ |
caṭati
¦[av.3sg]|

cat
catur
¦[adj] four [ind] four times |
caturtha
¦[adj] fourthly, fourth, quaternary |
caturviṃśati
¦[f] twenty fourth |
caturviṃśat
¦[cp]|
catuṣṭaya
¦[n] a quaternion, four fold, consisting of four; a tetralemma |
catvāriṃśat
¦[f] forty |
catvār
¦[n] four (arcaic plural vedic form, < catvāri [n.na.pl]); [pra] cattāri < [oia] catvāra; [lat] quattuor; [goth] fidwor |
catvāra
¦[<oia][m] four |
cātur
¦[adj] fourfold |

√cand,√ścand
¦[cl1p] to shine reflectively and enliven ; [dk.hlād] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.71] cadiṃ, āhlā̱de, dīptau̍ ca |
candati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
candana
¦[n][act] reflecting, shining, resplendent |
candra
candravat
¦[n]| with moon like reflections |

√cam
¦[cl1p] sip, drink; eat ; [dk.ad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.540] camuṃ, (adane) |
camati
¦[]|
√cam
¦[cl5p] consume voraciously ; [dk.bhakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.31] camuṃ, bhakṣa̍ṇe |
cannoti
¦[av.3sg]|

car

√car
¦[cl1p] (cow like) meander, roam about, wander, waver ; [dk.gam] [dk.bhakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.640] caraṃ, gatyarthāḥ | caratir bhakṣaṇartho api (cara bhakṣaṇe ca) |
carati
¦[av.3sg] meander, wander |
caret
¦[opt.3sg] (ought) might wander |
ācaret
¦[opt.3sg] one ought bekon hither, ought ramble about |
vicaret
¦[opt.3sg] ought wander forth |
vicārayet
¦[cs.opt.3sg] (ought be encouraged to) wander out and about | jns
viniścaret
¦[opt.3sg] ought wander about everywhere |
vicaranti
¦[av.3pl] they wander forth astray |
carantu
¦[imp.3pl] they must wander |
caritvā
¦[gnd] having wandered |
·
carita
·
caraṇa
carama
¦[m] later, last, at the end, final; least, lowest; outermost |
cāra
¦[m] meandering, going about |
abhicāra
¦[m] mesmerizing |
ācāra
¦[m] invariant fact, agreeing with what is taught (buddh) ; an established rule |
samudācāra
¦[m] (fully elevated) true fact, purpose, intent, motive |
upacāra
¦[m] approach, practice, behaviour, metaphor |
pracāra
¦[m] wandering forth, roaming, meandering forth |
vicāra
¦[m] deliberation, consideration, pondering |
sañcāra
¦[m] wandering about, path |
abhicāruka
¦[adj] using magical incantation, conjuring, |
cāraka
¦[m] meandering journey |
vicāraṇā
¦[f] critical reflective examination; name for mīmāṃsā philosophical system; doubtful hesitation |
carya
¦[adj] practiced |
caryā
¦[f] spiritual practice (buddh); going, meandering, wandering |
adicaryā
¦[f] foremost highest practice |
paricaryā
¦[f] reverent devoted circumambulation |
cārya
carācara
¦[n] wandering or not wandering |
gocara
¦[m] field of one's actions; range of sensory organs; sense object |
gocaratā
¦[f] meandering (like a cow) |
agocaratva
¦[n][abst] (unwavering) insensibility, stubbornness |

carman
¦[n] skin, hide, bark, parchment |

cal

√cal
¦[cf.car] [cl1p] stir, tremble, quiver; move on, depart; [dk.kamp] [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.966] calaṃ, kampa̍ne |
calati
¦[av.3sg] stirs, quivers |
calayet
¦[cs.opt.av.3sg]|
sañcālayet
¦[cs.opt.av.3sg] (cause to strongly) stir, quiver, move about |
·
calita
¦[pst.pv.p] trembled |
·
calatva
¦[n][abst] agitated indecisiveness |
cala
·
acala
¦[adj] immovable |
avicala
¦[adj] immovable, steady, firm, untrembling |
niścala
¦[adj] immovable; unchangeable |
cāla
¦[m][act] moving, shaking |
cālana
¦[n][act][adj] moving, vibrating, shaking, trembling |
sañcālana
¦[n][act] (completely) shaking, vibrating |

cāru

ci

√ci
¦[cl5pā] gather, collect, gather together, accumulate ; [dk.ci] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.5] ci̱ñ, caya̍ne |
cinóti
¦[av.3sg]|
cinute
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
cita
¦[pst.pv.p] heaped |
cita
¦[pst.av.p] heaping up |
citatva
¦[n][abst] accumulation |
·
kāya
¦[m] body, group, accumulation |
akāya
¦[m] not physically embodied |
akāyas
¦[n.sg]| tps
svakāya
kāyatva
¦[n][abst] embodiment |
akāyatva
¦[n][abst] disembodiment |
akāyatvatas
¦[abl.adv] from disembodiment | tps
kāyika
¦[adj] (small) body, group, accumulation |
caya
vicaya
sañcaya
¦[pali][m] accumulation, quantity |
asañcaya
¦[m] non-accumulation |
asañcayatva
¦[n][abst] non‐aggrandizement, non‐accumulation, dispersement |
samuccaya
¦[m] collection, aggregation; conjunction of words together |
ceya
¦[adj] accumulated |
√ci
¦[>cāy,>cay][vedic][cl3pa][cl5p] ascertainment, observe, seek, take note of |
ciketi
¦[cl3.av.3sg] observe, perceive |
ceṣyate
¦[cl3.fut.mv.3sg] one shall observe |
cinoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg] seek for, investigate, search through, make inquiries |
·
niścaya
¦[m] (without) doubt, thought, ascertainment, conviction, persuasion, decision, resolution, fixed opinion or purpose |

cit

√cit
¦[cl1p][cl2a] cogitate, to know all ; [dk.cit] [dk.jñā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.39] citīṃ, sa̱ñjñāne̍ |
cétati
¦[cl1p.3sg] thinks |
cetasi
¦[cl1p.2sg] you think |
cite
¦[cl2a.mv.1sg] thought |
cetti
¦[cl2.av.3sg] one thinks | mmk
cetayitvā
¦[gnd.cs] (having been caused to be) conscious, aware | mmk
·
sucitrita
¦[bng][pst.pv.p] well embellished, well described, well portrayed, well painted |
cita
¦[pst.pv.p] metric construction for citta (uuu uuu)|
citta
acitta
samacitta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) even minded, indifferent |
upacitta
upacita
¦[pst.pv.p] metric construction for upacitta (uuu uuu)|
paracitta
¦[n] telepathy, sensing anothers mind |
svacitta
·
cittatva
¦[n][abst] cogitation (with emotive dimension), cognition, sentience |
vicikitsā
¦[f] doubt, hesitation, uncertainty, saṃśaya |
citra
¦[adj] bright, clear, excellent, conspicuous, wonderful, astonishing, strange |
citra·ākara
¦[m] astonishing creation |
citra·ākara
¦[cp]| tsn
vicitra
¦[adj] resplendent, wonderful, lovely | mmk
cittaka
¦[pali][adj] colored [m] cittaka thera, an elder buddhist arhant |
acittaka
¦[pali][adj] state of non‐cognition, being mindless |
cetanā
¦[f] consciousness, intelligence, conscious intention | mmk
cetani
¦[f][cf.cetana] to perceive, become conscious, sentience, mentation, intention | mmk
cetas
¦[n] consciousness, intelligence, intellect; thinking mind, soul, heart | mmk
caita
¦[<caitya][pal] cetasika; [n] an underlying intellectual state that accompanies a more primary mental state | mmk
caitasa
¦[m] any subcategory of citta related to the object of cognition; mental state, mental content; mental object of cognition; an association with cognition |
caitasika
¦[mnfā] relating to the mind |
caitta
svacetas
¦[n] self consciousness |
citti
¦[f] thinking, intention |
caitya
¦[m] the Soul |

cint

√cint
¦[cl10pā][cl1pā] think, reflect, consider [dk.smṛ] [dk.cint] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.2] citiṃ, smṛtyā̍m |
cintayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
cintaye
¦[cs.mv.1sg] I think |
cintet
¦[cs.opt.3sg] one ought reflect, ought ponder |
susañcintya
¦[gnd] having well thought |
·
cintita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) thinking |
sucintita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) piously thinking |
·
cintana
¦[n] consideration, reflection |
cintanā
¦[f] contemplation |
cintā
¦[f] thought, consideration, reflection | mmk
cintya
¦[mnfā.adj] thinkable |
acintya
¦[adj] unthinkable |
acintyas
¦[n.sg]| tsk
sañcintya

*cir
cira
cihna
¦[n] a marking characteristic, a symptom, a mark, spot, stamp; a banner; astrological sign |

cud

√cud
¦[cl1pā][rgveda] impel, incite, urge; animate, inspire ; (soma) ; [lat.cudo] [grk.speúdo] ; [dk.cud] |
codati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
codana
sañcodana
¦[n][act] (fully) impelling |
√cud
¦[cl10pā] cause to move quickly ; [dk.cud] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.81] cudaṃ, sa̱ñcoda̍ne |
codayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
sañcodayet
¦[opt.cs.3sg] (ought cause to) set in motion, impel, excite, inflame; summon, request, solicit; speed, procure quickly (rapidly impelling excited request) |

√cumb
¦[cl1p] kiss ; [dk.yuj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.495] cubiṃ, vaktra saṃyo̱ge |
cumbati
¦[av.3s] kisses |
·
cumbana
¦[n] [act] kissing |
√cumb
¦[cl10pā](cause to) hurt, injure, kill ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.130] cubiṃ, hi̱ṃsāyā̍m |
cumbayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

cur

√cur
¦[cl10pā] cause to steal ; [dk.sten] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.1] curaṃ, steye̍ |
corayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√cūrṇ
¦[<cūrṇa][cl10pā] grind, mix, pulverize, crush ; [dk.kuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.143] cūrṇaṃ, sa̱ṅkoca̍ne |
cūrṇayati
¦[den.av.3sg]|
·
cūrṇa
·
√cūrṇ
¦[cl10p] shake up, hinder, restrain, surround ; [dk.īr] [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.26] cūrṇaṃ, prera̍ṇe | varṇaṃ varṇana ity eke̍ |
·
caura

√cūṣ
¦[cl1p] draw, suck ; [dk.pā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.767] cūṣaṃ, pāne̍ |
cūṣati
¦[av.3sg] |
·
cūṣaṇa
¦[n][act] sucking |

√ced
¦[<chedana][cl10p] divide in two ; [skt] cedaṃ, dvaidhikaraṇe |
cedayati
¦[den.av.3sg] cause to be divided |
·
cedana
¦[adj] dividing |

ceṣṭ

√ceṣṭ
¦[cl1pā] to move the limbs, stir; make effort, exert ; [dk.cest] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.289][ā] ce̱ṣṭaṃ, ce̱ṣṭāyā̍m |
ceṣṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
ceṣṭate
¦[pv.3sg]|
·
viceṣṭita
·
ceṣṭā
¦[f] physical effort, exertion |

cyut
¦[cl1pa] sprinkle, make wet, drip on ; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.40][p] cyutir, ā̱seca̍ne |
cyoti
¦[av.3sg]|
cyavate
¦[mv.3sg] come forth from, fall, sink |
·
cyuti
¦[f] fall, degeneration; fall from divine to rebirth; falling; dying; the vulva; loss |

Ch


*chaṭ
chaṭā
¦[f] assemblage, collection, a mass; lustrous collection of rays; lightning |
acchaṭā
¦[f] a finger snap (time) |
acchaṭa
¦[m] finger snapping (time) |

chad

√chad
¦[cl1pa] cover, conceal ; [dk.vṛ] |
chadati
¦[av.3sg]|
chadate
¦[mv.3sg]|
chādayiṣyati
¦[cs.ft.3sg] (shalt be made to) conceal, cover, hide | mmk
·
sañcchanna
¦[pst.pv.p] completely concealed, fully obscured |
pracchanna
·
chatra
chādana

√chand√chad
¦[cl1p,cl2p,cl10p] please, to charm someone, aspire to be ; [dk.vṛ] [dk.guh] |
chantti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
chandati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
chandayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] cause to corrupt, allure |
·
chanda
¦[pali.channa]|
svacchanda
·

chāyā
¦[f] shade, shadow, shady place |

chid

√chid
¦[cl7p] cut off, divide, destroy; chop, split, pierce; [dk.chid] |
chinátti
¦[av.3sg]|
chettum
¦[inf] to cut off |
·
chinna
ucchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] destroyed, lost, cut out | mmk
anucchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] undestroyed | mmk
vicchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] interrupted, disconnected |
avicchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] unobstructed, continuously, uninterrupted |
·
vicchiti
¦[f] cutting off, obstruction, cessation |
chida
¦[adj] cutting off |
chidra
chedana
uccheda
¦[m] (cutting) up, off, out; putting to an end, destruction, disruption, annihilation | mmk
anuccheda
¦[m] indestructible; indivisible | mmk
samuccheda
¦[m] (complete) destruction, extermination, eradication |
paricheda
¦[m] chapter, section, division |
pariccheda
¦[pali][m] accurate definition, determination, judgement, habit, well determined manner (budh) ; chapter, boundary |
adipariccheda
¦[m] (foremost) chapter, boundary |
tripariccheda
¦[m] triple determination, trisectioned limitation of object faculty and cognition |
paricchedaka
paricchedakatva
¦[n][abst] limitedness; disconnectedness |
viccheda
¦[m] caesura; discontinuance; division; interval; space |
vicchedi
¦[mnf] one who cuts away, |
ucchedya
¦[m] cut off, disperse, divide |

J

jaṭ

√jaṭ
¦[cl1p] stick together, matted together, twist together, entangle ; [dk.jaṭ] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.342] jaṭaṃ, (saṅghāte) |
jaṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jaṭin
¦[m] a śaivite ascetic with twisted hair (dreads) |

jaḍa

jan

√jan
¦[cl1p][cl4ā] generate, propagate, manifest, birth ; [lat] gen, [grk] gen, [celt] genim ; [dk.jan] [dk.bhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.937] janīṃ, |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.44] janīṃ, prādurbhāve |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.25] janaṃ, jana̍ne | iti̱ turā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍taḥ |
jánati,
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
jananti
¦cl1.av.3pl|
janyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] birthed, created, manifested | mmk
janayet
¦[cl1.op.cs.3sg] (ought be caused to) manifest | mmk
janayanti
¦[cl1.cs.av.3pl] they manifest (that) | tsk
janayate
¦[cl1.cs.pv.3sg] caused to be manifested | mmk
jāy
jāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] manifests | mmk
jāyase
¦[cl4.mv.2s] (you) generate, manifest, originate |
jāyante
¦[cl4.mv.3pl] (they) manifest, appear |
upajāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] comes forth, originates, appears |
prajāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] brings forth, manifests | mbk
sañjāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] develops |
jāyet
¦[cl4.opt.av.3sg] (ought) appear, manifest |
jāyeta
¦[cl4.op.mv.3sg] should manifest | mmk
prajāyante
¦cl4.mv.3pl] sprung forth, born |
jajanti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
janayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] caused to manifest |
janayate
¦[cl10.pv.3sg] brought to birth | mmk
janayanti
¦[cl10.av.3pl] they are caused to manifest |
upajanayanti
¦[cl10.av.3pl] they are made to be upon manifesting |
janayiṣyati
¦[cl10.ft.3sg] shall be brought forth | mmk
·
janita
ajanita
¦
jāyamāna
¦[cl4.pr.mv.p] manifesting, birthing | mmk
ajanayamāna
¦[pali][cl1.pr.mv.pt] being unborn, being unmanifest | mmk
jāta
ajāta
¦[pst.pv.p] unarisen, unbegotten, unmanifested | mmk
nirjāta
¦[pst.av.p] without bearing fruit |
sañjāta
¦[pst.av.p] together arising, |
sañjāta
¦[pst.pv.p] born, produced, arisen |
jāyamāna
¦[prs.mv.p] the living, the arising | mmk
·
¦[a.fā] born (end of compound) |
nirjātatva
¦[n][abst] unbegettedness, fruitlessness |
jātā
¦[fā] begetting a daughter, female living being |
jāti
¦[f] birth, state of existence; social rank, caste, class, race | mmk
ajāti
¦[f] without existence | mmk
vijātīya
¦[adj] dissimilar, different, class difference |
sañjānatan
¦[n] |
prajā
¦[f] procreation, propagation; descendants; mankind |
jāna
¦[n] birth, origin, birth place |
janaka
¦[adj] generating, producing [m] progenitor, father | mmk
ajanakatva
¦[n][abst] ungenerativeness |
janana
jani
¦[f] birth, life, production |
janikā
¦[cf.pāli][f] mother |
jantu
¦[m] the living | mmk
janman
¦[n] existence, life, manifest | mmk
ajanman
¦[n] unmanifest, unliving |
janmā
¦[f] formed, reason |
janmin
¦[m] born, creature |
janayitrī
¦(jananīya, janayitṛ) [f] a mother |
ja
¦[adj] born | mmk
jan
¦[adj] born |
aja
¦[adj] unborn |
manuja
¦[] human born |
yatraja
¦[m] where ever born |
yatrajas
¦[n.sg]| tsk
sahaja
¦[] the 'born with' original nature, spontaneous, natural; pure void of all things; mahāsukha |
jana
¦[m] living being, embodied being, man, person; the 'born' ones | mmk
durjana
sajjana
¦[m] true born |
sujana
¦[m] well born, auspicious birth; a good virtuous person |
janā
¦[f] birth, preborn |
janya
asamprajanya
¦[n] lack of mindfulness |

√jam
¦[<jamad][cl1p] consuming voraciously ; [dk.ad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.542] jamuṃ, (adane) |
jámati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jam
¦[mn]|

jap

√jap
¦[cl1p] whisper, chant ; [dk.vac] [dk.mān] [dk.jap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.463] japaṃ, (vyaktāyāṃ vāci) | japa mānase ca |
japati
¦[av.3sg]|
japet
¦[opt.3sg] one ought chant |
japitvā
¦[gnd] having chanted |
·
japta
¦[pst.pv.p] was chanted |
japtavya
¦[fut.pv.p] shall be chanted |
·
japa
¦[m] whispered sacred intonations |
jāpa
¦[m] whispered sacred intonations |

√jal
¦[<jala][cl10pa] cover, conceal ; [dk.vṛ]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.15] jalaṃ, a̱pavāra̍ṇe |
jalāyate
¦[cs.mv.3sg]|
·
jala
¦[n] water; any fluid |
jāla
√jal
¦[cl1p] killing; sharp, stiff, dull; rich; cover ; [dk.han] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.967] jalaṃ, ghāta̍ne |
jalati
¦[av.3sg]|

