Buddhist Sanskrit Lexicon

Ākhyāta ca Nāman


A


√ak
¦[cf.√ag][cf.√aṅg] [cl1p] move with curvilinear motion (around corner), originally curvilinear celestial motion ('k'); snake like motion ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.901] akaṃ, (m) (kuṭilāyāṃ gatau) |
akati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|

√akṣ
¦[cl1p][cl5p] reach, obtain, pass through, penetrate; [dk.vyāp]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.742] akṣūṃ, vyāptau̍ |
akṣati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
akṣa
¦[cl1.imp.2sg] look! |
akṣnoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
·
pratyakṣa
¦[n] direct perception; before the eyes |
  • pratyakṣa ¦[cp]| vsk
pratyakṣatā
¦[f] (before the eyes) fullness, presence, cognizance, perceptibility, visibility, explicitness, distinctness, directness |
  • pratyakṣatām ¦[a.sg]| msa
akṣa
  • ¦[lat.oculus]|
  • ¦[a.mnfī] eye [cf.akṣan]|
  • ¦[n][agt] sensory perception, sense organ |
    • akṣa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] knowledge, insight, religious knowledge, the soul, axle ‐̍u, one die for dice game ‐u̍, |
samakṣa
¦[adj] fully manifest, actual, before the eyes |
  • samakṣa ¦[cp]| msa
akṣaya
¦[a.mnfā] imperishable, permanent, durable |
  • akṣayā ¦[f.adj]| msa
akṣayā
¦[f] the imperishable enduring ones (group) |
sākṣa
¦[adj] with seeds |
akṣi
¦[n][agt] the eye; number two; dual; sun and moon |
akṣa
¦[cp.bk] [n][agt] the eye |

Ag

√ag
¦[cf.aṅk][cf.ak][cl1p] to move windingly, wind; [dk.gam] [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.902] agaṃ, kuṭi̱lāyā̱ṃ gatau̍ |
agati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
duraga
¦[m] moving tortuously |
prāñc
prāg
¦[cp][<prāñc]|
agni
¦[m][agt] fire, digestive fire (ayurveda) |
  • agnis ¦[n.sg]| msa
niragnika
¦[adj] fireless, combustionless |

√agh
¦[cl10p] go wrong, lose ones way; [lat.ango] [ger.angst] ; [dk.gam] [dk.kṣip] |
aghayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
agha
  • ¦[mnfā] impure, malignant |
  • ¦[n] impurity, malady, fault, suffering |
    • agha ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] an asura named agha |
  • ¦[fā] a constellation named maghā (rg.ved) |
ānagha
  • ¦[n][act][adj] bad, dangerous |
  • ¦[mn][agt] impurity, harm, fault |

aṅk


√aṅk
¦[cl1ā] mark, stamp, brand; [dk.aṅk] [dk.lakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.92] aki̱ṃ, lakṣa̍ṇe |
aṅkate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√aṅk
¦[cf.ag][<añc] [cl1ā][cl10p] move in a curve, angular motion ; [lat] anc [grk] agk ; [dk.gam] [dk.kuṭ] |
aṅkate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
aṅkayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|
·
aṅkura
¦[m] shoot, sprout |

√aṅg
¦[cf.ag][cf.ak] [cl1p] move around ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.155] agiṃ, (gaty arthaḥ) |
aṅgati
[cl1.av.3sg] moves |
√aṅg
¦[cf.aṅk] [cl10pā](cause to) mark, make a characteristic; [dk.pad] [dk.lakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.474] aṅgaṃ, (pade, lakṣaṇe) ca |
aṅgayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] marks, distinguishes |
·
aṅga
¦[n] appendage, division, branch, outgrowth, outcome, aspect, result; limb of the body, the body |
  • aṅga ¦[cp]| msa
  • aṅgam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • aṅgam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • aṅgais ¦[i.pl]| msa
anaṅga
¦[mfn] bodiless |
aṅgika
¦[adj] having many parts, consisting of many parts |
aṅgula
¦[m] a measurement of one finger's breadth (equals: eight barley corns; twelve aṅgula equals one vitasti; twenty four equals one hasta); ++ |
agra
  • ¦[n][act][adj] foremost, first, prominent, chief, best |
    • agra ¦[cp]| msa, tps, mbk
    • agre ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] tip, point, high point, foremost point, summit, goal |
udagra
¦[mnfā] exalted, upraised, uplifting; ++ |
udagra
¦[cp]| msa
agratva
¦[n][abst] highest perfection, excellence |
  • agratva ¦[cp]| msa
  • agratvam ¦[n.sg]|
  • agratvam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • agratvād ¦[abl.sg]| tps
udagratva
¦[n][abst] above highest perfection |
  • udagratve ¦[l.sg]| msa
agrī
sāmagrī
  • ¦[f][abst] totality, entirety, completeness |
  • ¦[f][obj] an aggregation, or assemblage, of a cause and the conditions that together produce an effect (buddh) |
asāmagrī
  • ¦[f][abst] incompleteness |
  • ¦[f][obj] absence of any group of cause and conditions |
samagrīvat
¦[n][act] having completeness |
agrīya
  • ¦[mnfā] best |
  • ¦[m] elder brother |
agrya
  • ¦[mnfā] foremost, highest, principal, best |
    • agryām ¦[adj.fā.a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] eldest brother |
  • ¦[n] a roof |
agryatva
¦[n][abst] principally, primarily, foremostfully |
  • agryatvam ¦[n.sg]| tps

√aṅgh
¦[cl1ā] go, set out, set about, commence; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.115] aghi̱ṃ, (gaty ākṣepe | gatau gaty ārambhe cetya pare) |
aṅghate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
aṅghri
¦[m] foot, base |

√aṅś
¦[cf.<aś][cl10pā] attain; divide, apportion, distribute; [dk.āp] vyāpti |
aṅśayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
aṅśa
¦[m] share, portion |
aṅśatā
¦[f] apportionment, distribution, allotment, division |
  • aṅśatā ¦[n.sg]| vsk

ac


√ac
¦[cf.añc][cf.aṅk][cl1pā] go around requesting ; [dk.ac] [dk.yāc] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.999] acu̍ṃ, [gatau yācane ca] ity eke̍ |
acati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] requests, goes |

√añc
¦[cf.ac][cl1pā] bend, curve, reverence, directed towards ; [dk. ] |
añcati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
añca
¦[n][agt] adore, reverence, ; curve, curl submissively, beg, mumble indistinctly |
ādyañca
¦[n] most highest reverence |
  • ādyañca ¦[cp]| mbk
samyañca
¦[n] (turned towards) each other, one point, one direction |
samyag
  • ¦[ind] all together, |
  • ¦(cmp)[adj] combined together in one direction |

aj


√aj
¦[cl1p] move straight forward; be aggressive, aggravate, anger; push forward, conduct, drive, hunt; [lat] ag [grk] ag [eng] agr ; [dk.gam] [dk.nī] [dk.aj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.262] ajaṃ, gati kṣa̱pa nayoḥ̍ |
ájati
¦[av.3sg] pushes forward, aggravates, angers |
ajyate
¦[pv.3sg] pushed on, agitated, aggravated |
vyajyate
¦[pv.3sg] driven forth |
·
aja
¦[m] troop, drove; driver, leader |
samāja
¦[m] a gathering, an assembly, a society (guhyasamāja tantra) |
ajira
  • ¦[n][act][adj] agile, quick, rapid ; [lat] agilis |
  • ¦[n][agt] court, yard, field (to move in), body, sense object, wind, frog |
  • ¦[m][agt] nāga priest |

añj


√añj
¦[cl7p] manifest; anoint; shine [dk.kan] [dk.dīp]; go [dk.gam] [dk.ṛṣ]; (to worship); (be) angelic, preeminent ; [grk] ag [lat] ang |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.21] añjūṃ, vyaktim, rakṣaṇa kānti̱ gatiṣu̍, (vyaktim, arṣaṇa kānti̱ gateṣu̍) |
anákti
¦[av.3sg]|
āñjīt
¦[aor.av.3sg]|
·
añjali
¦[m] reverence with folded hands |
añjana
¦[m] manifestation, emanation |
nirañjana
¦[m] (without) attributes, qualities, manifestation, eminence |
vyañjana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] emanating, shining, manifesting |
    • vyañjana ¦[cp]| mbk
    • vyañjane ¦[l.sg]| tps, mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] decoration, ornament, badge, token, sign, mark; irony, sarcasm |
  • ¦[fā][abst] insinuation |
vyañjanatas
¦[abl.adv] from emanating, from manifesting | msa
anuvyañjana
¦[n][agt] a secondary characteristic |
  • anuvyañjanam ¦[n.sg]|
  • anuvyañjanam ¦[a.sg]| tps
añjanā
¦[f][obj] añjanāsundarī: satī wife of pavanañjaya and mother of hanuman (jain); a monkey princess, mother of marut's son māruti or mother of vāyu's son hanuman (hindu) |
vyakti
¦[f] visible appearance, become manifest, become evident ; ++ |
  • vyaktis ¦[n.sg]| msa
√añj
¦[cl10pā] make to speak [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.316] ajiṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) ca |
añjayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√aṭ
¦[cf.at][cl1pā] habitually wandering [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.332][pā] aṭaṃ, gatau |
aṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
aṭate
¦[mv.3sg]|
paryaṭet
¦[opt.3sg] (ought) wander, ramble, roam, (about) |
āṭīt
¦[aor.av.3sg]|

aṇ


√aṇ
¦[cf.√an][cl4ā] breathe; live [dk.aṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.71] aṇa̱ṃ, prāṇa̍ne |
aṇyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
āṇiṣṭa
¦[aor.mv.3sg]|
·
aṇa
¦[n][agt] breath, respiration |
prāṇa
  • ¦[adj] fill, filled |
  • ¦[m][agt] life force, vital air element; wind of the body |
    • prāṇa ¦[cp]| mbk
pratiprāṇa
¦[m] counter breath, harmonic life force |
praṇi
¦[m] praṇa breathing creature |
  • praṇi ¦[cp]| msa
prāṇi
¦[m] living breathing beings, living entities |
  • prāṇi ¦[cp]| msa
praṇīta
praṇītā
¦[f] holy water |

*aṇ
aṇu
  • ¦[ind] minutely |
  • ¦[mnfī] fine, minute, subtile, delicate |
    • aṇuśas ¦[nt.abl.sg]|
    • aṇuśas ¦[nt.g.sg]|
    • aṇuśas ¦[nt.gen.adv] of minute particles |
  • ¦[m] the smallest non·divisable element of matter, the smallest measurement of time; the soul, life (ātman) |
    • aṇu ¦[cp]| vsk
    • aṇuḥ ¦[n.sg]| vsk
    • aṇoḥ ¦[abl.sg]|
    • aṇoḥ ¦[g.sg]| vsk
aṇutva
¦[n][abst] minuteness |

√at
¦[cl1p] move between two points; go constantly, walk, run ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.38] ataṃ, sāta̍tya gamane |
atati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
āti
¦[f] the bird Turdus Ginginianus |

ad


√ad
¦[cl2p] eat, consume, devour ; [grk.ed] [lat.ed] [lith.edmi] ; [dk.ad] [dk.bhakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.1] a̱daṃ, bhakṣa̍ṇe |
atti
¦[av.3sg]|
addhi
¦[imp.av.2sg] must consume; must devour |
·
ad
¦[mnf] eating |
ad
¦[cp]| msa
adya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] edible, fit to be eaten |
  • ¦[n][agt] food stuff |

adhas
¦[m] genitalia |

*adhv
adhvan
¦[m] time (buddh) |
adhva
¦[cp][m] time (buddh) |
tryadhva
¦[m] triple time |

*adh
adhi
  • ¦[adv] from above, over and above, within; besides, moreover; highly, very much | msa
  • ¦[prep]|
    • ¦[acc] above, over, on |
    • ¦[inst] along over |
    • ¦[abl] above, down, from, out of |
    • ¦[loc] above, over, in, on, in behalf of, concerning |
adhika
  • ¦[mnfā] additional, subsequent, surpassing, superior, excellent |
    • adhika ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] surplus, abundance, redundancy |
    • adhikam ¦[n.sg]|
    adhikam ¦[a.sg]|
adhikam
¦[ind] exceedingly, too often, too much | msa
anadhika
¦[mnfā] non‐increase, perfect, boundless, having no superior |
  • anadhika ¦[cp]| mbk
tryadhika
¦[a.mnfā] tripart, three part |
tyadhikas
¦[n.sg]| msa

anunnata
¦[pali.anuṇṇata][a.mnfā] unelevated, unuplifted |
  • anunnatau ¦[n.dl]| mbk

√an
¦[cf.√aṇ] [cl2p] [cl4ā] breathe, live ; [lat.animus] ; [dk.aṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.65] ana̱ṃ, ca prāṇane |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.72] ana̱ṃ, prāṇane, ity eke̍ |
ániti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
ányate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg]|
anyās
¦[cl2.opt.av.2sg] you should breathe |
·
ana
¦[m] breath, respiration |
udāna
¦[m][pali] uplifting breath ; the throat cakra vital air (moves upward) ; the navel, an eyelash ; heart felt emotion (buddh) ; one of a nine fold division of sutras (buddh) |
  • udānam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • udānāya ¦[d.sg]| msa
anila
¦[m] wind, rasa of the body, humor |
anya
¦[n][agt] inexhaustability, inexhaustabileness |
  • anyam ¦[n.sg]|
  • anyam ¦[a.sg]| msa
anyā
¦[fā][abst] inexhaustability, inexhaustable |
  • anyā ¦[n.sg]| msa

analpa
¦[adj] huge, large, greatly, not a little, much, numerous |
anāyāsa
  • ¦[adj] easy, ready |
  • ¦[m][agt] limpid idleness |
ani
¦[m] axle tree pin |

ant


*ant
ánt
¦ [m.] end, final |
anta
¦[m] natural condition; final result, ending, ultimate end, conclusion |
  • antas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
extreme antas:
  • asti-nāsti
  • śāśvata-uccheda
  • saṃsāra-nirvāṇa
atyanta
  • ¦[mnfā] (beyond) proper end, natural result, limit; excessive, very great, very strong; endless, unbroken, perfect |
    • atyanta ¦[cp]| tsn
    • atyantas ¦[ms.n.sg]| tps
    • atyantam ¦[nt.n.sg]| tsn
paryanta
  • ¦[adj] until, as far as, reaching to |
  • ¦[m] epitome, limitation, edge, end, circumference |
    • paryantād ¦[abl.sg]| msa
aparānta
¦[m] extreme final end, terminus, death; western lands beyond the edge |
samanta
¦[mnfā] having the ends together, circle around, contiguous, adjacent |
  • samantā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • samantāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
ananta
¦[adj] unending, eternal |
  • ananta ¦[cp]| msa
ānanta
¦[adj] forever unending |
antatā
¦[f][abst] conclusiveness |
  • antatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
anantarya
¦[adj] without disruption, non hindrance |
nairantarya
¦[n] vacuousness, unsubstantiality, lacking of substance, superficiality |
  • nairantaryam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • nairantaryam ¦[a.sg]|
  • nairantarye ¦[l.sg]| mbk
anantaka
  • ¦[n][act][adj] endless, boundless, eternal |
  • ¦[n][agt] the infinite |
antara
  • ¦[ind] within, interior to |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] interior, within |
  • ¦[n][agt] the interior; soul, heart, essence; interval |
anantara
¦[adj] continuous, unending, |
nirantara
¦[mnfā] continuous, unbounded, unconcealed, unhidden |
  • nirantara ¦[cp]| msa
  • nirantaras ¦[m.n.sg]| msa
nirantaram
¦ [ind] closely, constantly, immediately |
vyantara
  • ¦[n][act][adj][ind] without interior |
  • ¦[n][agt] (without) soul, heart, essence, |
sāntara
  • ¦[n][act][adj][ind] with interior |
  • ¦[n][agt] with soul, heart, essence |
antardhi
¦[m] inner space |
  • antardhim ¦[a.sg]| msa
antavat
¦[adj] having an end, finite |
anantavat
¦[adj] having no end, eternal |
antikatā
¦[abst.f] nearness, contiguity |
antya
¦[adj] last in place, time, or order |

√andh
¦[cl10p] to make fervent exertion to see [grk] anth ; [dk.dṛś] [dk.ghaṭ] : (<dh(being in the light)+an(not)) |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.471] andhaṃ, dṛṣṭy upaghā̍te | upasaṃhā̱ra ity a̱nye |
andhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
andha
  • ¦[n][act][adj] blind, dark |
  • ¦[n][agt] darkness |

anupama
¦[adj] incomparable, excellent |

*an
(see also: anya in “avyaya nipāta” section)
anya
¦[adj] another, other, different. other than, dissimilar ; [lat.alius] |
  • anya ¦[cp]| msa
  • anyas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • anyena ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • anyasyām ¦[fā.l.sg]| msa
anyatva
¦[n][abst] separateness, otherness, difference |
  • anyatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • anyatve ¦[l.sg]| msa, tps

*ap
ap
¦[f] water, air |
apja
  • ¦[n][act][adj] water born (jan) |
  • ¦[n] lotus |
  • ¦[m][agt] moon, conch, lotus |
apavat
¦[adj] watery natured |
ab
¦[f] water |
  • ab ¦[cp]| mbk

√am
¦[cl1ā] approach, go to devotedly |
amati
¦[av.3sg]|
āmat
¦[impf.av.3sg]| mbk

*amb
ambu
¦[cf.ambhas][<.ap·bhṛ] [n] water, an andropogon |
  • ambu ¦[cp]| msa
ambuja
  • ¦[adj] water born |
  • ¦[n] lotus (nymphaea nelumba) |
ambara
¦[‐̍uu][n] circumference; ++ |
  • ambaram ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ambaram ¦[a.sg]|
ambhas
¦[n] celestial waters |

√ambh
¦[cl1ā] [en] sound, recite; go, honour ; [dk.śabd] [dk.paṭh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.448] ambhi̱ṃ, śabde, kva̍cit paṭhyate |
ambhati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|

√aṃś
¦[cl10p] divide, distribute |
aṃśayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
aṃśa
¦[cp] an āditya (solar deity of wealth and luck), division, | msa
aṃśu
¦[m] beam of light (from aṃśa) |

√aṃh
¦[cv.aṅgh][cl1ā] go, set out, commence [dk.gam] |
aṃhate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
ahi
¦[m] serpent, vṛtra the sky serpent, a “serpent like” cloud, a traveler |
√aṃh
|[cl10pā] cause to go forth speaking resplendently [dk.bhāṣ] [dk.gam] |
aṃhayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|

ayuta
¦[pst.av.p] ten thousand |
ayutadvaya
¦[n] twenty thousand |
dvyayuta
¦[pst.av.p] twenty thousand (dvi-ayuta) |
aruṇa
¦[m][agt] red color; the dawn; the sun; ruby |

√arc
¦[cl1p] adore, praise; shine, be brilliant [dk.pūj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.232] arcaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
arcati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
arka
¦[m] beam, ray, the sun, fire, |
  • arkas ¦[n.sg]| msa
arcita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] shining |
    • arcitam ¦[a.sg]| jns
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] shined |
abhyarcita
¦[pst.pv.p] (all around) reverenced |
·
arcis
¦[nf] ray of light, light, lustre, flame |
arciṣa
¦[m] fire |
√arc
¦[cl10pā] make praise, cause to adore |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.340] arcaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
arcayati
¦[cs.3sg]|

arj


√arj
¦[cl1p] procure, acquire; [dk.arj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.256] arjaṃ, arjane |
arjati
¦[av.3sg]|
upārjita
¦[pst.pv.p] procured, acquired, gained |
·
arjuna
¦[adj] acquire [mn] ++ |
√arj
¦[cl10.pā] make preparation ; [dk.yat] [dk.pad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.250] arjaṃ, pratiya̱tne (sa̱mpāda̍ne ca) |
arjayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

*arṇ
arṇava
  • ¦[adj] waving, undulating, agitated, foaming, restless |
  • ¦[m][agt] wave, flood, ocean, foaming sea |
    • arṇava ¦[cp]| msa

arth


√arth
¦[cl10ā] strive to obtain; contrive, scheme ; [dk.kṛ] [dk.yā] [dk.arth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.447] artha̱ṃ, upayā̱cñāyā̍m |
prārthayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg] eagerly made to be accomplished |
sāmarthya
¦[gnd] having completely accomplished |
·
artha
¦[mn] the method of a means to do something, sense, meaning, path, way or art of it, craft, skillful means, function of it, success of it, getting ahead ; (hindu puruṣārthas: dharma, artha, kāma, mokṣa ) |
  • artha ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, vsk, tps, mbk, jns
  • arthas ¦[m.n.sg]| msa, tsk, vsk, mbk
  • artham ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa, tsn, tps
  • artham ¦[a.sg]| msa, vsk, mbk, jns
  • arthān ¦[nt.a.pl]| msa
  • arthena ¦[i.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
  • arthāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa, mbk
  • arthasya ¦[g.sg]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk
  • arthānām ¦[g.pl]| mbk
  • arthe ¦[l.sg]| msa, mbk
  • arthasu ¦[l.pl]| msa
  • arthatas ¦[abl.adv]| tps
anartha
¦[n] non‐method, a method contrary to the objective |
  • anartha ¦[cp]| mbk
sārtha
  • ¦[mnfā] (being) with means, successful, significant, important |
    • sārtha ¦[cp]| msa
    • sārthāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[m]| a troop, flock, herd, group of travelers |
arthaka
¦[m][adj] meaningful |
arthatas
¦[adv] sense of, really, truly, indeed, intruth, inreality; towards a particular object | msa, vsk, mbk
arthatva
¦[n][abst] motivation, purposefulness, meeaningfulness ; economics, |
  • arthatve ¦[l.sg]| msa
arthā
¦[f] prosperity; opulence, means, substance; aim, purpose, path, way |
  • arthā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, jns
  • arthām ¦[a.sg]| msa
apārthā
¦[f] misconceived, meaningless |
  • apārthā ¦[n.sg]| tps
arthatā
¦[f] aim, purpose, pursuit, directedness |
  • arthatā ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
arthika
¦[adj] belonging to methods |
arthin
  • ¦[adj] longing, desirous, conniving |
    • arthī ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] manipulative scheming person, craving libidinous supplicant, beggar |
parārthin
  • ¦[mnfā] altruistic |
  • ¦[m] one who manipulates other people |
    • parārthinām ¦[g.pl]| msa
svārthin
  • ¦[mnfā] self seeking |
    • svārthinām ¦[g.pl]| msa
  • ¦[m] a selfish manipulative person |
vaiyarthya
¦[cf.vyartha][n] uselessness, meaningless, futility, absence of purpose |
avaiyarthya
¦[n] meaningful, useful, worthwhile, purposeful |
  • avaiyarthyād ¦[abl.sg]| msa
vyartha
¦[adj] useless, without purpose |
svārtha
¦[mnfā] self interest |
parārtha
  • ¦[adj] having another's intent |
    • parārtha ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] higher method; maithuna |
svaparārtha
¦[mnfā] for another and ones self mutually beneficial |
  • svaparārtha ¦[cp]| msa, tsn
  • svaparārthas ¦[n.sg]| msa
asamartha
¦[mnfā] dissimilar aim |
arthya
  • ¦[a.mnfā] proper, fit, suitable, appropriate ; rich ; intelligent, wise, knowing, clever |
    • arthya ¦[cp]| tsn
    • arthyāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] propriety, red chalk |
    • arthyasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
nairarthya
¦[n] meaningless nonsense |
  • nairarthya ¦[cp]| tps
sāmarthya
¦[n ] (common, same) aim, meaning, object; strength, ability, fitness |
  • sāmarthyam ¦[a.sg]| mbk

ard


√ard
¦[cl1p] go, move; [cf.cl7] implore, solicit, beg ; [lat] ardeo [eng] ardent, arduous ; [dk.gam] [dk.yāc] [dk.ard] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.57] ardaṃ, gatau̱, yāca̍ne ca |
ardati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] moves |
·
ardita
¦[pst.pv.p] moved |
√ard
¦[cl6p][rv] [en] move, be moved, be scattered (like dust) [dk.gam] |
ṛdantu
¦[cl6.imp.av.3pl] let them be moved |
√ard
¦[cl10] violently going [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.365] ardaṃ, (arda̍ṃ) hi̱ṃsāyā̍m | svari̱ted ity eke̍ |
ardayati
¦[av.3sg]|
√ard
¦[cl7p] [ved+] beg, beseech ; [lat] ardeo [en] ardent, arduous ; [dk.yāc] [dk.ard] |
ṛṇatti
¦[av.3sg] asks, begs, ardently doth beseech |
·
ardra
¦[n] in the (head of rahu) nakṣatra ardra (gemini), the orion constellation bright (vm.05̇7) (red giant) star betelguese (seed of rahu's energy) is ruled by ferocious rudra (śiva) with thunder and brings life giving moisture to earth making people more simple and emotionally child like, cleansing the mind to make the intellect afresh with a keen curiosity. |

*ardh
ardha
  • ¦[adj] halved, half |
  • ¦[n] half part; a part, a side |
    • ardha ¦[cp]| msa

*arv
arvāk,arvāc
¦[arva·√añc][adj] turned towards, coming near ; ++ |
arvāg
¦[cp]| msa

√arh
¦[cl1p] honour, worship; deserve, be worthy; [dk.pūj] pūjāyām [cl10pa] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.841] arhaṃ, pūjāyām | iti̱ dhuṣiṃ rā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍taḥ |
arhati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] honours, deserves | msa
·
anargha
¦[adj] unworthy, of no value, worthless; priceless, incalculable, inestimable [m] a false price, an overvalue |
  • anargham ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa
arha
  • ¦[pali.araha][mnfā] worthy, revered, meriting, deserving : ++ |
    • arha ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] ephitet of indra |
  • ¦[fā] worship |
arhat
¦[cf.arhan][m] a venerable perfected person (theravada) |
  • arhatas ¦[a.pl]|
  • arhatas ¦[g.sg]| tsk
arhattva
¦[n][abst] worthiness, attractiveness, dignity |
  • arhattve [l.sg]| tsk
√arh
¦[cl10pā] honour, worship ; [dk.pūj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.257] (sva̱daḥ, saka̱rmakā̍t) arhaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.367] (dhṛṣā̍dvā) arhaṃ, pū̱jāyā̍m |
arhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

al


√al
¦[cl1p] adorn; be competent; prevent ; [dk.al] [dk.bhūṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.593] alaṃ, (ala̍ṃ) bhūṣaṇa paryāpti vā̱raṇeṣu̍ | a̱yaṃ sva̍ri̱ted ity eke̍ |
alati
¦[av.3sg]|

*alp
alpa
¦[mfān] small, minute, trifling, little |
  • alpa ¦[cp]| msa
analpa
¦[adj] large, important, great |
svalpa
¦[mnfā] very small, minute |
  • svalpa ¦[cp]| msa
alpatva
¦[n] pettiness, triviality, meanness, littleness |
  • alpatvam ¦[a.sg]| mbk

av


√av
¦[cl1p] avariciously protect ; [dk.rakṣ] [dk.av] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.684] avaṃ, rakṣaṇa, gati, kānti, prīti, tṛpty, avagam; praveśa śravaṇa svāmy arthayā; ca na kriyec, ca,āādīpty, avāpty, āliṅgana, hi, ()ddhiṣu | iti̱, ma, vyā̍dayo jayati̱; varja̱m, udāttā̍, u̱dātte̍, taḥ |
avati
¦[av.3sg]|
avatu
¦[imp.3sg] must protect. must favour |
avatha
¦[av.2pl] |
aviṭha
¦[av.2pl] ye favour |
·
avi


√aś
¦[cf.√aṅś][cl5ā] attain, reach, arrive, assemble; obtain ; [dk.āp] [dk.han] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.20] aśū̱ṃ, vyā̍ptau saṅghā̱te ca̍ |
aśnute
¦[mv.3sg]|
samaśnute
¦[mv.3sg] fully attains |
·
aśaya
¦[m] lasting impression, that which remains, tendencies |
  • aśaya ¦[cp]|
  • aśayas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
āśaya
¦[m] strong tendencies |
dvyāśaya
¦[m] twenty firm tendencies |
  • dvyāśaya ¦[cp]| msa
adhyāśayatas
¦[abl.adv] from inclination, from disposition, from imagination | msa
aśin
¦[adj] reaching far, lasting long |
āśu
  • ¦[a.mnfū] attainable |
    • āśu ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] name of a sāman |
  • ¦[m][obj] a horse |
  • ¦[ind] quickly, immediately, directly |
aśva
¦[m] horse; a person of horse like sexual prowess; (cp.end) a stallion (stud) |
  • aśva ¦[cp]| msa
āśva
¦[cf.aśva]|
  • ¦[adj] horse like, equestrian |
  • ¦[n] many horses; state or action of a horse |
adhyāśayika
¦[m] unusual attitude, special pure attitude |
adhyāśayikas
¦[n.sg]| msa
sāśana
¦[m] spiritual practice, spiritual teachings |
āśa
¦[m] obtaining, reaching |
  • āśa ¦[cp]| msa
  • āśān ¦[a.pl]| msa
√aś
¦[cl9p] to taste, to eat, to consume [dk.bhuj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.59] aśaṃ, bhoja̍ne |
aśnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
prāśnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
prāśnāt
¦[prs.av.p][mn] of those who are tasting |
·
aśaya
¦[m] hungry |
aśa
¦[m] consuming |
āśin
¦[adj] eating, enjoying |

aśīti
¦[f] eighty |
aśu
¦[n] a tear |

√aṣ
¦[cf.√as][cl1pā] go around shining most generously; go, move [dk.gam]; shine [dk.dīp] ; bestow [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1030] aṣa̍ṃ, (gati dīpty ādā̱neṣu̍) ity eke̍ |
aṣati
¦[av.3sg]|

*aṣṭ
aṣṭa
¦ eight |
  • aṣṭa ¦[cp]| tps, mbk
aṣṭau
¦[mn] eight (plural) | msa
aṣṭamī
¦[f] eighth |
aṣṭi
¦[f] the number sixteen |