√jalp
¦[cl1pā] murmur, speak ; [dk.vac] [dk.jap] [dk.man] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.464][p] jalpaṃ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci | japaṃ mā̱nase ca̍ |
jalpati
¦[av.3sg] |
jalpate
¦[mv.3sg] |
·
jalpat
¦[prs.av.p] (is) murmuring, speaking |
·
jalpa
¦[m] chat, talk, conversation |

√jah
(<√hā1)
√jā
([cf]√jan)

jānu
¦[n][lat] genu [en] knee |

ji


√ji
¦[cl1pa] conquer, win, subdue, be triumphant, overcome, suppress ; [dk.ji] [dk.bhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1093][p.av] ji̱, (abhibhave) |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.642][p.av] ji̱ṃ, ja̱ye |
jáyati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] conquer |
jayate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] subdued, overcome, suppressed | tsk
jīyeya
¦[opt.1sg] I should overcome |
jitvā
¦[gnd] having subdued |
·
jayamāna
¦[prs.mv.p] (is) overcoming, subduing, conquering |
jita
nirjita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unconquered |
·
jina
jini
jaya
¦[m] success, victory, triumph |
vijaya
¦[m] conquest, superiority |
√ji
¦[cl10pā] speaking with bravado, causing victory through blusterous speech ; [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.324][pā] ji, (bhāṣārthaḥ ca) |
jayayati
¦[av.3sg]|

*jih
jihmá
¦[adj] crooked, deceitful; oblique, athwart, bent, curved [n] dishonesty |
avijihma
¦[adj] straight going; honest |

jiv

√jīv
¦[cl1pa] live ; [rus] živ ; [dk.aṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.643] jīvaṃ, prāṇa dhā̱raṇe |
jīvati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jīvita
ājīvita
·
jīva

√ju
¦[cl1pā] move quickly, hurry; impel, urge on, incite; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1110][ā] ju̱ṅ, (gatau) |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1098][p] ju̱, iti,̍ sau̱tro ghātu̱ḥ gatya̍rthaḥ. | iti̱, dhaya̍ty ā̱dyo a'anu̍dāttāḥ, para̍smai, bhāṣāḥ |
javati
¦[av.3sg]|
√jū
¦[cl1ā] move quickly ; [cl9p] impel, urge on; [dk.gam] |
javate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
junāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg]|
·
¦[f] speed; ++ |

jṛ

√jṛ
¦[cl1p] make or grow old ; [dk.jṛ] |
jarati
¦[av.3sg] ages |
jīryate
¦[pv.3sg] is aged | mmk
·
jīrṇa
·
jara
nirjarā
¦[f] (without) old age, decay | mmk

jñā

√jñā
¦[cl1p][cl9p] to know ; [rus] zna ; [dk.jñā] [dk.budh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.923] māraṇa toṣaṇa niśā̱maneṣu̍ jñā (m) | māraṇa toṣaṇa niśā̱neṣviti̍ pāṭhānta̱ram |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.43] jñā̱, ava̱bodha̍ne |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.258] jñā, niyo̱ge |
jñānati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] knows |
jñāyate
¦[cl1.cs.mv.3sg] makes (self) known, understands | jns
parjñāyate
¦[cl1.cs.mv.3sg] causes to be made known | mmk
jānāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg] knows (mundane worldly knowledge), knows (the lower wisdom) |
jānanti
¦[cl9.av.3pl] they understand (worldly knowledge) | jns
vijānanti
¦[cl9.av.3pl] knowing, understanding (worldly ways) |
jānīyāt
¦[cl9.op.3sg] ought know (life wisdom) | mmk
prajānanti
¦[cl9.av.3pl] (worldly) they understand, they know, they cognize |
pratijānīmahe
¦[cl1.mv.1pl] we recollect, we remember |
vijānīyāt
¦[cl1.op.av.3sg] clearly knows, clearly realizes |
prajña
¦[cl9p]|
prajñapti
¦[cl9.av.3sg] acquaints with, informs, discerns, distinguishes; ++ | mbk
prajñapyate
¦[cl9.cs.pv.3sg] (cause to be) conceptually defined; create a semantic label for a set of perceived objects | mmk
prajñapayemahi
¦[cl9.op.cs.mv.1p] (we ought cause) to conceptually define | mmk
prajñapyeta
¦[cl9.op.cs.pv.3sg] (ought cause to be) conceptually defined | mmk
vijñāpayet
¦[opt.caus.a3sg] one ought discern, observe, know, understand |
sañjñāyate
¦[pv.3sg] mutual agreement, be in harmony, fully known |
jñātvā
¦[gnd] having known, having understood |
ajñātvā
¦[gnd] having not understood |
parijñāya
¦[gnd] having noticed all around |
vijñāya
¦[gnd] having fully known, having understood |
·
pratijānat
¦[cl9][mn.prs.av.p] contrary knowing |
jñeya
parijñeya
¦[a.mnf] comprehensible, conceivable, recognized, |
vijñeya
jñātavya
¦[fut.av.p] shalt know |
jānīya
¦[fut.av.p] shall be knowing |
vijn̄ānīya
¦[fut.av.p] shall be increasingly knowing |
vijānīya
¦[fut.av.p]|
sañjñita
ajānānā
¦[fut.pr.mv.p] is unknowing, is not comprehending |
sañjānata
¦[cl9.pst.av.p] (was) all knowing |
jñāta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) known, comprehended |
parijñāta
vijñāta
¦[pst.pv.p] |
prajñapita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) foretold | mmk
·
jña
¦[m] sacred wisdom |
avajña
¦[m] belittle |
sāvajña
¦[adj] disdainfully despising, contemptuous |
jñatā
¦[f] intelligence |
jñatva
¦[n][abst] intelligence; knowingness |
jñapti
¦[f] understanding, apprehension |
prajñapti
¦[f] expedient means to teach about non substantial things existing by word only (metaphor, upacāra) ; engagement, arrangement; instruction, teaching, information | mmk
saprajñapti
¦[f] with a method of nominal metaphoric teaching |
vijñapti
¦[f][n] fundamental base, pure consciousness, field of perceptions containing both vijñāna and vijñeya... awareness and object (yogācāra) ; entreaty, request; information, report, announcement, instruction (normal usage) |
avijñapti
¦[f] disinformation, miscommunication | mmk
paravijñapti
¦[f] external perception of objects |
vijñaptika
¦[adj] unconsciously |
vijñaptikam
¦[a.sg]| tsk
jñā
¦[adj] knowing |
jña
¦[cp]|
abhijñā
¦[pali] abhiñña [prak] abhinnā ; [f] intuitive knowledge, supernormal cognition |
abhijñātva
¦[n][abst] intuitiveness |
abhijñātvam
¦[n.sg]|
abhijñātvam
¦[a.sg]| tps
ājñā
¦[adj] much knowing |
anujñā
¦[f] permit, grant, bestow, to take leave |
avajñā
¦[f] contemptuous low regard, disrespect, |
parijñā
¦[f] (all around) knowledge, general knowledge, common knowledge | mmk
parijñāvat
¦[adj] having a general knowledge | mmk
prajñā
¦[f] forethought, insight, transcendental wisdom |
pratijñā
¦[f] assertion. statement, declaration; assent, agreement, promise |
prajñāvant
¦[f] having insightful wisdom |
prājña
¦[m] a wise crafty intelligent clever man |
sañjña
¦[adj] named, termed [n] perception discernment |
sañjñā
¦[f] full knowledge, all knowing, apperception; an object perceived in its full background knowledge matrix (yogācāra) | mmk
niśāsañjñā
¦[f] blossomed all knowing |
parasañjñā
¦[f] highest total truth |
sarvajñā
¦[f] omniscient knowledge |
sarvajña
¦[cp]|
parijñāyā
¦[f] all around knowing, general comprehension |
jñās
¦[m] a close relative |
abhinnā
¦[pali] abhiññā [prak] abhinnā [skt] abhijñā ; [f] five forms of paranormal knowledge (see: siddhi, abhijñā)|
ajñāta
¦[adj] unknowable |
jñāna
¦[n] knowledge |
ajñāna
¦[n] ignorance |
adijñāna
¦[n] higher knowledge |
trijñāna
¦[n] hearing, thinking, meditating (śruta, cintā, bhāvanā)|
parijñāna
¦[n] ascertainment, experience, perception, understanding, general knowing | mmk
aparijñāna
¦[n] misperception, nonexperience, misunderstanding | mmk
vijñāna
¦[opp.prajñā] [n] consciousness, ordinary projected consciousness, a skanda, a dhātu (buddh)| mmk
āvijñāna
¦[n] strongly affirmed emphatically ordinary consciousness |
jñānamaya
¦[m] holder of knowledge |
jñānavat
¦[mnfī (-vān-vat-vatī)] knowing, having knowledge |
jñātāra
¦[m] higher knowledge |
jñānin
āsañjñika
¦[cf.asañjñika][n] unconsciousness, an ecstatic state of non‐cogitation |

√jṛmbh
¦[cl1ā] gape open, spread out; yawn; moving the limbs from discomfort (dp) ; [dk.gā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.454] jṛbhi̱ṃ, gātra vinā̱me |
jṛmbhate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√jvar
¦[cf.√jval][cl1pā] be hot; be hot from an infirmity (dp) ; [dk.ruj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.885][p.av] jvar, (m) roge |
jvarate
¦[mv.3sg]|
jvarati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jvara
¦[m] fever; a feverish grieving soulful mental affliction |
√jval
¦[cl1p] illuminate, shine; blaze (fire) ; [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.965] jvalaṃ, dīptau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.916] jvalaṃ, (m) dīptau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.941] jvalaṃ, (anupasargāddā) (mit) |
jvalati
¦[cl1p.3sg] it illuminates, shines |
prajvalati
¦[cl1p] shine forth |
·
jvalita
·
ujjvala

√jhaṭ
¦[cl1p] assemble, combine, go together ; [dk.han (move)] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.343] jhaṭaṃ, saṅghā̱te |
jhagiti
¦[av.3sg]|

√ṭauk
< √ḍhauk

ḍākinī
¦[f] female imp |

√ḍamb
¦[cl10] push, throw ; [dk.kṣip] |
ḍambayati
¦[av.3sg]|
viḍambita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) deceived, cheated |

ḍombī
¦[f] a sort of theater with low caste musicians (ḍomba) |

√ḍhauk
¦[cl1a] approach; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.103] ḍhaukṛ̱ṃ, (gatyarthaḥ) |
ḍhaukate
¦[mv.3sg] one approaches |
ḍhaukante
¦[mv.3pl] they approach |
ṭaukayanti
¦[cs.3pl] they are caused to be near |

T

takra
¦[n] diluted buttermilk (1/3 water) |

*taj
tajja
¦[tat‐jan][adj] that born, born of that | mmk

taḍ

√taḍ
¦[cl10p] beat, strike, punish, wound; speak, shine : [dk.han (strike)] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.64] taḍaṃ, āghā̱te |
tāḍhi
¦[tadhi][imp.av.2sg][rgveda]|
tāḍayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tāḍa
taḍit
¦[f] lightning |

√taṅk
¦[cl1p] stressed out, live in distress; endure, bear |
taṅkati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
taṅka

*tat
samtatyā
¦[] continuous | tps
tatva
¦[n] suchness, thatness |
vittatva
¦[n] all encompassing suchness as existence |
tattva
¦[n] 'thatness', suchness, essence | mmk
tritattva
¦[n] three elements, (cause, result, essence (madhyamaka)), (ātma vidyā śiva-tattva), (three vibrational energies: soma-lunar, agni-solar, marut-etheric) a level in mantra dikṣā, bija is Hūṃ, |
satattva
¦[n] (with) essence, suchness, thatness | mmk
tattvata
¦[n][abst] void essence absolute |
atattvata
¦[n] non‐void solidity |
tattvatas
¦[adv.abs] from suchness (thatness) | mmk, mbk
tattvavit
¦[adj] (having) suchness (thatness) |
tatvavit
¦[n] one who knows the tattva |
*tath
tathatā
¦[abst.f] suchness, essential śūnya nature of all things |
tathya
¦[adj] being really so [n] truth | mmk
atathya
¦[adj] being untrue [n] non-truth | mmk
tadīya
¦[adj] belonging to 'tat', its, his, hers, theirs |
taddhita
¦[see:taddhi][tad+√dhi][n] one's welfare [m] secondary nominal suffix |

tan

√tan,√tā(√tāy)
¦[cl8pā] extend, spread, be diffused, stretch ; [rus] tyan ; [dk.tan] [dk.stṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[8.1] tanu̍ṃ, vistā̱re |
tanoti
¦[∪‐̍∪][av.3sg]|
tanuté
¦[∪∪‐̍][mv.3sg]|
pāratantrya
¦[gd] having dependance upon others | mbk
·
vitata
·
tata
¦[adj] extended, stretched, spread |
santati
¦[f] causal connection, a continuous series stretched along a line; perpetuation, continuity; linage, race | mmk
tantra
¦[n] kuṇḍalinī cakra based yogic system; texts pertaining thereto |
paratantra
paratantratas
¦[abl.adv] from the dualistic mental perception (yogācāra: second trisvabhava) | tsk
svatantra
¦[adj] self willed |
asvatantra
¦[adj] unself-disciplined |
tanu
¦[adj] thin, slender, delicate, fine; emaciated [f] body, person, self [m] form, manifestation; skin |
santati
¦[f] continuous connection, linage |
vitāna
santāna
¦[m] continuity, expansion | mmk
pratānatā
¦[f][abst] expansiveness |
√tan
¦[cl10pā] causing the means to be reverent ; [dk.śradh] [dk.kṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.377] tanuṃ, śraddhopaka̱raṇayoḥ | upasa̱rgāc ca̱ dairghye̍ |
tanayati
¦[av.3sg]|
√tan
¦[<stan][cl4p] thunder, roar ; [dk.śabd] |
tanyati
¦[av.3sg]|

tap

√tap
¦[cl1pā] hot; intense austere effort ; [rus] top ; [dk.tap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1140] ta̱paṃ, santā̱pe |
ta̍pati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tāpa
¦[m] heat, ardour; pain, affliction |
tāpana
tapas
¦[n] austerity making heat |
√tap
¦[cl4ā] be empowered through austerity ; [dk.īṣ] [dk.dah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.54] ta̱paṃ, (dāḥe) aiśve̍rye vā |
tapyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√tap
¦[cl10pā] burn away ; [dk.dah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.350] tapaṃ, dā̱ḥe |
tapayati
¦[av.3sg] (cause to be) extinguished, burnt away |

√tam
¦cl4p] gasp, choke, faint; be exhausted; be dull; bewildered from desire ; [dk.kāṅkṣ] [dk.muh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.99] tamuṃ, kā̱ṅkṣāyā̍m |
tāmyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tamas
¦[n][agt] darkness, gloom; mental darkness, illusion, ignorance, stupor | mmk
pratam
¦[adj] become exhausted, breathless |
√tay
¦[cl1ā] go towards (acc); go out of (abl) ; [dk.gam] |
tayate
¦[mv.3sg]|

*tar
uttara
¦[adj] better, higher, superior |
anuttara
¦[adj] non higher, best, excellent; chief, principal; firmly solid |
niruttara
¦[adj] having no superior |
antara
¦[adj] within; interior to |
anantara
¦[adj] having no interior, uninterrupted |
nirantaram
¦ [ind] closely, constantly, immediately |

tark

√tark
¦[cl10pā] conjecture, ascertain; logically argue ; [dk.tark] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.311] tarkaṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) |
tarkayati
¦[av.3sg] makes a logical conjecture |
·
tarka
vitarka
¦[m] reasoned inference, conjecture, supposition |
tārkikā
¦[adj] of logicians |

√tal
¦[cf.tṛ][cl1p][cl10p] accomplish, establish ; [dk.sthā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.87] talaṃ, prati̱ṣṭhāyā̍m |
talati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
tālayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|
·
tala
talavat
¦[n] foundation like |

√tas
¦[cl4p] fade away, perish ; [dk.kṣi] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.109] tasuṃ, upakṣa̱ye |
tasyati
¦[av.3sg]|


tāmra

√tāy
¦[cl1ā] protect ; [dk.pal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.562] tāyṛ̱ṃ, santāna pāla̱ nayoḥ̍ |
tāyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
taya
¦[m] protection, protector |
√tāy
¦[cf.tā] [cl1ā] stretch ; [dk.tan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.562] tāyṛ̱ṃ, santāna pāla̱ nayoḥ̍ |
tāyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
tāya
¦[imp.2s] you must stretch |

tāla
¦[m] a span of thumb and middle finger; +++ |

tij

√tij
¦[cl1ā] be sharp; the desire to be sharp; to endure ; [dk.tij] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1126] tija̱ṃ, ni̱śāne̍ |
tejate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
tejas
¦[n] sharpness; majestic spiritual splendour, enduring with dignity (aṣt3.5) |

*tim
timira
taimirika

*tir
tiryañc
¦[m] the lessor of living things |

√til
¦[cl6p] unctuous, anoint; [dk.snih] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.81] tilaṃ, sneha̍ne (snehe̍) |
tilati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tila
¦[m] sesamun indicum (plant and seed); small particle (seed); mole (black) |
tilaka
¦[m] an ornament, symbolically an enhancement; śrīmān |
√til
¦[cl10pā] cause to anoint ; [dk.snih] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.96] tilaṃ, sneha̍ne |
telayati
¦[av.3sg]|
√til
¦[cl1p] go ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.612] tilaṃ, gatau̍ |
telati
¦[av.3sg]|

tisra
¦[m] the three |
tīvra

√tu
¦[cl2p] be strongly authoritative ; [dk.vṛdh] [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.29] tu, (tu̱) gati vṛddhi hi̱ṃsāsu̍ (vṛddhya̍rthaḥ) | iti̍ sau̱tro dhātuḥ̍ |
tauti
¦[av.3sg]|

√tul
¦[cl10p] determine the weight of anything by lifting it up ; [dk.mā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.88] tulaṃ, u̱nmāne̍ |
tolayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tulya
tulyaka
¦[n] a miniscule measure |
atula