As


√as
¦[cf.√aṣ][cl1pā] go around shining most generously; go, move [dk.gam]; shine [dk.dīp] ; bestow [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1029] asa̍ṃ, gati dīpty ādā̱neṣu̍ |
asati
¦[av.3sg] moves; excells; bestows, shines | msa
asate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
√as
¦[cl2pā] befullness of existing; [dk.bhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.60] asaṃ, bhu̱vi |
asti
¦[av.3sg] is, exists | msa, tsn, tsk, vsk, tps, mbk, jns
stas
¦[av.3dl] those two are |
asi
¦[av.2sg] thou art |
asmi
¦[av.1sg] am I | tps, jns
santi
¦[av.3pl] they are, they exist | tps
se
¦[mv.2sg] you are |
āsat
¦[ipf.3sg] it t'was | msa
abhyāsat
¦[ipf.3sg] t'was unto being | mbk
āsan
¦[ipf.3pl] were they |
syātām
¦[opt.3dl] those two ought be |
syām
¦[opt.1sg] one ought be |
syur
¦[opt.av.3pl] they ought be, they would be | mbk
abhyasya
¦[gnd] after having practiced |
syāt
¦[ind] perhaps ; [pot.3sg] perhaps is | msa
syāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought be | msa, tsn, vsk, tps
astu
¦[imp.3sg] [ind] let it be so |
·
sat
¦[prs.av.p][mnfī] being, existing |
asat
¦[prs.av.p] unbeing, not being |
·
astitā
¦[abst.f] existfullness |
  • astitā ¦[n.sg]| tsn, tps
astitva
¦[n][abst] existence, reality, befullness |
  • astitva ¦[cp]| msa
  • astitvam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • astitvam ¦[a.sg]| vsk
svasti
¦[su.√as.ti][ind] be well, do well [nf] well being, success |
astya
¦[adj] existent |
√as
¦[cl4p] throwfullness ; [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.106] asuṃ, kṣepa̍ne |
ásyati
¦¦[av.3sg]| throws |
asyami
¦[av.1sg] throw |
abhyasyanti
¦[av.3pl] they practice, repeat, learn by repeat practice |
abhyasyate
¦[pv.3sg] is practiced repeatedly |
nirasyate
¦[pv.3sg] thrown off, driven away, cast out, expelled, | msa
abhyaset
¦[op.3sg] ought repeatedly practice |
apāsya
¦[gnd] having thrown away, having left behind |
·
asta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) refraining from, throwing |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) thrown off, cast aside |
nyasta
¦[pst.pv.p] caste down, thrown down; given up |
nirasta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] cast off, expelled |
  • ¦[n][agt] dropping, leaving out |
viparyasta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] inverted, twisted |
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] misconceived, contrary, erroneous of judgement (phil), perverse, inverted |
    • viparyasta ¦[cp]| mbk
    • viparyastā ¦[f.adj]| mbk
aviparyasta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] not convoluted |
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] uncomplicated, unconvoluted, simplified |
    • aviparyastā ¦[f.adj]| mbk
    • aviparyastas ¦[ms.n.sg]| tps
vyasta
¦[pst.pv.p] separated, taken apart; disordered; dispersed; inherent in (opp.samasta); spread, extended |
samasta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) put together; compounded (gram) |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was all pervading (phil) |
·
asta
¦[n] (setting sun) home, going home (death) [dk.gam] |
aste ¦[l.sg]| jns
samasta
¦[m] the aggregate of all parts |
asra
  • ¦[adj] throwing |
  • [m][agt] hair on the head |
samāsa
¦[m] thrown together aggregation, assemblage, aggregate accumulation |
  • samāsena ¦[i.sg]| msa
samāsatas
¦[ind] in a succinctly concise summary manner |

asthi
¦[‐̍u][n] bone ; [lat] ossis, os |

√ah
¦[cl5.p] say, speak, to express ; [dk.āp] [dk.bhaṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.29] ahaṃ, vyā̍ptau |
āha
¦[prf.3sg] did say, twas said |

ahaṅkāra
¦[m] egoic self |
nirahaṅkāra
¦[m] selfless nature |

Ā


*ātm
pratyātma
¦[m] towards the soul |
svātmatas
¦[abl.adv] from one's self nature | msa
ātmaka
¦[mn.adj] forming the nature thereof, composed of, consisting of |
  • ātmakaḥ ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, jns
  • ātmakam ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa, tsn, tsk, mbk
  • ātmakānām ¦[g.pl]| msa
nirātmaka
¦[adj] having no unique existence, with out self, egoless |
  • nirātmakān ¦[a.pl]| tps, jns
nairātmya
¦[n] selflessness, egolessness, insubstantiality |
  • nairātmya ¦[cp]| msa, vsk
  • nairātmyam ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
  • nairātmyam ¦[a.sg]|
ātmatā
¦[f] core essentialness, (essence) |
  • ātmatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • ātmatām ¦[a.sg]| msa

the twelve ātmatās :

  • audārya paramatā
  • āyatatva paramatā
  • adhikāra paramatā
  • akṣayatva paramatā
  • nairantarya paramatā
  • akṛcchratva paramatā
  • vittatva paramatā (vibhūtva)
  • parigraha paramatā
  • ārambha paramatā
  • pratilambha paramatā
  • niṣyanda paramatā
  • niṣpatti paramatā
samātmatā
¦[f] quintessence, full nature |
sātmatā
¦[f] with spirit, with essentialness; commonality of essence |
ātmana
¦[adj] most soulful |
ātman
¦[m] soul, self, ego, persona ; an entity, essence, nature, trait, quality |
  • ātma ¦[cp]| msa, tsk, tps, mbk
  • ātmā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, jns
  • ātmānam ¦[a.sg]| tps, jns
  • ātmanā ¦[i.sg]| msa, tsn, vsk
  • ātmanas ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • ātmanas ¦[g.sg]| msa
  • ātmani ¦[l.sg]| msa
anātman
¦[m] non-soul, non-self, without essence |
  • anātma ¦[cp.anātmān] soulless, without self |
durātmān
¦[m] wicked soul |
parātman
¦[m] higher soul (non incarnate) |
svaparātman
¦[m] self identity with soul, self identity with ego |
pratyātmam
¦[ind] for every soul, to every soul, singly | msa
svātman
¦[m] the self soul |
  • svātma ¦[cp][m] one's self |
  • svātmani ¦[l.sg]| msa
māhātmī
¦[cp.ātmān] great soul |
ātmīkṛ
¦[f] making ones own |
svamātmān
¦[m] one's own self |
ātmatā
¦[f]| mbk
ātmānā
¦[adj] spontaneously |
sātman
¦[adj] united with soul or spirit |
sātma
¦[m] united with soul spirit (cp form)|
sātmī
¦[f] united with soul spirit (cp form)|
ātmanīya
¦[adj] one's own |
ātmika
¦[m][dmn] (self essence, basis of self)|
ātmikā
¦[f][dmn] having a nature like; consisting of |
  • ātmikā ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
  • ātmikām ¦[a,sg]| msa, tsn
ādhyātmika
¦[mnfāī][dmn] spiritual, holy; relating to self soul or supreme spirit |
mahātmikā
¦[f] great spirit natured |
  • mahātmikā ¦[n.sg]| msa
adhyātma
  • ¦[adj] own, belonging to self |
  • ¦[n] the supreme spirit, highest self |
    • adhyātma ¦[cp]| msa
    • adhyātmam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
    • adhyātmam ¦[a.sg]|
ātmīya
¦[adj] soulful |
ātmya
¦[adj] belonging to one's self, personal; soulful; [cp.bk] having nature of |
adhyātma
  • ¦[n][act][adj] own, belonging to self |
  • ¦[n][agt] the higher spiritual self, highest soul, supreme spirit; an inner body sensory ritual |
daurātmya
¦[n] wicked souled depravity |
nairātmya
  • ¦[a.mnfā] without self existence (svabhava), selfless, soulless |
    • nairātmyān ¦[ms.a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[fā][obj] consort of hevajra |

*ād
ādi
  • ¦[adj] first, prior, foremost |
    • ādayas ¦[m.n.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
    • ādis ¦[f.n.sg]| msa
    • ādyair ¦[mn.i.pl] (ādibhis) | jns
  • ¦[m] foremostly (can head a set of things), commencement, primarily, beginning, firstling, origin |
    • ādi ¦[cp]| tsk, vsk, jns
    • ādayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • ādibhis ¦[i.pl]| msa
    • ādau ¦[l.sg]| msa, vsk
    • ādiṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa
anādi
¦[adj] without beginning, eternal, perpetual; secondary, not primarily, not formostly |
ādika
  • ¦(cf.ādi)[adj] first; commencing, early, initial |
    • ādikā ¦[f.n.sg]| vsk
  • ¦[m] commencement |
āditas
¦[abl.adv] from the first, from the beginning |
anāditas
¦[abl.adv] (not from) the commencement, the beginning, the first | msa
āditya
¦[m] the sun as diety (surya) divided by twelve aspects (months) |
  • āditya ¦[cp]| msa
ādivat
¦[n] foremostly like |
  • ādivat ¦[cp]| tsk
ādau
¦[ind][m] at first, firstly, in the beginning |
ādya
  • ¦[adj] first, preceding, foremost, foremostly |
    • ādya ¦[cp]| vsk
    • ādyās ¦[m.n.sg]| tsk
    • ādyam ¦[nt.a.sg] tsn |
    • ādyais ¦[i.pl]| tsk
  • ¦[n][agt] beginning |
ādyanta
  • ¦[adj] beginning and ending with |
  • ¦[n][agt] beginning and end |
ādyā
¦[f] ādyā śakti, a formless state beyond all duality and gender (advaita, śākta); kālī mahāvidyā, consort of śiva |

āp


√āp
¦[cl5pā] grasping to obtain [dk.āp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.16] ā̱pḷṃ, vyā̍ptau |
āpnóti
¦[av.3sg] obtains |
avāpnoti
¦[av.3sg] holding down, reach, attain, get |
avāpnute
¦[mv.3sg] holds down, attains, reaches, grasps | msa
prāp
prāpnoti
¦[av.3sg] firmly grasps | msa, tsn
samprāpnoti
¦[av.3sg] fully to obtain |
prāpnute
¦[mv.3sg] attains, obtains, reaches |
samāpnute
¦[mv.3sg] to obtain completely, to accomplish | tps
prāpnuvanti
¦[av.3pl] they strongly grasp | msa
prāpayiṣyati
¦[ft.cs.3sg] (shalt be caused) to attain, to obtain |
prāpsyate
¦[ft.mv.3sg] shall obtain |
prāpsyāmi
¦[ft.av.1sg] I shall obtain |
prāpyate
¦[pv.3sg] grasped, obtained |
avāpya
¦[gnd] having attained |
prāpya
¦[gnd] having attained, having obtained |
aprāpya
¦[gnd] (having) not obtained | msa
samprāpya
¦[gnd] having been fully accomplished |
āpnuyāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought obtain, ought grasp |
prāpnuyāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] (ought to) obtain, attain |
āptum
¦[inf] (to) obtain, attain, grasp | msa
·
āpya
¦[fut.pv.p] will obtain, shall take |
āpta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was grasped |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was taking, grasping |
avāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was reached [pst.av.p] was obtaining |
prāpta
¦[prāpta̍]|
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was firmly) grasping, firmly taking |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was firmly) grasped, arrived, obtained, brought forth |
    • prāpta ¦[cp]| tps
    • prāptā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
aprāpta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unarrived, unattained, unobtained, unaccomplished |
    • aprāpta ¦[cp]| tps
  • ¦[pst.av.p| (was) not resulting (from a rule) |
aparyāprāpta
¦[a̩pa̍ryā͈prāpta̍][pst.av.p] not about fully first attaining |
samāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was completely obtained; finished, concluded, ended |
samprāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was completely obtained |
asamprāpta
¦[pst.pv.p] was not completely obtained, was unobtained |
·
āpana
  • ¦[n][act] obtaining, reaching |
  • ¦[n][agt] pepper |
āpāna
¦[n][act][adj] reaching, obtaining |
āpti
¦[f] acquired, accomplished, perfected, abundance |
  • āpti ¦[cp]| tps
  • āptis ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
  • āptaye ¦[d.sg]| mbk
  • āptes ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • āptes ¦[g.sg]|
  • āptau ¦[l.sg]| tps
avāpti
¦[f] obtaining, getting |
  • avāptis ¦[n.sg]| msa
paryāpta
¦[adj] abundant; adequate, complete; extensive; willingly |
prāpti
  • ¦[f][act] attaining to, acquiring, obtaining, reaching, meeting with, arrival at, entering, pervading |
    • prāpti ¦[cp]| mbk
    • prāptis ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, mbk
    • prāptau ¦[l.sg]| tps
  • ¦[f][agt] acquistion, gain, success, discovery, determination, conjecture, validity, occurence |
aprāpti
¦[f] unattaining |
  • aprāptes ¦[g.sg]| tps
āprāpti
¦[f] well attaining |
  • āprāptaye ¦[d.sg]| tps
samprāpti
¦[f] (completely) acquiring, holding |
  • samprāpti ¦[cp]| mbk
  • samprāptis ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • samprāptau ¦[l.sg]| mbk
samāpti
¦[adv][f] (fully) realized, (complete) accomplishment |
  • samāpti ¦[adv]| mbk
vyāpāra
¦[m] doing, performance, a profession |
vyāpitva
¦[n][abst] an all pervaded graspedness |
vyāpin
  • ¦[adj] diffusive, comprehensive |
  • ¦[m(-pī)] pervading property or power |
vyāpina
¦[n] all pervading, all obtaining |
vyāpinam
¦[n.sg]| jns

āyus
¦[n] life, vitality, longevity |

√ār
¦[cl3p][cl5p] obtain, fall into, inflict |
eyarti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
ārṇoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
·
ārta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] afflicted, pained |
  • ¦[n][act][mnfā] suffering |
  • ¦[n][agt] affliction, malady |
    • ārtais ¦[i.pl]| msa
·

ās

√ās
¦[cl2a] sit, establish [dk.viś]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.11] āsa̱ṃ, u̱paveśa̍ne |
āste
¦[mv.3sg]|
upāsīta
¦[opt.av.3sg] one ought sit reverently near |
āstām
¦[imp.av.3sg] must sit |
·
adhyāsita
¦[pst.av.p] sitting over and above |
upāsita
¦[pst.pv.p] served, honored, worshiped, |
sūpāsita
¦[pst.pv.p] well honored, well served |
  • sūpāsita ¦[cp]| msa
·
āsana
  • ¦[n][act] sitting |
  • ¦[n][agt] any position in hatha yoga |
anāsana
¦[m] lack of āsana, without yoga practice |
upāsana
¦[n] focused attention on one point for insight |
  • upāsanāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
āsyā
  • ¦[adj] complete, fulfilled, accomplished |
    • āsya ¦[cp]| msa, tps
  • ¦[f]{obj] calm abiding; sitting |
paryupāsya
¦[mnfā] to be worshiped or served |
abhyāsa
¦[m] diligent effort, repeated practice (rounds)(sets), repeated study, continuous learning ; a yoga practice that balances effort and dispassion |
  • abhyāsas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • abhyāsāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
viparyāsa
¦[m] errorful delusion, misapprehension; ++ |
  • viparyāsa ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
  • viparyāsān ¦[a.pl]| mbk
aviparyāsa
¦[m] non‐misapprehension, correct comprehension |
  • aviparyāsa ¦[cp]| mbk
  • aviparyāsas ¦[n.sg]| mbk

āḥ
¦ bija seed syllable of the karma nātha and vāyu maṇḍala and yellow and yāma and amoghasiddhi and throat cakra |

I


i


√i√ī√ay
¦[cl2pā][cl1ā] go (iṇ) ; [dk.gam] [dk.i] ; go having remembered (ik) [dk.smṛ] ; focus the mind upon, learn (iṅ) [dk.i] [dk.gam] ; |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.40][cl2p] i̱ṇ, gatau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.41][cl2ā] i̱ṅ, a̱dhyaya̍ne | nity̱am adhi̍pūrvaḥ | adhyayana
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.42][cl2p] i̱k, smara̍ṇe | a̱yam apy adhi̍pūrvaḥ |
eti
¦[cl2.av.3sg] he, she, it goes | msa
abhyeti
¦[av.3sg] goes toward, approaches | msa
udeti
¦[av.3sg] goes up, arises |
samudeti
¦[av.3sg] rise up together |
vyeti
¦[av.3sg] follow, join in; going off; dissipate, separate, disperse; decline | msa
avaiti
¦[av.3sg] goes down |
upaiti
¦[av.3sg] goes near to, goes on | msa
samupaiti
¦[av.3sg] very near goes | msa
yánti
¦[cl2av.3pl] they go |
iyāt
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought go |
ayate
¦[cl1.av.3sg] goes (focused upon)| msa
ayante
¦[cl1.mv.3pl](iṇ) they are brought |
pratīyate
¦[pv.3sg] go towards |
pratītya
¦[gnd] (having) gone against, gone contrarily, opposition; having gone toward; having chaotically moved around; having disjunctive motion; (becomes the oneness of the 'uni'verse conjunctively) | msa, mmk, jns
apratītya
¦[gnd] (having) not gone contrary wise, not gone against |
etya
¦[gnd][a·itya] (having) approached, come to, gone to, come near | msa
upetya
¦[gnd] having gone near to, | msa
pretya
¦[gnd] having departed, having gone forth |
·
ita
¦[pst.ap] going, [pst.pv.p] gone |
atīta
  • ¦[pali]|
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] gone by, gone beyond, passed over |
    • atītā ¦[mf.n.pl]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] the past, dead, transmigration |
    • atītam ¦[n.sg]| tps
  • ¦[m][agt] a certain śaiva sect (wander about) |
anvita
¦(anu·√i)[pst.pv.p] (was) followed, going along with, endowed with, connected with, understood |
  • anvitam ¦[a.sg]| tsk
anvita
¦[m][agt] a follower, one who goes along with |
  • anvitās ¦[n.pl]| tps
samanvita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] fully understood, fully connected together |
    • samanvitau ¦[ms.n.dl]| msa
    • samanvitau ¦[ms.a.dl]|
  • ¦[pst.av.p] fully understanding, with going together, connected together; possessing |
    • samanvitas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
viparīta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] turned round, reversed, inverted; adverse |
  • ¦[mnfā] being contrary, opposite, different, divergent, reverse, false, untrue |
aviparīta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] unconvoluted, not turned around, unreversed, not inverted |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] conforming |
  • ¦[mnfā] auspicious; ++ |
    • aviparīta ¦[cp]| msa
samviparīta
¦[pst.pv.p] lowly degraded [adj] totally contrarian, adverse, inauspicious, |
udita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was raised up |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) rising up, going up |
  • ¦[adj] arises |
    • uditas ¦[n.sg]| msa
samudita
  • ¦[pali]|
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] arisen |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] arising |
samita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] gathered together |
  • ¦[mnfā][act] united, joined |
    • samitaiḥ ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • ¦[mnfā][agt] equal in measure |
apeta
¦[pst.pv.p] departed, escaped, fled, deceased |
vyapeta
¦[pst.pv.p] separated, vanished, transcended |
  • vyapetam ¦[a.sg]| msa
upeta
  • ¦[pali][pst.pv.p] endowed with, possessed of, furnished with, undertaken, approached, obtained, arrived at |
    • upetas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[a.mnfā] gone to, come to, existing, possessed of, |
samupeta
¦[mnfā.adj] endowed with, abounding in, fully arrived at |
samupetatā
¦[f][abst] endowment, natural ability, integrity |
  • samupetatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
sameta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] coming together |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] combined together |
susameta
¦[pst.pv.p] combined well together |
āpāyikāns
¦[prf.av.p] having had a birth to a state of misery | msa
eya
¦[mnfā][fut.pv.p] shall be coming, shall be going |
  • eyās ¦[n.pl]| msa
·
nyaya
¦[n] go down, decay, destruction, entropy |
aya
¦[m] going, moving, walk |
  • ayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ayās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • aye ¦[l.sg]| msa
anvaya
¦[m] following, succession, connection, association, order of things, |
  • anvayās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • anvayān ¦[a.pl]| msa
samanvaya
¦[m] complete natural association, full natural order of things |
  • samanvaye ¦[l.sg]| msa
anvayatva
¦[n][abst] logicalness, rationalness |
  • anvayatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
anvayā
¦[f] logical agreement |
  • anvayā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • anvayām ¦[a.sg]| msa
apāya
¦[m] going away, departure ; destruction, death ; injury ; misfortune, calamity |
  • apāyāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
āpāya
¦[pali][cf.apāya][m] calamity, annihilation, death, misfortune, danger, harm, going astray, four miserable states of existence |
four lower states of existence :
  • paśu realm
  • preta realm
  • asura realm
  • niraya realm (hell)
āpāyika
¦[pali][adj] one existing in a realm of misery, |
udaya
¦[m] going up, uplifting, rising up, arising, manifesting |
  • udaya ¦[cp]| msa
  • udayas ¦[n.sg]| msa, jns
  • udayāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • udaye ¦[l.sg]| msa
abhyudaya
¦[m] beginning, commencing, arising |
  • abhyudayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • abhyudaye ¦[l.sg]| msa
samudaya
¦[m] fully rising up, completely manifesting, |
udayā
¦[pali][f] upliftment |
  • udayā ¦[n.sg]| msa
upāya
  • ¦[m] expedient means, an approach, by strategy, |
    • upāya ¦[cp]| msa
pratyaya
¦[pali.paccaya][m] an auxiliary indirect cause, secondary cause of a vasana mental seed to ripen, causality in general ; ++ |
  • pratyaya ¦[cp]| msa
  • pratyayair ¦[i.pl]| msa
four pratyayas : (abhidharmakośa)
  • hetu pratyaya ‐ direct cause
  • samanantara pratyaya ‐ preceding cause (in a chain)
  • ālambana pratyaya ‐ object as cause
  • adhipati pratyaya ‐ all controlling universal co·dependent cause (all other causes than the above)
viparyaya
  • ¦adj.mnfā] reversed, inverted, contrary to |
    • viparyayā ¦[fā]| mbk
  • ¦[m] frantic going all about, constantly changing motion in a contrary reversal; transformation; calamity |
    • viparyayāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
aviparyaya
¦[m] non existence of contrariety, lack of contradiction, without contradiction |
  • aviparyayas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
vyaya
  • ¦[adj] passing away, mutable, changeable |
    • vyayas ¦[m.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] cessation, decay, ruin; ++ |
    • vyaya ¦[cp]| mbk
    • vyayam ¦[a.sg]| msa
avyaya
  • ¦[adj] unchangeable, immutable |
  • ¦[m] without decay |
āya
¦[m][act] arrival, approach ; ++ |
āyati‐āyatī
¦[f] extending out |
  • āyatyām ¦[l.sg]| msa
adhyayana
¦[n][act] very much going |
apāyana
¦[n] falling away (from good conduct), |
  • apāyana ¦[cp]| msa
  • apāyanam ¦[n.sg]|
  • apāyanam ¦[a.sg]| msa
ayanika
¦[adj] going a bit |
apāya
¦[m] going away, vanishing, departure, destruction, calamity, misfortune, injury, loss ++ |
  • apāya ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
  • apāyāya ¦[d.sg]| mbk
upāya
¦[m] expedient means, skillful means (four upāyas) |
  • upāya ¦[cp]| msa, tps, jns
  • upāyas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
anupāya
¦[m] unskilled means |
  • anupāyatas ¦[abl.adv]| msa
four upāyas (hindu) :
sāmopāya
¦[m] gentle words for winning an adversary, conciliation, negotiation |
dānopāya
¦[m]|
bhedopāya
¦[m]|
daṇḍopāya
¦[m]|
paryāya
¦[m] the coming around, the going around, the cycling |
  • paryāya ¦[cp]| mbk
  • paryāyas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • paryāyās ¦[n.pl]| mbk
prāya
¦[m] fasting unto death; stage of life or age; chief prominent part (pra aya-going forth) |
abhiprāya
¦[pali.adhippāya,intention][m] difference, towards divisioned parts |
  • abhiprāya ¦[cp]| vsk
sahāya
¦[m] companion, follower, friend, comrade, patron |
  • sahāyais ¦[i.pl]| msa
upāyaka
¦[m] related to means or method |
upāyatā
¦[f][abst] skillful expedience |
  • upāyatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
upāyatva
¦[n][abst] expedience, state of skillful means |
anupāyatva
¦[n][abst] state of lacking skillful means, non·expedience |
  • anupāyatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
upāyāsā
¦[f] despair |
pratīti
¦[f] (going towards) clear insight, apprehension, conviction; delight, respect, trust |
avyaya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] thrifty, parsimonious; unchanging, imperishable |
  • ¦[n][agt] essential element of a body |
  • ¦[m](obj) name for viṣṇu or śiva ; ++ |
pratyaya
¦[m] presupposition, fundamental idea, conviction, conjecture, apprehension, condition |
  • pratyaya ¦[cp]| tsn, tsk, mbk
  • pratyayam ¦[a.sg]| tsk
nāgārjuna:
  • hetu pratyaya
  • ālambana pratyaya
  • anantaram pratyaya
  • adhipati pratyaya
apratyaya
¦[m] non-assumption |
aparapratyaya
¦[m] an assumption not dependent on another person |
āpratyaya
¦[m] firm presumption |
svapratyaya
¦[m] self·conjectured presupposition, self contrived opinion |
  • svapratyayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
pratyayavat
¦[psv.adj] possessing a presupposition |
apratyayavat
¦[psv.adj] having no presupposition, causeless |
mahāniraya
¦[m] an unhappy hell realm, naraka |
samaya
  • ¦[m] an agreement, sacramental vow (☞hevajra); |
  • ¦[m] coming together, assembly, meeting place |
    • samayam ¦[a.sg]| msa
abhisamaya
¦[m] clear understanding, intuition (buddh), agreement |
  • abhisamayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
samayin
¦[m] sectarian religionist |
  • samayī ¦[n.sg]| jns
antarāyika
¦[n] an obstacle; going within; going between |
upāyikā
¦[cf.upāya][f] method, means, way (abhidharmakośa-upāyikā) |
eti
¦[f] arrival, approach |
  • etis ¦[n.sg]| vsk
√i√in√inv
¦[cl5] send |
ino̍ti
¦[av.3sg] sends |
·
ina
  • ¦[mnfā] able strong energetic powerful determined |
  • ¦[m] a lord, master, king, the sun |
adhīna
¦[pali][adj] dependent, depending on, subservient to, subjugated, dependent on circumstances |
  • adhīna ¦[cp]| tsn

*it
itara
¦[a.mnfā] other, different from |
  • itarā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa

√ind
¦[cl1p] empower [dk.īś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.65] idiṃ, paramaiśv̱arye |
indati
¦[av.3sg] empowers |
·
parīndanā
¦[f][abst] empowerment, entrustment |
  • parīndanā ¦[n.sg]| tps
indra
¦[m] heroic atmospheric deity; a heroic leader |
  • indra ¦[cp]| msa
indu
¦[m] moon; time of moonlight; soma |
indriya
¦[n] organ of sense; faculty of sense |
  • indriya ¦[cp]| msa
  • indriyāṇi ¦[n.pl]| mbk
  • indriyāṇi ¦[a.pl]|

idh


√indh√idh
¦[cl1ā][cl7ā] blaze resplendently, enkindle, inflame, ignite; [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.11] i̱ndhīṃ, dīptau̍ | u̱dātto 'nu̍dāttet || |
indháte
¦[cl1.mv.3sg] enkindles |
inddhé
¦[cl7.mv.3sg] enflames |
idhyatām
¦[cl7.imp.pv.3sg] must be enkindled |
idhyamāna
¦[cl1.mn.ppp] made to inflame; emblazoned |
·
indhana
  • ¦[n][act] lighting |
  • ¦[n][agt] the material thereof, wood, straw |
indhanavat
¦[n]|

√iras
¦[cl4p] have enmity, be hostile ; [lat] īra ; [dk.krudh] |
irasyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
iras
  • ¦[n][agt] hostility |
    • iras ¦[a.sg]| jns

√iṣ
¦[cl1p] [cl4p] move with quick impelling forcefulness; to impel, incite, animate; proclaim, promote [dk.iṣ] [gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.22] iṣaṃ, gatau̍ |
eṣati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
iṣyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]¦ strongly discharges, promotes, impels |
iṣyate
¦[cl4.pv3sg] promoted, advocated, impelled, forced |
√iṣ
¦[cl9p] move with continued frequent repetition ; [dk.īkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.61] iṣaṃ, ābhī̍kṣṇaye |
iṣṇāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg] moves fervently |

iṣ


√iṣ,√ich
¦[cl6p] fervent seeking, desire ; [rus] isk ; [dk.iṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.78] iṣaṃ, (iṣuṃ) i̱ccāyā̍m |
icchati
¦[av.3sg] fervently desires |
icchanti
¦[av.3pl] they endeavour, strive to obtain |
icchasi
¦[av.2sg] you desire |
icchet
¦[op.av.3sg] ought desire or seek |
iṣyate
¦[pv.3sg] (be) sought after, desired | msa, tsn, vsk, mbk
anviṣyate
¦[pv.3sg] is sought after |
adhyeṣayīta
¦[opt.mv.3sg] ought be fervently sought (solicited for instruction ??) |
·
icchat
¦[prs.av.p][mn] desiring |
iṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) desired, wished for, sought for |
    • iṣṭa ¦[cp]| mbk
    • iṣṭam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) seeking, desiring |
    • iṣtā ¦[fā.n.sg] seeking | tsn
  • ¦[n][act][adj] desirable, agreeable, cherished, reverenced, desiring, coveting |
    • iṣṭas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn
    • iṣṭam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] desire |
    • iṣṭam ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • iṣṭam ¦[a.sg]|
  • ¦[m][agt] wish, desire, the partner in a relationship ; plant: ricinus communis |
aniṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) undesired, unwished |
    • aniṣṭa ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[n][act][adj] unfavourable, undesirable |
  • ¦[n][agt] misfortune |
  • ¦[m][agt]| an unfavoured one |
  • ¦[f][obj] plant: sida alba |
veṣṭa
¦[pst.av.p] (vi) without desiring; increased desiring |
eṣṭavya
¦[grndv] shall be sought after |
  • eṣṭavyas ¦[ms.n.sg]| tsn
·
ikṣu
¦[m] sugar cane |
icchaka
  • ¦[mnfā] wishing, desirous |
  • ¦[m] plant: citron, sum total sought after (math) |
pratīcchaka
¦[m] one who receives a desire |
  • pratīcchakas ¦[n.sg]| msa
icchatā
¦[f] desire, wishfulness |
iccha
¦[pali][adj] wishing, longing |
icchā
¦[pali][f][agt] wish, desire, longing, inclination |
  • icchā ¦[n.sg]| msa
svecchā
¦[f] one's own desire, personal wish, self desire |
sveccha
¦[cp]|
iṣṭakā
¦[f] a brick; the sacrificial brick for an alter |
iṣṭatara
¦[adj] higher grasping desire |
iṣṭatā
¦[f][abst] desirableness, state of reverence |
  • iṣṭatām ¦[a.sg]| msa
iṣṭha
¦[mnfā] intent upon, devoted to, faith in ; ++ |
  • iṣṭha ¦[cp]| msa
iṣṭhā
¦[f] intentness, completion, limit, end ; ++ |
eṣa
  • ¦[adj] seeking |
    • etāni ¦[n.pl]|
    • etāni ¦[a.pl]| tps
  • ¦[m] looking for, seeking |
eṣaṇa
  • ¦[mnfā] seeking for, desiring |
    • eṣaṇa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] iron arrow, goldsmith's scale |
  • ¦[n][act] seeking, begging, solicitation |
  • ¦[n][agt] medical examination |
  • ¦[fā] impulse, ardent desire |
  • ¦[fī] iron probe, goldsmith's scale |
anueṣaṇa
¦[adj] searching |
adhyeṣaṇa
¦[n][act] soliciting (instruction) |
eṣā
¦[f] wish, desire |
  • eṣām ¦[a.sg]| msa
eṣti
  • ¦[f][act] searching |
  • ¦[f][agt] inquiry |
    • eṣtau ¦[l.sg]|

Ī


√ī
¦[cl4ā] go [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.38] ī̱ṅ, gatau̍ |
īyate
¦[mv.3sg]|

īkṣ


√īkṣ
¦[cl1ā] regardfulness of looking [dk.dṛś] [dk.īkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.694] īkṣa̱ṃ, darśa̍ne |
īkṣate
¦[mv.3sg] gazes in mental reflection |
abhyudīkṣate
¦[mv.3sg] look up towards | msa
nirīkṣate
¦[mv.3sg] unsees, unobserves, unconsiders | msa
vīkṣate
¦[mv.3sg]| look at, behold |
apekṣate
¦[mv.3sg] beholds, regards, considers |
·
apekṣata
¦[pst.pv.p] considered |
apekṣya
¦[apaeīkṣ] [ft.pv.p][mnfā] shall be regarded, shall be contingent |
anapekṣya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) disregarded |
nirīkṣya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) unseen, unconsidered |
parīkṣya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) verified, tested |
parīkṣyam
¦[adj]| tps
vīkṣya
¦[gnd] having observed | msa
apekṣitavya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] shall be regarded |
·
īkṣa
  • ¦[n][act] seeing, looking |
  • ¦[n][agt] object being seen |
anīkṣā
¦[f] invisible, unseen |
  • anīkṣā ¦[n.sg]| vsk
upekṣā
¦[f] equanimity, neutrality, overlooking, disregard, indifference |
  • upekṣā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsk
samupekṣā
¦[f] complete equanimity, total indifference |
  • samupekṣayos ¦[gn.dl]| mbk
  • samupekṣayos ¦[loc.dl]|
upekṣātas
¦[abl.adv] (from) equanimity | msa
pratyavekṣā
¦[fā] continuous discernment, one of four types of knowledge of a buddha (catur vidha) ; regard, care, attention |
  • pratyavekṣāyām ¦[l.sg]| msa
sampratīkṣa
  • sampratīkṣa ¦[ind] look out for, await, expect |
  • sampratīkṣa ¦[mnfā] expecting |
  • sampratīkṣā ¦[f] expectation ; in the right way regarding |
    • sampratīkṣā ¦[n.sg]| msa
pratyakṣa
  • ¦[adv] before the eyes | msa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] before the eyes, visible, perceptible |
  • ¦[n][agt] direct perception |
vipratyakṣa
¦[adj] visibly manifest [n] increasing pramāṇa of direct perception |
apekṣā
¦[f] contingence, relative dependence, cause-effect connection (buddh); regard, attention, consideration |
anapekṣa
¦[mnfā] disregard, indifference |
  • anapekṣas ¦[mn.n.sg]| msa
nirapekṣa
¦[mnfā] disregard, indifference, unnoticed |
nirapekṣatva
¦[n][abst] indifference, regardlessness |
parīkṣā
¦[f] investigation, test |
parokṣa
¦[adj] beyond seeing, out of sight [m] an ascetic [n] absence, invisibility |
īkṣaka
¦[m] observer, beholder |
aparīkṣaka
¦[adj] presumptuous, unexamined, unquestioned, being of an unquestioning nature |
  • aparīkṣaka ¦[cp]|msa
īkṣaṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] regarding, looking, seeing |
  • ¦[n][agt] the eye, look, view, aspect |
īkṣaṇā
¦[f][abst] observation |
  • īkṣanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
parīkṣaṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] trying, testing |
  • ¦[n][agt] experiment, investigation, inspection |
    • parīkṣaṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
pratyavekṣaṇa
  • ¦[n][act] looking after |
  • ¦[n][agt] care, attention |
pratyavekṣaṇā
¦[fā] investigative awareness penetrating knowledge (buddh) |
pratyavekṣaṇaka
  • ¦[mnfikā][diminutive] general small discernment |
    • pratyavekṣaṇakam ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[adj] (all around) discerning, investigating |
īkṣikā
  • ¦[f][act] glance, look |
  • ¦[f][agt] the eye |
    • īkṣikā ¦[n.sg]| msa
prekṣaṇīya
¦[adj] to be visibly seen, sightly, beautiful [n] a show or spectacle |
prekṣāvat
¦[adj] circumspect, deliberate, prudent |
prekṣāvant
¦[adj] considerate, wise |
ābhīkṣṇa
¦[adj] repeated, frequent [n] continued repetition (ā-abhīkṣṇa) |
ābhīkṣṇaya
¦[n] continued frequent repetition ¦
ābhīkṣṇya
¦[n][tib.yang yang] [eng.again and again] |
  • ābhīkṣṇyāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa

īḍā
¦[f] a secondary nādī (opp:piṅgalā) ; ++ |
īpa
samīpa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] near (time or place), contiguous, adjacent, imminent |
  • ¦[n][agt] nearness, proximity, vicinity |

īps


√īps
¦(desid. of √āp)[cl1pa] wish to obtain, desire, long for [dk.āp][dk.īps] |
īpsati
¦[av.3sg]|
īpsate
¦[mv.3sg]|
īpsita
¦[pst.av.p] obtaining |
·
īpsu
¦[adj] (to obtain) striving, wishing, desirous of, craving, grasping at |
abhīpsu
¦[adj] desiring |
  • abhīpsubhis ¦[mn.i.pl]| jns

īr


√īr
¦[cl2ā] goes atrembling, moves ashaken, rises up shaking ; [dk.gam] [dk.kamp] [dk.īr] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.8] ī̱raṃ, gatau, kampa̍ne ca |
prerte
¦[cl2.mv.3sg]|
preryyate
¦[cl2.pv.3sg] tis moved |
udīryate
¦[cl2.pv.3sg] is risen up trembling |
udīrayet
¦[cl2.cs.opt.3sg] one ought speak out with emotion | jns
īrita
¦[pst.av.p] was going |
prerita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was forth) urged, impelled, turned |
·
udīrṇa
¦[adj] roused, excited, haughty |
samīra
¦[m] air, breeze, wind; breath, moving the pranic vital air |
samīraṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] impelling, stimulating |
  • ¦[n][agt] setting in motion, hurling |
  • ¦[m][agt] breeze, wind, breath of the body; one of the pranic breaths; the air element |
preraka
  • ¦[adj] impelling, coming forth, arising, manifesting, appearing |
  • ¦[m] instigator, stimulator |
    • prerakās ¦[n.pl]| mbk
√īr
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) agitate, excite, throw, caste ; [dk.īr] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.342] īraṃ, kṣepe̍ |

īrṣy


√īrṣy
¦[cl1p] envious ; [dk.īrṣy] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.588] ī̱rṣyaṃ, īrṣyaāarthāḥ̍ |
īrṣyati
¦[av.3sg] envious, jealous |
·
īrṣyā
¦[f] envy, jealousy, one of the forms of mātsarya (buddh envy) |
  • īrṣyā ¦[n,sg]| tsk

īś


√īś
¦[cl2a] to exist in an elegant lordly manner; be accomplished, be masterful [dk.īś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.10] īś̱aṃ, aiśva̍rye |
īṣṭe
¦[cl2.mv.3sg]|
·
īśa
¦[m] sovereign, lord, chief |
īṣva
¦[m] teacher, spiritual leader, spiritual teacher, guru |
īṣva
¦[cp]| msa
īśvara
  • ¦[mnfā] able to, capable of |
  • ¦[mfī] master, lord, mentress ; king, queen, prince |
  • ¦[m] supreme being, supreme soul, śiva, |
    • īśvara ¦[cp]| msa
īśvarya
¦[adj] guiding |
īṣvarya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] masterful |
  • ¦[n][abst][agt divine soulfulness |
  • ¦[mn] of the divine empowered essence |
aiśvarya
¦[n] sovereignty, dominion; paranormal siddhi mastery, the siddhi group (8); masterful, the state of being supreme and lordly |
  • aiśvaryasya ¦[g.sg]| mbk
  • aiśvarye ¦[l.sg]| msa

√īh
¦[cl1ā] endevour, be eager to do, make an effort [dk.ceṣṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.719] īha̱ṃ, ce̱ṣṭāyā̍m |
īhate
¦[mv.3sg] is eager |
·
samīhita
¦[pst.av.p] totally striving |
īha
  • ¦[m][agt] the attempt |
    • īha ¦[v.sg]| tps, jns
  • ¦[fā][abst] effort, exertion |

U


√ukṣ
¦[see cf.√vakṣ]|

√ugr
¦[<ogra] [cf.gras] [cl10pā] fiercely harm with sadistic pleasure ; [dk.av] [dk.vaj] |
ugrayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ugra
  • ¦[adj] powerful, violent, formidable, impetuous, savage, passionate, wrathful ; ++ |
    • ugra ¦[cp]| msa
    • ugram ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n] wrath, anger |
    • ugram ¦[n.sg]|
    • ugram ¦[a.sg]|
  • ¦[m] ugra of the ugraparipṛcchā sūtra (buddh), land of malabar, ephitet of various beiings, a fallen cast designation ; ++ |
ugrasa
¦[adj] strong smelling, strong |
ogra
[mfī] an ogra ([en.ogre]) of huge formidable proportions. A most terrible, high noble savage, fierce, passionate and wrathful, by nature. Epithet of rudra, and thus śiva; A mixed caste, kṣatriya and śudra, (ogra) person, is of low, vile nature, both crude and rude (krūra), employed for killing snakes and the like. The tantras define an ogra as a bardish singer of eulogies. |
√uc
¦[cl4p] be pleased or want, like, take pleasure in, suitable, fitting ; [dk.av] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.135] ucaṃ, samavā̱ye |
ucyati
¦[av.3sg]|
ucyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
nirucyate
¦[mv.3sg] unsatisfied, unpleased, unsuitable | msa
ūcuḥ
¦[prf.3pl] was pleased |
·
ucita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] delightful, pleasurable, agreeable |
  • ¦[adj] pleased with, wont to |

*ut
uttama
¦[adj] most highest, very highest, most high |
  • uttama ¦[cp]| msa, tps
  • uttamam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • uttamam ¦[a.sg]|
  • uttamā ¦[f.n.sg]| msa
  • uttamais ¦[mn.i.pl]| msa
  • uttame ¦[l.sg]| msa
udita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) arisen, elevated, ascended |

√und,√ud
¦[cl7p] [cl6p] [en] moist; (undulating wave); [lat] und [gk] ud; [dk.klid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.20] undīṃ, kleda̍ne |
unátti
¦[cl7p] flow, wet |
undati
¦[cl6p]|
·
udita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) moistened, dampened, saturated |
·
udaka
¦[n] water |
  • udaka ¦[cp]| msa
uda
¦[n] water (begin or end of cp) |
  • uda ¦[cp]| msa
daka
¦[n] water (mostly cp) |
mahodaka
¦[adj] abounding in water |
udadhi
¦[m] holding moisture, ocean, lake, river, cloud, vagina |
samudra
¦[m] the ocean, water collected together |
  • samudra ¦[cp]| msa
samudravat
¦[n] ocean like, with an ocean, having an ocean |
  • samudravat ¦[cp]| msa
indu
¦[m] drop, bright drop, moon (drop in sky); refers to soma |

*u
ubhaya
¦[mnfī] both, of both ways, in both manners |
upama
¦[adj] uppermost, on highest; nearest, next; best, first, excellent |
  • upamā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • upamam ¦[a.sg]| msa
anupama
¦[a.mnfā] incomparable |
  • anupamam ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa
nirupama
¦[a.mnfā] unequalled, matchless, incomparable |
  • nirupama ¦[cp]| msa
upāsana
¦[n] devoted attention to a single point for insight |
upāsya
¦[adj] to be served, to be revered |
*uras
  • ¦[n][act][adj] excellent, best |
  • ¦[n][agt] the breast, bosom, chest |
aurasa
  • ¦[adj][mnfī] innate, own |
  • ¦[m][agt] from the breast, ones own true son, a sound from the breast |
urdhva
¦[adj] upward |

uṣ


√uṣ
¦[cf.vas][cl1p] burning, searing light [dk.dah] [dk.ruj] [dk.uṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.779] ūṣaṃ, ru̱jāyā̍m |
óṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
oṣadhi
¦[m] sensations; herbs and grains |
auṣadha
¦[n] herbs collectively |
  • auṣadham ¦[a.sg]| msa
uṣṇá
  • ¦[n][act][adj] ardent, passionate, impetuous, pungent |
  • ¦[n][agt] heat, warmth |
auṣṭra
[cf.uṣṭra]
  • ¦[n][act][adj] derived from or belonging to a camel |
  • ¦[n][agt] the camel genus; having camel nature |
pratyūṣa
¦[m] dawn, day break |

ūn


√ūn
¦[cl10p] wanting, deficient, defective [dk.ūn] |
ūnayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ūna
¦[mnfā] (less) wanting, incomplete, deficient, defective ; minus |
nyūna
¦[mnfā] less, diminished ; destitute |
anyūna
¦[mnfā] not deficient, complete, whole, entire |
  • anyūnān ¦[nt.a.pl]| msa

ūrdhva
  • ¦[n][act][adj] rising upwards, elevated, above |
  • ¦[n][agt] elevation, height, a thing placed above |
ūru
¦[m] thigh, shank|

√ūh
¦[cl1pā] infer, reason, deliberate about, observe, mark, note, regard ; [dk.tark] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.735][ā] ūha̱ṃ, vita̱rke |
ūhate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
ūhata
¦[pst.pv.p] deliberated, reasoned, |
vyūhata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] deliberated, reasoned |
·
vyūha
¦[m] reasoning, logic; ordering; subdividing elements of a construct |
avyūha
¦[m] nonresolution, indivisability, nonseparation, unordered, nonarrangement |
  • avyūham ¦[a.sg]| tps
vyūhatā
¦[f][abst] orderliness, regularity |
  • vyūhatā ¦[n.sg]| tps
√ūh
¦[cl1pā] push, thrust, move, remove ; [dk.nud] |
ūhati
¦[av.3sg]|
vyūhati
¦[av.3sg] push apart, place in order |
·
vyūhatā
¦[f][abst]|



√ṛ√ṛch
¦[cl1pā] [en] go toward to obtain; reach out to grasp; approach ; [lat] aro, orior; [dk.gam] [dk.āp] [dk.ṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1086] ṛ̱, gati prā̱paṇayoḥ̍ |
ṛccháti
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
ṛccha
¦[cl1.imp.av.2sg]|
samarpayāmi
¦[cs.1sg] I am fully caused to go |
·
araṇa
  • ¦[mfī][adj] distant, strange, unusual, foreign |
    • araṇa ¦[cp]| tps
  • ¦[n] a refuge |
arpaṇa
¦[n][act] procuring, entrusting, offering |
samarpaka
¦[mfn] furnishing, yielding |
samarpita
¦[mn] fully given or offered |
udāra
  • ¦[adj][mnfāī] (most) high, lofty, exalted, upgoing, noble, honest, elequent, active |
    • udārā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
    • udāram ¦[a.sg]| mbk
    • udārais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • ¦[m] (rising) vapour, fog, (spirits and devas) |
ari
  • ¦[adj] attached to, faithful |
  • ¦[m][agt] a pious man |
ārya
  • ¦[adj] noble, excellent |
    • ārya ¦[cp]| msa, tps
  • ¦[m][agt] noble, a pious buddhist; a respectable honourable man |
    • ārya ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
    • āryas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
    • āryam ¦[a.sg]| msa
anārya
¦[adj] ignoble, unnoble, inferior, lessor, unpious, disrespectable |
  • anārya ¦[cp]| tps
udārya
  • ¦[adj] most elegantly, most highly noble |
    • udārya ¦[cp]| msa
    • udāryam ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n] certain hand mudras |
audārya
¦[n][act] generosity, magnanimity, liberality |
  • audārya ¦[cp]| msa
  • audāryam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • audāryam ¦[a.sg]|
  • audāryāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
āryā
¦[f] revered noble woman; mother |
ūrmi
¦[mf] a wave, a billow; fig. wave of pain or passion; six human infirmities: cold and heat [of the body], greediness and illusion [of the mind], and hunger and thirst [of life] |
ṛta
  • ¦[adj][mnfā] enlightened, luminous; proper, right, fit, true |
  • ¦[n] truth, divine natural law, way of existence, pious action, the sun, water |
√ṛ
¦[cl3] go!, get out! (very old form probably confined to vedas) ; [dk.gam] [dk.ṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.17] ṛ̱, gatau |
íyarti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
iyṛhi
¦[cl3.imp.av.2sg]|
√ṛ
¦[cl5] injure, kill ; [dk.hiṃs] [dk.ṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.38] ṛ̱, hiṃsāyām, ity eke |
ṛṇóti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
ṛṇu
¦[cl5.imp.av.2sg]|
·
ṛṇa
¦[cl5][ved+][n] duty, debt, obligation |

√ṛj√arj
¦[cl1pā] go [dk.gam], stand firm [dk.sthā], acquire [dk.arj]; be strong, be healthy |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.200] ṛja̱ṃ, gati sthānaāarjanaoupārj̱aneṣu̍ |
árjate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
·
ṛju
  • ¦[ind] in the right manner |
  • ¦[adj] straight, straight on, upright, honest |
anṛju
¦[mnfā] unstraight, crooked; dishonest |

√ṛj√ṛñj
[cl7ā][cl6pā][cl4ā] direct, stretch [dk.?] |
ṛñjate
¦[cl7.mv.3sg] rgveda |
ṛñjáti
¦[cl6.av.3sg] rgveda |
ṛjyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] rgveda |

√ṛñj
¦[cl1ā] parch; fry ; [dk.bhṛj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.201] ṛjiṃ, (bharjane) |
ṛñjate
¦[mv.3s]|

√ṛdh
¦[cl4p] increase, grow, flourish, prosper [dk.vṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.27] ṛdhuṃ, vṛddhau̍ |
ṛdhyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
sārddha
¦[adj] with half |
ṛddhi
¦[pali.iddhi][f] siddhi, psychic power; accomplishment, perfection, success; growth |
  • ṛddhi ¦[cp]| msa
samṛddhi
¦[f] (complete) perfection, accomplishment |
  • samṛddhaye ¦[d.sg]| mbk
  • samṛddhau ¦[l.sg]| msa

ṛṣ


√ṛṣ
¦[cl6.p] go, move; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.7] ṛṣīṃ, gatau̍, | u̱dātta̍ u̱dātte̍t ||
ṛṣati
¦[av.3sg] goes, moves |
√ṛṣ
¦[cl1.p] move with flowingly quick motion, rush; [dk.gam] [dk.ṛṣ] |
aṛṣati
¦[av.3sg] gracefully moves |
·
ṛṣi
¦[m] seer sage; epithet of gautama buddha; ++ |
  • ṛṣi ¦[cp]| vsk


E


*ek
eka
  • ¦[a.mnfā] one, same, one and the same, identical, alone, solitary, single |
    • eka ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk
    • ekas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
    • ekasyām ¦[fā.l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[indef.art] one, a, an |
  • ¦[n] unity, a unit, the one |
    • eka ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, mbk
    • ekam ¦[n.sg]| tps
    • ekam ¦[a.sg]| vsk, mbk
    • ekena ¦[i.sg]| mbk
    • ekasmāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa, mbk
    • ekeṣām ¦[g.pl]| msa
ekī
¦[cp]|
ekaka
¦[adj] sole, single, solitary, alone |
ekata
¦[pst.av.prt] unifying, oneness |
  • ekata ¦[cp]| msa
ekatas
¦[ind] one and the same |
ekatā
¦[fā][abst] oneness |
  • ekatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
ekatva
¦[n][abst] oneness |
  • ekatva ¦[cp]| msa, tsn
  • ekatvam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • ekatvam ¦[a.sg]| vsk
  • ekatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsn
  • ekatve ¦[l.sg]| vsk
anekatva
¦[n][abst] non‐oneness, separateness, duality |
  • anekatva ¦[cp]| tps, mbk
ekadā
¦[ind] one time, once |
ekaika
¦[adj] one and one, one to one |
  • ekaika ¦[cp]| msa
  • ekaikā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
aneka
  • ¦[adj] many, much, not one; separated | jns
  • ¦[n] the separated, the isolated |
    • aneka ¦[cp]| vsk
    • anekam ¦[n.sg]|
    • anekam ¦[a.sg]| vsk
pratyeka
¦[adj] towards solely the one |
  • pratyeka ¦[cp]| msa
aikāntika
¦[mnfī] absolute, necessary, exclusive |
  • aikāntikas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
aikya
¦[n] oneness, unity; ++ |

ettaka
¦[<pali etta] [adj] so much, this much |
etāvat
¦[adj][ind] so much, so far, so many |

√edh
¦[cf.ṛdh][cl1ā] thrive, strongly prosper [dk.vṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.2] e̱dhaṃ, vṛddhau̍ |
édhate
¦[mv.3s]|
·
edhātuka
¦[<edhatu][mf] belonging to happiness |

√eṣ
¦[cf.iṣ][cl1ā] go, move; creep, glide; glide or hasten towards; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.705] e̱ṣṛaṃ, gatau |
eṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
adhyeṣayet
¦[cl1.op.cs.3sg] one ought be hastened towards |
√eṣ
¦[cl1ā] attain, to obtain, aspire after, contrive ; [dk.yat] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.701] e̱ṣṛaṃ, prayatne, ity eke̍ |
eṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
samudeṣyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] brought to full manifestation |
·
eṣita
¦[pst.pv.p] sought, approved, aspired |
paryeṣita
¦[pst.av.p] seeking all around |
  • paryeṣita ¦[cp]| msa
·
eṣā
¦[f] wish to obtain |
eṣin
¦[adj] driving, impelling, desiring |
paryeṣti
¦[f] searching about, seeking out, inquiry, investigation, examination, looking for |
  • paryeṣti ¦[cp]| msa
  • paryeṣtis ¦[n.sg]| msa

O


om
¦ bija seed syllable of head; vairocana white mudra enlightenment |

Au


*aud
audārya
¦[n] generosity, magnanimity |
  • audārya ¦[cp]| mbk
  • audāryāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
auddhatya
¦[<ud.dhata] arrogance |

K


√kaṭ
¦[cl1p] to go; throw out [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.359] kaṭīṃ, gatau̍ |
kaṇṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
kaṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
utkaṭa
  • ¦[adj] intense violent drunken madness |
  • ¦[m][agt] boastful pride, intoxication |
prakaṭa
¦[adj] evident, manifest; visibly, openly (cp.front) |
√kaṭ
¦[cl1p] downpouring all surrounding rain, deluge ; [dk.vṛṣ| [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.330] kaṭeṃ, varṣā va̱raṇayoḥ̍ |
kaṭati
¦[av.3sg]|

*kaṭ
kaṭuka
  • ¦[mnfāī] acrid, pungent, sharp, bitter; fierce, impetuous |
    • kaṭukam ¦[mn.a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][act] pungency, acerbity |
  • ¦[n][agt] plants: trikaṭu |
  • ¦[m] plants: ? |
  • ¦[fā] plants: ? ||

√kaṭh
¦[cl1p] to live in distress ; [dk.śuc] [dk.vāś] [dk.kṛś] [dk.jīv] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.385] kaṭhaṃ, kṛccra jīv̱ane ||
kaṭhati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kaṭhina
  • ¦[[n][act][adj] hard, difficult, harsh, painfully violent |
  • ¦[n][agt] a crude garment made for a monk |

√kaṇ
¦[cf.kaṇth (cl1ā)] [cl1p] sound, cry, sigh ; [dk.śabd] [dk.śuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.517] kaṇaṃ, śabdaāarthaḥ |
kaṇati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kaṇṭaka
¦[m] sting; eructation, horripilation; vexation, pain |
kaṇṭha
¦[m] throat, voice, sound |
√kaṇ
¦[cl1p] go, approach [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.903] kaṇaṃ, gatau̍ |
kaṇati
¦[av.3sg]|
√kaṇ
¦[cl10pā] wink, close the eye lid [dk.mīl] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.240] kaṇaṃ, ni̱mīla̍ne |
kaṇayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

kaṇa
¦[m](implies smallness) seed, grain, flake, spark, atom |

√kaṇṭh
¦[cl1ā] being anxious, regret ; [dk.śuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.297] kaṭhi̱ṃ, śoke̍ |
kaṇṭhate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
·
kaṇṭha
¦[m] the narrow neck or throat of anything, the throat or neck, |
√kaṇṭh
¦[cl10pā] (cause) to mourn ; to long for, to desire ; [dk.vac] [dk.śuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.385] kaṭhiṃ, śoke̍, | prā̱yeṇa,outpū̍rva utḵaṇṭhā va̍canaḥ |
kaṇṭhayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|

katu
¦[f] katu rasa (ayurvedic) |

kath


√kath
¦[cl10pā] tell, narrate, inform ; [dk.kath] [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.389] kathaṃ, vākya pra̱bandhe, (vākya prabandha̱ne) |
katháyati
¦[av.3sg]|
kathyate
¦[pv.3sg] tis told, tis said, tis explained, tis informed | msa
sakathyate
¦[pv.3sg] with being informed, with being told | msa, tps
kathayāmi
¦[av.1sg] I tell |
·
kathita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) told, taught |
  • kathitas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • kathitā ¦[f.n.sg]| msa
sukathita
¦[pali][pst.pv.p] was well taught |
  • sukathitais ¦[i.pl]| msa
·
kathana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] telling, narrating |
  • ¦[n][agt] story, the telling, narration, description |
    • kathana ¦[cp]| msa
katham
¦[adv] how pray tell, in what way, whence? |
kathā
¦[f] what's to mention |
kathika
¦[m] one who expounds, who tells, who narrates |
kathikatva
¦[n][abst] narration, explanation |
  • kathikatve ¦[l.sg]| mbk

√kad
¦[cl1ā] being confounded or perplexed, despondent, incapable ; [dk.kal] [dk.klav] [dk.bhram] sambhrama |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.881] ka̱daṃ, (vaiklavye, | vaikalya, ity, eke) ity, anye |
kadate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
kattva
¦[n][abst] perplexity, bewildered dumbness |
kādivat
¦[n] confusion |

kadamba
¦[m] orange blossomed tree 'nauclea cadamba' |
kadambaka
¦[m] fruit of kadamba tree 'nauclea cadamba' |

kan


√kan
¦[cl1p] be serenely satisfied ; [dk.kan] [dk.dīp] [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.531] kaniṃ, dīpti kānti ga̱tiṣu̍ |
kanati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kanaka
  • ¦[n][act][adj] golden yellow |
    • kanaka ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] gold |
kanda
  • ¦[m][agt] bulbous root, bulb |
  • ¦[fā][obj] uterus |
kānti
¦[f] loveliness, splendour, beauty, |
¦[f] like, enjoy, be satisfied |
svakā
¦[f] self satisfaction, ones beloved way of it | msa

√kap
¦ [<krap] [cl1p] have empathy ; [dk.kṛp] [dk.cal] calane |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.877] kapa̱ṃ, (kṛpāyāṃ, gatau ca,) ity, a̱nye |
kapati
¦[av.3sg] has empathy (resonates) with another |

√kam
¦[cl1ā] [en] wish, long for, desire, have lustful passionate urging ; [lat] comis ; [dk.kan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.949] kam | na kami- (mit) |
kāmayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt3sg] one ought be encouraged to be desiring, passionate | jns
·
kāmi
¦[m] lustful libidinous man |
  • kāmi ¦[cp]| msa
kāminī
¦[f] libidinous woman, harlot |
kāmina
¦[m] lustful persons |
  • kāminam ¦[a.sg]| msa
kāma
¦[m] passion, lust, desire, wish |
  • kāma ¦[cp]| msa, jns
  • kāmam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • kāmais ¦[i.pl]| jns
  • kāmānām ¦[g.pl]| tps
akāma
¦[m] dispassion |
  • akāma ¦[cp]| msa
akāmaka
¦[adj] dispassionate |
pañcakāmaka
¦[adj] like the way of five passions |
kāmatas
¦[ind] intentionally, willingly, passionately | msa
kāmatā
¦[f][abst] longing, willingness, desirableness |
  • kāmatām ¦[a.sg]| msa
kāmuka
  • ¦[adj] wishing for, desiring, longing, libidinous |
  • ¦[m][agt] loving gallant |

kamp


√kamp
¦[cl1ā] tremble, shake ; [dk.cal] [dk.kamp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.435] kapi̱ṃ, cala̍ne |
kampate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
saṅkampayaṃs
¦[prf.av.p] (having had a complete) shaking up, tremor | msa
kampita
¦[pst.pv.p] trembled |
·
kapaṭa
¦[mn] fraud, deceit |
akampya
¦[adj] unwavering, nontrembling |
anukampanā
¦[f][abst] empathy, empathic, sympathetic |
  • anukampanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
anukampā
¦[pali][f][abst] compassion, empathy, to sympathize with, feeling compassionate, feeling resonance with |
  • anukampā ¦[n.sg]| msa
anukampin
¦[adj] compassionate, merciful |
  • anukampī ¦[m.n.sg]| jns
kampa
  • ¦[adj] trembling, shaking |
  • ¦[m] tremor, earthquake, tremulous pronunciation of svarita accent when followed by an udātta syllable |
aprakampa
¦[mfn] unshaken, firm, steady; unrefuted |

√karṇ
¦[cl10pā] pierce, bore ; [dk.bhid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.470] karṇaṃ, bheda̍ne, (iti, dhātv anṯaram, ity, apa̍re) |
karṇayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
karṇa
¦[m] ear |

karpāsa
¦[<√kṛ][mn] cotton tree (gossypium herbaceum) |

kal


√kal
¦[cl1ā] [en] sound ; calculate; audibly count [lat] calculo ; [dk.śabd] [dk.khyā] [dk.kal] |
dhatukula
¦[1.570] kala̱ṃ, śabda saṅkhyā̱, nayoḥ̍ |
kalate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
triṣkāla
¦[m] the three times |
kāla
¦[m] time, black |
  • kāla ¦[cp]| tps
  • kālam ¦[ind] for a certain time | msa
  • kālena ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • kāle ¦[l.sg]| msa
akāla
¦[adj] timeless, untimely |
kalā
¦[f] a component, sub·component, a diminutive single part of a whole, one of the 64 arts of śilpa |
  • kalām ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • kalāsu ¦[l.pl]| jns
kalāpa
¦[m] group, unit (kalā āpa √āp) |
vikala
¦[adj] unparted; disjointed, sorrowful, morally destitute |
sakala
  • ¦[n][act][adj] divisive, with division, with separation, with parts |
    • sakala ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] every 'thing' |
kali
¦[m] fourth yuga or age; calumny, strife, discord |
kalikā
¦[f] the sub·divisions of a whole, small measurement of time, one unit of a sixteen part lunar cycle, bud of a flower |
saṅkalikā
¦[f] all units of a measurement together, collected pieces in a heap |
  • saṅkalikā ¦[n.sg]| msa
kalya
¦[adj] calculated cleverness |
sākalya
¦[n] totality, completeness, entireness |
  • sākalyāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
√kal
¦[cl10pā] forceful persecution, push on, drive forward, go after ; [dk.gam] [dk.khyā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.404] kalaṃ, gatau̍, sa̱ṅkhyāne̍ ca |
kālayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√kal
¦[cl10pā] insightful vigorous action, impel, incite, urge on ; [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.93] kalaṃ, kṣepe̍ |
kalayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
kalya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] well, healthy, able, capable |
  • ¦[n][agt] health, dawn |
vaikalya
¦[cf.vikalya]|
  • ¦[n][act][adj] incomplete, deficient, defective |
  • ¦[n][agt] lameness, imbecility ; deficiency, deformity, defect, want : non‐existence ; agitation |
avaikalya
¦[cf.avikalya]|
  • ¦[n][act][adj] complete, whole, unimpaired ; excellent |
    • avaikalya ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] wholeness, mental clarity, wholesome existence |
vaikalyatas
¦[abl.adv](from) imbacility | msa
niṣkala
¦[adj] maimed, impotent, barren [m] a condition of the female genital organ |