√tuṣ
¦[cl4pā] contentedness ; [dk.prī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.81][p] tu̱ṣaṃ, prītau̍ |
tuṣyati
¦av.3sg] is peaceful |
·
tuṣṭa
·
tuṣa
atituṣṭaka
¦[adj] most highly contented |
tūṣṇī
¦[adj] silently, quietly |
santoṣa
¦[m] great satisfaction |

tṝ

√tṝ
¦[cl1p] transit, cross, pass ; [lat] trans, termo ; [dk.tṝ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1124] tṝ, plavana ta̱raṇayoḥ̍ | u̱dātta̱ḥ para̍smai bhāṣaḥ |
tárati
¦[av.3sg] crosses |
avatāryate
¦[pv.3sg] brought down, bring (from) |
tārayet
¦[op.cs.3sg] ought cause to cross over |
·
tārita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) crossed over, conveyed |
·
tāra
¦[m] om; monosylabic tantrik bija; one of eight siddhis in samkhya; star; shining |
avatāra
¦[m] one who descends; a highly exalted spiritual incarnation descended here to guide currently living humans |
avatāraṇa
¦[n] a cause to descend, to appear, adoration |
tara
¦[m] crossing, passage, |
uttara
¦[adj] (pūrva) later, following, subsequent, future; higher, better; ++ | mmk
anuttara
¦[adj] none higher, best, excellent; chief, principal; firmly fixed |
anuttaratva
¦[n][abst] unsurpassability |
ānuttarya
ānuttārya
¦[n][abst] unsurpassability |
taraṅga
¦[m] a wave |
taraṇa
dustara
¦[adj] difficult to cross or overcome |
tāraṇī
¦[f] mahāvidya form of tārā (matṛka), mother goddess |
tiras
¦[ind] across, beyond, over; apart; obliquely; through ((listed)) |
tīra
¦[n] shore, bank (river) |
tīrthya
¦[n] related to a sacred bathing place, belonging to a place of pilgrimage |

tṛṇa
¦[n] grass, straw, a blade of grass (worthless) |

tṛp

√tṛp
¦[cl4p] satiate, satisfy ; [dk.prī] [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.92] tṛ̱paṃ, prīṇa̍ne |
tṛpyati
¦[cl4p.3sg]|
·
atṛpta
·
tṛpti
¦[f] contentment |
√tṛp
¦[cl5p] become satisfied ; [dk.prī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.28] tṛpaṃ, prīṇa̍na ityeke̍ |
tṛpṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|
√tṛp
¦[cl6p] satiate ; [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.28] tṛpaṃ, tṛptau |
tṛpati
¦[av.3sg]|
√tṛp
¦[cl10pā] cause to satisfy; cause to shine with contentment ; [dk.tṛp] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.351] tṛpaṃ, tṛptau̍ | sa̱ndīpa̍na̱ ityeke̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.355] tṛpaṃ, (sandīpane ityeke) |
tarpayati
¦[av.3sg]|
tarpayate
¦[mv.3sg]|

tṛṣ

√tṛṣ
¦[cl4pā] parched craving thirstyness ; [dk.tṛṣ] [dk.pā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.141] ñitṛṣaṃ, (ñitṛṣāṃ) pipā̱sāyā̍m |
tṛṣyati
¦[av.3sg] thirsts |
tṛṣyate
¦[mv.3sg] thirsty | mmk
·
tarṣa
¦[m][agt] thirst, craving, greediness, desire |
tṛṣita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) thirsting |
tṛṣyamāṇa
·
tṛṣā
¦[f] thirst; strong desire |
tṛṣṇā
¦[f] thirst, craving, desire | mmk
atitṛṣṇā
¦[f] highest thirst, highest craven desire |

√tev
¦[cl1ā] to sport ; [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.572] te̱vṛ, (devane) |
tevate
¦[mv.3sg]|

tyaj

√tyaj
¦[cl1pā] give up in resignation, reject, forsake ; [dk.hā] [dk.tyaj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1141] tya̱jaṃ, hānau̍ |
tyajati
¦[av.3sg] resigns |
tyajate
¦[mv.3sg] forsakes |
tyajyate
¦[pv.3sg] rejected |
tyajyante
¦[pv.3pl] they are rejected |
tyajet
¦[opt.3sg] ought forsake |
parityajet
¦[opt.3sg] ought one all around reject |
santyajet
¦[opt.3sg] ought one fully forsake |
tyaktvā
¦[gnd] having forsaken |
parityajya
¦[gnd] having everywhere forsaken |
·
tyakta
¦[pst.av.p] rejecting, forsaking |
santyakta
¦[pst.av.p] completely rejecting |
·
tyajana
atyajana
¦[n][agt] non-excluded, unforesaken |
tyāga
¦[m] forsaking, leaving, rejecting |
atyāga
¦[m] grasping, holding, non‐abandoning |
parityāga
¦[m] (act of) leaving, abandoning, letting go |
santyāga
¦[m] relinquishment, abandonment, renunciation, resignation |
antyaja
¦[m] a person of the lower castes |
parityājya
¦[adj] reject all around (every where) |
santyājya
¦[adj] to be rejected |

trap


√trap
¦[cl1āp] perplexed, embarassed, ashamed, modest ; [lat.turpis][lith.tropiyu][slav.trepet] ; [dk.trap][dk.lajj][dk.hrī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.934][ā] trapi' |
trapate
¦[cl1.3sg]|
traptum
¦[inf] to be perplexed |
·
trapta
¦[pst.pv.p] was perplexed, was embarrassed |
·
atrapā
¦[fā] amoral disregard of censure |
apatrapā
¦[fā][abst] embarrassment |
√trap
¦[cl4ā] be ashamed; [dk.lajj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.434][ā] trapūṣ, lajjāyām |
trapyate
¦[cl4.3sg]|

√tras
¦[cl4pā][cl1pā] be terrified, tremble in fear; [lat] terreo [rus] trayas ; [dk.vij] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.11] trasīṃ, udve̱ge |
trāsyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
trasyanti
¦[cl4.av.3pl]|
trásati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
·
trāsa
¦[m] terror, fear, anxiety |
atrāsa
¦[m] bravery, valor, |
trāsatā
¦[f][abst] anxiousness, fearfulness |
trāsatā
¦[n.sg]| mbk
trāsya
¦[n][abst] be trembling in fear, |

Tri

*tri
tṛtīya
¦[adj] third | mmk
tṛtīyaka
¦[adj] thirdly |
traya
āditraya
¦[n] primarily three fold |
trayastriṃśat
¦[adj] thirty three |
tryadhva
¦[m] the three times (buddh) |
tri
¦[n] three | mmk
tritaya
¦[a.fī] three fold [n] triad |
aditritaya
¦[adj] foremost threeness [n] highest triad |
trai
¦[adj] three | mmk

tvadīya
¦[mfna] yours, thine, thy, [poss.a] your |

tvar
¦[cl1ā] rushing, making haste ; [dk.bhram] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.884] ñitvarāṃ, (m) sambhrame |
tvarate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
tvarita
·

Da

√dakṣ
¦[cl1pā] [en] (dexterous); [av] to satisfy; [mv] to go quickly; be able, be strong; be harmful ; [grk] deks [lat] dex ; [dk.gam] [dk.vṛdh] [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.692] dakṣa̱ṃ, vṛddhau̍ śī̱ghrārthe̍ ca |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.874] dakṣa̱ṃ, (m) gati hiṃsa̱ nayoḥ̍ (gati śāsa̱nayoḥ̍) (vṛddhau̍ śighrā̱rthe ca̍) |
dakṣati
¦[av.3sg] satisfy, please; be able |
dakṣate
¦[mv.3sg] be strong or able; be harmful |
·
dakṣiṇa
dakṣiṇā
¦[f] the right hand tantric path; completion and donation for a ceremony |
dakṣa
¦[m] dexterity, ability, strength, will ; ++ |

*daṇḍ
daṇḍa
¦[m] stick, staff, club, cudgel |

√dadh
(see √dhā)

√day
¦[cl1ā] [en] share, divide, distribute; impart ; [gk] dai ; [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.553] da̱yaṃ, dāna gati rakṣaṇa hiṃsaāadā̱neṣu̍ |
dáyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dayita
·
daya
¦[adj] sympathy, compassion |
dayālu
¦[pal](lu+ā)|
ādaya
¦[adj] much tenderness, compassion |
adaya
¦[adj][ind] indifferent, unsympathetic, merciless, unkind |

√dal
¦[cl1p] burst ; [dk.viś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.629] dalaṃ, vi̱śara̍ṇe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.929] dali, (mit) (iti bhojaḥ) |
dalati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dalita
¦[pst.pv.p] broken, torn, burst, rent, split |
·
dala
√dal
¦[cl10pā] (causing to) split, tear apart ; [dk.dṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.281] dalaṃ, vi̱dāra̍ṇe |
dalayati
¦[av.3sg]|

*daś
daśan
¦[adj] ten (plural) |

das

√das
¦[cf.dās][cl4p] exhaust, waste, perish ; [dk.das] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.110] dasuṃ ca |
dásyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√das
¦[cl10ā] cause to perish ; [dk.das]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.195] da̱saṃ, ity apy eke̍ |
dasayati
¦[av.3sg]|

dah

√dah
¦[cl1pā] [en] burn, reduce to ashes, destroy; [lat] del [grk] typh; [dk.dah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1146][av] da̱ḥaṃ, bhasmī kara̍ṇe |
da̍hati
¦[av.3sg] consume by fire |
dahanti
¦[av.3pl]|
dahyate
¦[pv.3sg] burnt to ashes, destroyed |
adahat
¦[ipf.3sg] was burning |
dhakṣyati
¦[ft.av.3sg] shall burn, shall enflame |
·
dāhita
¦[pst.pv.p] was burned |
nirdagdhā
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unburnt; burnt out |
·
adahat
¦[m.ns] the unburnt one |
dāha
¦[m] combustion, burning; heat, fever; burning ghat; ++ |

√dā
¦[cl1p] give, bestow, grant ; [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1079] dā̱ṇ, dā̱ne |
dádati
¦[cl1p.av.3sg]|
√dā
¦[cl3pā] give, bestow, grant ; [rus] da ; [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.10] ḍudā̱ñ, dā̱ne |
dádāti
¦[av.3sg] gives |
dátte
¦[mv.3sg]|
ādatte
¦[mv.3sg] bestows much |
upādatte
¦[mv.3sg] bestows upon |
upādāsyate
¦[ft.mv.3sg] shall bestow upon |
dadyāt
¦[op.av.3sg] ought bestow |
upādadyāt
¦[op.3sg] (ought) acquire, gain; appropriate to oneself |
dattvā
¦[gnd] having given |
datvā
¦[gnd][pal] having given |
adatvā
¦[gnd][pal] having not given |
ādāya
¦[gnd] having taken |
upādāya
¦[gnd] having taken upon, having grasped at, having grasped upon |
anupādāya
¦[gnd] having not taken upon, having not grasped at, having not grasped upon |
·
datta
¦[pst.pv.p] giving, given |
anupādatta
¦[pst.pv.p] non grasping, ungrasped |
udātta
¦[pst.pv.p] was lifted up |
·
dātṛtva
¦[n][abst] liberality of giving, |
dātṛ
¦[m] one who gives, a giver |
upādātṛ
¦[m] one who grasps, a grasper |
dāna
adidāna
¦[n] primary act of giving |
ādāna
¦[n][act] receiving, taking, seizing, grasping, appropriating; obscures the non‐abiding transcendance of suffering in cyclic existence for a boddhisattva (yogācāra) |
upādāna
¦[pali.upādi]|
anupādāna
nirupādāna
¦[adj] desireless, unclinging |
nidāna
¦[n] cause, motivation, a link of pratītyasamutpāda, the chain of causation |
  1. avidyā (avijjā) ‐ ignorance
  2. saṃskāra (saṅkhāra) ‐ mental formations
  3. vijñāna (viññāna) ‐ consciousness
  4. nāmarūpa ‐ name and form
  5. ṣaḍāyatana (saḷāyatana) ‐ six sense bases or gates
  6. sparśa (phassa) ‐ contact (āyatana)
  7. vedanā (taṇhā) ‐ sensation
  8. tṛṣnā ‐ craving, desire (thirst)
  9. upādāna ‐ attachment
  10. bhava ‐ process of becoming (creating karma)
  11. jāti ‐ karmic fruition
  12. jarā maraṇa ‐ aging (birth to death)
pradāna
¦[n] offering, instruction, granting, teaching |
vyavadāna
¦[n] purification |
upādānaka
¦[n] offering, present |
samādāna
dānya
¦[mnfā] generosity, giving |
upādi
¦[pali][skt.upādāna] [n] attachment, to grasp at |
dāya
¦[m] initiation offering |
dāyaka
¦[m] giving, bestowing, imparting, effecting |
pradāyaka
¦[m] bestowing forth, giving out |
da
¦[adj] giving |
ada
¦[adj] ungiving, unsharing |
prada
¦[adj] give out, hand forth |
deya
ādeya
√dā
¦[cl2p] reap, harvest ; [dk.lū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.54] dā̱p, lava̍ne |
√dā,√di
¦[cl4p] bind |
dyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·

dāḍīma
dāru
dāruṇā
¦[f] hard, harsh, intense |

*dāś
pradāśa
¦[m] envious rivalry |

√dās
¦[cl1.pā] give [dk.dā]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1041] dāsṛ̍, dā̱ne |
dāsati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dāsa
¦[mfī] person of wisdom, knower of universal spirit |
dāsī
¦[f] an alter |
√dās
¦[cl5.p] hurt, injure ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dāsnoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
·
dāsá
¦[mfī] demonic fiend, savage barbarian, śūdra caste person, slave |

div

√div
¦[cl4p] shine divine spiritual light ; [dk.dī] [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.1] divuṃ, krīḍā vijigīṣā vyahāra dyuti stuti moda mada svapna kānti̱ gatiṣu |
dīvyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dyu
¦[m] day |
div
¦[m][n] sky; radiance, brilliance; day |
divā
¦[ind] for example (to shine a light upon); by day ([is] of dyu)] |
divya
adivya
¦[adj] most undivine |
ādivya
¦[adj] most divine |
deva
¦[m] divine astral being | mmk
devi
¦[f] o'devī |
daitya
¦[m] demonic astral being |
adideva
¦[m] foremost deity |
devatā
paridevana
¦[m] lamenting, grieving |
saparidevana
¦[m] with lamenting, with grieving | mmk
adhidaivata
¦[n] highest divine being |
svādhidaivata
¦[n] enthroning the deva within oneself and all things |
√div
¦[cl1p] lament, moan, groan, plead ; [cl10ā] to lament, to cry out ; [dk.kūj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.230][ā] divu̱ṃ, pari̱kūja̍ne |
devati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
devayate
¦[cl10.mv.3sg]|
√div
¦[cl10pā] to suffer crushing pain ; [dk.mṛd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.249] divuṃ, marda̍ne |
devayati
¦[av.3sg]|

diś

√diś
¦[cl3p][cl6pā] point out, show, exhibit; [buddh] teach, communicate, tell, inform, confess ; [dk.diś] [dk.sṛj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.3] di̱śa̍ṃ, ati̱sarja̍ne |
dideṣṭi
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
diśate
¦[cl6.pv.3sg]|
nirdiśanti
¦[cl6.av.3pl] they point out | mmk
diśyate
¦[cl3.pv.3sg] be taught, be instructed | mmk
upadiśyate
¦[cl6.pv.3sg] pointed out, indicated, explained, be taught | mmk
adeśayat
¦[ipf.cs.3sg] caused to instruct, moved to teach | mmk
deśayet
¦[opt.cs.a3sg] ought be made to inform |
vinirdiśet
¦[opt.av.3sg] one ought increasingly point out, indicate, designate |
deśayituṃ
¦[inf] to teach, to communicate | mmk
samuddiśya
¦[gnd]|
·
deśita
uddiṣṭa
samuddiṣta
¦[pst.pv.p] fully described, described together |
nirdiṣṭa
·
diś
¦[f] direction, precept, rule |
uddiṣṭā
¦[fā][abst] (uplifting) enunciation, instruction, descriptiveness, |
deśa
¦[m] point, region, spot, place, part, portion, country | mmk
uddeśa
¦[m] pointing to; elucidation, explanation with demonstration, |
upadeśa
¦[m] description without illustration, instruction, advice, pointing toward; class of instructional literature |
ekadeśa
¦[m] one country, one region, one place | mmk
nirdeśa
¦[m] pointing out |
pratinirdeśa
¦[m] counter point |
deśanā
¦[f] direction, instruction; preaching, teaching, lesson, revealation, insight | mmk
deśaka
uddeśaka
upadeśaka
¦[adj] teaching, instructing |
deśatva
¦[n][abst] advisement, presentation, example, |
prādeśika
deśi
¦[f] country people ? |
deśya
¦[mnfā](to be) pointed out, picked out, excellent type, remarkable sort; indigenous, native born |
deśya
¦[n] proposition, statement (logic) |
daiśika
¦[mnfā] guide, teacher, one who knows a place (provincial, local, national); relating to space (opp.kālika) |

dih

√dih
¦[cl2pā] anoint, smear, plaster; increase, accumulate; mould, fashion; [dk.dih] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.5] di̱ḥa̍ṃ, upaca̱ye |
degdhi
¦[cl2p.3sg]|
·
deha
triad:
deha vāc manas
sandeha
¦[m] expressive of doubt, uncertainty |
niḥsandeha
¦[m] without doubtful uncertainty |
dehin

√dī
¦[cl3pa] shine, be bright; excel ; [dk.dī] |
dideti
¦[av.3sg]|
pradīyate
¦[pv.3sg] be illuminated, be shined forth | mmk
dadīta
¦[op.mv.3sg] ought shine |
ādadīta
¦[op.mv.3sg] (strongly) ought shine forth; ought excel |
√dī
¦[cl4ā] decay, perish ; [dk.kṣi] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.29] (oṃ) dīṅ, kṣa̱ye |
dīyate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√dīkṣ
¦[cl1ā] be consecrated ; [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.693] dīkṣa̱ṃ, mauṇḍye, jyotioupanayana niyama vrataāāde̱ aśeṣu̍ |
dīkṣate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|

dīp

√dīp
¦[cl4ā] shine, inflame ; [dk.dīp] [dk.dī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.45] dīpī̱ṃ, dīptau̍ |
dīpyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dīpta
pradīpta
·
dīpa
dīpā
¦[f] lamp; [pal][<dvipā] islands |
pradīpa
¦[m] a light, lamp, lantern; (titles) elucidation; a prasāda ambrosia (see: [cp] pañcapradīpa) | mmk
paridīpaka
¦[adj] (all around) illuminating | mmk
paridīpitā
¦[f][abst] round about general illumination |
dīpavat
¦[adj] (having) illumination, shining |
dīpana
apradīpana
¦[adj] unshining, invisible | mmk

*dīrgh
dīrgha
dairghya
¦[n] length, longness |

Du

√du
¦[cf.dū][cl5p][cl4ā] to be burnt, to be consumed with internal heat, consumed by sorrow ; [grk] du̍e (pain) [lit] davyti (torment) [slv] daviti (worry) ; [dk.tap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.22] ṭudu̱, upatā̱pe |
dunoti
¦[cl5p]|
dūyate
¦[cl4ā]|
√du
¦[cl1p] go ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1094] du̱, (gatau̍) |
davati
¦[av.3sg]|

duṣ

√duṣ
¦[cl4p] spoil, defile, corrupt, degenerate ; [dk.duṣ] [dk.vi-kṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.82] du̱ṣaṃ, vaikṛ̍tye |
duṣyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
duṣṭa
·
duṣṭatā
¦[f][abst] defilement |
dūṣaka
doṣa
doṣas
¦[n] dusk, evening, night, darkness |
nirdoṣā
¦[f] without defilement |
dauṣṭhulya
¦[<pali duṭṭhulla] [n] depravity, wickedness, indisposition (strengthens mental afflictions and also physical afflictions ‐ two forms) |

*duḥ·kh
suduḥ
¦[adj] very painful, very difficult |
duḥkha
aduḥkha
¦[mnfā] unsuffering, free from trouble, propitious |
anuduḥkha
duḥkhatā
¦[f][abst] sorrowfulness, uneasiness |
duḥkhatva
¦[n][abst] painfulness, miserableness |
duḥkhana
duḥkhitā
¦[f.abst] miserableness, sufferable |
duḥśīla
¦[see: √śīl]|
duritāri
¦[f] a jaina goddess: 'enemy of sin' |

√duh
¦[cf.dugh][cl2pā] milk to abundance ; [dk.pṝ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.4] du̱ḥa̍ṃ, pra̱pūra̍ṇe |
dogdhi
¦[av.3sg]|
·
samdoha
¦[m] completely milked, abundance |
√duh
¦[cl1p] pain ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
[1.839] duhir, (ardane) |
dohati
¦[av.3sg]|

√dū
¦[cf.du][cl4ā] (excessive) pain, agony, sorrow; scorch, burn ; [dk.tap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.28] (oṃ) duṅ, paritā̱pe | ity u̱dāttā̍vā̱tmane̍ bhāṣau |
duyate
¦[mv.3sg]|

dūtya
¦[n][fā][agt] message, news |

dṛ

√dṛ
¦[cl5pā] to tear asunder or to pieces, lacerate ; [dk.dṛ] [dk.hiṃs] |
dṛṇāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dārika
¦[cf.dāraka]|
√dṛ
¦[cl6ā] respect, regard, honour, heed ; [dk.dṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.147] dṛ̱ṅ, āda̱re |
driyáte
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dṛta
¦[pst.av.p] (was) respecting, heeding |

dṛṭa
¦[n] anything firm or solid, fortress; [adj] firmly, strongly |

dṛp

√dṛp
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) light, shine, enflame, kindle ; [dk.dṛp] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.356] dṛpaṃ, sa̱ndīpa̍ne (ityeke̍) |
darpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
darpaṇa
√dṛp
¦[cl6p] pain, torture ; [dk.kliś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6,36] dṛpaṃ, (utkleśe) |
dṛpati
¦[av.3sg]|
√dṛp
¦[cl4p] raving wildly extravagantly arrogant; ignorant, stupefied; inflame, kindle ; [dk.hṛṣ] [dk.muh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.93] dṛ̱paṃ, harṣa moha̱nayoḥ̍ |
dṛpyati
¦[av.3sg]|

dṛbh

√dṛbh
¦[cl6p] tie or bunch together ; [dk.granth] [dk.dṛbh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.48] dṛbhīṃ, gra̱nthe |
dṛbhati
¦[av.3sg]|

dṛś

√dṛś
¦[cl1pā] see, observe; [dk.dṛś] [dk.īkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1143][av] dṛ̱śir, prekṣa̍ṇe |
paśyati
¦[<√pac][prf.dadárśa] [cl4.av.3sg] sees, looks after, observes |
darśayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] (is) made visible |
drakṣyati
¦[ft.3sg] one (shall) observe, see | mmk
dṛśyatām
¦[imp.pv.3sg] (must be) observed, seen| mmk
dṛśyate
¦[pv.3sg] be seen, observed | tsk, vsk, mmk
darśayet
¦[op.3sg] ought be shown |
pradarśayet
¦[op.cs.av.3sg] (ought be) revealed, shown, illuminated |
adarśat
¦[aor.3sg] (was) observed, seen |
draṣṭum
¦[inf] to see, |
draṣṭu
¦[cp]|
dṛṣṭvā
¦[gnd] having observed | mmk
adṛṣṭvā
¦[gnd] having not observed | mmk
·
adṛśyamāna
¦[prs.pv.p] being seen | mmk
darśita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) shown, explained, displayed |
upadarśita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) explained. perceived, shown, demonstrated |
nidarśita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) exemplified, shown |
pradarśita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) shown forth, manifestly showing |
darśitavat
¦[pst.av.p][fī] having shown, (was) showing, displaying, beholding, teaching |
dṛṣṭa
ādṛṣṭa
durdṛṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) ill perceived, wrongly perceived | mmk
draṣṭavya
¦[ft.pv.p] (shall be) seen, examined, observed, regarded, considered | mmk
·
dṛś
dṛśya·dṛś
¦[f] the visible object action of seeing |
dṛśya·dṛś
¦[cp]| tsn
māna·dṛś
¦[f] conceited view |
svapna·dṛś
¦[m] sleep seeing, dream seeing |
kīdṛśi
¦[m] who sees, what like |
kīdṛśī
¦[f]| who sees, what like |
adṛśa
¦[adj] not seen like, unseen like |
kīdṛśa
¦[mn] what like |
tādṛśa
¦ that look, such |
tādṛg
¦ in compounds for tādṛś |
mādṛśī
¦[f] like me |
idṛśa
¦[mn][adj] of this sort, such like |
idṛśavat
¦[adj] (having) likeness |
īdṛk
īdṛśī
¦[f][adj] such, like this |
sadṛśa
¦[mn] like, similar, similarity | mmk
asadṛśa
¦[mn] unlike, dissimilar, dissimilarity | mmk
sādṛśa
¦[cf sa dṛśa][adj] like, similarity |
sadṛśī
¦[f] similar, similarity | vsk
dṛṣṭānta
¦[m] (final) example, standard, instance |
dṛśya
yādṛśyā
¦[fā][adj] (with) which likeness | tps
sādṛśya
¦[n][act][adj] (with) likeness, resemblance |
dṛṣṭyā
¦[f] by the glance, from the viewpoint, by sight |
dṛṣṭānta
dṛṣṭi
¦[f] wrong view (buddh); seeing, looking, beholding | mmk
adṛṣṭi
¦[f] non‐wrong view, unseeing |
dṛṣṭitva
¦[n][abst] divisiveness |
dṛṣṭivat
¦[adj] having a view (point) | mmk
ādarśa
¦[m] seeing, observing |
darśaka
pradarśaka
darśana
adarśana
adidarśana
nidarśana
sadarśana
¦[adj] (with) observation, looking | mmk
darśin
¦[adj] experiencing, knowing; showing, teaching |
draṣṭṛ
¦[mnf] perceiver, beholder | mmk

√dṛh
¦[cf.dṛṃh,dṛḍh] [cl1p] grow, increase ; [dk.vṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.834] dṛhaṃ, (vṛddhau) |
darhati
¦[av.3sg] grows, increases |

√dṛḍh
¦[<ḍha][cf.dṛṇh,dṛh] [cl10p] make firm, confirm, strengthen ; [dk.sthā] |
dṛḍhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
dṛḍhatva
¦[n][abst] firmness , hardness , solidity , strength. steadiness , perseverance |
dṛḍhī(karaṇa)
¦[n] making the ḍha akṣara sound; confirmation |
dṛḍha
sudṛḍha
¦[adj] well fixed on |

√dṛṃh
¦[cf.dṛh,dṛḍh] [cl1p] make firm, make strong, |
dṛṃhati
¦[av.3sg] strengthens, firms up |
·

dainya
¦[n] wretched meanness, covetousness; misery, dejection |

dyut

√dyut
¦[cl1ā] shine, be brilliant, beam, twinkle, glitter ; [dk.dyut] [dk.dīp] [dk.dī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.842] dyu̱taṃ, dīptau̍ |
dyotate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dyotita
·
dyotayan
¦ [ind] let illuminate ; [<cs.ap.dyotayat] [cs.m.nsg] |
dyuti
¦[f] splendour, lustre, brightness; dignity|

√drā
¦[cl2p] run hastfully hither and thither, be impoverished ; [grk] drānai, didrā̍sko ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.49] drā̱, ku̱tsāyā̱ṃ gatau̍ |
drāti
¦[av.3sg]|
daridra
√drā
¦[cl2p] sleep, slumber |
drāti
¦ sleeps |

dru

√dru
¦[cl1p] run, flee, move fluidly ; [dk.gam] [dk.dru] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1095] dru̱, gatau̍ |
dravati
¦[av.3sg]|
dravanti
¦[av.3pl] flee, run, put ot flight |
·
dravya
¦[n] stuff |
upadrava
¦[m] misfortune, calamity (famine, plague, rebellion) |
drutatara
¦[adj] faster, quicker |
drutam
¦[ind] quickly, swiftly ; see list |

√druh
¦[cl4p] malicious cruelty ; [znd] druj ; [dk.han] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.94] dru̱ḥaṃ, jighā̱ṃsāyā̍m |
drúhyati
¦[av.3sg] harms |

dvādaśa
¦[adj] twelfth, consisting of twelve|
*dvār
dvāra
¦[n] the door, passage, entrance; a way, means, medium; an opening, aperture |
dvāratā
¦[f] the way, the entrance gate, access point |

Dvi

*dvi
dva
¦[m] two fold, two, dual, both; | mmk
adva
¦[m] not two, not both, not two fold |
dvaya
advaya
dvayatā
¦[fā][abst] duality, dualness |
advayatva
¦[n][abst] non·duality essence |
dvayāna
¦[n] twin vehicle of śrāvkas and pratyekabuddhas (opposite ekayāna‐mahāyāna) |
dvitīya
dvandvata
dvandva
¦[m] polarity, duality, an opposition system |
nirdvandva
¦[m] without duality, without pairs of opposites |
dvayu
¦[adj] double natured, false, deceptive |
dvi
¦[n] two, dual | mmk
dvaudvau
¦[m] two for each |
dvātriṃśat
¦[adj] thirty two |
dvādaśa
¦[adj] twelve |

dviṣ

√dviṣ
¦[cl2pā] show hate, be hostile ; [dk.dviṣ] [dk.krudh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.3] dvi̱ṣa̍ṃ, aprī̍tau |
dveṣṭi
¦[av.3sg]|
vidviṣāvahai
¦[imp.1dl] we both must be hostile |
·
dveṣa
¦[m] malice, hatred, hostility | mmk
vidviṣa
¦[mnfā] hating, hostile to |
vidveṣin
¦[m] hater |

Dh

uddhata
¦[pp] raised up, stirred up, ++ |
dhattūra
¦[m] white thorn apple (datura alba) [n] the fruit thereof |

dhan

√dhan
¦[cl3p] set in motion, run, move quickly ; [dk.dhan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.28] dhānaṃ, dhānye̍ |
dadhanti
¦[av.3pl]|
·
dhanika
nidhana
dhanya
√dhan
¦[cf.dhaṇ,dhvan] [cl1p] sound ; [dk.śabd] |
dhanati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
dhanyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg]|

dhandha
¦[n] indisposition [fā] small cardamoms |
dhandhatā
¦[abst.f] sicklyness |

√dhanv
¦[cf.dhan] [cl1p](type of) to run; to flow ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.681] dhaviṃ, gatyarthāḥ |
dha̍nvati
¦[av.3sg]|

√dham
¦[cl1pā] blow, exhale; kindle (fire by blowing), melt (ore) ; [dk.vā] |
dhamati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dhama
¦[adj] blowing; melting, fusing |

*dham
adhama

dhā

√dhā,√dadh
¦[cl3pā] put; fix upon; determine; establish; manifest, create (to establish a well focused, determined, creation) ; [dk.dhā] [dk.dhṛ] [dk.puṣ] [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.11] ḍudhā̱ñ, dhāraṇa po̱ṣaṇayoḥ̍ | dā̱na ity apy eke̍ | ity anu̍dāttāv u̱bhayato̍ bhāṣau |
dádhāti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
dádhate
¦[cl3.mv.3pl]|
dhatte
¦[cl3.mv.3sg] one fixes upon |
adhāt
¦[cl2.impf.av.3sg][aor.av.3sg]|
dhāti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
dhāyeta
¦[cl2.pot.3sg]|
dhāpayet
¦[cl4.cs.opt.3sg]|
dhātayet
¦[cl4.cs.opt.3sg] (one ought be encouraged to) focus upon, establish | jns
dhātvā
¦[gnd] having established |
sandhāya
¦[pali][gnd] having united | tsk
samādhāya
¦[gnd] having fixed the mind upon, being intent upon |
·
abhidhātavya
¦[ft.pv.p] (shall be) set forth, explained, addressed; shall be surrendered to, shall be put around |
dhita
¦[pst.av.p] (had) put, set, set the mind on |
vidhānata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) arranged |
hita
vihita
¦[m] without benifit, unfit, improper |
vinihita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) laid down, put down, placed upon, directed towards; turned off, separated |
·
dha
vidha
¦[m] (increasing) virtue, merit; (dissipating) virtue, merit |
vidha
¦[adj] sort, kind, form [cp.end] fold | mmk
caturvidha
¦[adj] four fold, four divisions, four kinds |
trividha
¦[adj] three fold, three kinds |
dvividha
¦[adj] two fold, two kinds, two sorts |
ṣaḍvidha
¦[adj] six fold, six sorts |
vividha
¦[adj] of many sorts |
vividha
¦[adj] (of many) kinds, sorts, forms; manifold, divers, |
dhātu
¦[m] a constituent element (mahābhūta), root, foundation, fundament; end of cp ‐ can mean 'fold' |
vidhātu
¦[m] insubstanstiality |
sadhātu
¦[m] with elemental foundation |
tridhātuka
traidhātuka
¦[n] belonging to the three realms, three realms |
dhātuta
¦[m] realm of the fundamental elements |
dhātva
¦[n][abst] manifestation |
dhana
¦[n][agt] wealth, booty, loot |
adhana
¦[n][act][adj] destitute, poor |
nidhana
¦[n][agt] destitute of wealth or property |
samnidhana
¦[n][agt] total destitution |
praṇidhāna
nidhi
¦[m] receptacle, treasure trove, ocean |
praṇidhi
¦[m] observing, attention, watching |
anādhi
¦[m] unestablished, without family, without foundation | }
samādhi
¦[m] state of exalted absorption in meditation, complete attention |
dhā
anekadhā
¦[adv] variously, in various ways | jns
aṣṭadhā
¦[adv] eight fold, eighthly | mbk
caturdhā
¦[adv] four fold, fourthly | mbk
tridhā
¦[adv.fā] triply, in three ways, three fold | tsk, mbk
tredhā
¦[adv.fā] (in three) divisions, parts | tps
daśadhā
¦[adv.fā] ten fold, ten ways | mbk
dvidhā
¦[adv.fā] doubly, two fold, two ways | tsk, mbk
dvedhā
navadhā
¦[adv.fā] nine fold, nine ways | tps, mbk
bidhā
¦[cf.vidhā] [f] division, part, portion |
pañcadhā
¦[adv.fā] five fold, five ways | tps
vidhā
¦[cf.bidhā] [f] bifurcation, division |
caturvidhā
¦[f] four fold division |
dvividhā
¦[f] two fold division |
ṣaḍvidhā
¦[f] six fold |
sandhā
¦[adv.fā] between the two, place together, |
saptadhā
¦[adv.fā] in seven ways | tsn, mbk
aṣṭadhā
¦[adv.fā] eight fold | tps
dhāna
śradda·dhāna
¦[adj] having trustful faith, believing |
aśradda·dhāna
¦[adj] unbelieving, incredulous |
pradhāna
vidhāna
sandhāna
samādhāna
¦[n] absorbed in deep meditation; full eager attention, steady composure; putting together, uniting |
asamādhāna
¦[n] scattered unfocused lack of attention |
dhāman
¦[n] dwelling place, favored object (thing or person); manner, mode; effect, power, light |
pradhārā
¦[f] focused on one point |

√dhāv
¦[cl1pā] run, flow, stream, gush ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.685] dhāvuṃ, gati śu̱ddhayoḥ | u̱dāttaḥ̍ svari̱tet ||
dhāvati
¦[av.3sg] |
dhāra
¦[mn] flow, gush, stream, flood |
dhāra
¦[m] gushing stream |
avadhāra
¦[mn] pouring down, coming down, heavily raining |
dhārā
¦[f] stream, current |
pradhārā
¦[f] a surging current |
√dhāv
¦[cl1pā] rinse, cleanse, purify ; [dk.śudh] |
dhāvati
¦[av.3sg]|