*kal
kalaṅka
¦[m] stain; defamation, blame |
kalaśā
¦[f] a ceremonial vase |
kaluṣa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] unclean, muddy, turbid |
  • ¦[n][agt] foulness, impurity; sin |
akaluṣa
¦[n] pure, moral, clean |
kalmaṣa
(<karmaṣa, √kṛ)
  • ¦[n][agt] dirt, stain, sin |
  • ¦[m][agt] a hell realm |
kalyāṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] beautiful; noble, generous; excellent, good; auspicious, beneficial; fortunate |
    • kalyāṇa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] festival, gold, heaven, virtue, prosperity |
  • ¦[m] an evening rāga so named, ephitet of various persons and divine beings, red arsenic, plant: glycine debilis |
kalyāṇatā
¦[abst.f] auspiciousness |

√kaṣ
¦[cl1p] [en] injuring, killing ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.781] kaṣaṃ, hiṃsā artha |
kaṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
kaṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] harmed |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] hurting |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] miserable |
  • ¦[n][agt] suffering wretchedness |
·
kaṣāya
  • ¦[adj] fragrant; astringent |
  • ¦[m][agt] emotion, impure passion (raga); bignonia indica tree; |
  • ¦[mn][obj] dull red color (buddhist monks robe) ; astringent juice, healing potion ; defect, decay, degeneration (buddh 5 marks) ; dirt, filth |

√kas
¦[cl2ā] go; approach chastising ; [dk.gam] [dk.śās] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.15] kasiṃ, gati śāsa̱nanayoḥ̍, iti, eke |
kaste
¦[mv.3sg]|
√kas
¦[cl1p] go, move; approach resplendidly ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.996] kasaṃ gatau̍ | iti̱ kucā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍to̱, ruhi̱stvan u̍dāttaḥ | vṛt | jvalā̍dirgata̱ḥ || |
kasati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kastṛ
¦[m] agent, mover |

kastūrikā
¦[f] musk; female himālayan musk deer |
kastūrika
¦[cp]|


kāṅkṣ


√kāṅkṣ
¦[cl1p] [en] desire, strive for ; [dk.kāṇkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.760] kākṣiṃ, kāṅkṣāyām |
kāṅkṣati
¦[av.3sg] desires, strives for |
vikāṅkṣasi
¦[av.2sg] hesitate, desireless |
·
kāṅkṣā
¦[f] wish, desire, inclination |
niṣkāṅkṣa
¦[adj] desireless |
kāṅkṣin
¦[adj] desiring, waiting for |

*kāṇḍ
¦[see:√khaṇḍ]|
kāṇḍa
  • ¦[mn] part, portion, section, division, chapter (book) |
  • ¦[mnfā] stalk, branch, arrow, cluster, bundle, heap |
kāṇḍavat
  • ¦[n][act] having divisions, possessing arrows |
    • kāṇḍavat ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • kāṇḍavat ¦[a.sg]|
  • ¦[m][agt] an archer |

*kāl
kāla
  • ¦[adj] blue-black color |
  • ¦[m][agt] time, division of time |
    • kāla ¦[cp]| msa, vsk, jns
    • kālam ¦[a.sg]| msa, tsk
    • kālena ¦[i.sg]| msa
    • kālasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
samakālatva
¦[n][abst] timelessness |
  • samakālatve ¦[l.sg]| mbk

kāś


√kāś√kśā
¦[cl1pā] radiating a brilliantly shining appearance ; [dk.dīp] [dk.kāś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.734] kāśṛ̱ṃ, dīptau̍ |
kāśate
¦[mv.3sg]|
prakāśayati
¦[av.cs.3sg] (makes to) emanate, shine forth |
prakāśayanti
¦[av.cs.3pl]| tps
saṃprakāśayate
¦[mv.cs.3sg] (makes one to) emanate, shine forth |
saṃprakāśayitā
¦[p.fut.cs.3sg] (shall fully cause to) emanate, appear, shine forth |
prakāśya
¦[gnd] having radiated brilliantly |
·
prakāśita
¦[pst.av.p] radiating, shining forth |
samprakāśitā
¦[fā][abst] (full) brightness, resplendence |
  • samprakāśitā ¦[n.sg]| msa
·
kāśa
ākāśa
  • ¦[n] a formless luminous realm, fifth dhatu or element (ether) |
    • ākāśa ¦[cp]| msa, jns, mbk
    • ākāśe ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] sky, atmosphere |
catur mahābhūtās:
  • pṛṭhvī dhātu (earth)
  • āpa dhātu (water)
  • tejas dhātu (fire)
  • vāyu dhātu (wind)
buddhist fifth and sixth:
  • ākāśa dhātu (resplendent vacuity)
  • vijñāṇa dhātu (consciousness)
ākāśavat
¦[adj] void natured |
avakāśa
¦[m] 'shine between', shine down, illuminate; open space or interval; leisure, opportunity |
prakāśa
  • ¦[ind] openly, publicly, transparently |
  • ¦[adj] clear, manifest; renowned, famous; resembling (cp end); ++ |
  • ¦[m][agt] appearance, renown, glory, clearness, brightness, splendour, an open sunny glade |
    • prakāśas ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • prakāśam ¦[a.sg]| tps
sakāśa
  • ¦[adj] visible, near |
  • ¦[m][agt] presence, nearness, vicinity |
saṅkāśa
¦[adj] appearing [m] appearance, looking like |
susaṅkāśa
¦[adj] beautiful luminous appearing |
samprakāśa
¦[m] appearance, make visible, reveal, illuminate |
prakāśana
  • ¦[n][act] illuminating, |
  • ¦[n][agt] brillance, lustre |
    • prakāśanāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
kāśanā
¦[f] emanation |
  • kāśanā ¦[n.sg]| tps
prakāśanā
  • ¦[f][act] teaching |
  • ¦[f][agt][abst] elucidation |
    • prakāśanā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
kāśaya
¦[n] a red traditional monks robe (budh) |
  • kāśayam ¦[n.sg]|
  • kāśayam ¦[a.sg]| tps
vicakṣana
¦[adj] (clear sighted) radiant distinct sagacious |
kāṣṭha
¦[cf√kas][n] forest stick fire wood |
  • kāṣṭhasya ¦[g.sg]| tsn
kāṣṭhavat
¦[adv] stick·like | tsn
kāṣṭhādi
¦[cf√kas][n] funeral pyre of forest timber |

√kās
¦[cl1ā] cough [sa] kāsṛ śabdak utsāyām ; [rus] kasl ; [dk.śabd] |
kāsate
¦[cl1ā]|

Ki


√kit
¦[cl1p] [en] attitude to live a healthy fit life ; [dk.vas] [dk.ruj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1148] kitaṃ, nivā̱se, ro̍gāpana̱yane ca̍, | u̱dātte̍t |
ketati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kit
¦[cl10p] call, summon, gather, invite |
ketayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
saṅketa
¦[m] calling together |
saṃketaka
¦[m] agreement, consent, rendezvous, signal |
sāṅketika
¦[m] mutually agreed upon, conventional, conventional relative truth |

√kīrt
¦[cl10p][cl1pā] mention, recite, praise ; [dk.vac] |
kīrtayati
¦[cl10p.av.3sg]|
kīrtyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] is praised, celebrated |
·
kīrtita
¦[pst.pv.p] praised, extolled, celebrated |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] said, told, known, notorious, |
  • ¦[n][agt] praise, exclaim, announce |
    • kīrtitam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] (one who) praises, extolles |
    • kīrtitas ¦[n.pl]| tps
parikīrtita
¦[pst.pv.p] (around) proclaimed, announced, boasted |
prakīrtita
¦[pst.pv.p] (first) foremost extolled |
kīrtayat
¦[prs.av.p] mentioning, relating |
·
kīrtana
¦[n] eulogy, devotional chant, repetitive chanting praise; ++ |
  • kīrtanam ¦[n.sg]|
  • kīrtanam ¦[a.sg]| tps

Ku


kuc


kuc
¦[cl6p] make small, contract ; [dk.kuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.95] kucaṃ, sa̱ṅkoca̍ne |
kucati
¦[av.3sg]|
kuc
¦[cl1p] make a shrill high sound ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.211] kucaṃ, śabde̍ tā̱re |
kocati
¦[av.3sg]|

kuṭ


√kuṭ
¦[cl6p] bend, become crooked, deceitful; be dishonest ; [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.93] kuṭaṃ, kauṭi̍lye |
kuṭati
¦[av.3sg] become crooked, bend |
·
kuṭila
¦[adj] crooked; deceitful, dishonest, fraudulent |
√kuṭ
¦[cl10ā] break into pieces, divide, separate; [sa] kuṭa cedane, iti, eka [dk.chid] |
koṭayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg]|
·
koṭi
¦[f] division to sides; highest point; preeminence, excellence |
  • koṭi ¦[cp]| jns
  • kotis ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • koṭibhiḥ ¦[i.pl]| msa, jns

*kuṇḍ
kuṇḍalinī
¦[f] the energetic life force dwelling in cakras and nadis; the deity thereof |
kuṇḍalī
¦[f] coiled, one's compacted life force; the deity thereof |

kuts


√kuts
¦[cl10p] despitefully abuse; [lith] kussinu ; [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.220] kutsa̱ṃ, avakṣepa̍ne |
kutsayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
kutsita
¦[pst.pv.p] despised |
·
kutsā
¦[f] reproach, contempt, censure |

kunda
  • ¦[n][agt] flower thereof (alludes to bodhicitta) |
  • ¦[m][agt] jasmine (jasminum multflorum or pubescens) |

kup


√kup
¦[cl4pā] [en] wrathful anger agitation ; [dk.krudh] [dk.kup] ; [lt] cup |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.146] kupaṃ, krodhe̍ |
kupyati
¦[av.3sg] angers |
kupyate
¦[mv.3sg] agitate |
·
kopita
¦[pst.pv.p] incensed, wrathfully angered |
·
kopatas
¦[ind] angerly, through anger | vsk

√kur
¦[cl6p] utter a sound; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.67] kuraṃ, śabde̍ |
kurati
¦[av.3sg]|

kul


√kul
¦[cl1p] to accumulate, collect together; having kinship, bound together ; [dk.bandh] [dk.kul] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.976] kulaṃ, saṃstyā̱ne, bandhu̍ṣu, ca |
kolati
¦[cl1p]|
·
akulita
¦[pst.av.p] disrupting, separating |
·
kula
¦[n] linage, group, herd, family |
  • kula ¦[cp]| msa
adikula
¦[n] foremost group |
ākula
¦[n] close family |
samākula
¦[n] crowded or bound together; greatly agitated, perplexed |
kulā
¦[f] tantrik ceremonial gathering days of a half month (pakṣa) on: 4th 8th 12th 14th |
kuli
  • ¦[f][obj] prickly nightshade (solanum jacquini) |
  • ¦[m][agt] hand |
anukūla
  • ¦[mnfā] flowing with the current, flowing along, conformable, favourable |
    • anukūlā ¦[fā.adj]| mbk
  • ¦[m] an agreeable kind husband; type of metre |
  • ¦[n] favour, kindness |
  • ¦[f] plant: croton polyandrum |
ānukūlya
  • ¦[adj][poss] (having) a favourable quality, a flowing graceful situation |
    • ānukūlyāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps, mbk
kola
¦[m] embrace, embracing; ++ |
  • kolasya ¦[g.sg]| tps
kaulika
  • ¦[adj] ancestral |
  • ¦[mnfā][obj] a member of the kula, belonging to the kula |

kuliśa
(ku riś)
  • ¦[n][agt] thunder bolt of indra, vajra; |
  • ¦[m][agt] ax, hatchet; fish |
  • ¦[mn][obj] plant: heliotropium indicum |

√kuś
¦[cf.kus][cl4p] embrace, enfold; [dk.śliṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.123] kuśaṃ, saṃ̱śleṣaṇe, iti eke (śleṣa̍ṇe) |
kuśyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kuśala
  • ¦[n][act][adj] right, proper, pious, suitable, healthy, prosperous, able |
    • kuśala ¦[cp]| msa
    • kuśalas ¦[adj][m.n.sg]| msa, tsk
    • kuśalās ¦[adj][m.n.pl] pious | tsk
    • kuśalais ¦[i.pl] proper | tsk
  • ¦[n][agt] welfare, wellbeing, benevolence, virtue, good intention, happiness ; religious merit |
    • kuśala ¦[cp]| tsk
    • kuśalasya ¦[g.sg]| tps, mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] brahman of kuśadvīpa, śiva, plant: kṣudrāmlikā |
    • kuśalas ¦[n.sg]| jns
akuśala
  • ¦[mnfā] inauspicious, unclever, incapable |
    • akuśalas ¦[ms.n.sg]| tps
  • ¦[n][agt] demerit (buddh) |
    • akuśala ¦[cp]| tsk
kauśala
|[n] well being, health, skill ¦
  • kauśalyam ¦[n.sg]|
  • kauśalyam ¦[a.sg]| msa
akauśala
¦[n] illhealth, discord, unfitness, unskilled |
  • aksauśala ¦[cp]| mbk
kauśalya
  • ¦[n] well being, prosperity; skillfulness, cleverness, talent |
    • kauśalya ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
    • kauśalyam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] a type of pavilion |

√kuṣ
¦[cl9p][cl6p] tear apart ; [dk.kṛṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.54] kuṣaṃ, niṣka̱rṣe |
kuṣṇāti
¦[cl9p]|
kuṣati
¦[cl6p]|

√kus
¦[cf.kuś][cl4p] embrace, enfold ; [dk.śliṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.125] kusaṃ, saṃ̱śleṣaṇe, (śleṣa̍ṇe) |
kusyati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kū
¦[cl2p][cl6ā][cl9pā] sound, make a noise; cry out, coo, caw (bird), hum (bee) ; [dk.śabd] [dk.kai][dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦ [6.136][6.137] kuṅ, śabde̍ | kūṅ, ityeka̍ (dī̱rghānta̱, iti̱, kaiya̍ṭādayaḥ | hra̱svānta̱, iti̍, nyā̱saḥ) | u̱dātta̍ ā̱tmane̍, bhāṣaḥ | vṛt | kuṭā̍dayo ga̱tāḥ || |
kauti
¦[cl2.av.3sg] make sound |
kuvate
¦[cl6.mv.3sg] cries out |
kūnāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg]|
·
kavi
¦[m] bard, poet, sage, prophet; a sagely prophetic bardish poet |

√kū
¦[cl1ā] move ; [dk.gam] |
kavate
¦[mv.3sg] moves |

kūṭa
¦[mn] heap, mound |

kūj


√kūj
¦[cl1p](inarticulate sound) hum, moan, groan, cry out ; [dk.kūj] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.255] kūjaṃ, avya̍kte̱ śabde̍ |
kūjati
¦[av.3sg]|

*kūr
kūrma
¦[m] tortoise, turtle ; incarnation of viṣṇu, the earth swimming on waters (myth) ; ++ |
  • kūrma ¦[cp]| msa

√kūl
¦[cl1p] cover, screen, hide, enclose ; [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.603] kūlaṃ, ā̲vara̍ṇe |
kūlati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
anukūlata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] enclosed |
  • ¦[mfā][obj] along the shore, concord, favour |
·
anukūla
¦[m] going along the shore, with the current, convenient, pleasant |

kṛ


√kṛ
¦ [cl1pā] [cl8pā] [cl2p] create, put together ; [cl5pā] see kṝ ; [dk.kṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1048] [cl1.pā] kṛ̱ñ, kara̍ṇe ; [8.10][cl8pā] ḍukṛ̱ñ kara̍ṇe | anu̍dātta ubha̲yato̍ bhāṣaḥ || vṛt || ity u vı̍karaṇā̲stanā̲dayaḥ || 8 || |
karanti
¦[cl1.av.3pl]|
ākārayanti
¦[cl1.cs.3pl]|
kariṣyati
¦[cl1p.fut.3sg] shall one make |
kariṣyāmi
¦[cl1p.fut.1sg] shall I make |
kariṣyasi
¦[cl1p.fut.2sg] shall you make |
kārayet
¦[cs.opt.3sg] caused to make |
karoti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] makes, creates, manifests | msa
apākaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] carries away; wrongfully hurts |
āviṣkaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] manifests, arouses, bestows |
prakaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] makes, creates, produces, achieves | msa
saṃskaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] completely creates |
abhisaṃskaroti
¦[cl8.av.3sg] (to fully) shape, form, build, render, make | msa
karóṣi
¦[cl8.av.2sg] you make |
kurvanti
¦[cl8.av.3pl] they inspire, create, make, do | tps
vikurvanti
¦[cl8.av.3pl] make different, change, transform |
vikurvasi
¦[cl8.av.2sg] thou make'st |
akarot
¦[cl8.ipf.3sg] had made |
kurvati
¦[cl8.av.3sg]|
kurvate
¦[cl8.mv.3sg]|
kuru
¦[cl8p.imp2s] must thou do |
kurute
¦[cl8.mv.3sg] one does, it does, one acts | msa
abhisaṃskurute
¦[cl8.mv.3sg] consecrates, shapes, forms, renders |
prakurute
¦[cl8.mv.3sg] set the heart to, resolve to act (buddh) ; make, produce, accomplish | msa
kuryām
¦[cl8.opt.av.1sg] I ought do |
kuryāt
¦[cl8.opt.av.3sg] one ought do, one could do | jns
prakuryāt
¦[cl8.opt.av.3sg] one ought first do |
kurvat
¦[cl8.prs.av.p] doing, acting |
krṇóti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
kárṣi
¦[cl2.av.2sg]|
kriyate
¦[cl2p.pv.3sg] made to manifest |
kriyatām
¦[cl2p.imp.pv3sg] do!! |
kṛtvā
¦[cl8.gnd] having made, having created | msa
akṛtvā
¦[gnd] having not made, having not manifested | msa
‐kṛtya
¦[cp.gnd] having been made |
saṃskṛtya
¦[gnd] having performed, having done |
kāritva
¦[gnd] having been made |
kartum
¦[inf] to do, to make |
kartu
¦[inf] to make [adj] to do |
prakartum
¦[inf] to accomplish, to prepare, to disclose | msa
·
kārya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] (to be) done, made, practiced, performed |
  • kāryas ¦[ms.n.sg]| tps
  • kāryās ¦[ms.n.pl]| msa
  • kāryā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
kartavya
¦[ft,pv.p][mnfā] shalt be made or done |
akarttavya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] shalt not be done |
karaṇa
¦[prs.av.p] doing, making, causing, effecting ; [mnfā] |
karaṇa
¦[n] an action, a doing, making; motive, principle |
  • karaṇam ¦[n.sg]| tps
  • karaṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
  • karaṇe ¦[l.sg]| mbk
upakaraṇa
¦[n] assistive action for another |
prakaraṇa
¦[n] explanatory text; treatise, book, |
vyākaraṇa
¦[n] elucidation, explanation; grammatical analysis |
  • vyākaraṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
  • vyākaraṇānām ¦[g.pl]| tps
akariṣyat
¦[cl1.ft.av.p][mn] shall do |
vikurvita
¦[cl8.pst.av.p] (was) assuming various shapes |
  • vikurvitas ¦[m.n.sg]| jns
  • vikurvitam ¦[a.sg]| msa
kṛtya
¦[cl8.ft.pv.p] (shall be) made, done | msa, vsk, mbk
kṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] done, made, accomplished, performed |
    • kṛta ¦[cp]| msa
    • kṛtam ¦[nt.a.sg]| tsn
  • ¦[pst.av.p] doing, making, creating |
akṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) undone, unmanifested, uncreated, uncompleted |
    • akṛta ¦[cp]| msa
    • akṛte ¦[ms.l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) undoing, uncreating, uncompleted |
    • akṛtam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] an action not done before |
ākṛta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] manifesting |
    • ākṛtam ¦[n.sg]| msa
vyākṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] separated, developed, unfolded ; analysed, explained, determined ; transformed, changed |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] developing, separating, changing, transforming |
    • vyākṛta ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] the determined, the explained |
    • vyākṛtau ¦[n.dl]|
    • vyākṛtau ¦[a.dl]| mbk
avyākṛta
  • ¦[pali.avyākata]|
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] undefined, undeveloped, unexpounded, undetermined |
  • ¦[n][agt] a primal material of which all objects are created (brahma) |
  • ¦[m][agt] non·determination, unapparent |
    • avyākṛta ¦[cp]| msa
    • avyākṛtam ¦[a.sg]| tsk
    • avyākṛtais ¦[i.pl]| tsk
the undetermined questions (buddh):
  • is the world eternal, not eternal, both, neither
  • is the world infinite in space, not infinite, both, neither
  • does the Tathāgata exist after death, not exist, both, neither
  • does the soul exist after death, not exist, both, neither
avyākṛtatva
¦[n][abst] indeterminacy, indeterminism |
  • avyākṛtatve ¦[l.sg]| tps
kukṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] badly done, badly made, badly manifested |
    • kukṛte ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] one who acts badly |
duṣkṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] wrongly done, badly arranged |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] painfully, sorrowfully, ill done |
  • ¦[n][agt] wicked action, foul action, crime, guilt |
    • duṣkṛtāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • duṣkṛte ¦[l.sg]| msa
parakṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] done by another, created by another |
prakṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] commenced |
  • ¦[n][agt] original subject, first action; something done |
saṃskṛta
  • ¦[pal.saṇkhata][pst.pv.p] (completely) done, finished, perfected |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] perfected, finished, fully fabricated, fully made, accomplished |
  • ¦[n][agt] sanskrit language; custom, customary usage, preparation, formation, sacrifice, ( a conditionally created object with the lakṣaṇas (utpāda-arising, sthiti-sustaining, vyaya-dissolving) (lakṣaṇa) of arising (utpāda), duration (sthiti-sustaining), and disappearance (vyaya) ) |
  • ¦[m][agt] person of knowledge; upper caste person |
saṃskṛtatva
¦[n][abst] (being) completed to perfection; sacralisation, sacrament |
  • saṃskṛtatvena ¦[i.sg]| tps
asaṃskṛta
¦[cf.nirvaṇa][pst.pv.p] uncreated; lacking conditioned qualities (pratītya-samutpāda); unrefined |
abhisaṃskṛta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] consecrating |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] consecrated |
sukṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] well made, well constructed |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] well made; befriended, virtuous, pious; auspicious |
  • ¦[n][agt] piety, virtue, moral merit; a virtuous act, kindness |
    • sukṛtam ¦[n.sg]|
    • sukṛtam ¦[a.sg]| msa
svakṛta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was self made |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] self made, self created |
  • ¦[n][agt] an action done by one's self |
vikṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] monstrously imperfected |
kārita
¦[pst.pv.p] caused, effected by |
  • kāritam ¦[a.sg]| msa
vikārita
¦[pst.pv.p] altered, changed |
  • vikāritā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
karta
¦[pst.av.p] making |
kartta
¦[pst.av.p] creating, making |
kriyamāṇa
¦[prs.mv.p][mnfā] doing, making |
·

‐kar

kartā
¦[f] agent, doer; grammatical subject |
katā
¦[pali]|
kartṛ
  • ¦[adj] willfully active |
  • ¦[m][agt] agent of an action, doer, creator |
karttṛ
¦[m] maker |
akartṛka
¦[adj] without a doer, agentless |
kartṛtva
¦[n][abst] creativity, creativeness |
  • kartṛtva ¦[cp]| mbk
kártra
¦[n] illusion, spell, charm |
karuṇā
¦[f] empathy, sympathy, compassion |
  • karuṇa ¦[cp]|
  • karuṇā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, jns
karuṇāvat
¦[mnfā] compassionate; pitiful |
kāruṇya
¦[n] compassion |
  • kāruṇyam ¦[n.sg]|
  • kāruṇyam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • kāruṇya·tas ¦[abl.adv]| msa
sakaruṇa
  • ¦[ind.am] compassionately |
  • ¦[adj] with compassion, full of pity, lamentable |
karmaka
¦[adj] action |
  • karmakas ¦[n.sg]| msa
akarmaka
¦[adj] without agent, without activity; intransitive (grammar)|
karmatā
¦[f] effect, activity, |
karman
¦[n] action, deed; destiny |
  • karma ¦[cp]| msa, tps, mbk
  • karmāṇi ¦[n.pl]|
  • karmāṇi ¦[a.pl]| tps
  • karmaṇā ¦[i.sg]| msa,jns
  • karmabhis ¦[i.pl]| vsk
  • karmaṇas ¦[abl.sg]| tsk, vsk
  • karmaṇas ¦[g.sg]|
  • karmaṇām ¦[g.pl]| msa
  • karmaṇi ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • karmasu ¦[l.pl]| msa
sakarma
¦[n] (with) action, destiny |
  • sakarma ¦[cp]| msa
karmaṇyatā
¦[f][abst] agile cleverness, aptitude, flexibility |
  • karmaṇyatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
karmaṇyatva
¦[n][abst] actionality, deedfulness, serviceability, |
  • karmaṇyatva ¦[cp]| mbk
karmāṇa
¦[m] activities |
karmika
¦[adj] active. acting; evolutionary |
  • karmikā ¦[fā.adj]| tps
parikarmita
¦[adj] arranged, put in order, prepared |
aparikarmita
¦[adj] disturbed |
  • aparikarmitā ¦[fā.n.sg]| mbk
kara
  • ¦[adj] doing, making |
  • ¦[m][agt] ray of light, sun beam; doer, hand; (act of) doing, making, creating |
    • kara ¦[cp]| tps
    • karas ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • kare ¦[l.sg]| tps
ākara
  • ¦[adj] doing, making |
    • ākara ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[mnfā] best, excellent |
  • ¦[m][agt] (intensely) ray of light, sun beam; doer, hand; act of doing or making; a mine, abundance, multitude |
duṣkara
  • ¦[a.mnfā] difficult, arduous, extraordinary, bad, wicked |
  • ¦[n] difficulty, austerity |
    • duṣkaram ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] ill deed |
    • duṣkara ¦[cp]| msa
saṅkara
¦[m] mixing together, collecting together, blending |
karatva
¦[n][abst] resplendence, endeavourment, active engagement |
  • karatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
ākaratva
¦[n][abst] (full) resplendence, engagement |
  • ākaratvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
karaṇa
  • ¦[mnfī] doing, making, effecting, causing; clever, skillful |
    • karaṇas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] helper, companion; scribe, writer (caste); [mn] grammatical unit of one word or sound; time measurement in music |
  • ¦[n][act] act of producing, making, effecting; pronunciation, articulation; rhythm, time measure; evidence |
    • karaṇāya ¦[d.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] a deed, organ of articulation, instrument of an action [gram], physical body, mind·heart; document; grain |
    • karaṇa ¦[cp]| msa
    • karaṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
vyākaraṇa
¦[n] predicting, explaining, expounding; ++ |
  • vyākaraṇa ¦[cp]| msa
avyākaraṇa
  • ¦[mnfā] non·predicting, unanswering, undetermining |
  • ¦[n][act] unanalyzed |
  • ¦[n][agt] non·prediction, non·prophecy, non·revelation (budh), unmanifestation, non·development, incorrect grammatical usage (gram) |
    • avyākaraṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
karaṇatā
¦[f][abst] instrumentality, instrument of causality |
  • karaṇatā ¦[n.sg]| tps
karā
¦[cf.kara][f] making, doing, causing |
  • karā ¦[n.sg]| msa
duṣkarā
¦[f] (difficult) to do, to perform |
  • duṣkarāyām ¦[l.sg]| tps
karāṇa
¦[n] doing, acting |
  • karāṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
karin
  • ¦[adj] doing, effecting |
  • ¦[m] trunk of an elephant, an elephant |
    • kariṇām ¦[g.pl]| jns

‐kār

kāra
  • ¦[adj] making, doing |
  • ¦[m][agt] act, action, effort, austerity, lord, master |
    • kāra ¦[cp]| msa
    • kāras ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
    • kāreṇa ¦[i.sg]| msa
    • kāraṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • kāre ¦[l.sg]| mbk
akāra
¦[n] inaction, non-action |
adisatkāra
¦[m] highest reverent attention |
adhikāra
¦[m] (foremost) supremacy, competence, rightious authority, rank, qualification, rule |
  • adhikāras ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • adhikārāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsn
apakāra
¦[m] offence, wickedness, oppression, enmity, hatred |
  • apakāra ¦[cp]| msa
ākāra
  • ¦[n][agt] intense action |
  • ¦[mfā][agt] appearance, manifestation, creation, form, outward expressive gesture, facial expression (mental disposition) |
    • ākāra ¦[cp]| msa, tsn
    • ākāras ¦[n.sg]| tsn
    • ākārā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
    • ākāram ¦[a.sg]| msa
sākāra
¦[m] (with) form, expression; a branch of yogacarya philosophy (dharmakīrti ce600-660: cittamātra) |
ākāratā
¦[abst.f] manifestness |
ākāravat
¦[adv] form like, appearing like | tsn
nirākāra
¦[m] unmanifest; a branch of yogācāra philosophy (vasubandhu: nirākāra vijñāna vāda) |
upakāra
¦[m] assistence, benefit, favour; advantage; preparation, embellishment |
  • upakāra ¦[cp]| tps
nirākāratva
¦[n][abst] unmanifestness |
prakāra
  • ¦[a.mnfā] ‐like, ‐fold |
  • ¦[m] manner, way, sort, kind |
    • prakāra ¦[cp]| msa
    • prakāras ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • prakārais ¦[i.pl]| msa
aprakāra
¦[m] without attribute, without a way, |
dviprakāra
¦[m] (dual partite) manner, action [adj] two fold |
triprakāra
  • ¦[adj] triple fold |
    • triprakārayā ¦[f.i.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[m] (tripartite) manner, action |
saprakāra
  • ¦[m] (with) the way, the method, the path, the kind |
    • saprakārais ¦[i.pl]| msa
pratikāra
¦[m] counter action, retribution, retaliation |
  • pratikāras ¦[n.sg]| msa
vikāra
¦[adj] chaotic, ever changing |
nirvikāra
¦[adj] unchanged, immutable, firm |
  • nirvikāra ¦[cp]| mbk
satkāra
  • ¦[m] honour, reverence, care, regard, attention; true action, true act, true making (cp‐end) |
    • satkāra ¦[cp]| tps
    • satkāras ¦[n.sg]| mbk
saṃskāra
  • ¦[m][agt] mental construct of the external world; the second link of twelve fold chain of causation (buddh) |
    • saṃskara ¦[cp]| mbk
    • saṃskāras ¦[n.sg]| tps, mbk
    • saṃskārās ¦[n.pl]| msa
    • saṃskāram ¦[a.sg]| msa
    • saṃskāreṣu ¦[l.pl]| tps
  • ¦[fā][obj] making perfect, well forming; ++ |
    • saṃskārā ¦[n.sg]|
asaṃskāra
  • ¦[adj] unornamented |
  • ¦[m] a raw unembellished undeveloped mental state |
    • asaṃskāras ¦[n.sg]| mbk
abhisaṃskāra
¦[m] formative thought or mental condition; karmic conditioning |
  • abhisaṃskāraḥ ¦[n.sg]| mbk
kāraka
  • ¦[mnfikā] doer, maker; small work (diminutive) |
    • kārakas ¦[ms.n.sg]| jns
  • ¦[n][act] making, creating, doing, acting, intending to act |
    • kārakam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] doer of an action, instrumental case, hail water |
kārikā
¦[cf.kāraka][f] a concise metric verse, a female dancer, one's trade, monetary interest; torment, torture |
  • kārikā ¦[n.sg]| msa
adikāraka
¦[m] prime creator, principle creation |
anukāraka
  • ¦[adj] imitating |
    • anukārakaḥ ¦[m.n.sg]| jns
  • ¦[m][agt] imitator |
kārin
  • ¦[see also: √kṛ.praise]|
  • ¦[a.mnf][‐u̍] doing, making, enacting, creating, effecting, producing, causing |
    • kāriṇām ¦[ms.g.pl]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt][‐̍u] tradesman |
anukārin
¦[adj] imitating, mimicking, acting |
anukāri
¦[cp]|
apakārin
¦[a.mnfī] injuring, hurting, suffering, malicious, offending, |
  • apakāriṇas ¦[ms.n.pl]| msa
  • apakāriṇi ¦[l.sg]| msa
upakārin
¦[mnfī] kindly, helping, assisting |
  • upakāri ¦[cp]| msa
upakārī
  • ¦[adj] benificial |
  • ¦[pali][f][obj] helper |
kārya
  • ¦[n][act] action, effect, |
    • kāryās ¦[n.pl]| msa
    • kārya ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] business, work, occupation, function, conduct, deed, purpose, motive, object, lawsuit, dispute |
akārya
¦[n][agt] non method |
  • akārya ¦[cp]| mbk
  • akāryam ¦[n.sg]| jns
svakārya
¦[n][agt] ones own duty or function |
akāryaka
¦[adj] belonging (adj.vṛddhi) to misdeed |
kāraṇa
¦[n] cause, reason, motive |
  • kāraṇam ¦[n.sg]| vsk
  • kāraṇam ¦[a.sg]|
  • kāraṇais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • kāraṇe ¦[l.sg]| mbk
akāraṇa
¦[n] non cause |
niṣkāraṇa
¦[n] without cause |
kāraṇā
¦[f] pain, agony |
kāraṇavat
¦[adj] like a cause |
kāriṇa
¦[m] doing, creating |

‐kri

kriyā
¦[f] doing, performing, performance, action; religious ceremony, sacrifice, worship; means, expedient means ; a form of yoga practice for cleansing cakras and nadis |
  • kriyā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, vsk, tps, mbk
  • kriyās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • kriyāṇām ¦[g.pl]| msa
vikriyā
¦[f] transformation, indisposition, agitation, alienation, altered condition, |
  • vikriyā ¦[n.sg]| vsk
kriyātas
¦[abl.adv] from | msa
kriyāvant
¦[adj] possessing activity |
akriyāvant
¦[adj] possessing inactivity |

‐kur

akurvāṇa
  • ¦[adj] inactive |
  • ¦[n][agt] inaction |

‐kṛ

kṛt
¦[afx] a suffix to make a noun with the sense of 'making' |
  • sakṛt ¦[adv] at once, suddenly, forthwith, immediately ; ++ | msa
    • asakṛt ¦[adv] not once, repeatedly, often |
  • kṛt ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa
kṛtaka
  • ¦[n][act][adj] artificial, unnatural, simulated, assumed |
  • ¦[n][agt] copper sulphate |
akṛtaka
¦[adj] unassumed |
kṛtā
¦[ṛgveda][f] an abyss |
  • kṛtā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
kṛti
¦[f] (act of) doing, creating, making |
ākṛti
¦[f] an intense action, rapid activity |
  • ākṛti ¦[cp]| msa, tsn
  • ākṛtis ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn
  • ākṛtes ¦[abl.sg]|
  • ākṛtes ¦[g.sg]| tsn
prakṛti
¦[f] fundamental original nature; irreducible first principle |
  • prakṛti ¦[cp]| msa
  • prakṛtis ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • prakṛtim ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • prakṛtyā ¦[i.sg]| msa, mbk
  • prakṛtau ¦[l.sg]| tps
prakṛtī
¦[f] the primordial unmanifested principle containing the three guṇas in a subtle state |
  • prakṛtyā ¦[i.sg]| mbk
kṛtya
  • ¦[mnfā][act] feasible, practical |
  • ¦[n][agt] purpose, action, motive |
    • kṛtya ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] the act, the deed, the action ; affixes of the ft.pv.p (pāṇini) |
    • kṛtyās ¦[n.pl]| msa
    • kṛtye ¦[l.sg]| msa
    • kṛtyeṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa
kaukṛtya
¦[see: *kau]|
askṛtya
[cf.aḥkṛtya]
  • ¦[n][act][adj] without an action, without effort, not done, not made |
    • aḥkṛtya ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] an improper prohibited behaviour |
akṛtrima
¦[adj] natural, non artificial |

√kṛ
¦[cl3pā] to make mention of, praise, speak highly of ; [dk.vac] [dk.stu] |
cakrat
¦(rv)[av.3sg]|
parikīrttyate
¦[pv.3sg] talked about |
prakīrttita
¦[pst.pv.p] declared, revealed |
  • prakīrttitam ¦[n.nom.sg]| jns
·
karṇa
¦[m] ear; |
kārin
  • ¦[see also: √kṛ.act]|
  • ¦[a.mnf][‐u̍] praising, rejoicing, exulting |
  • ¦[m][agt][‐̍u] poet, singer |
prakīrtti
¦[f] fame, celebration |

√kṛt
¦[cl6p] cut, divide, tear asunder, destroy ; [dk.ced][dk.ched] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.171] kṛtīṃ ceda̍ne |
kṛntáti
¦[av.3sg]|
kṛteyam
¦[opt.mv.1sg]| vsk
·
kṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) divided, destroyed |
avyākṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] undivided, unsevered |
·

*kṛts
kṛtsna
¦[mnfā] all, whole, entire |
  • kṛtsna ¦[cp]| msa
  • kṛtsnām ¦[fā.a.sg]| msa

kṛp


√kṛp
¦[cl10pā] caused to be weak with pity ; [dk.bal] [dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.408] kṛpam, daurbalye |
karpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cl1.ā] being fit, adequate ; [dk.arth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.866] kṛ̱pūṃ sāma̍rthye | vṛt || iti̱ dyutā̍daya u̱dāttā̱ anu̍dāttetaḥ || |
karpate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cf.krap][cf.kap] [cl1.ā] ; [dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.875] kṛ̱paṃ, [krapam, kapam], kṛ̱pāyā̱ṃ, gatau̍ ca |
karpate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cl10pā] caused to be reflecting, thinking ; [dk.cint] cintana |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.278] kṛpeśca (10.277 [avakalane | miśrīkaraṇa ityeke | cintana ityanye]) || ā svadaḥ sakarmakāt | |
karpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√kṛp
¦[cl6ā] lament, pity, empathize ; [dk.kṛ] [dk.śuc] |
kṛpate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
kṛpatā
¦[f] mercifulness, compassion |
akṛpatā
¦[f] unmercifulness |
  • akṛpatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
kṛpā
¦[f] compassion, empathy, pity |
  • kṛpā ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • kṛpayā ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • kṛpābhyāṃ ¦[i.dl]|
  • kṛpābhyāṃ ¦[d.dl]|
  • kṛpābhyāṃ ¦[abl.dl]| msa
mahākṛpā
¦[f] great compassion |
kṛpālu
¦[adj] compassionate, tender, having pity upon (loc) |
  • kṛpālu ¦[cp]| msa
  • kṛpālus ¦[mf.n.sg]| msa
karpūra
¦[mn] camphor |

kṛś


√kṛś
¦[cl4p] gaunt, to become lean or thin, become emaciated or feeble; diminish [dk.kṛś] [dk.tan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.140] kṛśaṃ, tanū̱kara̍ṇe |
kṛśyati
¦[cl4p]|
.
akṛcchratva
¦[n][abst] effortlessness, untroubled equanimity |
  • akṛcchratvam ¦[n.sg]| mbk

√kṛṣ
¦[cl6p] plow, drag, cultivate ; [dk.kṛṣ] [dk.likh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.6] kṛ̱ṣa̍ṃ, vi̱lekha̍ne | iti tudā̍ḏayo 'nu̍dāttāḥ svari̱tetaḥ̍ || |
kárṣati
¦[av.3sg] plows |
·
kṛṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] dragged |
utkṛṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] dragged up, dragged out, extracted, |
    • utkṛṣṭa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[mnfā] eminent, superior, best, excellent |
nikṛṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] dragged down, debased |
    • nikṛṣṭa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[mnfā] vile, low, depised |
  • ¦[n][agt] outcast, vicinity |
  • ¦[cp]| msa
·
utkarṣa
  • ¦[adj] superior, eminent, haughty, boastful |
  • ¦[m][agt] self conceit, excess; from newly arisen prosperity gone to excessive self conceit and boasting |
prakarṣa
¦[m] excellence, superiority, cultavation |
  • prakarṣa ¦[cp]| mbk
karṣaṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] drawing back, drawing out; dragging out, prolonging, extending (time) |
    • karṣaṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] plowing |
apakarṣaṇa
  • ¦[adj] diminishing, removing, depriving |
  • ¦[n] abolishing, taking away, anticipation |
ākarṣaṇa
¦[n] pulling, attracting; conjuring an absent person to ones presence (tantrik)|
  • ākarṣaṇa ¦[cp]| msa
prakarṣavat
¦[adj] excelling (in,by) |

√kṝ
¦[cl5pā] hurt, injure, kill ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.7] kṛ̱ñ hi̲ṃsāyā̲m |
kṛṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|

√kṝ
¦[cl6pā] scatter, spread over ; [dk.kśip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.145] kṝ, vikṣe̱pe (nikṣe̱pe) |
kirati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kīrṇa
¦[pst.pv.p] scattered, thrown about, cast about, spread over |
  • kīrṇā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
ākīrṇa
¦[pst.pv.p] (fully) scattered, spread over, filled with, surrounded by |
avyāvakīrṇa
¦[pst.pv.p] not scattered about, not thrown about |
  • avyāvakīrṇā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
·
kiraṇa
¦[m] ray of light, beam of moon or sun light; minute particles of dust (in light beam) |

kḷp


√kḷp
¦[cl1ā] oscillate, resonate harmonically, wave; perturb, invigorate; order, arrange; succeed; [dk.kḷp] dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.866] kṛ̱pūṃ sāma̍rthye | vṛt || iti̱ dyutā̍daya u̱dāttā̱ anu̍dāttetaḥ || |
kálpate
¦[cl1a3sg]|
kalpyate
¦[pv.3sg] invigorated, oscillated | tsn, vsk
vikalpyate
¦[pv.3sg] (being) excited, invigorated, alternated, resonated, changed; mentally resonated (yogācāra) | tsk
parikalpayase
¦[cs.pv.2s][cs.mv.2s] (caused to) determine, settle; choose, presuppose, perform, accomplish; |
kalpet
¦[opt.3sg]|
kalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] (ought be made to) be excited, to oscilate, to resonate; be perfected; be harmonious |
avakalpayet
¦[cl1a.cs.opt.3sg] ought be considered for attention | jns
parikalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] ought be all around enlivened; constructively imagined |
prakalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] ought be made enlivened forth, ought be first enlivened |
vikalpayet
¦[cl1.cs.opt.3sg] (ought be made to) change, alternate; waver; prepare, arrange, contrive, fashion; conjecture; ++ |
kalpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] (caused, made) to reverbate, oscillate, resonate | tsn
kalpayanti
¦[cs.av.3pl] (made) to resonate, to reverberate |
vikalpayat
¦[pap.cs.mn] (cause to increasingly) resonate, vibrate, enliven; conjecture; +++ |
saṅkalpya
¦[gnd] having been fully actualized to completion | tps
·
kalpita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p][mnfā] emanated, resonated, vibrated, manifested, constructed, invented, inferred, arranged, imagined |
    • kalpita ¦[cp]| tsn, vsk
    • kalpitas ¦[m.n.sg]| tsn, mbk
    • kalpitāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsn
  • ¦[adj] imaginary, imaginative |
    • kalpitas ¦[n.sg]| tsn
  • ¦[m] an elephant prepared for war |
  • ¦[fā] imagination, emanation |
    • kalpitā ¦[n.sg]| tps
avikalpita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) quieting, stilled, non-vibrant |
parikalpita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] fixed upon, focused, imagined, chosen |
    • parikalpita ¦[cp]|
  • ¦[n][agt] emotional and mentally obscured false perception, imagination (first of trisvabhavas) |
    • parikalpita ¦[cp]| msa, tsk
saṅkalpita
¦[pst.pv.p] focused intent, attenuated, proposed, sought as a result |
·
kalpa
¦[m] shimmer, perturbation, oscillation, resonance, vibration; competence; epoch of yugas | mmk
  • kalpa ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk, jns
  • kalpas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn
  • kalpās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • kalpais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • kalpāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • kalpasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
akalpa
  • ¦[mnfā] unmanifest, unfeasable, impossible |
    • akalpā ¦[f.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] non·perturbation, non·resonance, non·vibration |
    • akalpa ¦[cp]| msa
    • akalpas ¦[n.sg]| msa
parikalpa
¦[m] shimmering illusion, mirage |
  • parikalpa ¦[cp]| mbk
  • parikalpas ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
vikalpa
¦[m] more alternation, increased oscillation, more volatility, wavering doubt; between two kalpas; cognitive resonance, cognitive discrimination, dichotomizing conceptualization, mental construct, conceptual cognition (logic), |
  • vikalpa ¦[cp]| mbk
  • vikalpas ¦[n.sg]| tsn, tsk
  • vikalpās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • vikalpam ¦[a.sg]| jns
  • vikalpena ¦[i.sg]| tsk
  • vikalpasya ¦[g.sg]| msa, mbk
three types of vikalpa : (dharma·sangraha)
  • anusmaraṇa vikalpa ‐ discrimination through recollection
  • santīrana vikalpa ‐ discrimination through investigation
  • sahaja vikalpa ‐ innate discrimination
avikalpa
¦[adj] not mentally resonating, without thought |
  • avikalpena ¦[i.sg]| mbk
  • avikalpe ¦[l.sg]| msa
nirvikalpa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] unwavering |
    • nirvikalpa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] noncognizing still mind, without reflection, state of nondifferentation, free of 'the pairs of opposites' |
    • nirvikalpāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • nirvikalpe ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] advaita vedantic highest samadhi |
saṅkalpa
¦[m] firm resolve, will, intention ; conviction, persuasion ; all of existence; all epochs together |
  • saṅkalpa ¦[cp]| jns
asaṅkalpa
¦[m] lack of conviction, lack of firm resolve |
  • asaṅkalpa ¦[cp]| msa
adisaṅkalpa
¦[m] pinnacle of all existence; foremost resolve |
vikalpaka
¦[adj] little doubt |
vikalpata
¦[m] mental resonance of thought |
avikalpata
¦[m] thoughtless stupor; without mental construction | }
kalpatama
¦[m] highest epoch |
nirvikalpaka
¦[n] non sensory intuitive knowledge |
nirvikalpatva
¦[n][abst] tranquil mindedness |
parikalpatva
¦[n][abst] illusiveness |
  • parikalpatvam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
savikalpaka
¦[m] with anxious excitement |
svavikalpa
¦[m] insecure, self doubt or hesitation |
nirvikalpakatva
¦[n][abst] immediate insightfulness |
savikalpakatva
¦[n][abst] with mental determination |
parikalpaka
¦[m] rule, precept |
kalpana
¦[n] vibrating; forming, emanating, inventing, imagining, fashioning; name of a religious ceremony |
  • kalpanāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
akalpana
  • ¦[a.mnfā][n][act] non·vibrating |
  • ¦[n][agt] non·conceptual awareness, |
adikalpana
¦[n] first imagining or conceiving |
adivikalpana
¦[n] foremost distinction, assumption, indecision, imagination |
saṅkalpana
¦[adj] all epochs, conjoined vibrations |
kalpanatā
¦[f][abst] conceptual consciousness |
  • kalpanatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
kalpanā
¦[f] practice, sadhana, mental resonance, preparation |
  • kalpanā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, tps
akalpanā
¦[f] non·conceptuality, non·conceptual, |
  • akalpanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
adikalpanā
¦[f] first mental construct; foremost practice |
niṣkalpanā
¦[f] non·conceptuality, non·conceptual |
  • niṣkalpanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
prakalpanā
¦[f] shaping |
vikalpanā
¦[f] deed, work, act, practice |
avikalpanā
¦[f] inaction, tranquil mental inaction |
  • avikalpanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • avikalpanayā ¦[i.sg]| msa
parikalpya
¦[mnfā] the objects of ones cognition |
  • parikalpya ¦[cp]| msa

ketakī
¦[f] type of tree |

√kev
¦[cf.sev][cl1ā] serve, attend to [dk.sev]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.583] ke̱vṛṃ (sevane) ityapyeke̍ |
kevate
¦[mv.3sg] serves |
·
kevala
  • ¦[ind.m] only, entirely; ++ |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] solely, nothing but, mere, pure; complete |
  • ¦[n][agt] highest possible knowledge (jain), absolute unity of spirit (jain doctrine) |
  • ¦[m][agt] alone, isolated, pure, whole; selfish, envious |
kaivalya
¦[n][abst] isolation, absolute oneness, perfect unity, detachment, emancipation, beatitude |
  • kaivalyam ¦[n.sg]| tps
  • kaivalyam ¦[a.sg]|
  • kaivalyāt ¦[abs.sg]| tps

*keś
keśa
¦[√kliś?][m] hair |
  • keśa ¦[cp]| vsk

kai


√kai
¦[cl1p] to sound, cawing; [dk.kai] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1064] kai̱ , (śabde) |
kāyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kāka
¦[m] crow cawing; crow; contemptuous metaphor, impudent person; male impotence ; [lat] modus coeundi |
kaikṛtya
¦[adj] sound making |

koṭara
¦ (ProtoDrav.*kuz: cavity) [mn] hollow of a tree, a cave or cavity |
koṭi
¦[f] edge or point; highest degree or number |

*kau
kau
¦[]|
kaukṛtya
¦[n] ill deed, wickedness, regrettable behavior, remorse |
  • kaukṛtyam ¦[n.sg]| tsk
  • kaukṛtyam ¦[a.sg]| msa
kauśīdya
¦[n][agt] spiritual sloth, stagnation, indolence, stupor, idleness (opposite of diligence) ; one of the five mental faults |
  • kauśīdyam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • kauśīdyam ¦[a.sg] msa
kausīdya
¦[n][agt] sloth, indolence |
  • kausīdyam ¦[n.sg]| tsk
  • kausīdyam ¦[a.sg]|

kya
¦[n] anything agreeable to |

krand


√krand
¦[cl1p] cry out (forest) ; [dk.rud] [dk.ru] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.74] kra̱diṃ (āḥ vāne rodane ca) |
krándati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ākrandavat
¦[adj]|
√krand
¦[cl1ā] despondent crying out, wail [dk.śabd] [dk.kal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.879] 1kra̱diṃ (vaiklavye | vaikalya ityeke) |

√krap
¦[cl1ā] going with compassion ; [dk.gam] [dk.kṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.876] kra̱paṃ (kṛpāyāṃ gatau ca, ityeke̍) |
krapati
¦[av.3sg]|

kram


√kram
¦[cl1pā] step out, stride (foot) ; expanding outward movement ; [dk.kṣip] [dk.kram] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.545] kramuṃ, pāda vikṣe̱pe, | ity, aṇā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍taḥ || |
krāmati
¦[av.3sg] strides |
atikrāmati
¦[av.3sg] over steps |
kramate
¦[mv.3sg] expand itself, increase itself |
saṅkramet
¦[opt.3sg] ought move together |
·
krānta
¦[pst.av.p] was stepping |
viniḥkrānta
¦[pst.av.p] was increasingly unstrideful hindering [m] an obstacle |
saṅkrānta
¦[pst.av.p] was assembling together; was fully striding |
·
saṅkrānti
¦[f] going, proceeding through a transition |
krama
¦[m] step, level, regular progress, stride |
  • krama ¦[cp]| tsn
  • kramam ¦[a.sg]| tsn, mbk
  • krameṇa ¦[i.sg]| vsk
atikrama
¦[m] overstepping, overcoming |
duratikrama
¦[m] ill disregarding, overstepping foulness |
vyatikrama
¦[m] transgression; (stepping) over, by, away |
  • vyatikramam ¦[a.sg]| msa
parikrama
¦[m] circumambulation, succession |
saṅkrama
¦[m] a group of gathered steps; transmigration, transition, passing on, (pudgalavāda) |
kramatā
¦[abst.f] progressiveness, stridefulness |

krīḍ


√krīḍ
¦[cl1pā] play, sport, amuse one's self ; [dk:krīḍ] [dk.hṛ] [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.405] (| krīḍṛ vihā̱re ||) |
krīḍati
¦[av.3sg]|
krīḍanti
¦[av.3pl] they sport |
·
krīḍita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) amused |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) playing |
  • ¦[n][agt] play, sport |
vikrīḍita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (strong) playing, sporting |
    • vikrīḍitam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] (strong) play, sport |
·
krīḍā
¦[f] sport, play, dalliance, frolic, amorous coquetry |
  • krīḍā ¦[n.sg]| msa
krīḍatā
¦[abst.f] playfulness |

krudh


√krudh
¦[cl4p] wrathful anger ; [dk.krudh] [dk.kup] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.86] kru̱dhaṃ, (krodhe̍, kope̍) |) |
krudhyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
krodha
¦[m] anger, wrath, rage |
  • krodha ¦[cp]| tsk

kruś


√kruś
¦[cl1pā][ā(epic)] cry out, shriek, yell; lament, weep ; [lat] lugeo, crocis [goth] hrukjan ; [dk.rud] [dk.kruś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.992][p] kru̱śaṃ, ā̱ḥvāne̱ roda̍ne ca | iti̱ ṣadā̍daya̱strayo 'nu̍dāttā u̱dātte̍taḥ |
krośati
¦[av.3sg]|

klav


√klav
¦[cl1ā] fear, be afraid ; [dk.klav] |
klavate
¦[mv.3sg] afraid |
·
vaiklava
¦[n] bewilderment, despondency |

klid


√klid
¦[cl4pā] (become) wet, damp; rot [dk.klid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.157] klidūṃ, ādrībhā̱ve |
klidyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kledana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] moistening |
  • ¦[n][agt] fetid oozing discharge |
  • ¦[m][agt] phlegm, phlegmatic; kapha (ayurveda) |

kliś


√kliś
¦[en] torment |
  1. ¦[cl9p] afflict, torment ; [rus] klešč ; [dk.kliś] [dk.bādh] |
    dhātupāṭha
    ¦[9.58] kliśūṃ, vi̱bādha̍ne |
    kliśnāti
    ¦[cl9.av]|
  2. ¦[cl4āp] tormenting painful molested afflictiveness , to cause pain ; [dk.tap] |
    dhātupāṭha
    ¦[4.57] kleśa̱ṃ, upatā̱pe |
    kliśyati
    ¦[cl4.av] cruelly tormenting molests |
    kliśyate
    ¦[cl4.mv] torments or molests, afflicts, feels pain | jns, mbk
    kliśyanti
    ¦[cl4.av.3pl] torment, afflict |
    ·
    kliṣṭa
    • ¦[pst.pv.p] afflicted, defiled |
    • ¦[adj]mnfā] afflicted, afflicting, defiled |
      • kliṣṭa ¦[cp]| msa
      • kliṣṭā ¦[fā]|mbk
    • ¦[m][agt] one who is afflicted |
      • kliṣṭa ¦[cp]| msa
    akliṣṭa
    • ¦[pst.pv.p] undefiled, non-afflicted |
    • ¦[adj][mnfā] undefiled |
      • akliṣṭā ¦[fā]| mbk
    ·
    kliṣṭā
    ¦[f] defilement, afflicted, agonizing, citta vṛtti |
    akliṣṭā
    ¦[f] non-defilement |
    • akliṣtā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
    saṅkliṣṭā
    ¦[f][abst] total impurity |
    • saṅkliṣṭā ¦[f.n.sg]| mbk
    kleśa
    ¦[pali.kilesa][m][en] impurity, depravity, painful affliction; wrath, anger ; [tib.nyon mongs] |
    • kleśa ¦[cp]| msa, tps, mbk
    • kleśās ¦[n.pl]| tsk
    • kleśais ¦[i.pl]| tsk
    • kleśāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • kleśasya ¦[g.sg]| mbk
    triviṣa
    • rāga or lobha - greed or sensuality
    • dveṣa - hatred or aversion
    • moha - delusion
    pañcakleśa
    (saṃkhya yoga)
    • avidyā - ignorance
    • asmitā - egotism
    • rāga - desire
    • dveṣa - aversion
    • abhiniveśa - tenacity of mundane existence
    ṣaṣthakleśa
    (yogācāra)
    • rāga - passion
    • pratigha - aversion
    • mūḍhi - stupidity
    • māna - pride
    • vicikitsā - skeptical doubt
    • dṛṣti - wrong views
      • five skandhas possess a self
      • two extreme views of eternalism and annihilationism
      • rejecting the law of co‐causality
      • tenaciously maintaining wrong views as superior
      • misconceiving wrong conduct or morality to be correct for enlightenment
    ṣaṣthakleśa
    (sarvāstivāda) (kleśamahābhūmika)
    • moha - delusion
    • pramāda - heedlessness
    • kausīdya - lassitude
    • āśraddhya - lack of faithful
    • styāna - sloth
    • auddhatya - restlessness
    daśakleśa
    (sarvāstivāda) (upakleśaparīttabhūmika)
    • krodha - anger
    • mrakṣa - hypocrisy
    • mātsarya - selfishness
    • īrṣyā - envy
    • pradāsa - agitation
    • vihiṃsā - harmfulness
    • upanāha - enmity
    • śaṭhya - trickery
    • mada - arrogance
    daśakleśa
    (bauddha)
    kaya:
    • murder
    • theft
    • adultery
    vak:
    • lying
    • slander
    • abuse
    • mundane conversations
    citta:
    • covetousness
    • malice
    • skepticism
    upakleśa
    ¦[m] minor impurity |
    • upakleśa ¦[cp]| mbk
    • upakleśās ¦[n.pl]| tsk
    • upakleśais ¦[i.pl]| tsk
    niḥkleśa
    ¦[m] non affliction |
    • niḥkleśa ¦[cp]| mbk
    saṅkleśa
    ¦[m] (total) affliction, defilement |
    • saṅkleśa ¦[cp]| tsn, mbk
    • saṅkleśas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
    • saṅkleśasya ¦[g.sg]| mbk
    • saṅkleśe ¦[l.sg]| msa
    the two saṅkleśas : mbk
    • hetu saṅkleśa
    • phala saṅkleśa
    the three saṅkleśas :
    • kleśa saṅkleśa
    • karma saṅkleśa
    • janma saṅkleśa
    the seven saṅkleśas : mbk
    • viparyāsa hetu
    • ākṣepa hetu
    • upanaya hetu
    • parigraha hetu
    • upabhoga hetu
    • ākarṣaṇa hetu
    • udvega hetu
    asaṅkleśa
    ¦[m] (complete) nonaffliction, nondefilement |
    • asaṅkleśa ¦[cp]| msa
    • asaṅkleśasya ¦[g.sg]| tps
    nissaṅkleśa
    ¦[m] without defilement, unblemished |
    • nissaṅkleśa ¦[cp]| mbk

*kṣaṇ
kṣaṇa
¦[mn] small moment of time (instant) |
pratikṣaṇa
¦[mn] continuing every moment (again·kṣaṇa) |
  • pratikṣaṇam ¦[a.sg]| msa
kṣaṇika
  • ¦[adj] momentary, transient |
  • ¦[m][agt] little moment of time |

√kṣaṇ
¦[cl8pā] hurt, injure, wound ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[8.3] kṣaṇu̍ṃ, hi̱ṃsāyā̍m |
kṣaṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|
kṣata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] hurt, wounded, destroyed |
  • ¦[n][agt] an injury, wound, sore |
kṣantavyam
¦[ft.av.p] will be injurious |
·
kṣati
¦[f] injury; loss; damage; fault; destruction (removal of in cmp) |
  • kṣatim ¦[a.sg]| msa
kṣana
¦[m] killing, injuring |

√kṣam
¦[cl1ā][cl4p] calm abiding, be patient, endure ; [dk.sah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.510] kṣamū̱ṣ, saha̍ne |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.103] kṣamūṃ, saha̍ne |
kṣámate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg] endures |
kṣamante
¦[cl1.mv.3pl]|
kṣamyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
·
kṣānti
¦[f] calm abiding, endurance, patience |
  • kṣānti ¦[cp]| tps
  • kṣāntis ¦[n.sg]| msa
kṣamā
¦[f] patience, calmness, calm abiding, forbearance, serenity |
  • kṣamā ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
  • kṣamāyās ¦[abl.sg]|
  • kṣamāyās ¦[g.sg]| msa

kṣar


√kṣar
¦[cl1p] flow, stream, glide; flow away, flow out, wane, perish ; [dk.cal] [dk.kṣar] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.986] kṣaraṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣarati
¦[av.3sg] flows, streams, glides, flows away |
·
akṣara
  • ¦[n][act][adj] imperishable |
  • ¦[n][agt] a letter or vowel, a syllable |
kṣīra
¦[n] milk, milky sap, sperm |

√kṣā
¦[cl1p] burn, set on fire |
kṣāti
¦[av.3sg] burns |
kṣānti
¦[av.3pl]| tps
·
kṣāṇa
¦[pst.pv.p] burned |

√kṣi
¦[cl2p,cl6p] habitate, possess |
kṣéti
¦[]|
·
kṣetra
¦[n] field of action, field, abode, place |
  • kṣetra ¦[cp]| msa, tps
  • kṣetram ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • kṣetram ¦[a.sg]|
  • kṣetrais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • kṣetrāṇām ¦[g.pl]| tps
  • kṣetre ¦[l.sg]| msa
kṣetratva
¦[n][abst] abidefulness |
satkṣetra
¦[n] true abode |
kṣema
  • ¦[adj] giving rest or ease or security |
  • ¦[m][agt] foundation, abiding at ease |

kṣi


√kṣi
¦[cl5p] harm (speech) ; [dk.kṣi] [dk.hiṃs] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.33] kṣi (kṣī), (hiṃsāyām) | kṣir bhāṣāyām, ity, eke |
kṣiṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|
√kṣi
¦[cl6p] having a depressed manner (of speech) ; [dk.kṣi] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.143] kṣi̱, nivāsa ga̱tyoḥ | iti̍ ri̱yatyā̍ḏ ayo anu̍dāttāḥ para̍smai bhāṣāḥ |
kṣiyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√kṣi
¦[cl1p] ruin, loss, destroy; [dk.kṣi] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.269] kṣi̱, kṣa̱ye |
kṣayati
¦[av.3sg] |
kṣayatas
¦[av.3dl]| msa
·
kṣa
¦[m] rakṣa, destruction, loss, lightning |
kṣaya
¦[m] ruinous decaying destruction, ruination, dissipation, loss, waste, decay, ruin |
  • kṣaya ¦[cp]| msa
  • kṣayāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa, mbk
  • kṣayasya ¦[g.sg]| tps
akṣaya
  • ¦[adj] imperishable, inexhaustible |
    • akṣaya ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
    • akṣayāya ¦[d.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] the supreme soul (paramātman); the imperishable essence |
    • akṣayam ¦[a.sg]| tps
    • akṣayāya ¦[d.sg]| msa
    • akṣayasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
akṣayatā
¦[f][abst] imperishable, inexhaustabile |
akṣayatā
¦[n.sg]| msa
akṣayatva
¦[n][abst] imperishableness, imperishability, inexhaustability |
  • akṣayatvam ¦[n.sg]|
  • akṣayatvam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • akṣayatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • akṣayatve ¦[l.sg]| msa, mbk
saṅkṣaya
¦[m] complete ruination |
  • saṅkṣayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
kṣīṇá
¦[adj] withered, expended, wasted away |
  • kṣīne ¦[l.sg]| tsk
akṣīna
¦[adj] energized, enlivened |
  • akṣīna ¦[cp]| jns

kṣip


√kṣip
¦[cl6pā] toss, repulse, shake up, dispatch ; [dk.īr] [dk.kṣip]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.5] kṣi̱pa̍ṃ, prera̍ṇe |
kṣipati
¦[av.3sg] throws, tosses, repulses, rejects | msa
kṣipate
¦[mv.3sg] shakes up | msa
kṣipanti
¦[av.3pl] they reject |
kṣipet
¦[opt.av.3sg] (ought) throw, toss; ++ |
prakṣeptum
¦[inf] to throw forth |
·
kṣipta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) thrown, tossed |
akṣipta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unthrown, kept |
avikṣipta
¦[adj.mnfā] attentive |
  • avikṣiptā ¦[f.n.sg]| mbk
·
kṣipra
¦[adj] springing, rapid, quick, swift |
kṣipra
¦[cp]| msa, tps
kṣepa
¦[m] |
prakṣepa
¦[m] throwing, scattering upon |
apratikṣepa
¦[m] non‐contradiction |
  • apratikṣepas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
vikṣepa
¦[m] dispersion, throwing away, tossing about, mental distraction, inattention |
  • vikṣepas ¦[n.sg]| tsk, mbk
avikṣepa
¦[m] gathering together, collection, collecting together |
  • avikṣepas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
adhivikṣepa
¦[m] very much throwing away |
saṅkṣepa
¦[m] all combined, throwing together |
abhisaṅkṣepa
¦[m] summary statement; aggregation, being thrown into together, contraction, simplification |
  • abhisaṅkṣepa ¦[cp]| mbk
pratikṣepya
¦[adj] to be thrown aside |
√kṣip
¦[cl4p] throw off (oppress) ; [dk.īr] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.15] kṣi̱paṃ, prera̍ṇe | anu̍dāttaḥ |
vikṣipyate
¦[cl4.pv3sg] thrown away, cast off |