Dhi

√dhi
¦[cl6p] firm hold ; [dk.dhṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.142] dhi̱, dhāraṇe̍ |
dhiyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dhita
·
sandhi
¦[m] union, hold together; rules of vowel and consonant combinations |
abhisandhi
¦[m] (put together) an object, construct, purpose, deception |
pratisandhi
¦[m] disjunct adversity; a period of rough transition; the linking reunion of birth and previous birth in first consciousness (buddh) |
sandhika
¦[m] a unified whole |
sandhyā
¦[f] juncture points of dawn noon and dusk; evening |
√dhi
¦[cl5p] nourish, satiate; delight, please ; [dk.kan] [dk.puṣ] |
dhinoti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dhita
·
dádhi
¦[n] coagulated sour milk | mmk

dhī

√dhī
¦[cl3ā] perceive, think, reflect, envision; wish desire ; [dk.dhī] |
dīdhīte
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
avadhīta
¦[pp] lowly contriving desire |
·
dhī
¦[f] insightful comprehension, wise holy thought | mmk
sudhī
¦[f] (good) insight, understanding |
dhīra
¦[rv+][mnfā] gifted of empowered insightful vision (prajñā ca upāya) ; skillful, clever, wise, intellegent; firm solid wisdom |
dhairya
¦[n] steadfast persevering boldness |
dhīmat
dhīmattā
¦[f] intelligence, sensibility, wisdom |
sudhīmān
¦[mn?] possessed with good wisdom, good intellect |
dhiya
¦[f] thought, meditation, will |
sandhyā
¦[f] twilight, transitional, metaphoric disguised language |
dhyāya
sandhyāya
¦[adj] resembling twilight |
svādhyāya
¦[m] self examination, introspection |
sāndhya
dhyāna
¦[n] reflective thoughtful meditation |
√dhī
¦[cl4ā] (firmly) contain, hold; slight, disregard ; [dk.dhṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.31] (oṃ) dhī̱ñ, ādhā̱re |
dhīyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
abhidhīyate
¦[mv.3sg] holds upon |
vidhīyate
¦[mv.3sg] all encompasses |tsn, mbk
·
avadheya
¦[adj] be held down, restrained |

dhū

√dhū,dhu
¦[cl6p] agitate, shake, tremble ; [dk.dhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.133] dhū, (dhu) vi̱dhūna̍ne | ity u̱dāttau̱ para̍smai bhāṣau ||
dhuvati
¦[cl6.av.3sg]|
√dhū
¦[cl9pā] tremble ; [dk.kamp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.20] dhūñ, kampa̍ne | iti̱ knūñ pra̍bhṛtaya u̱dāttā̍ ubha̱yato̍ bhāṣāḥ |
dhunīyāt
¦[cl9.pot.av.3sg]|
√dhū
¦[cl10pā] cause to tremble; [dk.kamp] |
dhavayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.372][av][mv] dhūñ, kampa̍ne |
√dhū
¦[cl1p] shake, tremble ; [dk.kamp] |
dhavati
¦[av.3sg]|
√dhū,√dhu
¦[cl5pā] shake, toss; kindle, fan ; [grk] phu̍o ; [dk] kamp |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.10] dhūñ, (kampane) ity eke̍ | iti̱ svā̍da̱yo vṛñva̱rjam anu̍dāttā ubha̱yato̍ bhāṣāḥ ||
dhūnoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
vidhūya
¦[gnd] having shaken off |
·
vidhūta
¦[pp] shaken off, repelled, removed; unsteady, trembling, tremulous | pplex
.
uddhava
¦[m] pleasure, joy, excitement, exhilaration |
auddhatya
¦[pali.uddhacca][n] restlessness, excitement |
uddhavya
¦[n] shaking up |
avadhavya
¦[n] shaking down |
dhūpā
¦[m] kindled incense, perfume, smoke, vapour |
dhūma
¦[m] (agitate fire) smoke, vapour; a sadhu |
pravuddhū
¦[f] excitedly tossing upwards (like: hats in the air) |
dhu
¦[f] shaking, trembling, fanning |
dhutva
¦[n][abst] fanfully agitating enflamedness |

dhūrta
¦[pp] cunning, crafty, fraudulent; subtle [m] rogue, cheat, deceiver |

dhṛ

√dhṛ
¦[cl1pā] bring light, make firm, hold, bear, carry ; [grk] thre [lat] fir ; [dk.dhṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1047] dhṛ̱ñ, dhāra̍ṇe |
dhārati
¦[av.3sg] hold, bear, carry, maintain |
sandhāryate
¦[pv.3sg] fully held, fully carried, borne |
dhartum
¦[inf] to bear |
pratisamdhārya
¦[gnd] having fully carried towards |
·
dhārita
¦[pst.av.p] holding, bearing |
dhṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] held, possessed |
·
dharma
¦[m] upstanding virtue, established, sacred duty; a single element of dependently arisen phenomena (buddh} | mmk
adharma
¦[m] irreverent discordant actions | mmk
anudharma
¦[pali.anudhamma] contemplative practice; awareness of not‐self while regarding form, feeling, perception, mental constructs and consciousness |
sadharma
¦[m] with true dharma | bcalex
saddharma
¦[see: compound |
sandharma
¦[m] complete dharma | mmk
dharmaka
¦[adj] belonging to the dharma |
dharmata
¦[m] virtuous intent |
adharmata
¦[m] non virtuous intent |
dharmatā
¦[abst.f] essence of all dharmas together, rightousness | mmk
dharman
vidharman
dharmana
¦[n][agt] established ordinance |
anudharmānta
¦[m] (the step) after the perfection of dharma |
dharmitva
¦[n][abst] virtuousness |
dharmin
dharmya
¦[mnfā] righteous, virtuous; ++ |
dhara
¦[m] bearer, holder |
ādhara
¦[m] making very firm; strongly holding |
ādhāratā
¦[f][abst] substratum, having firm supportiveness |
dharatva
¦[n][abst] supportiveness, supportive matrix |
uddharaṇa
dhāraṇa
ādhāraṇa
¦[n][act](strongly) bearing, holding fast, supporting |
sandhāraṇa
dhāra
¦[m]|
avadhāra
¦[m] precise determination, mental state of reflection |
nirādhāra
¦[m] without strong support, nonsupport |
dhāraṇā
¦[f] focused mind with breath retention ; firmness ; understanding |
dhārin
¦[adj] bearing, holding |
dhāriṇī
¦[f] the earth; a principle consort of king ajataśatru, or his father king bimbisāra of magadha (558-491bc) |
dhārmika
¦[adj.mnfī] virtuous, pious, righteous |
anudhārmikī
¦[f] (along with) righteous, pious ; an epithet for any bodhisattva |
dhārya
¦[adj] to be borne or carried |
adhāraya
¦[adj] unbearing, unholding |
dhurya
vaidhurya
dhṛk
¦[adj] bearing, holding (end of cp) |
dhṛti
¦[f] firmness, steadfast solidity |

√dhru
¦[cl6p][cl6p] be firm or fixed ; [dk.dhru] [dk.sthā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.135] dhru̱, gati sthai̱ryayoḥ̍ | dhru̱va, ity eke̍ | ity anu̍dāttau̱ para̍smai bhāṣau ||
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1093] dhru̱ sthairye̍ |
dhruvati
¦[cl6.av.3sg]|
dhravati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
·
dhruva
¦[m] a mode of life (buddh); fixed, firm, unmovable |

√dhyā,√dhyai
¦[cl1p] think of, ponder reflectively, meditate ; [dk.dhī] |
dhyāyati
¦[av.3sg] |
dhyāyet
¦[opt.3sg] one ought think of |
dhyātvā
¦[gnd] having pondered |
·
dhyāna
¦[n] reflective meditation |

√dhvan
¦[cl1p] sound, roar, reverbate; go in harmony ; [dk.śabd] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.928] dhvanaṃ, śabde̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.962] dhvanaṃ, śabde̍ | phaṇā̍dayo ga̱tāḥ | phaṇā
dhvanati
¦[av.3sg]|
dhvanyate
¦[pv.3sg]|
·
adhvan
¦[m] time, distance; travel; road, path way, | mmk
adhvani
¦[m] motionless, not vibrational | mmk
adhvāna
¦[m] stillness, making no sound, not vibrating | mmk
dhvani
¦[m] intoning the voice, sound, vibration |
√dhvan
¦[cl10p] cause to reverberate ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.431] dhvanaṃ, śabde̍ |
dhvanayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√dhvan
¦[cl1p] become covered, extinguished; darken ; [dk.vṛ] |
adhvanīt
¦[aor.3sg]|
dhvānta

√dhvaṃs
¦[cl1p] perished |
dhvaṃsati
¦[cl1.3sg]|
dhvasta
¦[pp] perished, obscured, scattered |
·
dhvaṃsa
¦[m] decay, ruin, fall |

N

*na

√naj
¦[cf.√llaj][cl6a] shame ; [dk.nind] |
najate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nagna

*nag
nagara
¦[n] town, city | mmk
natvā
¦[gnd] having buddha jewel'ed |

√nad
¦[cl1p] vibration to sound; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.56] ṇdaṃ, avya̍kte̱ śabde̍ |
nádati
¦[av.3sg]|
vinādyate
¦[p3sg] vibrated |
·
nadī
¦[f] a flowing river (roaring) |

√nand
¦[cl1p] rejoice, delight, be pleased ; [dk.ṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.70] ṭunadiṃ, samṛ̍ddhau |
nandati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ānanda
¦[mn] bliss, joy, rejoiceful delight |
nandi

nam

√nam
¦[cl1pā] bend, bow, bow to another in praise, submit ; [lat] nem [grk] nem ; [dk.hvṛ] [dk.nam] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1136][av] ṇ̱amaṃ, prahva̱tve, śabde̍ ca |
namati
¦[av.3sg]|
pariṇamate
¦[mv.3sg] bows, stoops down, develops, matures |
pariṇāmayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] caused to respectfully bow |
praṇamyate
¦[pv.3sg]|
upanāmayeyam
¦[cs.op.3sg] caused to bow to |
praṇamya
¦[gnd] having bowed, having honoured another |
·
pariṇata
¦[pst.pv.p] stooped, bent down, matured, perfected |
pariṇāmata
¦[pst.pv.p] transformed, changed |
praṇata
·
namas
¦[n] reverential salutation |
nāman
nāma
¦[cp] ([ind] in name only) | tps, mbk, mmk
paranaman
¦[m] utmost named |
aparanāma
¦[m] 'non higher' called |
pariṇāma
¦[m] change, alteration, transformation |
pariṇāmanā
¦[f] cultivating ones merit (puṇya) for the benefit of others (buddh); bend towards (samsara) |
praṇāma
¦[m] reverence, obeisance, to bow |
nāmayā
¦[f] meaning of a word |
nāmna
¦[]| nāmnā is ind.,
nāmya
¦[adj] bendable, flexible |
pariṇāmya
¦[adj] humbled about |

namas
¦[<oia] [nāmadhātu] [cl1pā] reverently acknowledge another ; [dk.nam] |
namasyati
¦[av.3sg] bows reverently |
namasyāmi
¦[av.1sg] I do reverently bow | mmk

naraka
¦[mn] the lower realm of punishment |
nava
navan
¦[n] nine |
nava
¦[cp]|
navaśata
¦[n] one hundred nine |

√naś
¦[cl1pā] reach, attain, find |
naśati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
nāśa
¦[m] attainment |
√naś
¦[cl4p][cl1pā] be lost or missing, vanish, disappear, wane, erased, perish, fly, escape, be gone ; [dk.dṛś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.91] ṅa̱śaṃ, ada̍rśane |
náśyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
vináśyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg] utterly perish, totally lost |
vipraṇaśyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg] has no effect, bears no fruit; disappears | mmk
vinaśyatas
¦[cl4.av.3d] totally gone |
naśati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
naṅkṣyate
¦[cl1.ft.pv.3sg] shall be eliminated | mmk
vinaṅkṣyate
¦[cl1.ft.pv.3sg] shall be exterminated, shall be perished | mmk
vināśayati
¦[cl1.cs.3sg] causes to perish | mmk
·
naṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] fled, gone, departed, run away from (abl), spoiled, perished | mmk
anaṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] unimpaired, undestroyed, not run away from (abl) |
vinaṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] lost, ruined; perished, extinguished, gone |
avinaṣṭa
¦[pst.av.p] being unlost |
·
nāśa
¦[m] destruction, annihilation; disappearance | mmk
avipraṇāśa
¦[m] accumulating nondisappearance, an imperishable consequence of an action | mmk
anāśana
praṇāśana

√nas
¦[cl1ā] be crooked, deceive ; [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.714] ṇa̱saṃ, kauṭi̍lye |
nasate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nasta
¦[pst.av.p] was deceiving |
·
√nas
¦[cl1ā] unite, approach, join ; [dk.gam] [dk.yuj] |
násate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nasta
¦[m] the nose (septum) |
nāstya
¦[adj] favorable, helpful, friendly, kind; together |

√nah
¦[cl4pā] to bind, tie, fasten ; [lat] nectere ; [dk.bandh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.62] ṇa̱ḥaṃ, bandha̍ne |
nahyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
naddha
·
nah
¦[adj] bind on or round or together |
nahana
upanahana
¦[n][act] being hostile, holding a grudge (buddh) |
sannaddha
¦[adj] fully bound, completely tied; [n] complete band, full knot |
sannāha
¦[m] complete binding, full obstruction |

¦[cf.jñā]|

nāga
¦[m] mythic divine half snake half human being |
nāḍī
¦[f] any tubular hollow stalk; a channel of energy in the cakra system, a vein, the pulse thereof |

√nāth
¦[cl1ā] seek aid, request ; [dk.yāc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.7] nāthṛ̱ṃ, yāñcaoupatāpaaiīśvaryaā̱āśīṣṣu̍ |
nāthate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nātha
¦[m] protective guiding leader, protector | mmk

*nān
anānā
¦[adj] undifferentiated | mmk
anānātva
¦[n][abst] sameness, equality |
nirnānātva
¦[n][abst] non-difference, sameness, singularity |

√nās
¦[cl1ā] sound ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.712] ṇāsṛ̱aṃ, (śabde) |
nāsate
¦[mv.3sg] sounds |
·
nāsāgra
¦[f] tip of the nose (nāsā agra) |

√nij
¦[cl2ā][cl3pā] wash, cleanse, purify ; [grk] nizo ; [dk.śuc] [dk.puṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.12] ṇi̱ji̍ṃr, śauca po̱ṣaṇayoḥ̍ |
nenikte
¦[mv.3sg]|

*nit
nitya
¦[mnfā] permanent, constant, perpetual | mmk
anitya
¦[mnfā] transitory, impermanent, nonconstant | mmk
nityatā
¦[f][abst] perpetuity, constantuality, eternality | mmk
anityatā
¦[f][abst] impermanence, transient existence | mmk
nityatva
¦[n][abst] imperishability, continuance |

√nind
¦[cf.nid][cl1p] revile, abuse, blame ; [dk.kuts] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.69] ṇidiṃ, ku̱tsāyā̍m |
nindati
¦[av.3sg] |
·
nindā
¦[f] one of eight worldly conditions (budh); blame, censure, reproach, shame, disgrace |
nindaka

nirmama
¦[m] non-mineness | mmk

√niś
¦[cl1p] meditate upon, be absorbed in ; [dk.dhā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.823] ṇiśaṃ, samādhau |
neśati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
niśita

*niś
niśā
¦[f] night, dream |
naiśa
¦[adj] of the night, nocturnal, nightly |

√niṣ
¦[cl1pa] moisten, sprinkle, infuse, impregnate; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.796] ṇiṣuṃ, seca̍ne |
neṣati
¦[av.3sg] moistens |
neṣyate
¦[pv.3sg] anointed, moistend, infused, impregnated | vsk
neṣyante
¦[pv.3pl] are sprinkled, are anointed |

√nī
¦[cl1pā] leadershipness, lead ; [dk.āp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1049] ṇī̱ñ, prāpa̍ṇe | iti̱ bhṛñā̍da̱yo aanu̍dāttā u̱bhayato̍ bhāṣāḥ |
náyati
¦[av.3sg] leads |
nayanti
¦[av.3pl] they lead |
upānayati
¦[av.3sg] leads to |
apanetum
¦[inf] to lead back |
·
naya
nayana
nāya
¦[m] leader, guide |
prasannāya
¦[m] leading fully forth guide |
nāyaka
¦[m] Buddha, guide |
adināyaka
¦[m] highest spiritual guide |
vināyaka
netī
¦[f] nasel water cleansing, one of the ṣatkriyas of hatha yoga |
netra
sunetra
¦[m] good eye, fair eyed; good leader |
neya
¦[adj] to be lead or guided |
vineya

√nīl
¦[cl1p] be dark, colour ; [dk.varṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.600] ṇīlaṃ, varṇe̍ |
nīlati
¦[av.3sg]|

√nu,√nū
¦[cl2p][cl6p] to sound; shout, roar, bellow ; [dk.stu] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.30] ṇu, stutau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.132] ṇū, (ṇu) stutau̍ |
nauti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
nuvati
¦[cl6.av.3sg]|
·
nāva
¦[m] shout of triumphant joy |

nud

√nud
¦[cl6pā] push, thrust, incite, impel, set in motion, reject ; [dk.pre] [dk.i] [dk.nud] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.2] ṇu̱da̍ṃ, prera̍ṇe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.162] ṇu̱daṃ, prera̍ṇe |
nudáti
¦[av.3sg]|
nudáte
¦[mv.3sg]|

Nṛ

*nṛ
¦[gk] nēr |
nṛ
¦[m] man, person |
nara
¦[m] a man, person |
naraka
¦[mn] the lower hell realms |
narakavat
¦[mn][adv] hell like, like in a hell realm |

√nṛt
¦[cl4p] go tossing about, dance, perform ; [dk.gam] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.10] nṛtīṃ, gātra vikṣe̱pe |
nṛtyati
¦[av.3sg]|
nṛtyanti
¦[av.3pl] they dance |
·
nṛtya
¦[adj] trembling, shaking about, riled up |

*nau
nāva
¦[] boat |
naukā
¦[f] raft, small boat, ship |

√nyas
¦[cl1p][cl4p] bring down; enshrine ; [dk.gam] [dk.tṛ] [dk.pūj] |
nyasati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
nyasyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
nyaset
¦[opt.3sg] ought bring down to; ought enshrine |

P

√pakṣ
¦[cl1p][10p] take, seize ; [dk.grah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.757] pakṣaṃ, parigra̱ḥa ity eke̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.24] pakṣaṃ, parigra̱ḥe |
pakṣati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] takes |
pakṣayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] cause to take |
·
pakṣa
¦[m] supposition, thesis, proposition; agreement; feather, wing (birds of a feather) | mmk
vipakṣa
pratipakṣa
¦[m] teaching from opposition or adversity, opposite side, an adversary, a rival, an obstacle |
vipakṣatas
¦[adv] contrary, opposing, hostilely; hostile attitude, ++ | mbk
pratipakṣatā
¦[f][abst] opposition |
vipakṣatā
¦[f][abst] opposing agrument, opposition; enmity, hostility |
pakṣya
¦[adj][mnfā] factor of, flocked together, winged |

paṅkaja

pac

√pac
¦[cl1pa][cl4a] cook ; [grk] pek [lat] coq [rus] peč ; [dk.pac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1151] ḍu̱paca̍ṃṣ, pā̱ke |
pacati
¦[cl1p.av.3sg]|
pacyate
¦[cl4a.mv.3sg] cooks |
pacyante
¦[cl4a.mv.3pl]| jns
vipakṣyati
¦[cl1.ft.3sg] (shall) mature, develop, ripen, bear fruit; (shall) cook thoroughly, melt | mmk
vipacyate
¦[cl4.pv.3s;mv.3sg] thoroughly cooked or roosted |
·
vipakva
¦[mnfā](fully) matured, ripened, perfected; developed; cooked, burnt, destroyed | mmk
vipakvatā
¦[f][abst] perfection, maturity |
pāka
āpāka
¦[m] (from) ripening (ā until, upto [abl]) | mmk
vipāka
¦[m] ripening, maturing, cooking; consequence; calamity | mmk
vipākatva
¦[n][abst] maturation |
vaipākika
¦[m] the bliss of fruition from previous practices, a pariṇāma related to store·house (ālaya·vijñāna) consciousness |
vaipākya
¦[cf.vipāka]|
pācana
paripācana

√pañc,√pac
¦[cl1pā] to spread out, make clear ; [dk.vyac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.198][mv] paci̱ṃ, vyaktī̱ kara̍ṇe |
pañcate
¦[mv.3sg]|
pacyante
¦[pv.3pl] they are to be spread out |
·
anupacita
¦[pst.av.p] was after making clear |
aprapañcita
¦[pst.pv.p] was unextended, not-amplified, decreased; undeceived, unmistaken | mmk
·
paṅka
¦[mn][agt] mud, mire, dirt; moral impurity |
vipañca
¦[m] wisdom proclamation |
vipañcita
¦[n] clear understanding |
prapañca
¦[pāli.papañca] [m] proliferation of mental constructs through expansion of language (buddh); [m] expansion, amplification, appearance; manifestation | mmk
prapañcaka
¦[adj] amplifying, multiplying |
niṣprapañca
¦[m] non expansion, non manifestation; pure, honest |
pañca
pañca
¦[adj] five | mmk
pañcaka
¦[adj] five fold |
pañcatva
¦[n][abst] fiveness |
pañcadhā
¦[ind] five fold, five times | mmk
pañcama
¦[ordinal] fifth | mmk
pañcaviṃśati
¦[m][cardinal] twenty five |
pañcaviṃśat
¦[cp]|
pañcatriṃśat
¦[f][cardinal] thirty five |
√pañc
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) express expansively, elaborate ; [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.153] paciṃ, vistāra vaca̱ne |
prapañcayanti
¦[cs.av.3pl] (they are made to) speak out fully; ++ | mmk

√paj
¦[] [en] become stiff, rigid ; [grk] pe̍gumi [lat] pango ; [dk.stambh] |
pāpaje
¦[rgveda][prf.mv.3sg]] |
pajāyate
¦[cs.mv.3sg] made rigid |
·
pañjara

√paṭ
¦[cl1p] go, wander, roam [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.333] paṭaṃ, gatau̍ |
paṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
pāṭya
¦[n][abst] meanderfulness |
paripāṭyā
¦[f] wandering about |
√paṭ
¦[cl1p] break asunder, tear; hurt, injure ; [dk.hiṃs] |
paṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
√paṭ
¦[cl10p] speak resplendently [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.282] paṭaṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) |
paṭayati
¦[cs.3sg]|
·
paṭu
¦[adj] clever, sharp, intelligent, eloquent, talkative ++ |
√paṭ
¦(old Iranian)[cl10p] string together, weave ; [dk.granth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.394] paṭaṃ, (granthe) |
paṭayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
paṭa
¦[m] woven cloth, monk's habit |
paṭala

paṭh

√paṭh
¦[cl1pā](grandly) read, recite, study, teach, instruct ; [dk.paṭh] [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.381] paṭhaṃ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci |
paṭhati
¦[av.3sg]|
paṭhanti
¦[av.3pl]|

√paṇ
¦[cl1ā] negotiate, purchase, bargain, barter, buy; bet, wage, stake, risk, play for ; win a thing ; [dk.hṛ] [dk.stu] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.507] pa̱ṇaṃ, vyavahā̱re stutau̍ ca |
paṇate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√paṇḍ
¦[cl1ā] go, move, be active ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.315] pa̱ḍiṃ, gatau̍ |
paṇḍate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
paṇḍita
·
pāṇḍitya
¦[n] scholarship, erudition, wisdom |
pāṇḍara
¦[n] prajñā of amitābha; sense: sight; aspect: knowledge; color: pale whitish yellow orange (mental); bīja: paṃ; a mantra: “oṃ padmadevi puṣpadevi paṃ svāhā”; (pāṇḍaravāsinī - firewind - padma mother) |
√paṇḍ
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) annihilate, destroy ; [dk.naś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.106] paḍiṃ, (nāśane) |
paṇḍayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

pat

√pat
¦[cl4pā][lat] pat, pot [gk] pat, poth [en] to be patriarch, master; reign, govern, own, possess ; [dk.pat] [dk.rāj] |
patyate
¦[cl4ā]|
ādhipatya
¦[gnd] having reigned supreme, having mastered | mbk
·
pati
adhipati
¦[f] the master cause of all causes | mmk
adhipatitva
¦[n][abst] fundamental causality, dominant causality, |
patya
¦[n][agt] sovereignty |
ādhipatya
¦[n] (foremost) supremacy, sovereignty |
√pat
¦[cl1p][en] fly, fall, leap motion ; [grk] pet, pos [lat] pet ; [dk.gam] [dk.pat] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.979] patḷṃ, gatau̍ |
pátati
¦[av.3sg] it falls |
utpatati
¦[av.3sg] it flies up |
upapatyate
¦[pv.3sg] flown near, hastened towards |
vinipātyate
¦[pv.3sg] fallen into |
prapatet
¦[op.3sg] ought fly forth; should leap off |
nipatya
¦[gnd] (having) fallen down, fallen back, fallen into |
praṇipatya
¦[gnd] (having) thrown one's self down, bowed to | jns
·
paripātayat
¦[prs.cs.av.p] causing to fall down; + | mmk
patita
utpatta
¦[pst.av.p] rising up | mmk
·
pratipat
¦[f] opposite way, different way; middle way, central way |
sampat
¦[f] (fully) falling together (coming), alight upon, meet, encounter, coinciding |
patti
¦[pali][f][sk.prāpti] acquiring, gain, share, part, portion |
āpatti
¦[pali][f] downfall, misfortune, infraction, offense, fall, sin, fault, error, offense |
utpatti
¦[f] 'flying up', arising, manifesting, growing, evolving, coming forth, birth, origin, production | mmk
adyutpatti
¦[f] formostly arising |
vyutpatti
¦[f] origin, origination, derivation, etymology (grammar); proficiency, development, cultivation, growth, acquisition, perfection, (kavya) |
samutpatti
¦[f] coming forth together |
samotpatti
¦[f] together arising |
anupapatti
niṣpatti
¦[f] infallibility, non failure, success |
prapatti
¦[f] pious calm abiding, letting go |
pratipatti
¦[f] acquiring, perception, supposition, practice |
sampatti
¦[f] prosperity, welfare, good fortune, success, accomplishment, fulfillment, turning out well |
samāpatti
¦[f] together manifesting, attainment in meditation (d·lh) |
upapattita
¦[m] fallen to rebirth |
anupapattita
¦[m] unfallendown, not rebirth |
pariniṣpattita
¦[m] one who generally does not fall into regression |
prapattita
¦[m] one who has calm abiding |
pratipattita
¦[m] one who has fallen back to conventional knowledge (external discernment of object), regressed, |
utpatin
¦[adj] upwards flying |
patra
¦[n] leaf, leaf for writing, paper document, promissory note, legal document | mmk
pāta
¦[m] flight, mode of flying, flying; alighting |
samnipāta
¦[m] alighting down together, coalescing together | mmk
pātana
√pat
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) go making a godly noise; speak with finality ; [dk.gam] [dk.vad] [dk.rāj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.400] pataṃ, (devaśabde) gatau̍ (vā) | vāda̍nta̱ ity eke̍ ||
patayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√path
¦[cl1p] way, path ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.982] patheṃ, gatau̍ |
páthati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
patha
¦[m] way, path, road, course, reach | mmk
pathin
¦[m] way, path, course |
paripanthin
√path
¦[cl10pā] ; (cause to) throw forth, send ; [dk.gam] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.29] pathaṃ, (prakṣepe) ity eke̍ |
pāthayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

pad

√pad
¦[cf√path][cl4pā][cl10ā] go, step by step, tread; [grk] pad [lat] pes, pont [rus] pad ; [dk.gam] [dk.pad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.65] pa̱daṃ, gatau̍ |
pādyate
¦[mv.3sg] stepped |
pādayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg] (caused to) go step by step |
abhiniṣpadyantām
¦[cl4a.imp.mv.3pl] manifest, come, appear; 'towards (come) forth go' |
āpad
āpadyate
¦[pv.3sg] brought to |
āpādayet
¦[op.cs.3sg] ought be made to go into or enter |
āpādayati
¦[cs.3sg] made to strongly manifest |
āpadya
¦[gnd] having gone |
utpad
utpādyati
¦[av.3sg] rises up | mmk
utpadyate
¦[pv.3sg] manifested | mmk
utpadyate
¦[mv.3sg] steps above | mmk
utpatsyate
¦[ft.mv.3sg] (shalt) manifest, rise up, arise | mmk
utpadyeta
¦[op.mv.3sg][op.pv.3sg][op.av.2p] (ought) rise up, manifest | mmk
utpadyeran
¦[op.mv.3pl] (they ought) arise, manifest | mmk
utpādayati
¦[cs.3sg] made to manifest | mmk
utpādayate
¦[cs.pv.3sg] brought to manifestation | mmk
utpādayet
¦[cs.op.3sg] (ought cause to be) arisen, manifested | mmk
utpādayanti
¦[cs.3pl] made to come forth, made to manifest |
utpādayitum
¦[inf] to arise, to manifest, to step up | mmk
utpadyamāna
¦[mn.prs.mv.p][mn.prs.pv.p] arising, manifesting | mmk
utpadya
¦[gnd] (having) stepped up, manifested, arisen | mmk
*samutpad
samutpādya
¦[gnd] having been caused to be, having been produced |
upapad
upapadyate
¦[mv.3sg] goes towards, approaches, attracted to, gravitates towards | mmk
samupapadyate
¦[mv.3sg] completely goes towards, fully gravitates towards, totally approaches | mmk
upapadyate
¦[pv.3sg] is approached | mmk
upapadyante
¦[mv.3pl] (they) go unto, approach, go towards | mmk
upapadyete
¦[mv.3d][pv.3d] they go towards | mmk
upapatsyate
¦[f.mv.3sg] shall approach | mmk
prapad
prapadyate
¦[mv.3sg] increasingly strides forth | mbk
prapadyeta
¦[op.mv.3sg] ought go forth by steps |
pratipad
pratipādayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] caused to manifest |
pratipadyante
¦[pv.3pl] are experienced, are realized |
pratipadyanta
¦[ipf.3pl] was experienced, was realized |
pratyapad
pratyapadyanta
¦[ipf.3pl] was ineptly inexperienced |
pratipād
pratipādyet
¦[op.3sg] ought attain, enter, arrive at, go to |
·
upapādita
¦[pp] given, presented; proved, demonstrated; treated (medical); accomplished, effected, performed | mmk
sampādita
¦[pst.pv.p] brought about, accomplished |
·

‐pad

pad
¦[f]|
pratipad
¦[f] the path towards, the right path, entrance, beginning; understanding |
pratipat
¦[cp] path towards | mmk
pratipad
¦[n.sg]| mbk
sampad
¦[f] coming together, perfection, accomplishment, attainment; balance of conditions for success, concord; excellence; destiny; prosperity; existence (end cp)| mmk
panna
utpanna
anutpanna
samutpanna
¦[pst.av.p] (was) coming forth together | mmk
pratyutpanna
¦[pst.av.p] (was) present moment existing | mmk
upapanna
anupapanna
abhyupapanna
niṣpanna
¦[pali.nipphanna]|
pariniṣpanna
sampanna
·
pannatā
¦[f] |
kupannatā
¦[f]|[abst] deteriorating progress, ill going |
prapannatā
¦[f] stridefulness |
pariniṣpannaka
¦[adj] belonging to pure consciousness |
pratipannaka
¦[m] a goal to arrive at; the four orders of ārya from early buddhism: śrota āpanna, sakṛd āgāmin, anāgāmin, arhat | mmk
pada
¦[n(m)] footing; root, essence, fundament, base, foundation; step, stride; the foot; ray of light (vedic), |
āspada
¦[n] place, seat, abode |
nirāspada
¦[adj] restless, without foundation |
sampada
satsampada
padma

‐pād

pāda
¦[m] foot, step, quarter (verse) |
anupāda
¦[pāli][m][sa.see:anutpāda] unarisen |
utpāda
¦[m] the (lakṣaṇa) quality of arising, of birth, of coming forth |
anutpāda
¦[m] unmanifest, unborn, not coming forth |
pratyutpāda
¦[m] come up towards, rising up towards, against |
samutpāda
¦[m] (together) up coming, rising up together |
utpādavat
¦[adj] coming forth like |
vyāpāda
pratipādaka
¦[adj] giving, bestowing, discussing |
pratipādana
sampādana
¦[n][act] procuring, bestowing, preparing |
upapāduka
¦[adj][mnfā] being born by spontaneous generation |
utpādya
¦[adj] high regard, highest going, stepping up |
niṣpādya
¦[adj] to be accomplished |
padyavat
¦[adj] containing verses |

pan

√pan
¦[cl1ā] worthiness; be wonderful; admire, praise, commend; rejoice ; [lat] pan ; [dk.pan] [dk.stu] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.508] pa̱naṃ, ca (vyavahāre stutau ca) |
panate
¦[mv.3sg] to rejoice at, admire, praise |
·
samāpanta|samāpanita
·

√panth
¦[cf.path][cl10pā][cl1p] move, go ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.60] pathiṃ, gatau̍ |
panthati
¦[av.3sg] goes |
panthayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] made to go |
·

*par
para
apara
paratas
¦[ind] high above, beyond, |
paratra
¦[ind] (in another): place, world; elsewhere; the hereafter; (in a future) state, world | mmk
paradāra
¦[m] another's wife or wives |
parama
parasparam
¦[ind] beyond the highest | mmk
parā
¦[f] final beatitude |
parān
¦[adv] directed outwards (sensory); ++ | mmk
viparya
¦[adj] (vi·pari·a) expansively round about; contrary, wrong, deceived | mmk
pāra

paś

√paś,√spaś
¦[cl4pā] see, look after, observe ; [lat] spec [grk] skép ; [dk.paś] |
páśyati
¦[av.3sg] behold, observe | mmk
paśyasi
¦[av.2sg] thou dost behold, doth observe | mmk
anupaśyasi
¦[av.2sg] (you) along with perceive, reflect upon, consider | mmk
paśyanti
¦[av.3pl] they observe | mmk
prapaśyanti
¦[av.3pl] they observe, see, behold, discern |
paśyāmaḥ
¦[av.1pl] we observe | mmk
paśyet
¦[opt.3sg] ought see, ought observe |
·
páśyat
¦[prs.pv.p] those who are seeing |
apaśyamāna
¦[prs.av.p] being unseen | mmk
spaṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] clearly perceived, distinctly visible |
aspaṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] unperceived, indistinct |
·
upapaśama
¦[adj] on or upon seeing |
√paś
¦[cf.spaś,pac,paṣ] [cl10p] (cause to) fasten, bind ; [lat] pac, pax [znd] pas ; [dk.bandh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.244] paśaṃ, bandha̍ne |
paśayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
anupāśita
¦[pst.av.p] ensnaring |
·
paśca
¦[adj] hinder, afterwards | mmk

paścima
¦[adj] (being) behind, last, final; western | mmk

prach

√prach
¦[cf.pṛch][cl6p] ask, question, (ask to interrogate) ; [rus] pros ; [dk.prach] |
pṛcchati
¦[av.3sg] asks |
pṛcchanti
¦[av.3pl] they question |

√pā
¦[cl1pā] drink, quaff, suck up, sip, swallow ; [rus] po ; [dk.pā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1074][p] pā̱, pāne̍ |
píbati
¦[vedic+][av.3sg] drinks |
pibate
¦[vedic+][mv.3sg]|
·
pāna
√pā
¦[cl2p] watch, protect from, defend; [dk.rakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.51] pā̱, rakṣa̍ṇe |
pāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
pāna
¦[pst.pv.p] protected |
·
pātra
¦[n][agt] a capable competent adept |
pātratā
¦[f][abst] worthiness, fitness, ++ |
pātrī
¦[f] vessel, receptacle, worthy object (√kṛ); honour, dignity |
pāpa
pāpaka

√pād
¦[see: √pad] (strong form of pad) ; [dk.pad] |

pārada
¦[m] mercury |

pāl

√pāl
¦[<√pā][cl10p] protect ; [dk.rakṣ] [dk.pā] [dk.pāl] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.98] pālaṃ, rakṣa̍ṇe |
pālayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
pālaya
¦[imp.2sg] you protect, guard, rule |
·
pāla
¦[m] protector, guard |

√palāy
¦[cl10pā][den] flee, run away, escape, vanish ; [dk.i] |
palāyyate
¦[den.pv.3sg]|
palāyante
¦[den.mv.3pl]|

√pi
¦[cl6p] move, go ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.141] pi̱, gatau̍ |
piyati
¦[av.3sg]|

piṭh

√piṭh
¦[cl1p] feel pain, to cruelly inflict pain ; [rus] pɨt ; [dk.piṭh] [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.393] piṭhaṃ, hiṃsā saṅkleśa̱nayoḥ̍ |
peṭhati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
peṭhu
¦[m][agt] an instrument for inflicting pain (not listed) |

*piṇḍ
piṇḍa
¦[m] a round clump of some substance, pinch of something, an aggregation of dimensions; alms, morsel of food; the body; a livelyhood |
piṇḍatva
¦[n][abst] condensation (being clumped together), density |
pitar
¦[m] father | mmk

√piś
¦[cl6p] carve, hew, prepare; [dk.yu] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.173][p] piśaṃ avaya̱ve | a̱yaṃ dīpanāyām api |
piṅśati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
piśāca
¦[m] a class of flesh eating demons, fiend, ogre, demon |
√piś
¦[cl10pā] destroy; [dk.nāś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.105][pā] piśaṃ' [nāśane] |
peśayate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√pī
¦[cl4ā] drink ; [rus] pi ; [dk.pā]
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.36] pī̱ṅ, pāne̍ |
pīyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
pīta
·
pa̍yas
¦[n][agt][vedic] fluid, juice, milk, water, rain; semen, elan vital, power, strength |
paya
¦[cp]|
peya
apeya
√pī
¦[cf.pyai][cl1ā] swelling to overflow; be exuberant; bless ; [dk.vṛdh] |
payate
¦mv.3s|
payet
¦[opt.3sg] ought bless to exuberance |
·
pīta
·

√pīḍ
¦[cl10p][cl1ā] press, squeeze, oppress, suppress, vex, harass, pain (painful hasassing oppressed suppressive vexation; pressing to squeeze ; [dk.gāh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.17] pīḍaṃ, ava̱gāha̍ne |
pīḍayati
¦[cs.3sg] makes pain |
pīḍyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] being oppressed |
pīḍayet
¦[cl1.opt.3sg] ought one cause pain |
pīḍayitum
¦[inf] to press, squeeze |
·
pīḍita
·

√puṭ
¦[cl6p] clasp, fold, envelop ; [dk.śliṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.94] puṭaṃ, sa̱ṃśleṣa̍ṇe |
puṭati
¦[av.3sg] |
·
saṃpuṭa
¦[m] an asana for maithuna; hemispherical bowl (shape) |