√kṣu
¦[cl2p] sneeze, cough, (ācchu) ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.31] ṭukṣu, śabde̍ |
kṣauti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
·
kṣuta
¦[pst.av.p] was sneezing |
·

kṣud


√kṣud
¦[cl1pā] crush, pound, pulverize ; [dk.kṣud] [dk.iṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[7.6] kṣu̱di̍ṃr, sa̱mpreṣa̍ṇe |
kṣo̍dati
¦[av.3sg]|

√kṣudh
¦[cl4p] hungry; [dk.bhuj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.87][p] kṣu̠dhaṃ, bubhu̠kṣāyā̍m |
kṣudhyati
¦[‐̍uu][av.3sg] is hungry |
·
kṣudhita
¦[pst.av.p] was hungry |
·
kṣudhā
¦[f] hunger |
  • kṣudhā ¦[n.sg]| msa

√kṣubh
¦[cl1ā(rare)] tremble anxiously ; [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.854] kṣu̱bhaṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣobhate
¦[mv.3sg] trembles |
kṣubhyate
¦[pv.3sg] agitated |
·
kṣubhita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) shaking, trembling |
kṣubdha
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) agitated, shaken, excited |
  • ¦[a.mnfā] anxious |
    • kṣubdha ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] a stick for churning |
saṅkṣubdha
¦[pst.pv.p] (was very) agitated, shaken |
·
saṅkṣobha
¦[m] commotion; shock; pride; an agitated exciteful disturbing commotion; a violently upsetting jolting shock; an arrogant agitating pride; |
√kṣubh
¦[cl4pā] strongly move about, shake ; [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.154] kṣubhaṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣubhyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√kṣubh
¦[cl9p(rare)] be unsteady, stumble ; [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.55] kṣubhaṃ, sa̱ñcala̍ne |
kṣubhṇāti
¦[av.3sg]|

Kh


khaṇḍ


√khaṇḍ
¦[cl10pā] divide, cleave, smash, break ; [dk.khaṇd] [dk.bhid] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.66] khaḍiṃ, khaṇḍane, bhedane |
khaṇḍayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] (cause to) break into pieces, divide |
·
khaṇḍayitavya
¦[fut.pv.p] will be made to be torn asunder |
·
√khaṇḍ
¦[cl1ā] churn, stir, break apart, crush, destroy ; [dk.khaṇd] [dk.manth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.317] khaḍi̱ṃ, ma̱nthe |
khaṇḍate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√khan
¦[cl1pā] excavate, split open ; [dk.dṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1020] khanu̍ṃ, ava̱dāra̍ṇe |
khanati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
kha
¦[n] sky (hole) |

khara
¦[adj] harsh, rough, sharp, piercing; cruel, injurious |

√khal
¦[cl1.p] shake up, gather together ; [dk.cal] [dk.ci] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.626] khalaṃ, sañc̱alane, sañc̱aye ca |
khalati
¦[av.3sg]|

√khid
¦[cl6p] press down, be oppressed, be depressed, lanquish ; [grk.kedos] ; [dk.dhā] [dk.śram] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.172] khi̱daṃ, paridhā̱te (pari̱dhāta̍ne) |
khidati
¦[ved][av.3sg]|
khindati
¦[clsic][av.3sg]|
khidyate
¦[pv.3sg] is depressed, is oppressed | msa
·
khinna
¦[pst.av.p] (was) tired, weary, sad |
akhinna
¦[pst.av.p] was unweary |
khedita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] disturbed, afflicted, distressed |
  • kheditā ¦[f] affliction |
    • parikheditā ¦[f] general lethargic depression, regretfulness |
      • parikheditā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
·
kheda
¦[m] exhaustion, lassitude, depression; impoverishment; pain |
  • kheda ¦[cp]| msa
  • khede ¦[l.sg]| msa
ākheda
¦[m] (very much) lassitude, exhaustion; pain, suffering |
  • ākhedāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
khedavat
¦[mnfī (-vān-vat-vatī)] tiresome, tedious |
  • khedavān ¦[ms.]| msa

*khil
akhila
  • ¦[n][act][adj] complete, without a gap |
  • ¦[n][agt] everything, all |
    • akhilam ¦[n.sg]|
    • akhilam ¦[a.sg]| msa
nikhila
¦[mnfā] without a gap, entire, whole, complete, all |

khyā


√khyā
¦[<kha][cl2pā] express, proclaim, announce, praise, celebrate ; [dk.kath] [dk.khyā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.55] khyā̱, pra̱katha̍ne |
khyāsi
¦[av.2sg] proclaim |
khyāti
¦[av.3sg] expresses, praises, extolls, celebrates, proclaims | msa, tsn, tps
prakhyāti
¦[av.3sg] sees, announces, proclaims |
saṅkhyāti
¦[av.3sg] enumerates, counts ]
·
khyāta
¦[pst.pv.p] celebrated, renowned, proclaimed |
khyāta
¦[adj]|
  • khyātur ¦[f.g.sg]| tsn
ākhyāta
¦[n][act] said, told, explained, expounded, proclaimed |
  • ākhyātam ¦[n.sg]| tps
  • ākhyātam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
vyākhyāta
¦[pst.pv.p] (broadly) expounded, expounding, proclaimed, made known, explained |
samākhyāta
¦[mnfā] (completely) explained, proclaimed, |
  • samākhyātam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
svākhyāta
¦[sva·ākhyāta] [mnftā] self·proclaimed |
  • svākhyātatām ¦[f.a.sg]| msa
asaṅkhyeya
¦[ft.pv.p][mnfā] shall be incalculable |
  • asaṅkhyeya ¦[cp]| jns
  • asaṅkhyeyo ¦[m.n.sg]| msa
·
ākhya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] named, known, proclaimed, called, so to say, so called |
    • ākhyas ¦[adj.n.sg]| tsn, tsk
    • ākhyam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, tsk, mbk
    • ākhyam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
ākhyā
¦[f] proclamation, so named, so proclaimed |
  • ākhyā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • ākhyām ¦[a.sg]| tsn
pratyākhyā
¦[f] counter point, counter view, repudiation |
vyākhyā
¦[f] commentarial explanation, gloss |
nivyākhyā
¦[f] simple explanation; teaching down |
saṅkhyā
  • ¦[f] sum, total (summing the count), a number, a large number (buddh) |
  • ¦[f][abst] calculation, reckoning, : consideration, discrimination, deliberation, reasoning, reflection |
    • saṅkhyā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
asaṅkhya
¦[adj] uncountable, innumerable |
pratisaṅkhyā
¦[f] observation, knowledge (nirodha); consiousness; count, reckon |
  • pratisaṅkhya ¦[cp]| msa
ākhyas
¦[m] name of prājapati; a group of eight devas |
prakhya
¦[mnfā] visible, clear, bright; resembling |
  • prakhyas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • prakhyā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
khyāna
¦[n] apprehension, perception, knowledge |
  • khyānasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
ākhyāna
¦[‐‐u̍][n][act] telling, saying, declaring |
  • ākhyāna ¦[cp]| tsn
  • ākhyānam ¦[a.sg]| tsn
  • ākhyānāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
parākhyāna
¦[n] beyond the telling |
  • parākhyānāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
vyākhyāna
¦[adj] praising, proclaiming |
ākhyāna
¦[‐‐̍u][n][agt] a tale, story, legend, communication |
  • ākhyānam ¦[n.sg]| msa
prakhyāna
¦[n] perceiving, seeing, knowing, extolling |
  • prakhyāna ¦[cp]| mbk
  • prakhyānāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsn
prakhyānatā
¦[fā][abst] perception, conceptualization |
  • prakhyānatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
vikhyāna
¦[n] appearance, illumination, apparition, reflection, |
  • vikhyāna ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • vikhyāna ¦[a.sg]|
akhyāna
¦[n] epic legends, mythic legends |

akhyānam ¦[n.sg]|

akhyānam ¦[a.sg]| msa


Ga


gagana
¦[n] sky, heaven, air |
  • gagana ¦[cp]| jns

√gaj
¦[cf.garj][cl1p] sound, roar ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.279] gajaṃ, (śabdārthaḥ) |
gajati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gaj
¦[cl10pā] cause to sound, roar ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.149] gajaṃ, (śabdārthaḥ) |
gajayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√gaj
¦[<garj] be drunk, confused |
gajayati
¦[cs.3sg]|

√gaṇ
¦[cl10pa] enumerate ; [dk.khyā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.391] gaṇaṃ, sa̱ṅkhyā̍ne |
gaṇayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
gaṇa
¦[pali][m] multitude, collection, gathering, assembly, set, group, category, troop |
  • gaṇa ¦[cp]| msa
  • gaṇam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • gaṇais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • gaṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • gaṇasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
  • gaṇeṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa

√gad
¦[cl1p] (articulate) say, tell, relate broadly ; [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.54] gadaṃ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci |
gadati
¦[av.3sg]|
jagāda
¦[prf.3sg][prf.1sg] did clearly say |
gadita
¦[pst.av.p] was telling |
·
gada
  • ¦[n][agt] poison, a mace, musical instrument, a constellation |
  • ¦[m] a sentence, speech, speaking, disease, illness, sickness |
    • gadena ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • ¦[fā] a cluster of sentences |

√gandh
¦[cl10.p] cause to implore, beseech ; [dk.ard] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.204] gandha̱ṃ, arda̍ne |
gandhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√gandh
¦[dn.gandha] [cl10pā] to smell [pal.viśuddhimagga] ; [dk.vās] |
gandháyati
¦[<pal] [av.3sg] is smelt |
·
gandha
  • ¦[n][act] smell |
  • ¦[n][agt] black aloe wood |
  • ¦[fā] smell (rare, and end of cp) |
  • ¦[m][agt] fragrance, perfume, smell, odour, sulfur, sandal wood, myrrh, pride, arrogance |
nine odours:
  • iṣṭa
  • aniṣṭa
  • madhura
  • kaṭu
  • nirhārin
  • saṃhata
  • snigdha
  • rūkṣa
  • viśada
sugandhi
¦[adj] fragrant; pious, virtuous |
gandharva
¦[m] celestial artful demi-deva |
  • gandharva ¦[cp]| msa

gam


√gam
¦[cl1p][cl2p][cl3] go; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1137] ga̱m (gamau) |
gáchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
gacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] it goes |
anugacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] go after, follow, approach, seek ; ++ | msa
avagacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] goes down, apprehends, recognizes, | vsk
āgacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] (strongly) it goes |
pragacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] goes forth |
vigacchati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] go asunder, go away, ceasse, vanish | tsn
gacchanti
¦[cl1.av.3pl] they go |
atigacchanti
¦[cl1.av.3pl] they pass over, they surpass, they overcome |
gaccham
¦[pal][cl1.av.3sg] going |
gamyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] brought |
adhigamyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] very much approached | tsn
avagamyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] brought downward going |
gacchet
¦[opt.av.3sg] ought go |
gamiṣyanti
¦[ft.av.3pl] they shall go to | msa
adhigamiṣyati
¦[ft.av.3sg] (shall) accomplish, approach, discover; go up to, meet, obtain |
gantā
¦[prf.fu.3sg] will go |
gantum
¦[inf.as] to go |
samadhigantum
¦[inf.as] (to thoroughly) acquire, obtain, surpass; go over, study, understand; approach |
āgamya
¦[gnd] having arrived at, having come to be | msa
āgatya
¦[gnd] having arrived or come |
gatvā
¦[gnd] having gone | msa
gamya
anāgamya
¦[gnd] having not gone to |
avagamya
¦[gnd] having gone down, having descended | msa
upagamya
¦[gnd] having approached |
samāgamya
¦[gnd] having fully arrived |
·
gata
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) going |
    • gatas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
    • gatam ¦[adj.a.sg]| msa
    • gatān ¦[m.a.pl]| msa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (had) departed, been gone |
    • gatā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
    • gatam ¦[nt.a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[adj] gone to, fallen into, departed, deceased |
    • gatas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] motion, manner of going |
    • gata ¦[cp]| msa
    • gatam ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • gatam ¦[a.sg]| msa
    • gatasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
    • gatānām ¦[g.pl]| msa
    • gate ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[fā][abst] mobility |
    • gatā ¦[n.sg]|
    • gatās ¦[n.pl]| msa, tps
agata
  • ¦[pst.av.p] coming |
  • ¦[n][act] not going, unmoving, ungoing |
āgata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was brought to |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was arriving |
  • ¦[mnfā] come (to, in, from, into), arrived, returned, entered |
  • ¦[n][agt] an event that has taken place |
  • ¦[m] a guest |
  • āgatā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
anāgata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) not yet arrived, unknown |
  • ¦[n][agt] the future |
    • anāgatam ¦[n.sg]| tps
atigata
¦[pst.av.p] was going beyond |
gatāgata
¦[pst.av.p], [n][act], going and coming, |
adhigata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) gone over, studied |
anadhigata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unattained, unacquired, unstudied |
asamadhigata
¦[pst.pv.p] unapproached, avoided |
anugata
¦[pst.av.p] following along |
  • anugatā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • anugatam ¦[a.sg]| msa
upagata
¦[pst.av.p] had gone near, had gone to |
upāgata
¦[pst.av.p] was strongly going to |
nirgata
¦[pst.av.p] gone out |
pragata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] gone forth |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) going forth, going forward |
    • pragataḥ ¦[n.sg]| msa
vigata
  • ¦[pst.av.p] departing |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] dispersed |
vinirgata
¦[pst.av.p] even more gone outward |
vyapagata
¦[pst.av.p] had fallen away; had gone away |
sugata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) well departed, well going |
gamita
¦[pst.av.p] was attaining |
gamyamāna
¦[prs.mv.p][prs.pv.p][mn] being moved, being brought, being gone, being departed, being gone over; being traveled; being understood |
gantavya
¦[ft.pv.p] to be brought |
upagantavya
¦[ft.pv.p] to be brought near to |
abhyupagantavya
¦[ft.pv.p] to be gone towards; to be agreed upon |
gacchat
¦[mn.prs.av.p] am going |
·
ga
¦[adj] going to, moving towards |
  • gais ¦[i.pl]| tsk
sarvaga
¦[n] all pervading |
  • sarvagam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • sarvagam ¦[a.sg]|
gaṅgā
¦[f] the swift flowing (river) |
saugata
  • ¦[adj] buddhistic |
  • ¦[m][agt] a buddhist |
gamya
¦[adj] going to, understanding |
  • gamya ¦[cp]| jns
  • gamyam ¦[a.sg]| msa
agamya
¦[adj] to ignorance gone |
  • agamya ¦[cp]| jns
adhigamya
¦[adj] attainable, conceivable, to be studied |
anuga
  • ¦[a.mnfā] go along after |
  • ¦[m][agt] companion |
    • anugam ¦[a.sg]| msa
dūraga
  • ¦[a.mnfā] distant, far, afar, going far off, far from |
  • ¦[n][agt] distance, remoteness |
  • ¦[fā][abst] endurance |
    • dūragā ¦[n.sg]| msa
prāga
  • ¦[adj] unable to walk forth |
  • ¦[m][agt] a snake, mountain, sun, tree |

‐jagat

jagat
  • ¦[n][act][adj] living, moving |
  • ¦[n][agt] living beings, mankind, people; world, cosmic manifestation, universe |
    • jagat ¦[cp]| msa
    • jagat ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • jagat ¦[a.sg]| msa, mbk
    • jagatām ¦[g.pl]| msa
    • jagati ¦[l.sg]| msa
    • jagatsu ¦[l.pl]| msa
  • ¦[m][obj] people (plural), air, wind |
    • jagatas ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • jagatas ¦[g.sg]|
jagatī
¦[f] female living beings |
gati
¦[f] motion, going, going away; manner thereof; the migrating ātman through cycles of rebirth; mode of existence, expedient means; path, way; course of fate |
  • gati ¦[cp]| msa, tps
  • gatis ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • gatim ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • gatyā ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • gatau ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • gatitas ¦[abl.adv] from mode of existence, from transmigration | msa
avagati
¦[f] conceiving, guessing, anticipating |
durgati
¦[f] miserable ill going |
saṅgati
¦[f] coming together, sexual union |
sugati
¦[f] (well going) condition, refuge, position, state, happiness |
  • sugati ¦[cp]| msa
  • sugates ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • sugates ¦[g.sg]|
gatika
  • ¦[n][act] going |
  • ¦[n][agt] motion, condition, refuge |
    • gatikau ¦[n.dl]| msa
    • gatikau ¦[a.dl]|
gatva
¦[n][abst] goingness |
  • gatvam ¦[n.sg]|
  • gatvam ¦[a.sg]| msa
gantu
¦[m] traveler, way farer, stranger, rambler |
āgantu
  • ¦[a.mnf] coming, arriving ; incidental, accidental, random. adventitious |
    • āgantu ¦[m.n.sg]|
    • āgantu ¦[m.a.sg]|
  • ¦[m] ('footloose') way farer |
    • āgantu ¦[cp]|
gantur
¦[m] course, way; a moving traveler thereof |
agantur
¦[m] non-way, the uncoursed, the untravelled |
  • agantu ¦[cp]|
agantukatva
¦[n][abst] adventitiousness, incidentality, randomness |
  • agantukatva ¦[cp]| mbk
  • agantukatvam ¦[n.sg]|
  • agantukatvam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • agantukatve ¦[l.sg]| mbk
gantṛ
¦[mnfī] a mover, a goer (person or thing) |
gantrī
¦[f] a cart, wagon, vehicle |
  • gantrī ¦[f.n.sg]| msa
agantṛ
¦[mnf] a non mover |
gama
  • ¦[adj] going (cp end)
  • [m][agt] a road, going away (abl), a march; going with a (cp) woman for intercourse (the male) |
adhigama
¦[m] obtaining, acquiring, gaining knowledge |
  • adhigama ¦[cp]| msa
  • adhigamasya ¦[g.sg]| tps
  • adhigame ¦[l.sg]| msa, tps
anugama
¦[m] going along, going after |
  • anugamāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
abhyupagama
¦[m] going near to ; agreement, consent, vow, promise, an affinity |
  • abhyupagama ¦[cp]| msa
apagama
¦[m] absence, going away, disappearance, depart, vanish, departure, move aside, death |
  • apagamāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
āgama
  • ¦[n][act][adj] approaching, coming near |
  • ¦[n][agt] knowledge, doctrine |
    • āgame ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] any śaivite tantric text |
anāgama
¦[adj] unapproachable, not present [m] non arrival, |
abhyāgama
¦[a.mnfā] arrival, visit [m] encountering, approaching, arriving at a result; enmity, striking, battle, war |
samudāgama
¦[a.mnfā] (full, complete) upward going, rising, attainment, achievement, knowledge, |
  • samudāgama ¦[cp]| mbk
  • samudāgamas ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
udgama
¦[adj] rising, going up |
nirgama
¦[adj] without going |
anirgama
  • ¦[adj] staying, |
  • ¦[m][agt] not going forth, undeparted |
pragama
¦[m] first manifestation, first move, start of a relationship |
  • pragamas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
vigama
¦[m] departure, disappearance, cessation |
  • vigamas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn
  • vigamāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsn
samāgama
¦[adj] going together |
saṅgama
¦[m] coming together; (sexual also) |
jaṅgama
¦[adj] moving, living; [n] what is moving or alive |
āgamikā
¦[f] a learned mentress, one knowledgeable concerning early buddhist āgamas |
gamana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] going, moving; entering; coming, approaching; attaining, obtaining |
    • gamanam ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • gamanam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] departure, decampment, march; amorous metaphor, cohabitation |
agamana
¦[n] unmoving, nongoing |
dvigamana
¦[n] twice going |
anāgāmitā
¦[pali][f][abst] state of a non·returner (an anāgāmin), the final stage of life |
  • anāgāmitā ¦[n.sg]| msa
gāmitva
¦[n][abst] approchment |
  • gāmitva ¦[cp]| msa
gāmin
¦[adj] going or moving to, in, on, into, towards, approaching (sex); reaching, obtaining |
  • gāmiṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa
anugāmin
¦[adj] companion follower |

*gambh
gambhīra
  • ¦[n][act][adj] deep vocal tone, deep character |
  • ¦[n][agt] depth |
    • gambhīra ¦[cp]| tps, jns
  • ¦[m][agt] lotus, lemon tree, mantra (rgveda) |
gambhīra
¦[adj] profound, serious, sagacious; ++ |
  • gambhīra ¦[cp]| tsn
  • gambhīras ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
gambhiratā
¦[f] profoundness, earnestnesss, sagacity, depth |
  • gambhiratā ¦[n.sg]| tsn
gambīrya
¦[adj] with composure, majestic, dignified, noble, with gravitas, with reverence |
  • gambīrya ¦[cp]| tps
  • gambīryāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
gāmbīrya
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] being deep, deeper |
  • ¦[n][act] deepness, earnestness |
  • ¦[n][agt] generosity, profound depth, composure |
    • gāmbhīrya ¦[cp]| msa
    • gāmbhīryam ¦[n.sg]|
    • gāmbhīryam ¦[a.sg]| msa
    • gāmbhīryāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa

√garv
¦[cl10pā] proud ; [dk.man] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.449] ga̱rvaṃ, māne̍ | ity ā̍g̱̱a̱rvīyāḥ̍ |
garvayate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
garvita
¦[pst.av.p] conceited |
·
garva
  • ¦[adj] haughty |
  • ¦[m][agt] pride; proud haughty arrogance |

√garv
¦[cl1p] [en] become proudly haughty [lith.garbe] ; [dk.dṛp]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.666] garvaṃ, darpe̍ |
garvati
¦[av.3sg]|

√garj
¦¦[cl1p] sound, roar, rumble; cry ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.258] garjaṃ, śabde̍ |
garjantas
¦[cl1p.av.3d] those two do roar |
·
garjita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) rumbling, roaring |
·
√garj
¦[cl10pā] caused to roar, made to cry out ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.177] garjaṃ, śabde̍ |
garjayate
¦[mv.3sg] |

√gal
¦[cl1p] drop, drip, ooze, trickle |
galati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
galita
¦[pst.pv.p] was dropped |
√gal
¦[cf.gṝ] [cl1p] to eat, swallow, devour, and discharge food ; [dk.ad] [dk.bhakṣ] [dk.gṝ] [dk.sru] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.627] galaṃ, ada̍ne, bhakṣa̍ṇe, srā̱ve ca̍ |
galati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gal
¦[cl10ā] to make known, teach, cause to know |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.223] gala̱ṃ, srava̍ṇe |
galayate
¦[mv.3sg]|

gaveṣ
¦[gā+iṣ][cl10pā] seek, search, hunt; fervently strive after ; [dk.mārg] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.425] gaveṣaṃ, mārga̍ṇe |
gaveṣate
¦[mv.3sg]|
gaveṣayet
¦[cl10.op.3sg] should search for |

√gah
¦[cf.gāh][cl10p] made to enter deeply into |
gahayati
¦[ûu̍u̩u][cl10.av.3sg]|
·
gahana
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] deep, dense, inexplicable, impenetrable |
    • gahanāt ¦[abl.sg]|
  • ¦[n][act] pain, distress |
  • ¦[n][agt] an abyss, thicket, cave, forest, hiding place |
atigahana
¦[mnfā] completely impenetrable, very deep, inexplicable |
  • atigahanāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
gahanatva
¦[n][abst] inaccessiblity, impenetrability, unfathomableness, density |
  • gahanatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
gahvara
  • ¦[a.mnfā,ī] impervious, impenetrabile, deep, confused, perplexed |
  • ¦[n][agt] an abyss, thicket, woods, riddle, hypocrisy, weeping |
    • gahvara ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] an arbour, a bower |


√gā
¦[cl1ā][cl3p] go towards ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1101][ā] gā̱ṅ, gatau̍ |
gāte
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
¦[adj| going |
  • gā ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • gānām ¦[g.pl]| msa
āgā
¦[mnfā] going |


√gā
¦[cl3p][veda] praise, eulogy ; [dk.stu] [dk.gā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.26] gā̱stutau̍, | anu̍dātta̱ḥ, para̍smai, bhāṣaḥ | canda̍si | vṛt | ghṛ pra̍bhṛta̱ya ekā̍da̱śa canda̍si | iya̍ti bhā̱ṣāyā̱m api̍ || vṛt || iti̱ ślu vi̍karaṇā ju̱ḥoty ā̍dayaḥ || 3 ||
jígāti
¦[av.3sg]|
√gā
¦[cl4pā] sing, chant, recite, praise, proclaim ; [dk.stu] [dk.gā] |
gāyati
¦[]|
gāyate
¦[]|
·
gāthā
¦[f] verse, stanza, song |
gīta
  • ¦[n][act][adj] sung, singing, chanted, praised |
  • ¦[n][agt] a song |
gīti
¦[f] song, singing |

gāh


√gāh
¦[cf.gādh][cl1pā] plunge, plunge deeper, be submerged ; [dk.loḍ] [dk.gāh] ; [grk.ba̍pto] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.736][ā] gāhū̱ṃ, vi̱loḍa̍ne |
gāhate
¦[cl1ā.3sg]|
gāhati
¦[cl1p.3sg]|
·
gāḍha
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] plunged deeper into, pressed together |
  • gāḍham ¦[adv] strongly, extremely, very much | msa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] strong, vehement, firm, hard, excessive |
    • gāḍha ¦[cp]| msa. tps
  • gāḍhatva ¦[n][[abst] depth, vehemence, intensity |
·
gabhīra
¦[u‐u̍][adj.mnfā] deep |
  • gabhīra ¦[cp]| msa
  • gabhīram ¦[a.sg]| msa
duravagāhatā
¦[abst.f] hard to fathomness, difficult comprehensiveness |

√gu
¦[cl1ā] indistinct mumbled sound; proclaim, sound out ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1100] gu̱ṅ, avya̍kte̱ śabde̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1105] gu̱ṅ, śabde̍ |
gavate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|

√guṇ
¦[cl10pā] calling out to someone in greeting ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.436] guṇaṃ, ca ā̱mantra̍ṇe |
guṇayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
*guṇ
guṇa
¦[m] an attribute, a strand, a quality, essence |
  • guṇa ¦[cp]| msa , tps, mbk
  • guṇam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • guṇena ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • guṇais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • guṇānām ¦[g.pl]| msa, mbk
āguṇa
¦[m] strong attribute |
paraguṇa
¦[m] qualities of another, beneficial to another |
  • paraguṇa ¦[cp]| msa
svaguṇa
  • ¦[adj] having self merit |
  • [m][agt] one's appropriate merits |
guṇavat
¦[mnf] endowed with characteristics |
  • guṇavat ¦[cp]| msa
  • guṇavatas ¦[mn.abl.sg]| msa
  • guṇavatas ¦[mn.g.sg]|
guṇavant
¦[mn] possessing characteristics |
  • guṇavantas ¦[m.n.pl]| tps
guṇā
¦[<pali][f.pl] qualities, aspects |
  • guṇa ¦[cp]| msa
  • guṇā ¦[n.sg]| tps
  • guṇās ¦[n.pl]| msa
guṇita
¦[pst.pv.p] intensified, multiplied, heaped together |
guṇya
¦[adj] having virtuous good qualities; praised |

gup


√gup
¦[cl1pā] [p] protect [dk.rakṣ] ; [ā] be on guard [dk.gup] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.461][p] gupūṃ, rakṣa̍ṇe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1125][ā] gu̱paṃ, gopa̍ne |
gopati
¦[av.3sg]|
gopate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
gupta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was protected |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was defending |
jugupsita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) disliked, detested |
  • ¦[n][agt] a retched horrible deed |
    • jugupsitam ¦[a.sg]| jns
·
jugupsā
¦[f] aversion, dislike, abhorrence, disgust |
√gup
¦[cl4p] disoriented, confused ; [dk.muh] [dk.kul] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.147] gupaṃ, vyākula̱tve |
gupyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gup
¦[cl10] speak guardedly ; [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.302] gupaṃ, bhāṣārthdaḥ |
gopayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

Gur


√gur
¦[cl6ā] raise, lift up, exalt ; [lat] gravis ; [dk.yam] [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.131] gurī̱ṃ, u̱dyama̍ne | u̱dātta̱ anu̍dāttet ||
gurate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
guru
  • ¦[adj] heavy, weighty, great, serious, venerable, large, difficult |
  • ¦[m][agt] spiritual preceptor, exalted one, venerable person, teacher, parents |
    • gurū ¦[cp]| jns
    • guruḥ ¦[n.sg]| jns
    • guravas ¦[n.pl]| jns
gurutā
¦[f] weight, heaviness, trouble, burden; solemnity, sombre dignity |
  • gurutā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • gurutām ¦[a.sg]| msa
gaurava
¦[n] difficulty, heavyness |
agaurava
¦[n] eaze, lightness |
  • agauravam ¦[n.sg]| mbk

√guh
¦[cl1pā] secretiveness of concealment ; [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1043] guhū̍ṃ, sa̱ṃvara̍ṇe | iti̱ hikkā̍daya u̱dāttāḥ̍ svri̱tetaḥ̍ |
gūhati
¦[av.3sg] conceals |
abhiguhya
¦[gnd] having concealed |
upaguhya
¦[gnd] having near to concealed | msa
·
guhya
¦[adj] concealed [n] a secret |
gūḍha
  • ¦[n][act][adj] hidden, concealed, secret |
    • gūḍha ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] a hidden place, concealed mystery |
  • ¦[ind] secretly |

√gṛ
¦[cf.ghṛ] [cl1p] sprinkle, moisten ; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1087] gṛ̱-, secane |
garati
¦[av.3sg]|
√gṛ
¦[cl9pā] invoke, sing, praise, call, proclaim; [dk.gā] [dk.jñā] |
gṛnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
gṛnīte
¦[mv.3sg]|
parigṛhṇāti
¦[p3sg] proclaim around |
gṛhītvā
¦[gnd] having invoked |
parigṛhīta
¦[pst.av.p] praising everywhere |
·

gṝ


√gṝ√gir√gil
¦ [cl6pā] swallow, devour ; [dk.gṝ] |
giráti
¦[cl6p]|
girate
¦[cl6ā]|
·
gara
  • ¦[adj][act] devouring |
  • ¦[m][agt] a drink, a poisonous drink, disease (swallowing) |
  • ¦[fāī][obj] andropogon serratus plant |
garva
¦[m] pride, arrogance |

*go
gotra
¦[n] lineage, herd, group, family, race, cast |
  • gotra ¦[cp]| msa, mbk, jns,
  • gotram ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • gotram ¦[a.sg]|
  • gotrāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • gotrasya ¦[g.sg]| msa, mbk
  • gotre ¦[l.sg]| msa
agotra
¦[adj] without lineage, without a cause, castless, |
  • agotras ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
gotravat
¦[n] possessing the qualities of a gotra lineage, |
  • gotravat ¦[cp]| msa

go
  • ¦[m] ox, bull |
    • go ¦[cp]| jns
  • ¦[f] cow |
  • ¦[mf] products from a cow: milk, butter, hide, flesh |
gautama
¦[m](from a large ox - important person) epithet of śakyamuni buddha; a descendant of the ṛṣi gotama; ++ |
gomaya
  • ¦[adj] bovine |
  • ¦[mn] dung of cow |

√gai
¦[cl1p][cl3p] sing, speak or recite in a singing manner; relate in metrical language ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1065] gai̱, śabde̍ |
gāyati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
pragīyate
¦[cl1.pv.3s] praised forth |
jigāti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|

granth


√granth
¦[cl9p] tie, fasten, knot, bind together, arrange in a series ; [dk.granth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.49] granthaṃ, sanda̱rbhe |
grathnāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
grathita
¦[pst.pv.p] arranged, bound together |
·
saṅgrathana
|[n][act] (completely) assembling, binding together, fastening |
grantha
¦[m] verse composition, book in verse or prose; binding together |
granthi
¦[m] tie, knot, |
√granth
¦[cl10pā] cause to be tied or bound together ; [dk.dṛbh] [dk.bandh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.375] granthaṃ, sanda̱rbhe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.362] granthaṃ, bandha̍ne |
granthayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√granth
¦[cl1ā] contrive deceitfully; be crooked (physical) ; [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.36] grathi̱ṃ, kauṭi̍lye |
granthate
¦[mv.3sg]|

grah


√grah,√grabh,√gṛbh
¦[cl9pā] grab, seize, grasp [dk.āp] [gk.grah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.71] graha̍ṃ, upādā̱ne (upaāadā̱na) | u̱dāttaḥ̍ svari̱tet || vṛt || iti̱ śnāvi̍karṇā̱ ṛyā̍dayaḥ |
gṛhṇáti
¦[av.3sg] grasps |
gṛhyate
¦[pv.3sg] grasped | tsn
saṃgṛhyate
¦[pv.3sg] fully grasped |
gṛhyeta
¦[opt.pv.3sg] ought be grasped |
grahītā
¦[prfp.ft.3sg] shall grasp |
upagṛhya
¦[gnd] having near to grasped | msa
·
gṛhṇat
¦[prs.av.p][mn] grasping |
gṛhṇata
¦[cp]|
parigṛhṇat
¦[prs.av.p][mn] embracing, grasping, obtaining |
gṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] grasped, grasping |
agṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] ungrasped |
durgṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] ill grasped |
parigṛhīta
¦[pst.pv.p] enveloped, embraced, grasped all around |
·
gṛh
¦[adj] grasping, seizing |
gṛha
  • ¦[n][agt] wife, name [lat] hortus, zodiac sign, |
  • ¦[m][agt] a wife, householder, house, habitation, home, servant |
graha
  • ¦[adj] grasping, seizing, holding; perceiving |
    • graha ¦[cp]| tsk
  • ¦[m][agt] grasper, seizer; demonic spirit; seizure |
    • graha ¦[cp]| vsk
āgraha
¦[adj] (strongly) grasping |
  • āgrahāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
agraha
  • ¦[adj] ungrasping |
    • agrahāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsk
  • ¦[m] anchorite, renunciate |
    • agrahau ¦[n.dl]| vsk
    • agrahau ¦[a.dl]|
anugraha
¦[m] kindness, favour, benefit, promoting virtue |
  • anugraha ¦[cp]| msa
  • anugrahas ¦[n.sg]| tps, mbk
  • anugrahena ¦[i.sg]| msa
udgraha
¦[m] to take up, lifting up, elevating, accomplishing, memorized, remembered |
  • udgraha ¦[cp]| msa
  • udgrahas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
  • udgrahāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
anudgraha
¦[m] non grasping, not taking up |
  • anudgrahāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
niravagraha
¦[adj] ungrasped, unrestrained, free |
parigraha
¦[adj] greedy, all around grasping or seizing, everywhere grasping, fully comprehending |
  • parigrahas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • parigraheṇa ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • parigrahais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • parigrahe ¦[l.sg]| msa
saparigraha
¦[adj] with attachment |
  • saparigrahas ¦[ms.n.sg]| tps
samparigraha
  • ¦[n] summary, complete collection, grasping at every thing |
    • samparigrahāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[m] receiving with kindness ?? |
pragraha
  • ¦[mnfā] receiving, hospitable, kind |
  • ¦[m] grasping, seizing, clutching, taking hold of, confinement; kindness, friendly reception, friend, leader, chief; binding, taming (horse); rein, bridle, rope |
    • pragrahas ¦[n.sg]| tps
vigraha
  • ¦[adj] ungrasped |
  • ¦[m][agt] separation, resolution, analysis, discord |
saṅgraha
¦[adj] fully grasping |
  • saṅgrahas ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
  • saṅgrahāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
  • saṅgrahatas ¦[abl.adv]| msa
grahaṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] grasping, seizing |
    • grahaṇa ¦[cp]| tps, mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] learning, perception, hand, sense organ |
anugrahaṇa
¦[n] practising |
*
anugrahaṇāya ¦[d.sg]| msa
nigrahaṇa
¦[n] holding down, subduing, suppressing |
  • nigrahaṇa ¦[cp]| msa
grahaṇatas
¦[abl.adv] from grasping, from obtaining | msa
grahatā
¦[f][abst] graspedness, state of being a planet |
parānugrahatā
¦[f] altruism |
  • parānugrahatās ¦[na.sg]| mbk
nisparigrahatā
¦[f] non‐grasping all around, |
  • nisparigrahata ¦[cp]| mbk
grahatva
¦[n][abst] graspfulness |
avigrahatva
¦[n][abst] inseparableness |
  • avigrahatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
grāha
  • ¦[pali.gāha]|
  • ¦[adj] grabbing, grasping, seizing, holding |
    • grāha ¦[cp]| msa, tsk, tps, mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] a concept; a prisoner, a large aquatic animal that grasps (alligator, hippopotamus, shark), by wordplay (śleṣa) a person with such qualities |
    • grāhe ¦[l.sg]| tps
agrāha
¦[adj] ungrasping |
  • agrāha ¦[cp]| tps
  • agrāhāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
grāhavat
¦[mnfī] abounding with grasping aquatic animals |
  • grāhavat ¦[nt.n.sg]|
  • grāhavat ¦[nt.a.sg]| msa
grāhikā
¦[fā] taking in particular (logic, a list), body, buyer |
  • grāhikā ¦[n.sg]| msa
grāhin
¦[mnf] grasping, seizing, taking hold, obtaining |
  • sadgrāhin ¦[mnf] truly grasping |
  • sadgrāhī ¦[m.n.sg]| jns
grāhya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] grasped, seized, taken, grasping |
  • ¦[n][agt] the graspable, an object of perceived external nature |
    • grāhya ¦[cp]| msa, tsk, mbk
agrāhya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] ungrasping |
    • agrāhyas ¦[m.n.sg]| tps
  • ¦[n][agt] ungraspable |
    • agrāhya ¦[cp]| tps
saṅgrāhya
¦[adj] (to be) enjoined, embraced, attracted, won |
  • saṅgrāhyam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
grāhaka
  • ¦[adj] grasping |
  • ¦[m][agt] (metaphor) a falcon, or hawk, catching snakes, one who seizes or grasps, the internal subjective grasper |
    • grāhaka ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
    • grāhakayos ¦[g.dl]| mbk
parānugrāhaka
¦[n] compassionate altruistic obtaining for another |
parigrāhaka
¦[adj] everywhere grasping |
grāhatā
¦[f][abst] holding‐ness, graspingness |
  • grāhatā ¦[n.sg]| tps
grahaṇa
¦[adj] grasping [n] grasp, acquiring |
garbha
¦[m] germ, kernel, seed, nucleus, essence, essential nature, matrix ; interior chamber, womb ; embryo, child, brood; fire |
  • garbhās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • garbhe ¦[l.sg]| msa

grāma
¦[m] village, community; collection (things)|

gras


√gras
¦[cf.ugr] [cl1ā] [en] devour, consume [dk.gras] ; [dk.ad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.717] grasu̱ṃ, (ada̍ne < glasu̱ṃ [1.718]) |
grasate
¦[mv.3sg]|
grasta
¦[ps.pv.p] absorbed |
√gras
¦[cf.ugras] [cl10pā] cause to strike a physical blow ; [dk.gras] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.271] ugrasaṃ, ity eke̍ (ukā̍ro, ghā̍tv ava̱yava, ity eke̍ | nety, a̱nye) |
grasayati
¦[av.3sg]|

grīva
¦[m] the neck |

Gh


ghaṭ


√ghaṭ
¦[cl1āp] focused fervent over exertion; produce, make, form ; [dk.ceṣṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.867] gha̱ṭaṃ, ce̱ṣṭāyā̍m |
ghaṭate
¦[mv.3sg] [e+] fervently strive |
ghaṭati
¦[av.3sg][rare]|
·
ghaṭita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was fervently) produced, exerted, formed, made, planned, attempted |
  • ghaṭitam ¦[adj.a.sg]| msa
aghaṭita
¦[pst.pv.p] unproduced, unattempted, unexerted, unformed, unmade |
  • aghaṭitebhyas ¦[d.pl]|
  • aghaṭitebhyas ¦[abl.pl]| msa
ghaṭat
¦[prs.av.p] exerting, making, producing |
ghaṭa
¦[prs.pv.p] intently occupied |
ghaṭa
¦[n][act][adj] exerting one´s self intently |
ghaṭa
[m][agt] a pot, jar, clay water pot; various jar like shapes: a temple, a column, the head, yogic breath suspension (kumbha); ++ |
ghaṭā
¦[f][abst] endevour |
.
ghaṭana
  • [n][act] union with, making, effecting, procuring |
  • [m][agt] an actor |
ghaṭanā
[f] bringing about, effecting, making, procuring |
√ghaṭ
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) strike, maim, kill ; [dk.gam] [dk.han] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.248] ghaṭaṃ, saṅghā̱te | hantya̍ arthāś ca |
ghaṭayati
¦[av.3sg]|

√ghaṇṭ
¦cl10pā] speak, shine ; [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.298] ghaṭiṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) |
ghaṇṭayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

ghaṇṭā
¦[f] bell |
ghana
  • ¦[m] a cloud |
  • ¦[n] a compact nebulous mass or substance; +++ |

√ghur
¦[cl6pā] cry out frightfully ; [dk.bhī] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.71] [cl6p] ghuraṃ, bhīmārtha śa̱bdayoḥ̍ |
ghurati
[av.3sg]
ghurate
¦[mv.3sg]|
jughure
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
ghora
¦[adj] horrible, awful, dreadful |
  • ghore ¦[l.sg]| jns
atighora
¦[mnf] most highly dreadful |

√ghuṣ
¦[cl1p] announce, proclaim; being silent to prevent pain unto another person, to 'hold one's tongue' (see:dhātupāṭha) ; [dk.śabd] [dk.piṭh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.741] ghuṣiraṃ, avi̍śabdane | śabda̱ ity a̱nye pe̍ṭhuḥ |
ghoṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
ghoṣa
¦[m] proclamation |
  • ghoṣa ¦[cp]| msa
ghoṣavat
¦[adj] sounding, sonant, soft articulation (ghoṣa) |
  • ghoṣavat ¦[n.sg]| msa
ghoṣaṇa
¦[n] proclaiming publicly |
√ghuṣ
¦[cl10pā] cause to proclaim aloud ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.251] ghuṣiraṃ, vi̱śabda̍ne |
ghoṣayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√ghṛ
¦[cf.gṛ] [cl3p] be lustrous; besprinkle, moisten, drip ; [dk.kṣar] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.15] ghṛ̱, kṣaraṇa dī̱ptyoḥ |
jigharti
¦[av.3sg] drips |
ghṛta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p][cf.udaka] sprinkled |
  • ¦[n][agt] rejuvenating rain water from heaven (ghee like) |
ghṛti
¦[m] clarified butter, ghee |
√ghṛ
¦[cl1p] besprinkle, moisten ; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1088] ghṛ̱, seca̍ne |
gharati
¦[cl1p.av.3sg] moistens |
√ghṛ
¦[cl8pa] shine; (shine to burn) ; [rus] gor ; [dk.sic] |
ghṛnoti
¦[cl8p.av.3sg] shine, light, burn |
·
nairghṛṇya
¦[n] without light, pitiless cruelty |
ghṛṇā
¦[f] tender heartfelt compassion; hateful disgusted malice (with a locative) |

ghṛṣ


√ghṛṣ
¦[cl1p] rub, grind, crush ; [dk.ghṛṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.805][p] ghṛṣuṃ, saṅgharṣane |
gharṣati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
saṅgharṣa
¦[m] collision, clash, contention |

ghrā


√ghrā
¦[cl1p][cl3pa][cl2p] to smell, snuffle at, perceive odour ; [dk.ghrā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1075] ghrā̱, gandhopādāne (ghrā̱ṇe) |
jighrati
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
ghrāti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
aghrāt
¦[aor.3sg]|
·
ghrāṇa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] smelled |
  • ¦[n][act] to smell |
  • ¦[n][agt] the nose |
  • ¦[m][agt] stench. smell, odour |
āghrāyamāṇa
  • ¦[prs.pv.p] is smelled | msa
·

C


√cak
¦[cl1p] quake |
cakanti
¦[av.3pl]|
cakita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] frightened |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] frightening |
  • ¦[n][agt] trepidation, freight |
cakra
¦[n] pranic locus, circle, wheel |
  • cakra ¦[cp]| tps
  • cakra ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • cakra ¦[a.sg]|
√cak
¦[cl1pā] be content : [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.892][cl1p] cakaṃ, tṛptau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.98][cl1ā] caka̱ṃ, tṛptau̍ pratighā̱te ca̍ |
cakati
¦[av.3sg]|
cakate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√cakṣ
¦[<√kāś(redup)][cl2a] see, perceive, consider [dk.dṛś] ; narrate, speak, tell, inform, bear witness [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.7] ca̱kṣi̱ṅ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci | a̱yaṃ darśa̱ne aapi̍ | anu̍dā̱tto aanu̍dāttet |
pracakṣmahe
¦[cl2.mv.1p] (we) tell, relate, inform, declare; consider |
·
vicakṣana
¦
  • [n][act] conspicuous, visible, perceivable ;
  • [m] a knowledgeable wise person ;
avicakṣana
¦[n][act] unperceptive, ignorant, unclever, undiscerning |
vicakṣaṇā
¦[f] wise knowing ones (group) |
  • vicakṣaṇā ¦[n.sg]| msa
cakṣus
¦
  • [n][act] seeing ;
    • cakṣuṣas ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • cakṣuṣas ¦[g.sg]|
  • [n][agt] the eye; sight, vision |
    • cakṣus ¦[n.sg]| tps
    • cakṣus ¦[a.sg]|
cakṣū
¦[cp]|

√cañc
¦[<cañcala<√cal][cl1.p] leap, jump, move excitedly, shake, be unsteady ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.217] cañcuṃ (gatyarthaḥ) |
cañcati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] leaps excitedly |
·
cañcala
¦[adj] unsteady, discordant |
cañcura
¦[adj] wily clever expertise |

√caṭ
¦[cl1p] go hastefully ; [dk.caṭ] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.331] caṭeṃ, (varṣa avaraṇayoḥ) ity, eke̍ |
caṭati
¦[av.3sg]|

*cat
catur
¦[adj] four [ind] four times |
  • catus ¦[cp]| tps, mbk
  • caturbhis ¦[m.i.pl]| tsk
caturtha
¦[adj] fourthly, fourth, quaternary |
  • caturtham ¦[a.sg]| msa, mbk
caturviṃśati
¦[f] twenty fourth |
caturviṃśat
¦[cp]|
catuṣṭaya
¦[n] a quaternion, four fold, consisting of four; a tetralemma |
catvāriṃśat
¦[f] forty |
catvār
¦[n] four (arcaic plural vedic form, < catvāri [n.na.pl]); [pra] cattāri < [oia] catvāra; [lat] quattuor; [goth] fidwor |
catvāra
¦[<oia][m] four |
  • catvāras ¦[n.sg]| msa
cātur
¦[adj] fourfold |

√cand,√ścand
¦[cl1p] to shine reflectively and enliven ; [dk.hlād] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.71] cadiṃ, āhlā̱de, dīptau̍ ca |
candati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
candana
¦[n][act] reflecting, shining, resplendent |
candra
  • [adj] glittering, shining reflectively |
    • candra ¦[cp]| msa
  • [m] moon (candramās) |
    • candra ¦[cp]| msa, vsk
candravat
¦[n]| with moon like reflections |

√cam
¦[cl1p] sip, drink; eat ; [dk.ad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.540] camuṃ, (adane) |
camati
¦[]|
√cam
¦[cl5p] consume voraciously ; [dk.bhakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.31] camuṃ, bhakṣa̍ṇe |
cannoti
¦[av.3sg]|

car


√car
¦[cl1p] (cow like) meander, roam about, wander, waver ; [dk.gam] [dk.bhakṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.640] caraṃ, gatyarthāḥ | caratir bhakṣaṇartho api (cara bhakṣaṇe ca) |
carati
¦[av.3sg] meander, wander | msa
caret
¦[opt.3sg] (ought) might wander | msa
ācaret
¦[opt.3sg] one ought bekon hither, ought ramble about |
vicaret
¦[opt.3sg] ought wander forth |
vicārayet
¦[cs.opt.3sg] (ought be encouraged to) wander out and about | jns
viniścaret
¦[opt.3sg] ought wander about everywhere |
vicaranti
¦[av.3pl] they wander forth astray |
carantu
¦[imp.3pl] they must wander |
acarī
¦[?] move about, here : behave | jana carī or cari (m) ¦ jana carīm or acarim ¦ bhs cari,carī = sk caryā, pali cariyā = spiritual practice, course of conduct
caritvā
¦[gnd] having wandered |
·
cara
  • ¦[mnfā][act] moving, movable ; going, walking, wandering, living ; shaking, unsteady |
  • ¦[m][agt] spy, agent, wind, air, planet mars, cowrie shell |
  • ¦[fī][agt] young woman |
anucara
  • ¦[mnfī][act] following, attending |
    • anucare ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] companion, follower, servant |
  • ¦[fī][agt] a female companion, maid |
carita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) meandering, wandering, going |
  • ¦[n][act] wander, roam, explore |
  • ¦[n][agt] way, practice, conduct, nature, act, deed |
    • caritam ¦[n.sg]|
    • caritam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
    • caritais ¦[i.pl]| mbk
duścarita
  • ¦[n][act][adj] ill going, misbehaving, wicked |
  • ¦[n][agt] an ill going wicked behavior (thought, word and deed)‐(past, present, future), a wrong deed |
    • duścaritebhyas ¦[d.pl]|
    • duścaritebhyas ¦[abl.pl]| msa
    • duścarite ¦[l.sg]| msa
ten principle duścaritas :
  • murder ‐ prāṇātipāta
  • theft ‐ dattādāna
  • adultery ‐ kāma·mithyācāra
  • lying ‐ mṛṣā·vāda
  • calumny ‐
  • lewdness ‐
  • evil speech ‐
  • covetousness ‐ abhidhyā
  • envy
  • heresy ‐ mithya dṛṣṭiś ceti
·
caraṇa
  • [n][act] going round about; meandering; eating, grazing; (cp end) practicing |
  • [n][agt] performance, observance, moral conduct of life, deportment |
    • caraṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • [m][agt] a part, division; (cp end) the feet of |
carama
¦[m] later, last, at the end, final; least, lowest; outermost |
carī
¦[bhs.cari,carī][cf.pali.cariyā][sk.cf.caryā][f] spiritual practice, a bodhisattva's course of conduct |
  • carīm ¦[a.sg]| msa
cāra
¦[m] meandering, going about |
  • cāra ¦[cp]| msa
abhicāra
¦[m] mesmerizing |
ācāra
¦[m] invariant fact, agreeing with what is taught (buddh) ; an established rule |
ācārā
¦[fā][cf.ācāra] used at end of compound |
  • ācārā ¦[n.sg]| msa
samudācāra
¦[m] (fully elevated) true fact, purpose, intent, motive |
  • samudācāra ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
upacāra
¦[m] approach, practice, behaviour, metaphor |
  • upacāras ¦[n.sg]| tsk
pracāra
¦[m] wandering forth, roaming, meandering forth |
vicāra
¦[m] deliberation, consideration, pondering |
  • vicāras ¦[n.sg]| tsk
sañcāra
¦[m] wandering about, path |
samācāra
¦[m] practice, usual behaviour, custom, habit, procedure, conduct |
  • samācāras ¦[n.sg]| msa
abhicāruka
¦[adj] using magical incantation, conjuring, |
cāraka
¦[m] meandering journey |
vicāraṇā
¦[f] critical reflective examination; name for mīmāṃsā philosophical system; doubtful hesitation |
  • vicāraṇā ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
carya
¦[adj] practiced |
  • caryam ¦[a.sg]|
āścaryam
¦[ind] rarely, wonderfully, astonishingly | msa
anāścaryam
¦[ind] unrarely, unastonishingly | msa
caryā
¦[f] spiritual practice (buddh); going, meandering, wandering |
  • caryā ¦[n.sg]| tps
  • caryām ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • caryayā ¦[i.sg]| tps
  • caryāyām ¦[l.sg]| tps
adicaryā
¦[f] foremost highest practice |
paricaryā
¦[f] reverent devoted circumambulation |
cārya
  • ¦[adj]| wandering, meandering; spying |
    • cārya ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[n] a vaisya outcaste; a wanderer |
ācārya
¦[mfā] spiritual guide, unwavering one, one to be approached |
  • ācārya ¦[cp]| msa
niścārya
¦[n][abst] bewilderment |
vicārya
¦[n][abst] dubious, doubtful |
carācara
¦[n] wandering or not wandering |
gocara
¦[m] field of one's actions; range of sensory organs; sense object: colour, sound, form |
  • gocaras ¦[n.sg]| vsk, tps
  • gocaram ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • gocarais ¦[i.pl]| mbk
  • gocare ¦[l.sg]| msa
agocara
¦[m] non·cognizance of the imperceptible, lack of a range of action |
  • agocarāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
gocaratā
¦[f] meandering (like a cow) |
agocaratva
¦[n][abst] (unwavering) insensibility, stubbornness |
  • agocaratvam ¦[n.sg]| tps

*carm
carman
¦[n] skin, hide, bark, parchment |
  • carma ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • carma ¦[a.sg]|
carma
¦[n] a shield |

cal


√cal
¦[cf.car] [cl1p] stir, tremble, quiver; move on, depart; [dk.kamp] [dk.cal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.966] calaṃ, kampa̍ne |
calati
¦[av.3sg] enlivens, stirs, quivers |
vicalati
¦[av.3sg]| msa
calayet
¦[cs.opt.av.3sg]|
sañcālayet
¦[cs.opt.av.3sg] (cause to strongly) stir, quiver, move about |
·
calita
¦[pst.pv.p] trembled |
·
calatva
¦[n][abst] agitated indecisiveness |
cala
  • ¦[adj] wavering, confused meandering |
  • ¦[m][agt] trembling indecisive motion |
    • cale ¦[l.sg]| msa
·
acala
¦[adj] immovable, unwavering |
  • acala ¦[cp]| msa
  • acalam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • acale ¦[l.sg]| msa
avicala
¦[adj] immovable, steady, firm, untrembling |
  • avicalās ¦[m.n.pl]| tps
niścala
¦[adj] immovable; unchangeable |
cāla
¦[m][act] moving, shaking |
cālana
¦[n][act][adj] moving, vibrating, shaking, trembling |
sañcālana
¦[n][act] (completely) shaking, vibrating |

cāru
  • ¦[n][act][adj] pleasing, lovely |
  • ¦[n][agt] splendour, moonlight; intelligence |

ci


√ci
¦[cl5pā] gather, collect, gather together, accumulate ; [dk.ci] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.5] ci̱ñ, caya̍ne |
cinóti
¦[av.3sg]|
cinute
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
cita
¦[pst.pv.p] heaped |
cita
¦[pst.av.p] heaping up |
citatva
¦[n][abst] accumulation |
  • citatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsn
·
kāya
¦[m] body, group, accumulation |
  • kāya ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps
  • kāyas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsk, tps
  • kāyena ¦[i.sg]| tps
  • kāyais ¦[i.pl]| msa
akāya
¦[m] not physically embodied |
akāyas
¦[n.sg]| tps
svakāya
  • ¦[adj] self embodied |
  • ¦[m][agt] one's own body, self bodied |
kāyatva
¦[n][abst] embodiment |
akāyatva
¦[n][abst] disembodiment |
akāyatvatas
¦[abl.adv] from disembodiment | tps
kāyā
¦[f] embodiment |
  • kāyā ¦[n.sg]| msa
asakāyā
¦[f] wavering embodiment, without and with embodiment |
  • asakāyā ¦[n.sg]| msa
kāyika
¦[adj] (small) body, group, accumulation |
caya
  • ¦[mnfā] collecting, gathering |
  • ¦[m] assemblage, gathering, heap, pile, multitude, heap, collection |
    • caya ¦[cp]| msa
acaya
¦[m] disassemblage |
  • acayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • acayais ¦[i.pl]| msa
nicaya
  • ¦[m][act] heaping, piling up |
  • ¦[m][agt] multitude, accumulation, heap, provisions |
    • nicayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
vicaya
  • ¦[m][act] gathering together, assembling, collecting; searching for, |
    • vicayāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • vicayasya ¦[g.sg| mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] accumulation, aggregation |
sañcaya
¦[pali][m] accumulation, quantity, collection |
  • sañcaya ¦[n.sg]| msa
asañcaya
¦[m] non-accumulation |
asañcayatva
¦[n][abst] non‐aggrandizement, non‐accumulation, dispersement |
  • asañcayatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
samuccaya
¦[m] collection, aggregation; conjunction of words together |
ceya
¦[adj] accumulated |
√ci
¦[>cāy,>cay][vedic][cl3pa][cl5p] ascertainment, observe, seek, take note of |
ciketi
¦[cl3.av.3sg] observe, perceive |
ceṣyate
¦[cl3.fut.mv.3sg] one shall observe |
cinoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg] seek for, investigate, search through, make inquiries |
·
niścaya
¦[m] (without) doubt, thought, ascertainment, conviction, persuasion, decision, resolution, fixed opinion or purpose |
  • niścayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • niścayam ¦[a.sg]| msa
viniścaya
¦[m] without doubt, firm resolve, settled opinion, final decision |
  • viniścayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • viniścayāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa

cit


√cit
¦[cl1p][cl2a] cogitate, to know all ; [dk.cit] [dk.jñā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.39] citīṃ, sa̱ñjñāne̍ |
cétati
¦[cl1p.3sg] thinks |
cetasi
¦[cl1p.2sg] you think |
cite
¦[cl2a.mv.1sg] thought |
cetti
¦[cl2.av.3sg] one thinks | mmk
cetayitvā
¦[gnd.cs] (having been caused to be) conscious, aware | mmk
sañcitya
¦[gnd] having fully thought out | msa
·
sucitrita
¦[bng][pst.pv.p] well embellished, well described, well portrayed, well painted |
cita
¦[pst.pv.p] metric construction for citta (uuu uuu)|
acita
¦[pst.av.p] unthinking |
  • acita ¦[cp]| msa
niścita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] settled, determined, fixed, convinced |
  • ¦[adv] certainly, without a doubt |
suniścita
¦[pst.pv.p] (well) determined, settled |
  • suniścitas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
citta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] noticed, realized, appeared, visible, aimed at, longed for |
    • citta ¦[cp]| msa
    • cittāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][act] observing, thinking, imagining, |
    • cittais ¦[i.pl]| msa
    • cittasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
  • [n][agt] thought, intelligence, reason, cognition, memory :: prajñā, heart·mind ; ovum | mmk
    • citta ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk, jns
    • cittam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk
    • cittam ¦[a.sg]| tsn, vsk, tps
    • cittāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa, tsn
    • cittasya ¦[g.sg]| msa, mbk
    • citte ¦[l.sg]| msa, jns
acitta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] unconceived, unexpected |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] inconveivable, |
    • acittas ¦[m.n.sg]| tsk
  • ¦[n][agt] not an object of thought, without cognition |
samacitta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) even minded, indifferent |
  • samacitta ¦[cp]| msa
  • samacittāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
upacitta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] accumulated |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] thriving |
upacita
¦[pst.pv.p] metric construction for upacitta (uuu uuu)|
paracitta
¦[n] telepathy, sensing anothers mind |
  • paracitta ¦[a.sg]| vsk
svacitta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] self awared |
  • [n][agt] self reflecting consciousness |
    • svacitta ¦[cp]| vsk
    • svacittasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
·
cittatva
¦[n][abst] cogitation (with emotive dimension), cognition, sentience |
  • cittatvam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
cittatā
¦[pali][f] the state of clarity of both awareness and emptiness underlying perceptions, the fundamental nature of the mind |
  • cittatām ¦[a.sg]| msa
vicikitsā
¦[f] doubt, hesitation, uncertainty, saṃśaya |
  • vicikitsās ¦[n.pl]| tsk
citra
¦[adj] bright, clear, excellent, conspicuous, wonderful, astonishing, strange |
  • citra ¦[cp]| msa
citra·ākara
¦[m] astonishing creation |
  • citra·ākara ¦[cp]| tsn
  • citra·ākaram ¦[a.sg]| msa
citra·ābhāsa
¦[m] astonishing mental construct |
  • citra·ābhāsam ¦[a.sg]| msa
vicitra
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] resplendent, colorful, wonderful, lovely, charming, | mmk
    • vicitra ¦[cp]| msa, tps
    • vicitrām ¦[fā.a.sg]| msa
    • vicitrais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • ¦[n][act] wonder, astonishment, surprise |
    • vicitrasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] a facitious figure of speech |
  • ¦[m] plants: aśoka tree, colocynth; names: a king, a river, a bird (heron) |
vicitratā
¦[fā] varied in colour, shining, resplendent, beautiful |
avicitratā
¦[fā] unvaried, dull, unshining, unbeautiful |
  • avicitratā ¦[n.sg]| msa
cittaka
¦[pali][adj] colored [m] cittaka thera, an elder buddhist arhant |
acittaka
¦[pali][adj] state of non‐cognition, being mindless |
  • acittakāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsk
citraṇa
  • ¦[n][act] painting, rendering, drawing, tracing, depicting |
  • ¦[n][agt] depiction, portrait, image |
citraṇā
  • ¦[f][act] drawing, picture, painting |
  • ¦[f][agt] being bright |
    • citraṇā ¦[n.sg]| msa
citrā
¦[f] illusion, false appearance, unreality ; a lunar mansion, an asterism, type of snake, type of vina instrument, name of various plants, several metres, name of various persons |
  • citrā ¦[n.sg]| msa
cetana
  • ¦[a.mnfā] living, feeling |
  • ¦[n][act] appearance, perception |
    • cetanāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • cetane ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][obj] soul, self, person, sentient being |
  • ¦[fā] consciousness, intelligence, conscious intention | mmk
    • cetana ¦[cp]| tsk
    • cetanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
cetani
¦[f][cf.cetana] to perceive, become conscious, sentience, mentation, intention | mmk
cetarā
¦[f]|
cetas
¦[n] consciousness, intelligence, intellect; thinking mind, soul, heart | mmk
  • cetasas ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • cetasas ¦[g.sg]| msa
  • cetasi ¦[l.sg]| tps
caita
¦[<caitya][pal] cetasika; [n] an underlying intellectual state that accompanies a more primary mental state | mmk
caitasa
¦[m] any subcategory of citta related to the object of cognition; mental state, mental content; mental object of cognition; an association with cognition |
  • caitasās ¦[n.pl]| mbk
  • caitasais ¦[i.pl]| tsk
caitasika
¦[mnfā] relating to the mind |
caitta
  • ¦[adj] mental, spiritual |
  • ¦[mnfā] belonging to thought (citta) , imagined |
    • caittās ¦[m.n.pl]| mbk
svacetas
¦[n] self consciousness |
citti
¦[f] thinking, intention |
caitya
¦[m] the Soul |

cint


√cint
¦[cl10pā][cl1pā] think, cognize, reflect, consider [dk.smṛ] [dk.cint] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.2] citiṃ, smṛtyā̍m |
cintayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
cintaye
¦[cs.mv.1sg] I think |
cintet
¦[cs.opt.3sg] one ought reflect, ought ponder |
susañcintya
¦[gnd] having well thought |
·
cintita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] considered |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] reflecting, considering, thinking |
  • ¦[n][agt] thought, reflexion, sorrow, anxiety, purpose, design |
    • cintita ¦[cp]| msa
sucintita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) piously thinking |
·
cintana
¦[n] consideration, reflection |
  • cintanāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
cintanā
¦[f] contemplation |
  • cintanā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
cintā
¦[f] thought, consideration, reflection, recollection | mmk
  • cintā ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • cintāsu ¦[l.pl]| msa
cintya
¦[mnfā.adj] thinkable |
  • cintyā ¦[f.n.sg]| vsk
acintya
¦[adj] inconceivable, incomprehensible, unthinkable, thoughtless |
acintya
¦[cp]| msa
acintyas
¦[n.sg]| tsk
acintyam
¦[a.sg]| msa
acintyais
¦[i.pl]| msa
sañcintya
  • ¦[adj] to be fully thought out of or considered |
    • sañcintya ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[ind] intentionally ; (listed) |