*puṇ
puṇya
apuṇya
mahāpuṇya

*put
putra
¦[m] a son | mmk
svaputra
¦[m] one's son |
putrī
¦[f] a daughter |
svaputrī
¦[f] one's daughter |

Pud

*pud
pudgala
sapudgala

√puṃs
¦[>puṃāns][cl10] (cause to) crush, grind ; [dk.gāh] |
puṃsayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
puṃs
¦[m] male being, human, soulful spirit |
puṃsaka
¦[m] male, masculine |
napuṃsaka
¦[m] androgyn, gender neutral |

√pur
¦[cl6p] proceed, go before, go first, lead, guide ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.72] puraṃ, agra ga̱mane̍ |
purati
¦[av.3sg]|
apure
¦[impf.mv.1sg] I did lead |

*pur
pratipuruṣa
puruṣa
¦[m] a male person, a human being; eternal soul spirit of mankind and cosmos (sāṅkhya); ++ | mmk
purāvid
¦[adj] recollecting [m] knowledge of past events |

√pūr
¦[see:pṝ]|

√pul
¦[cl1p[cl6p] be great or large, or high, be heaped up ; [dk.mah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.975] pulaṃ, maha̱ttve |
polati
¦[cl1p]|
pulati
¦[cl6p]|
·
vipula
suvipula
√pul
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) be great, large ; [dk.mah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.90] pulaṃ, maha̱ttve |
polayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

puṣ

√puṣ
¦[cl4p] blossom, burst forth; thrive, flourish, prosper ; [dk.puṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.79] pu̱ṣaṃ, puṣṭau̍ |
púṣyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
puṣpita
·
puṣṭi
¦[f] maturation, blossoming out, prosperity, thriving, comfort ; ++ |
puṣpa
khapuṣpavat
¦[n] like a sky flower ; (listed with compounds) |
pauṣṭika
¦[adj] promoting, nourishing, invigorating |
√puṣ
¦[cl4p] separate out ; [dk.puṣ] [dk.bhaj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.121] puṣaṃ, (vibhāge) ca (iti kecit) |
puṣyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√puṣ
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) hold, bear up, retain, protect ; [dk.dhṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.280] puṣpaṃ, dhāra̍ṇe |
puṣayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√puṣ
¦[cl1p] blossom ; [dk.puṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
[1.797] puṣaṃ, puṣṭau̍ |
poṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
√puṣ
¦[cl9p] burst, blossom ; [dk.puṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.65] puṣaṃ, puṣṭau̍ |
puṣṇāti
¦[av.3sg]|

√pus
¦[cl10p] discharge, emit ; [dk.sṛj] |
posayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] caused to emit |

√pust
¦[cf.bust][cl10pā] respect, bind ; [dk.dṛ] [dk.yuj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.79] pustaṃ, (ādarānādarayoḥ) |
pustayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
pustaka
¦[mnf.ikā] manuscript, book |
pustak
¦(pali)[mn] manuscript, book |

pūj

√pūj
¦[cl10pā] reverence, worship, honour; present with (instr); respect, regard; [dk.pūj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.144] pūjaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
pūjayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
pūjayanti
¦[cs.av.3pl]|
pūjayante
¦[cs.pv.3pl] be reverenced |
pūjayet
¦[cs.av.opt.3sg] one ought be encouraged to reverence | jns
sampūjya
¦[gnd] having completely reverenced |
·
pūjita
·
pūjana
prapūjana
pūjanā
¦[f] worshiping |
pūjanīya
¦[mnf] (to be) revered, worshiped; venerable, honourable |
pūjā
¦[f] ceremony of offerings |
pūjya

pūy
¦[cl1pā] stink; [dk.sṝ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.557] pūyī̱ṃ, vi̱śara̍ṇe du̱rgandhe ca̍ |
pūyati
¦[av.3sg]|
pūyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
pūya
¦[m][n] pus |

*pūrṇ
pūraṇa
prapūraṇa
¦[n][agt] (act of) filling up completely, |
prapūraṇā
¦[f] thoroughly complete, perfection |
pūrṇa
¦[m] name of a buddhist arhat; fully filled to completion, accomplished |
sampūrṇa
aprapūrṇatā
¦[f][abst] non-fullness, unfilled outedness, undevelopment, incompleteness, non‐accomplishment |
pūrva
apūrva
¦[adj] not old, new, ++ |
anupūrva
¦[adj] regular successive order |
pūrvam
¦[ind] before ; (listed) |
pūrvakatva

√pṛ
¦[cl5p][cl6ā] (be) busy, engaged, active ; [dk.kṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.13][p] pṛ̩, prītau̍ |
pṛṇoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.138][ā] pṛ̩ṅ, vyāyā̩me |
priyate
¦[cl6.mv.3sg]|
·
vyāpṛta
·

pṛc

√pṛc
¦[cl7p][cl2ā] mix, mingle, put together ; [dk.pṛc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.25][p] pṛcīṃ, sampa̱rke | iti̱ tṛhā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍taḥ || vṛt || iti̱ śnamvi̍karaṇā̱ rudhā̍dayaḥ |
pṛṇakti
¦[av.3sg]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.24][ā] pṛcī̱ṃ, sa̱mparca̍ne (sampa̱rke) | itīrā̍daya u̱dāttā̱ anu̍dāttetaḥ |
parkte
¦[mv.3sg]|
√pṛc
¦[cl10.pā] (cause to) sustain, hold together ; [dk.yam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.339][pā] pṛcaṃ, sa̱ṃyama̍ne |
parcayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√pṛth
¦[cl10p] extend ; [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.28] pṛthaṃ, prakṣe̱pe |
parthayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
pṛthak
¦[ind] separately, differently, singly ; (listed) |
pṛthaktva
¦[n][abst] separateness | mmk
pṛthivī
¦[f] the world, the earth |
pṛthvī
¦[f] earth, land, realm; earth element |
pārthiva

√pṛṣ,√pṛś
¦[see:√spṛś][]|

pṝ

√pṝ,√pūr,√pṛṇ
¦[cl3p] fill, making full ; [dk.pṝ] |
píparti
¦[av.3sg]|
pūrayet
¦[opt.cs.3sg] ought cause to fill, ought inhale |
·
pūrita
·
pūraṇa
sampūrṇa
¦[adj] abundant, excessive |
√pṝ
¦[cl10pā](cause to) puff up. fill, make filled ; [dk.pṝ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.22] pṝṃ, pūra̍ṇe |
pūrayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√pṝ
¦[cf.√pṛ][cl3p][cl9p] fill; pass, cross, bring over; rescue, protect ; [dk.pāl] [dk.pṝ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.4] pṝ̱, pālana pū̱raṇayoḥ̍ |
píparti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
pṛṇāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg]|
·
pāra
nirvyāpāra
¦[m] non activity (dignāga, sautrāntika) |
pāra·da
¦[adj] giving a crossing over |

*pot
pota
¦[pali]|
potaka
¦[m] young animal or plant (sprout) |

√prach
¦[cl6p] ask, inquire, question ; [dk.jñā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.149] pra̱chaṃ, jñī̱psāyā̍m | vṛt | kirā̍dayo vṛ̱ttāḥ |
pṛcháti
¦[av.3sg]|
pṛchanti
¦[av.3pl]|
pṛcchanti
¦[av.3pl] they inquire, they ask |

*prath
prathama
¦[adj] first manner, first, primarily, foremostly | mmk

Prā

√prā
¦[cl2p] fill, satisfy, complete ; [dk.pūr] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.56] prā̱, pūra̍ṇe |
prāti
¦[av.3sg]|

prī

√prī
¦[cl4pā] please, love spiritually ; [dk.prī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.39][mv] prī̱ṅ, prītau̍ (prīṇa̍ne) | iti̱ dīṅā̍daya ā̱tmane̍ bhāṣā̱ anu̍dāttāḥ | dīṅ tūdāttaḥ̍ |
priyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
priyā
¦[f] the beloved, mistress, wife |
prīti
¦[f] rapture, joy, zest; one of five factors of dhyānāṅga; one of seven factors of bodhyaṅga |
samprīti
¦[f] (complete) affection, good will, friendship |
preyas
√prī
¦[cl9pā] serenely lovingly content ; [dk.kan] [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.2] prī̱ñ, tarpa̍ne̱ kāntau̍ ca |
prīṇāti
¦[av.3sg]|
√prī
¦[cl10pā] be satiated, content ; [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.373] prīñ, tarpa̍ne |
prayayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] (brought to) satisfaction |
prīṇayet
¦[cs.opt3sg] ought be brought to love |

pre

√pre
¦[cl2p](pra+i) go forth, come forth, appear ; [dk.i] [dk.pre] |
praiti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
preta
pretavat
¦[mnf][adv] ghost like, ghostly |

plu

√plu
¦[cl1ā] rain, wash away, purify; float, swim, sail ; [grk| ply [lat] plu [rus] plav [*ie] plu (float) ; [dk.plu] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1112] plu̱ṅ, gatau̍ |
plavate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√pluṣ
¦[cl1p][cl4p] burn ; [dk.dāḥ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.801] pluṣuṃ, dā̱ḥe | (atho̱ṣmāntāḥ̍)
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.9] pluṣuṃ, ca (dāḥe) | (atha̱ divā̍dayaḥ) |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.122] pluṣaṃ, dā̱ḥe | (atha̱ śamā̍dayaḥ) |
ploṣati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
pluṣyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
·
pluṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) burnt, scorched, singed |
√pluṣ
¦[cl9p] to accomplish by loving servitude, to love, to serve, to accomplish ; [dk.snih] [dk.sev] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.64] pluṣaṃ, snehana sevana pū̱raṇeṣu̍ | pūraṇa
pluṣṇāti
¦[av.3sg]|

Ph

√phal
¦[cl1p] burst into fruition ; [dk.pat] [dk.śṝ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.594] ñiphalāṃ, vi̱śara̍ṇe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.608] phalaṃ, niṣpa̍ttau |
phalati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
phala
¦[n] fruit, fruition, result, effect | mmk
niṣphala
phalā
¦[<pāli][n.na.pl] fruits |
niṣphalā
¦[n] without results, fruitless |
saphala
¦[n] bearing fruit |
svaphala
¦[n] self produced results, self rewarding, self fruition, self aggrandizement |
phalatas
¦[adv] concerning the result thereof, concerning the fruit | tps
phalada
¦[adj] giving or bearing fruit |
utphulla

B

√badh
¦[cf√bandh][cl1p] bind, check, restrain ; [dk.bandh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1128] ba̱dhaṃ, bandha̍ne | iti̱ gupā̍dayaś ca̱tvāra̍ u̱dāttā anu̍dāttāeitaḥ |
badhati
¦[av.3sg]|
badhyate
¦[pv3sg] (is) restrained, bound | mmk
badhyante
¦[pv.3pl] (are) restrained, bound | mmk
baddhvā
¦[gnd] having restrained |
·
badhnīya
¦[ft.av.p][mnfā] shall restrain | mmk
·
baddha
¦[m] bound, fettered, restrained | mmk
abaddha
¦[adj] unbound, unrestrained; unmeaning, nonsensical | mmk
sampratibaddha
¦[m] actions that bind the soul |
√badh
¦[cf.vadh][cf.bādh][cl10a] abhor, loathe, detest, slay; [dk.yam] [dk.han] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.20] ([aṣṭdh]1.3.74) | badhaṃ, sa̱ṃyama̍ne |
badhayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg] is made bound for the binder |
·
badha
¦[m] injury, death |

bandh


√bandh
¦[cf.√badh][cl9p][cl1p] band together; [dk.bandh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.44] ba̱ndhaṃ, bandha̍ne | iti̱ jyā̱dayo 'nu̍dāttā̱ḥ para̍smai bhāṣāḥ ||
badhnāte
¦[cl9.mv.3sg]|
·
bandhya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) bound or fettered, joined together, imprisoned | mmk
·
anubandhitva
¦[n][abst] bound sequence togetherness (phil) |
bandha
¦[m] bound collection; mundane bondage (phil) | mmk
anubandha
¦[m] attachment, encombrance, continuity, sequence, coherence, consequence, sequentially binding; intention, design, |
sānubandha
¦[adj.mnfā] with continuity, continuous, unending |
prabandha
¦[m] connection, band, continuous series, continuance |
prabandhas
¦[n.sg]| tps
pratibandha
¦[m] against the group, obstacle, hindrance, obstruction |
apratibandha
sambandha
¦[m] a bound together collection, union, conjunction |
asambandha
¦[m] separation, unjoining |
anubandhā
¦[pali] anubaddhā [f] consistent mindful connection |
bandhaka
pratibandhaka
vibandhaka
bandhana
¦[n] containing, fastening, joining together | mmk
nibandhana
bandhin
¦[adj] binding, clasping; showing, revealing; producing |
anubandhin
¦[adj] continuous, lasting, permanent |
bandhya
¦[adj] [see:fpp]bandhya][cf.vandhya] to be bound or fettered, joined together, imprisoned |
bandhu
¦[m] group, association, family ; ++ |

√bal
¦[cl1p] to live with balanced regulated strength ; [dk.aṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.974] balaṃ, prāṇa̍ne dhānyāvaro̱dhe ca̍ (dhānyāvarodha̱ne ca̍) |
balati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
bala
¦[n] pañca bala: five controlling balanced forces (buddh); power, strength, might; [abl] forcibly against ones will |
balanta
¦[n]|
√bal
¦[cl10pā] to bring the breath of life ; [dk.aṇ]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.123] balaṃ, (m) prāṇa̍ne |
balayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
daurbalya

bali
¦[m] offering, gift, oblation, tribute |
*bah
bahu
¦[mnfī,u] much, many, abundant; great, large, mighty | mmk
bahutva
¦[n][abst] muchness; multitude, abundance | mmk

bādh

√bādh
¦[cl1ā] to force, press, repel, remove; harass; oppose; annul ; [dk.bādh] [dk.loḍ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.5] bā̱dhṛṃ, loḍa̍ne (vi̱loḍa̍ne) |
bādhate
¦[mv.3sg]|
pratibādhase
¦[mv.2s] (you) push back, ward off, repel | mmk
·
pratibādhata
·
bādhana

*bāl
bāla
bālā
¦[f] (young) girl, young cow ; (type of) metre, mantra ; (plants) aloe, coconut, small cardamoms, turmeric, hibiscus, jasmine |
bālavat
¦[adj] having childlike playfulness |
bāliśa

bāṣpa
¦[cf.vāṣpa][mi<oi] [m] tears; steam, vapour; iron; an herb; name of a disciple of buddha |

√bāh
¦[cf.√vah][cl1ā] endeavor, try, exert oneself ; [dk.yat] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.732] bā̱hṛṃ, (vā̱hṛṃ) pra̱yatne | je̱hṛṃ gatā̍vapi |
bāhate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|

bāhya
¦[cf.vāhya] [adj] external, opposite; foreign, outcast, excluded | mmk

*bind
bindu
¦[m] a small pointed spot; place of the ātman in the body at back of head |
sabindu
¦[m] grammatical nasel sound marker (ṃ) |
sabinduka
¦[m] with a drop (bindu), with grammatical nasel sound marker |

*bimb
bimba
pratibimba
¦[n] reflection, reflected image, counter part to physical form | mmk
pratibimbavat
¦[n] having counter reflection |

bīj
¦[cl10p] germinate ; [dnm.bīja] [dk.vṛdh] |
bijayati
¦[dnm.av.3sg]|
·
bīja
¦[n] seed, foundation, origin, germ, | mmk
bījaka
¦[n] a small seed |
svabīja
¦[n] the self seeded |

*bu
¦[*pie] to swell |
budbuda
¦[m] bubble; symbol of anything transitory |

budh

√budh
¦[cl1pā][cl4āp] awake; recover consciousness (kāvya) ; [rus] bud, bde ; [dk.budh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1016] budhi̍rṃ, bodha̍ne |
bodhati
¦[av.3sg]|
avabudhyate
¦[pv.3sg] is recognized, is perceived |
sambuddhyante
¦[pv.3pl] they were fully awakened |
·
buddha
¦[pst.pv.p] awakened |
abuddha
¦[pst.pv.p] unawakened | mmk
·
bauddha
¦[m] buddhist |
budha
¦[m] wise person, sage |
buddhatva
¦[n][abst] buddhistic wakefulness |
buddha
anubuddha
avabuddha
¦[adj] skillfully learnt |
prabuddha
¦[adj] blossomed forth, awakening |
aprabuddha
¦[adj] unawakened |
sambuddha
abhisambuddha
¦[adj] having attained bodhi consciousness |
vibuddha
¦[adj] awakening, awakened |
buddhi
¦[f] discerning intellect; opinion, idea, conjecture; comprehension; impression, belief |
anubuddhi
¦[pali][f] reasoning, reflection, intuition, recollection |
abhisambuddhi
¦[f] upon perfect perception |
buddhī
¦[f] intellect, intelligence, awareness, perception |
bodha
avabodha
durbodha
prabodha
¦[m] awakened consciousness +++ |
bodhi
¦[mf] enlightened awakened intellect :: upāya; semen |
ābodhi
¦[mf] most perfect knowledge |
prabodhi
¦[mf] first waking of knowledge |
pratibodhi
¦[mf] awakened |
sambodhi
¦[f] perfect knowledge, enlightenment |
abhisambodhi
¦[f] towards collective enlightened consciousness, towards complete awareness |
boddhavya
¦[adj] perceptible, to be recognized or observed; be awakened |
√budh
¦[cl4ā][cl1p] proclaim, make known ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.68] bu̱dha̱ṃ, ava̱gama̍ne |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.994] budhaṃ, ava̱gama̍ne |
budhyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] understand |
bodhati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|

√bṛh
¦[cf.vṛh] [cl1p] make big or strong, increase, expand ; [dk.vṛdh] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.836] bṛhiṃ, (vṛhiṃ) (vṛddhau̍) | bṛhiṃ, (vṛhiṃ) śabde̍ ca | bṛhiṃr (vṛhiṃr) ity eke̍ |
bṛhati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
brāhmaṇa
brahman
¦[m] creator aspect of the trimurti brahmān; the husband of sarasvatī |
brahma
[cp]

√brahm
¦[cl1p] wander, go, move ; [dk.gam] |
brahmati
¦[av.3sg]|
brahmanti
¦[av.3pl] |

√brū
¦[cl2pā] to speak, discourse, say, tell ; [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.39] brūñ, (brū̱ñ) vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci | u̱dātta̍ ubẖayato̍bhāṣaḥ |
brávīti
¦[av.3sg] tells |
bruvate
¦[mv.3pl] doth say |
brūma
¦[av.1p] we say |
abravīt
¦[ipf.av.3sg] did say, did speak | vsk
brūta
¦[imp2p] tell!, speak! |
·
bruvāṇa
¦[prs.mv.p][mnfā] speaking, talking |
·

Bh

bhakṣ

√bhakṣ
¦[cf.√bhaj],[cl1pā],[cl10pā] (voracious) partake of, eat, drink, devour, consume ; [dk.ad] [dk.bhakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1039] bhakṣa̍ṃ, (adane) iti̱ maitre̍yaḥ |
bhakṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
bhakṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
bhakṣita
¦[pst.ap] partaking, consuming |
·
bhakṣya
abhakṣya
√bhakṣ
¦[cl10pā] ; [dk.ad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.33] bhakṣaṃ, ada̍ne |
bhakṣayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|
bhakṣayet
¦[cl10p.opt.3sg] (ought be encouraged to) eat, consume, feast upon | jns

bhaj

√bhaj
¦[cl1pā] divide, share ; [dk.sev] [dk.bhaj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1153] bha̱ja̍ṃ, se̱vāyā̍m |
bhájati
¦[av.3sg]|
bhajate
¦[mv.3sg]|
bhajyeran
¦[opt.pv.3pl] (they ought be) partaken, shared, divided | mmk
vibhajya
¦[gnd] having partaken |
·
bhakta
·
bhajana
¦[n][agt] act of sharing, possession, reverence, adoration |
prabhajjana
¦[n][agt] sharing, dividing, possesion, adoration, attending upon |
bhāja
¦[m] give out, distribute, share |
bhājana
bhājanatva
¦[n][abst] generosity, sharefulness, separation |
bhājin
¦[adj] partaking, sharing of |
bhagavat
bhagavatā
¦[pali: bhagavā][fā] venerable, blessed, sublime; the buddha, an arahant | mmk
bhaga
bhāga
¦[cp]|
subhaga
¦[adj] good fortuned |
bhāga
¦[m](division) a 360th degree of a circle, time division, 30th part of a zodiac sign or rāśi, a fraction, any part of a whole, a quotient, a numerator of fraction, part or portion, dimension, domain, allotment |
bhāg
¦[end.cp] possessing, having; share in, part of | mmk
nirbhāga
¦[mnfā] not consisting of parts |
avinirbhāga
¦[m] no difference, lack of distinction, |
vibhāga
¦[m] division, separation, difference, distinction, discrimination, apportionment; disjunction (a nyāya guṇa)| mmk
pravibhāga
¦[m] (primary) distinction, difference, division | mmk
svaparavibhāga
¦[m] self elevated highest discrimination |
vibhāgatas
¦[abl.adv] proportionately |
viṣabhāga
¦[mfn] not with the assembly; uncommon, non-universal | mmk
sabhāga
¦[mnfā] with the assembly; common, universal | mmk
bhāgitā
¦[abst][n] amorousness, daliancefulness, +++ |
bhāgin
bhāgīya
¦[adj] belonging to, connected with; concordant concordance; conducive to, consequence of |
subhaga
¦[m] gracious share |
sabhāgya
¦[adj] with calm abiding good will |
subhāgya
¦[adj] very well fortunate |
bhakti
¦[f] devotion +++ |
bhaktya
¦[adj] lovingly devoted |
√bhaj
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) divide, distribute, apportion; [dk.śraṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.259] bhajaṃ, vi̱śrāṇa̍ne |
bhājayati
¦[cs.3sg]|

bhañj

√bhañj
¦[cl7pā] break, shatter, split ; [dk.mṛd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.16][av] bha̱ñjoṃ, ā̱marda̍ne |
bhanakti
¦[av.3sg] |
·
bhaṅga
bhaṅgākaṭa
¦[m] pollen of cannabis |
bhañjana
¦[adj] dissipate |
√bhañj
¦[cl10pā] cause to speak ; [dk.bhāṣ]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.290] bhajiṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) |
bhañjayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√bhaṇ
¦[<√bhan][cl1p] [eng] speak discordantly, making discordant intonations ; [skt] vibhinná śabda karanā ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.515] bhaṇaṃ, (śabdārthaḥ) |
bhaṇati
¦[av.3sg]|

bhadra
¦[voc] o`good (sir, lady, also plural) |

√bhan
¦[cf.bhaṇ] [cl1p] sound, resound, call aloud, declare ; [dk.śabd] |
bhanati
¦[]|

ābha
¦[<√bhā√bhās]|

√bhas
¦[cl3p] chew, masticate, consume, devour; shine (see:bhās) ; [dk.bharts] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.19] bhasaṃ, bhartsana dī̱ptyoḥ | u̱dātta̍ u̱dātte̍t |
babhasti
¦[av.3sg] |
·
bhasman

bhāṇḍa
¦[n] vessel, implement, instrument; buffoonery (bhaṇḍa - court jester) |

√bhā
¦[cl2p] shine, be bright or luminous, shine forth ; [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.46] bhā̱, dīptau̍ |
bhāti
¦[av.3sg] shines, illumines |
·
bhā
¦[f] light, brightness, splendour, lustre; beam of light |
prabhā
¦[f] splendour, light, beauty |
saṃnibha
¦[adj] like, similar (end of cmp) | mmk

bhāṣ

√bhāṣ
¦[cl1ā] speak, talk, say [dk.bhāṣ] [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.696] bhāṣa̱ṃ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci |
bhāṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
abhāṣata
¦[ipf.av.3sg]|
bhāṣante
¦[mv.3pl]|
babhāṣire
¦[prf.av.3pl] they did speak |
·
bhāṣita
¦[pst.pv.p] spoken, taught, instructed |
subhāṣita
¦[pst.pv.p] well spoken |
·
bhāṣā
¦[f] language, speech |

√bhās
¦[cl1ā] shine, be bright ; [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.711] bhāsṛ̱ṃ, dīptau̍ |
bhāsate
¦[mv.3sg] |
·
bhāsa
¦[m] light, lustre, brightness |
avabhāsa
ābhāsa
pratibhāsa
¦[m] shine forth; appearance, semblance; idea |
pratibhāsatva
¦[n][abst] manifestation, emanation |
prātibhāsika
¦[mmfī] having only the appearance of something, a representational pariṇāma |
prabhāsvara
prabhāsvaratva
¦[n][abst] luminescence, luminosity |
gabhasti
ābhāsu
¦[adj] splendorous bright shining |
sabhāsu
¦[adj] with shining bright light |
bhāsvat

Bhi

√bhikṣ
¦[<√bhaj][cl1ā] betwixt desire and despair; beg ; [dk.labh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.690] bkikṣa̱ṃ, bhi̱kṣāyā̱m alā̍bhe lā̱bhe ca̍ |
bhikṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
bhikṣa
¦[n] alms |
bhikṣu
¦[m] a buddhist alms begging mendicant |
bhaikṣa
bhaikṣya
¦[adj] mendicancy of maintaining the body by simple begging |

bhid

√bhid
¦[cl7pā][cl1p] split, cleave, break, cut or rend asunder, pierce, destroy ; [dk.dṛ] [dk.bhid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.2] bhidi̍ṃr, vi̱dāra̍ṇe |
bhinatti
¦[cl7p]|
bhintte
¦[cl7ā]|
bhedati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
bhidyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] is disrupted |
·
bhinna
abhinna
¦[pst.pv.p] unbroken, undestroyed; unchanged; uninterrupted |
bhedata
¦[pst.pv.p] divided, split, cleaved |
anubhedata
¦[pst.pv.p] along with the differentiated |
prabhedata
¦[pst.pv.p] differentiated, divided |
·
bhidya
¦[n] splitting, breaking |
abhinnatā
¦[abst.f] continuousness |
bheda
¦[m] breaking; bursting; duality; separation; distinction | mmk
abheda
¦[m] unbreaking, non‐separation, undifferentiated |
anubheda
¦[m] expansion, a meditation (dhyana) separating mental and physical perception (see:pindagraha-contraction) |
durbheda
¦[m]|
durbhida
¦[m] difficult to be broken |
prabheda
¦[m] separation, division, subdivision, ++ |
bhedatas
¦[ind] according to difference, by difference; individually |
√bhid
¦[cl1ā] stick together ; [dk.snih] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.844][mv] ñimidā̱ṃ, sneha̍ne |
bhedate
¦[mv.3sg]|

bhī

√bhī,√bhīṣ
¦[cl3p] trembling fear, anxious ; [dk.bhī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.2] ñibhī̱, bha̱ye |
bibhéti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
bhīta
·
atibhītaka
¦[adj] most highly anxious |
bhīru
bhaya
¦[n] fear; dismay, distress; dread, apprehension | mmk
abhaya
¦[n] fearless |

bhuj

√bhuj
¦[cl7pā] enjoy; eat [dk.hṛ], protect [dk.pāl] [dk.bhuj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.17] bhu̱jaṃ, pālanaāabhyavahā̱rayoḥ̍ | iti̱ śiṣā̍da̱yo aanu̍dāttā u̱dātte̍tḥ |
bhunakti
¦[av.3sg] enjoy |
bhuṅkté
¦[mv.3sg] enjoy |
bhunaktu
¦[av.imp.3sg] must protect |
bhuñjáte
¦[mv.3sg] protect, rule, govern |
anubhuñjate
¦[mv.3sg] enjoy the merit of one's actions |
upabhuñjate
¦[mv.3sg] abide to enjoy |
sambhotsyante
¦[fut.mv.3pl] they will fully enjoy |
upabhujya
¦[gnd] having near enjoyed, having been near pleasure by |
·
bhuñjat
¦[mn.prs.av.p] is enjoying |
prabhuñjīta
¦(√bhuñj[cl7])[pst.pv.p] was first enjoyed |
bhoktavya
¦[fut.pv.p.mnfā] will be enjoyed |
upabhukta
¦[pst.pv.p] was dearly enjoyed (closely) |
upabhogata
¦[pst.av.p] was sensually enjoying |
·
bhukti
¦[f] enjoyment, consuming |
bhuṅk
¦[cl7] enjoy! (end of cmp)(see: hutabhuṅk) |
bhoktā
¦[f] enjoyer |
bhoktṛ
¦[m] enjoyer |
bhoktṛtva
¦[n][abst] enjoyment |
bhoga
¦[m] an object of pleasure, sexual pleasure; advantage, profit, fruition; ++ |
ābhoga
anābhoga
¦[adj] having no enjoyment, renunciation of pleasure |
upabhoga
¦[m] pleasure, enjoyment, enjoying (erotic), consuming (food) |
adyupabhoga
¦[m] foremost pleasure, |
paribhoga
¦[m] enjoyment, carnal enjoyment |
sambhoga
¦[m] condition of fruition (buddh), bliss, full enjoyment, carnal enjoyment |
bhogatā
¦[f][abst] sensuality |
upabhogatā
¦[f][abst] sensuousness |
upabhogika
aparibhogya
¦[n] not enjoy, not use |
upabhogya
sambhogya
¦[n][act][adj] being enjoyed |
bhujaṅga
¦[m] pimpish lover of prostitutes; the parasitic lecherous friend of a prince (theater) |
bhojana
√bhuj
¦[cl6p] bend, curve, make crooked [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.153] bhu̱joṃ, kauṭi̍lye |
bhujáti
¦[av.3sg]|
bhujyate
¦[pv.3sg] (be) bent down, discouraged, |
·
ābhoga
¦[m] curve, crease; circuit, circumference, environs, expanse; serpent, expanded hood of a cobra |

bhū

√bhū
¦[cl1pā] become, arise ; [rus] bɨ , bɨv ; [dk.bhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1] bhū, sattā̍yām | u̱dātta̱ḥ para̍smai bhāṣaḥ |
bhavati
¦[av.3sg] exists | mbk
prabhavati
¦[av.3sg] come forth; appear, manifest |
sambhavati
¦[av.3sg] fully arises |
bhavanti
¦[av.3pl] they exist | mmk
anubhavanti
¦[av.3pl] they experience, they directly perceive (phil) | vsk
prabhavanti
¦[av.3pl] they come forth, manifest | mmk
sambhavanti
¦[av.3pl] they fully exist | mmk
bhavataḥ
¦[mv.3d] they are those two |
bhāvayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
bhavet
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought be, ought exist | vsk, mbk, mmk, jns
bhavetāṃ
¦[opt.av.3d] those two ought be, ought exist | mmk
bhaveyuḥ
¦[opt.av.3pl] they ought exist |
bhavayet
¦[opt.cs.3sg] ought made to be |
bhāvayet
¦[opt.cs.3sg] ought be for |
vibhāvayet
¦[opt.cs.3sg] ought be caused to manifest | mmk
bhāvyate
¦[pv.3sg] manifested, being | mmk
atibhāvyate
¦[pv.3sg] most highly manifedted |
bhāvyante
¦[pv.3pl] are manifested |
anubhūyate
¦[pv.3sg] enclose, embrace; attain |
vibhavati
¦[av.3sg]|
vibhoti
¦(pali)[cl13sg] omnipresent, abundant, intense |
bhavanti
¦[cl1p.a3pl] they are |
sambhavanti
¦[cl1p.a.3pl] fully manifest |
bhavantu
¦[cl1.imp.3pl] they must manifest, must be |
prādurbhavantu
¦[imp.av.3pl] they must visibly manifest |
bhavat
¦[pr.ap] being |
abhūt
¦[aor.3sg] has been | mmk
bhaviṣyati
¦[fut.3sg] one shall be | mmk
bhaviṣyatas
¦[fut.3d] those two shall be | mmk
bhaviṣyanti
¦[fut.3pl] they shall be | mmk
sambhaviṣyanti
¦[fut.3pl] fully shall be | mmk
bhaviṣyāmi
¦[fut.1sg] I shall be | mmk
bhūtvā
¦[gnd] having existed |
abhūtvā
¦[gnd] having not existed | mmk
·
sambhavata
svabhāvata
bhāvita
bhūta
adbhūta
ādbhuta
¦[pst.av.p] amazing (extraordinary) |
anubhūtavat
¦[pst.av.p] (having) resulted, experienced, perceived, understood |
abhūta
abhibhūta
udbhūta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) perceptible, manifested; sprung up |
prabhūta
sadbhūta
sambhūta
¦[m] category of all living beings | mmk
samudbhūta
subhūta
·

‐bha

bhava
¦[m] continuity of becoming, cyclic rebirth | mmk
anubhava
¦[m] life experience; direct perception without memory |
udbhava
¦[m] coming forth, coming into existence, origin | mmk
prabhava
vibhava
¦[m] breaking the chain of cyclic rebirth, emancipation | mmk
sambhava
¦[m] being together a unified existence, entire existence; existence, being, birth, cause; cohabitation, intercourse | mmk
asambhava
¦[m] discordant separation | mmk
adisambhava
¦[m]|
samudbhava
tribhava
¦[m] kāmabhava: sensuous existence, rūpabhava: fine material existence, arūpabhava: immaterial existence |
bhavana
abhibhavana
¦[pali]|
bhavant
¦[prn.3s,2s][mfī] your lordship, your worship, your honour | mmk

‐bhā

bhāva
¦[m] existence | mmk
abhāva
¦[m] nonexistence, negation, death | mmk
ābhāva
¦[m] strong firm existence | mmk
ābhāvas
¦[n.sg]|
ābhāvāt
¦[abl.sg]| tps
udbhāva
¦[m] uplifting existence, generation, production |
parabhāva
¦[m] highest existence; another's existence, being of secondary existence; secondary member of a compound | mmk
sabhāva
¦[m] with existence | mmk
sadbhāva
¦[m] real existence, true existence | mmk
asadbhāva
¦[m] unreal existence | mmk
svabhāva
¦[m] self nature, self existentce, inherent nature, intrinsic nature, natural state | mmk
asvabhāva
¦[m] non self existence | mmk
niḥsvabhāva
¦[m] without fundamental self existence, not self sustaining; poverty | mmk
bhāvaka
¦[m] sentiment, affection, expressing amorous sentiment |
vibhāvaka
¦[adj] manifesting |
svabhāvaka
¦[m] self sentimental affection |
bhāvata
¦[adj] existed, existing |
parabhāvata
¦[adj.mnfā] other existent, other existing; highest existing | mmk
svabhāvata
¦[adj.mnfā] self existent, self existing, be self existent | mmk
asvabhāvata
¦[adj.mnfā] not self·existing |
svabhāvatā
¦[f][abst] state of innate disposition or nature |
svabhāvatva
¦[n][abst] self·existentiality |
niḥsvabhāvatva
¦[n][abst] (without) self naturedness; state of non self existence | mmk
bhāvana
¦[n] conjecture, supposition, thought, idea | mmk
bhāvanā
¦[f] mental development, realization, contemplative state, meditative state at end of logic | mmk
parasambhāvanā
¦[f] (with highest) honour, reverence, regard; (most correct) proposition, hypothesis, possibility, speculation, probability, |
vibhāvanā
¦[f] deep meditation; a dramatic situation of vague causal circumstance |
sambhāvanā
¦[f] conjecture, supposition, consideration, firm confidence, probability ; a conjectured assemblage of preceived objects into a single existent thing |
bhāvanī
¦[f] effecting, bringing about; conjecture, imagination, supposition +++ |
sambhāvanī
¦[f] effecting; imagination; conjecture; thought |
bhāvayat
¦[m] ascetic |
abhāvatva
¦[n][abst] nonexistfulness |
niḥsvabhāvatā
¦[abst.f] without self existence |
niḥsvabhāvatva
¦[n][abst] without self existence |
svabhāvaka
svābhāvika
¦[adj.mnfā] arising from the inherent self nature | mmk
bhāvya
¦[<bhāva][adj] rasa like, feeling, sentiment |
bhāvya
vibhāvya
¦[ft.pv.p] ought be perceived, perceivable, intelligible, heeded |
svābhāvya
udbhavā
¦[f] exalted existence |
sambhavā
¦[f] being, existence; meeting, union, coming together |
bhavatā
¦[abst][f] beingfulness |
anubhavatā
¦[abst][n] direct perceptiveness, consciousness |
bhāvin
¦[adj] becoming, existing, being, manifesting (immediate future) | mmk
bhāvi
¦[cp]|
vibhāvin
¦[adj] causing to appear (end of cp); + | mmk
bhū
abhū
¦[n] non existence | mmk
abhūmat
¦[m] non-possesion of existence, renunciation | mmk
abhūmit
¦[f] unmeasured existence, unexamined existence (bhūmiti - geometry) | mmk
bhūti
¦[f] siddhi power; ashes; thriving wellbeing; earth; existence, being |
udbhūti
¦[f] increase; manifest; generation; ++ | mmk
sambhūti
¦[f] full empowerment of being |
subhūti
¦[] good existence; name of a principal śrāvaka of the buddha |