*cir
cira
  • ¦[n][act][adj] a long time, too long, long ago |
    • cira ¦[cp]| jns
  • ¦[n][agt] delay, after a long time |
    • cira ¦[cp]| msa
cihna
¦[n] a marking characteristic, a symptom, a mark, spot, stamp; a banner; astrological sign |

cud


√cud
¦[cl1pā][rgveda] impel, incite, urge; animate, inspire ; (soma) ; [lat.cudo] [grk.speúdo] ; [dk.cud] |
codati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
codana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] impelling |
  • ¦[n][agt] impulse |
  • ¦[m][agt] precept, rule, direction, invitation |
sañcodana
¦[n][act] (fully) impelling |
√cud
¦[cl10pā] cause to move quickly ; [dk.cud] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.81] cudaṃ, sa̱ñcoda̍ne |
codayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
sañcodayet
¦[opt.cs.3sg] (ought cause to) set in motion, impel, excite, inflame; summon, request, solicit; speed, procure quickly (rapidly impelling excited request) |

√cumb
¦[cl1p] kiss ; [dk.yuj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.495] cubiṃ, vaktra saṃyo̱ge |
cumbati
¦[av.3s] kisses |
·
cumbana
¦[n] [act] kissing |
√cumb
¦[cl10pā](cause to) hurt, injure, kill ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.130] cubiṃ, hi̱ṃsāyā̍m |
cumbayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

cur


√cur
¦[cl10pā] cause to steal ; [dk.sten] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.1] curaṃ, steye̍ |
corayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

cūrṇ


√cūrṇ
¦[<cūrṇa][cl10pā] grind, mix, pulverize, crush ; [dk.kuc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.143] cūrṇaṃ, sa̱ṅkoca̍ne |
cūrṇayati
¦[den.av.3sg]|
·
cūrṇa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was ground |
  • ¦[n][act] ground, pulverized |
  • ¦[mn][obj] finely ground powder, dust |
·
√cūrṇ
¦[cl10p] shake up, hinder, restrain, surround ; [dk.īr] [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.26] cūrṇaṃ, prera̍ṇe | varṇaṃ varṇana ity eke̍ |
·
caura
  • ¦[adj] thievish |
  • ¦[n][act] thieving |
  • ¦[mfī][obj] thief, robber |

√cūṣ
¦[cl1p] draw, suck ; [dk.pā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.767] cūṣaṃ, pāne̍ |
cūṣati
¦[av.3sg] |
·
cūṣaṇa
¦[n][act] sucking |

√ced
¦[<chedana][cl10p] divide in two ; [skt] cedaṃ, dvaidhikaraṇe |
cedayati
¦[den.av.3sg] cause to be divided |
·
cedana
¦[adj] dividing |

ceṣṭ


√ceṣṭ
¦[cl1pā] to move the limbs, stir; make effort, exert ; [dk.cest] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.289][ā] ce̱ṣṭaṃ, ce̱ṣṭāyā̍m |
ceṣṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
ceṣṭate
¦[pv.3sg]|
·
ceṣṭita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] exerted |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] moving (limbs), doing, |
  • ¦[n][agt] exertion, gesture, action (set in motion), impel |
    • ceṣṭitais ¦[i.pl]| msa
viceṣṭita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] striving |
  • ¦[n][agt] action, behavior, exertion |
·
ceṣṭa
  • ¦[m] moving (motion, action)|
    • ceṣṭas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][act] gesturing, endeavoring |
  • ¦[n][agt] behaviour, activity, effort, conduct |
ceṣṭā
¦[f] physical effort, exertion |
  • ceṣṭā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn

cyut
¦[cl1pa] sprinkle, make wet, drip on ; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.40][p] cyutir, ā̱seca̍ne |
cyoti
¦[av.3sg]|
cyavate
¦[mv.3sg] come forth from, fall, sink |
·
cyuti
¦[f] fall, degeneration; fall from divine to rebirth; falling; dying; the vulva; loss |

Ch


*chaṭ
chaṭā
¦[f] assemblage, collection, a mass; lustrous collection of rays; lightning |
acchaṭā
¦[f] a finger snap (time) |
acchaṭa
¦[m] finger snapping (time) |

chad


√chad
¦[cl1pa] cover, conceal ; [dk.vṛ] |
chadati
¦[av.3sg]|
chadate
¦[mv.3sg]|
chādayiṣyati
¦[cs.ft.3sg] (shalt be made to) conceal, cover, hide | mmk
·
channa
¦[pst.pv.p] covered, hidden, concealed |
sañcchanna
¦[pst.pv.p] completely concealed, fully obscured |
pracchanna
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] hidden; enveloped; concealed; secret, |
  • ¦[n][agt] a private entrance |
  • ¦[ind] secretly, covertly ; see list |
·
chatra
  • ¦[n][agt] umbrella |
  • ¦[m][agt] mushroom |
  • ¦[fā](obj) fennel (anethum sowa), coriander, mushroom, anise |
chādana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] covering, obscuring, hiding, concealing, darkening |
    • chādanāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] cover, concealment, screen, clothing, leaf |
  • ¦[m][agt] coverer, the skin, blue amaranth |

√chand√chad
¦[cl1p,cl2p,cl10p] please, to charm someone, aspire to be ; [dk.vṛ] [dk.guh] |
chantti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
chandati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
chandayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] cause to corrupt, allure |
·
chanda
¦[pali.channa]|
  • ¦[m][n][agt] aspiration, impulse, intention, resolution, vehement desire, zeal |
    • chanda ¦[cp]| msa, tsk, mbk
    • chandas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][n][agt] charioteer of gautama |
svacchanda
  • ¦[m] ones own free will |
  • ¦[adj] independent, spontaneous, free, following ones will |
·

chāyā
¦[f] shade, shadow, shady place |
  • chāyā ¦[n.sg]| vsk

chid


√chid
¦[cl7p] cut off, divide, destroy; chop, split, pierce; [dk.chid] |
chinátti
¦[av.3sg]|
chettum
¦[inf] to cut off |
·
chinna
ucchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] destroyed, lost, cut out | mmk
anucchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] undestroyed | mmk
paricchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] divided, detached, confined, limited, determined |
aparicchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] uninterrupted, connected, unlimited, undistinguished |
  • aparicchinnam ¦[a.sg]| msa
vicchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] interrupted, disconnected |
  • vicchinna ¦[cp]| vsk
avicchinna
¦[pst.pv.p] unobstructed, continuously, uninterrupted |
avicchinnā
¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
·
vicchiti
¦[f] cutting off, obstruction, cessation |
chida
¦[adj] cutting off |
chidra
  • ¦[n][act][adj] torn asunder, opening |
  • ¦[n][agt] defect, imperfection |
chedana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] cutting asunder, removing, destroying (cp.end) |
  • ¦[n][agt] section, part, division; an instrument for cutting | mmk
uccheda
¦[m] (cutting) up, off, out; putting to an end, destruction, disruption, annihilation | mmk
  • uccheda ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ucchedas ¦[n.sg]| tps
anuccheda
¦[m] indestructible; indivisible | mmk
samuccheda
¦[m] (complete) destruction, extermination, eradication |
  • samuccheda ¦[cp]| tsn
paricheda
¦[m] chapter, section, division |
pariccheda
¦[pali][m] accurate definition, determination, judgement, habit, well determined manner (budh) ; chapter, boundary |
  • pariccheda ¦[cp]| mbk
  • paricchedas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • paricchede ¦[l.sg]|mbk
adipariccheda
¦[m] (foremost) chapter, boundary |
tripariccheda
¦[m] triple determination, trisectioned limitation of object faculty and cognition |
  • triparicchedāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
paricchedaka
  • ¦[n][act][adj] ascertaining |
  • ¦[n][agt] limitation, limit |
paricchedakatva
¦[n][abst] limitedness; disconnectedness |
viccheda
¦[m] caesura; discontinuance; division; interval; space |
vicchedi
¦[mnf] one who cuts away, |
  • vicchedi ¦[cp]| msa
ucchedya
¦[m] cut off, disperse, divide |

J


jaṭ


√jaṭ
¦[cl1p] stick together, matted together, twist together, entangle ; [dk.jaṭ] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.342] jaṭaṃ, (saṅghāte) |
jaṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jaṭin
¦[m] a śaivite ascetic with twisted hair (dreads) |

jaḍa
  • ¦[adj] dumb, stupid, torpid, apathetic, senseless, stunned, paralyzed |
  • ¦[m] an inert apathetic stunted dumb paralysis; cold, apathy, idiocy, inanimate, insentient |
  • ¦[n] lead |

jan


√jan√jā
¦[cl1p][cl4ā] generate, propagate, manifest, birth ; [lat] gen, [grk] gen, [kelt] genim ; [dk.jan] [dk.bhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.937] janīṃ, |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.44] janīṃ, prādurbhāve |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.25] janaṃ, jana̍ne | iti̱ turā̍daya u̱dāttā̍ u̱dātte̍taḥ |
jánati,
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
jananti
¦cl1.av.3pl|
janyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] birthed, created, manifested | mmk
janayet
¦[cl1.op.cs.3sg] (ought be caused to) manifest | mmk
janayanti
¦[cl1.cs.av.3pl] they manifest (that) | tsk
janayate
¦[cl1.cs.pv.3sg] caused to be manifested | mmk
jāy
jāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] manifests | mmk
jāyase
¦[cl4.mv.2s] (you) generate, manifest, originate |
jāyante
¦[cl4.mv.3pl] (they) manifest, appear |
upajāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] comes forth, originates, appears |
prajāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] brings forth, manifests | mbk
sañjāyate
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] develops |
jāyet
¦[cl4.opt.av.3sg] (ought) appear, manifest |
jāyeta
¦[cl4.op.mv.3sg] should manifest | mmk
prajāyante
¦cl4.mv.3pl] sprung forth, born |
jajanti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
janayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] caused to manifest | msa
janayate
¦[cl10.pv.3sg] brought to birth | mmk
janayanti
¦[cl10.av.3pl] they are caused to manifest |
upajanayanti
¦[cl10.av.3pl] they are made to be upon manifesting |
janayiṣyati
¦[cl10.ft.3sg] shall be brought forth | mmk
·
janita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] generating |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] birthed | mmk
ajanita
¦
  • [pst.pv.p]| unarisen, unborn, unmanifested | mmk
  • [m][agt] the unmanifest | mmk
jāyamāna
¦[cl4.pr.mv.p] manifesting, birthing | mmk
ajanayamāna
¦[pali][cl1.pr.mv.pt] being unborn, being unmanifest | mmk
jāta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) arisen, begotten |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) arising, begetting, birthing |
    • jātas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
    • jātā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • [m][agt] begetting a life, son, male, living being; class, species | mmk
    • jātas ¦[n.sg]| msa
ajāta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] unarisen, unmanifested, unbegotten | mmk
  • ¦[pst.av.p] non·arising, unmanifesting |
    • ajātā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
nirjāta
¦[pst.av.p] without bearing fruit |
sañjāta
¦[pst.av.p] together arising, |
  • sañjāta ¦[cp]| msa
sañjāta
¦[pst.pv.p] born, produced, arisen |
jāyamāna
¦[prs.mv.p] the living, the arising | mmk
·
¦[a.fā] born (end of compound) |
  • je ¦[v.sg]| msa
  • jās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • jās ¦[a.pl]|
nirjātatva
¦[n][abst] unbegettedness, fruitlessness |
jātā
¦[fā] begetting a daughter, female living being |
jāti
¦[f] birth, state of existence; social rank, caste, class, race | mmk
  • jātīnām ¦[g.pl]| tps
ajāti
¦[f] without existence | mmk
vijātīya
¦[adj] dissimilar, different, class difference |
jātya
¦[adj.mnfā] excellent, best, pleasing, beautiful; of same caste, noble family |
  • jātyam ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa
sañjānatan
¦[n] |
prajā
¦[f] procreation, propagation, birth ; off spring, descendants, posterity ; man, people, mankind, animal, creature ; an era |
  • prajāsu ¦[l.pl]| msa
jāna
¦[n] birth, origin, birth place |
janaka
¦[adj] generating, producing [m] progenitor, father | mmk
ajanakatva
¦[n][abst] ungenerativeness |
janana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] begetting, causing |
  • ¦[n][agt] birth, life, causation, lineage |
    • janana ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[mfī][obj] creator |
jani
¦[f] birth, life, production |
janikā
¦[cf.pāli][f] mother |
jantu
¦[m] the living | mmk
janmatā
¦[f][abst] existence? |
  • janmatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
janman
  • ¦[ind] ever since birth |
  • ¦[n] existence, birth, life, production, origin, manifest ; nature, quality, custom, manner | mmk
    • janman ¦[v.sg]| jns
    • janma ¦[cp] living existence | msa, jns, mmk
    • janmanas ¦[abl.sg]| tps
    • janmanas ¦[g.sg]|
ajanman
¦[n] unmanifest, unliving |
  • ajanma ¦[cp]| mbk
janmā
¦[f] formed, reason |
janmin
¦[m] born, creature |
janayitrī
¦(jananīya, janayitṛ) [f] a mother |
ja
¦[adj] born | mmk
  • jas ¦[m.n.sg]| msa
  • jam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • jais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • jānām ¦[g.pl]| msa
jan
¦[adj] born |
  • jan ¦[cp]| msa, tps
aja
¦[adj] unborn |
manuja
¦[] human born |
yatraja
¦[m] where ever born |
yatrajas
¦[n.sg]| tsk
sahaja
¦[] the 'born with' original nature, spontaneous, natural; pure void of all things; mahāsukha |
jana
¦[m] living being, embodied being, man, person; the 'born' ones | mmk
  • jana ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
  • janas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, jns
  • janās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • janam ¦[a.sg]| msa, vsk
  • jane ¦[l.sg]| msa
durjana
  • ¦[m][act] malicious, wicked, ill born |
  • [m]]agt] miserable birth, (low born), villain, scoundrel |
sajjana
¦[m] true born |
sujana
¦[m] well born, auspicious birth; a good virtuous person, generation |
janatā
¦[f][abst] mankind, community of people | msa
janā
¦[f] birth, preborn |
janya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] belong to a group, relating to people
  • [n][agt] community, market; fighting | mmk
  • [m][agt] an ordinary person |
asamprajanya
¦[n] lack of mindfulness |
  • asamprajanyam ¦[n.sg]| tsk
prajānā
¦[f] a place of first manifestation |
  • prajānām ¦[a.sg]| msa

√jam
¦[<jamad][cl1p] consuming voraciously ; [dk.ad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.542] jamuṃ, (adane) |
jámati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jam
¦[mn]|

jap


√jap
¦[cl1p] whisper, chant ; [dk.vac] [dk.mān] [dk.jap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.463] japaṃ, (vyaktāyāṃ vāci) | japa mānase ca |
japati
¦[av.3sg]|
japet
¦[opt.3sg] one ought chant |
japitvā
¦[gnd] having chanted |
·
japta
¦[pst.pv.p] was chanted |
japtavya
¦[fut.pv.p] shall be chanted |
·
japa
¦[m] whispered sacred intonations |
jāpa
¦[m] whispered sacred intonations |
  • jāpa ¦[cp]| jns

√jal
¦[<jala][cl10pa] cover, conceal ; [dk.vṛ]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.15] jalaṃ, a̱pavāra̍ṇe |
jalāyate
¦[cs.mv.3sg]|
·
jala
¦[n] water; any fluid |
  • jala ¦[cp]| msa
  • jale ¦[l.sg]| tsk
jalā
¦[fā] water ; (end of compound) |
  • jalās ¦[n.pl]| msa
jāla
  • ¦[n][act] watery |
  • ¦[n][agt] net, snare, lattice; illusion, magic, pride; an assemblage of beings |
√jal
¦[cl1p] killing; sharp, stiff, dull; rich; cover ; [dk.han] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.967] jalaṃ, ghāta̍ne |
jalati
¦[av.3sg]|

√jalp
¦[cl1pā] murmur, speak ; [dk.vac] [dk.jap] [dk.man] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.464][p] jalpaṃ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci | japaṃ mā̱nase ca̍ |
jalpati
¦[av.3sg] |
jalpate
¦[mv.3sg] |
·
jalpat
¦[prs.av.p] (is) murmuring, speaking |
·
jalpa
¦[m] chatter, disputation, talk, speech, conversation, gossip |
  • jalpa ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
  • jalpais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • jalpāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
ajalpa
¦[m] (without) dispute, conversation |
  • ajapas ¦[n.sg]| msa
sajalpa
¦[m] with conversation |
  • sajalpas ¦[n.sg]| msa

√jah
(<√hā1)
√jā
([cf]√jan)

jānu
¦[n][lat] genu [en] knee |

ji


√ji
¦[cl1pa] conquer, win, subdue, be triumphant, overcome, suppress ; [dk.ji] [dk.bhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1093][p.av] ji̱, (abhibhave) |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.642][p.av] ji̱ṃ, ja̱ye |
jáyati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] conquer |
jayate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg] subdued, overcome, suppressed | msa, tsk
jīyeya
¦[opt.1sg] I should overcome |
jitvā
¦[gnd] having subdued |
·
jayamāna
¦[prs.mv.p] (is) overcoming, subduing, conquering |
jita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) conquering |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) conquered |
nirjita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unconquered |
parājita
¦[mnfā][act] conquered, subjugated, defeated; overthrown |
  • parājitas ¦[m.n.sg]| msa
jina
  • ¦[adj] victorious, heroic |
    • jina ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] a buddha, a victor | mmk
    • jina ¦[cp]| msa, jns
    • jinais ¦[i.pl]| tps
    • jinānām ¦[g.pl]| msa
    • jine ¦[l.sg]| msa, tps
jini
  • ¦[n][act][adj] conquering, overcoming |
  • ¦[n][agt] victory |
jaya
¦[m] success, victory, triumph |
aparijaya
¦[m] intimacy, familiarity, well acquainted ; habitual |
  • aparijayas ¦[n.sg]| msa
vijaya
¦[m] conquest, superiority |
√ji
¦[cl10pā] speaking with bravado, causing victory through blusterous speech ; [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.324][pā] ji, (bhāṣārthaḥ ca) |
jayayati
¦[av.3sg]|

*jih
jihmá
¦[adj] crooked, deceitful; oblique, athwart, bent, curved [n] dishonesty |
avijihma
¦[adj] straight going; honest |

jiv


√jīv
¦[cl1pa] live ; [rus] živ ; [dk.aṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.643] jīvaṃ, prāṇa dhā̱raṇe |
jīvati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jīvita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was living |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was enlivened |
  • ¦[n][agt] living being; life's duration; livelihood |
    • jīvite ¦[l.sg]| msa
ājīvita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was much enlivened |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was fully living |
  • ¦[m] full manner of existence |
    • ājīvita ¦[cp]| tps
·
jīva
  • ¦[m] indwelling vital soul force of life; life, existence (end of cp [f]ā) |
  • ¦[n][agt] living being |

√ju
¦[cl1pā] move quickly, hurry; impel, urge on, incite; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1110][ā] ju̱ṅ, (gatau) |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1098][p] ju̱, iti,̍ sau̱tro ghātu̱ḥ gatya̍rthaḥ. | iti̱, dhaya̍ty ā̱dyo a'anu̍dāttāḥ, para̍smai, bhāṣāḥ |
javati
¦[av.3sg]|
√jū
¦[cl1ā] move quickly ; [cl9p] impel, urge on; [dk.gam] |
javate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|
junāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg]|
·
¦[f] speed; ++ |

jṛ


√jṛ
¦[cl1p] make or grow old ; [dk.jṛ] |
jarati
¦[av.3sg] ages |
jīryate
¦[pv.3sg] is aged | mmk
·
jīrṇa
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) aging |
  • ¦[m][agt] the aged one | mmk
·
jara
  • ¦[adj] becoming old |
  • ¦[m][agt] wearing out, wasting |
  • ¦[fā][abst] decay, old age |
nirjarā
¦[f] (without) old age, decay | mmk

jñā


√jñā
¦[cl1p][cl9p] to know ; [rus] zna ; [dk.jñā] [dk.budh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.923] māraṇa toṣaṇa niśā̱maneṣu̍ jñā (m) | māraṇa toṣaṇa niśā̱neṣviti̍ pāṭhānta̱ram |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.43] jñā̱, ava̱bodha̍ne |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.258] jñā, niyo̱ge |
jñānati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] knows |
jñāyate
¦[cl1.cs.mv.3sg] makes (self) known, understands | jns
parjñāyate
¦[cl1.cs.mv.3sg] causes to be made known | mmk
jānāti
¦[cl9.av.3sg] knows (mundane worldly knowledge), knows (the lower wisdom) |
jānanti
¦[cl9.av.3pl] they understand (worldly knowledge) | jns
vijānanti
¦[cl9.av.3pl] knowing, understanding (worldly ways) |
jānīyāt
¦[cl9.op.3sg] ought know (life wisdom) | mmk
prajānanti
¦[cl9.av.3pl] (worldly) they understand, they know, they cognize |
pratijānīmahe
¦[cl1.mv.1pl] we recollect, we remember |
vijānīyāt
¦[cl1.op.av.3sg] clearly knows, clearly realizes |
prajña
¦[cl9p]|
prajñapti
¦[cl9.av.3sg] acquaints with, informs, discerns, distinguishes; ++ | mbk
prajñapyate
¦[cl9.cs.pv.3sg] (cause to be) conceptually defined; create a semantic label for a set of perceived objects | mmk
prajñapayemahi
¦[cl9.op.cs.mv.1p] (we ought cause) to conceptually define | mmk
prajñapyeta
¦[cl9.op.cs.pv.3sg] (ought cause to be) conceptually defined | mmk
vijñāpayet
¦[opt.caus.a3sg] one ought discern, observe, know, understand |
sañjñāyate
¦[pv.3sg] mutual agreement, be in harmony, fully known |
jñātvā
¦[gnd] having known, having understood | msa
ajñātvā
¦[gnd] having not understood |
parijñāya
¦[gnd] having noticed all around |
vijñāya
¦[gnd] having fully known, having understood | msa
·
jāna
  • ¦[adj] knowing |
    • jānām ¦[f.a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] a wise person |
pratijānat
¦[cl9][mn.prs.av.p] contrary knowing |
  • pratijānatā ¦[i.sg]| jns
jñeya
  • ¦[fut.pv.p][mnfā] (shall be) known, learned, understood, perceived | mbk
    • jñeya ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, mbk
    • jñeyas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa, tsn, tps
    • jñeyā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
    • jñeyam ¦[a.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
    • jñeyam ¦[nt.n.sg]| msa, tsn
    • jñeyāni ¦[nt.n.pl]| mbk
    • jñeyeṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa
  • ¦[fut.av.p][mnfā] (shall be) knowing, learning, understanding, perceiving |
    • jñeyeṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa
parijñeya
¦[a.mnf] comprehensible, conceivable, recognized, |
  • parijñeyas ¦[m.n.sg]| mbk
vijñeya
  • ¦[fut.av.p] shall increase wisdom, shall increase knowing |
    • vijñeyas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa, tsn
    • vijñeyā ¦[fm.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] intelligible |
  • ¦[n][agt] an unreal object dependent on consciousness (yogācāra) |
    • vijñeyam ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
    • vijñeyam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[fā][abst] apprehension, comprehension |
    • vijñeyā ¦[n.sg]| tps
jñātavya
¦[fut.av.p] shalt know |
jānīya
¦[fut.av.p] shall be knowing | msa
vijn̄ānīya
¦[fut.av.p] shall be increasingly knowing |
vijānīya
¦[fut.av.p]|
sañjñita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) known, called, named, termed | mmk
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] made known, expressed communicated, expressing |
    • sanjñitas ¦[m.n.sg]| mbk
    • sañjñitā ¦[f.n.sg]| mbk
    • sañjñitais ¦[nt.i.pl]| tsk
ajānānā
¦[fut.pr.mv.p] is unknowing, is not comprehending |
sañjānata
¦[cl9.pst.av.p] (was) all knowing |
jñāta
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) known, comprehended |
parijñāta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) generally comprehended, known, ascertained |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was generally) comprehending, knowing, ascertaining |
  • ¦[mnfā] fully knowing |
    • parijñāte ¦[l.sg]| mbk
vijñāta
¦[pst.pv.p] |
prajñapita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) foretold | mmk
·
jña
¦[m] sacred wisdom |
  • jñas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
avajña
¦[m] belittle |
sāvajña
¦[adj] disdainfully despising, contemptuous |
jñatā
¦[f][abst] intelligence, learning, knowledge |
  • jñatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
jñatva
¦[n][abst] intelligence; knowingness |
jñatvam
¦[n.sg]|
jñatvam
¦[a.sg]| msa
abhijñatva
¦[n][abst] clairavoyance (siddhi) insight (buddh), ascertainment of, remembrance of, knowledge of, acquainted with |
  • abhijñatvam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • abhijñatvam ¦[a.sg]|
jñapti
¦[f] understanding, apprehension |
prajñapti
¦[f] expedient means to teach about non substantial things existing by word only (metaphor, upacāra) ; engagement, arrangement; instruction, teaching, information | mmk
  • prajñaptes ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • prajñaptes ¦[g.sg]|
saprajñapti
¦[f] with a method of nominal metaphoric teaching |
  • saprajñapti ¦[cp]| mbk
vijñapti
¦[f][n] fundamental base, pure consciousness, field of perceptions containing both vijñāna and vijñeya... awareness and object (yogācāra) ; entreaty, request; information, report, announcement, instruction (normal usage) |
  • vijñapti ¦[cp]| tsk, vsk, tps, mbk
  • vijñaptis ¦[f.n.sg]| msa, tsk, vsk
  • vijñapti ¦[nt.n.sg]| mbk
  • vijñaptes ¦[f.abl.sg]|
  • vijñaptes ¦[f.g.sg]| tps
avijñapti
¦[f] disinformation, miscommunication | mmk
paravijñapti
¦[f] external perception of objects |
  • paravijñapti ¦[cp]| vsk
  • paravijñaptis ¦[n.sg]| mbk
vijñaptika
¦[adj] unconsciously |
vijñaptikam
¦[a.sg]| tsk
jñā
¦[adj] knowing |
  • jña ¦[cp]|
abhijñā
¦[pali] abhiñña [prak] abhinnā ; [fā] intuitive knowledge, supernormal cognition |
  • abhijñā ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • abhijñābhis ¦[i.pl]| msa
five, or six, psychic abilites of a buddha after samadhi:
  • clairvoyance (daivyacaksus)
  • clairaudience (daivyasrotra)
  • telepathy (paracittajñāna)
  • knowledge of past lives (purvanirvasanusmrti)
  • knowledge of the termination of defilements (āśravas)
  • miraculous abilities (siddhis)
abhijñātva
¦[n][abst] intuitiveness |
abhijñātvam
¦[n.sg]|
abhijñātvam
¦[a.sg]| tps
ajñātva
¦[n][abst] non·cogitation |
  • ajñātva ¦[cp]| msa
ājñā
¦[adj] much knowing |
anujñā
¦[f] permit, grant, bestow, to take leave |
avajñā
¦[f] contemptuous low regard, disrespect, |
  • avajñām ¦[a.sg]| msa
parijñā
¦[f] (all around) knowledge, general knowledge, common knowledge | mmk
  • parijñā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn
parijñāvat
¦[adj] having a general knowledge | mmk
prajñā
¦[f] forethought, insight, transcendental wisdom |
  • prajñā ¦[n.sg]| mbk, jns
  • prajñayā ¦[i.sg]| mbk
pratijñā
¦[f] assertion. statement, declaration; assent, agreement, promise |
  • pratijñā ¦[n.sg]| tps
prajñāvant
¦[f] having insightful wisdom |
  • prajñāvantas ¦[n.sg]| tps
  • prajñāvantas ¦[a.sg]|
  • prajñāvantas ¦[abl.sg]|
  • prajñāvantas ¦[g.sg]|
prājña
¦[m] a wise crafty intelligent clever man |
sañjña
¦[adj] named, termed [n] perception discernment |
sañjñā
¦[f] full knowledge, all knowing, apperception; an object perceived in its full background knowledge matrix (yogācāra) | mmk
  • sañjñā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsk, tps
  • sañjñāyā ¦[g.sg]| msa, tps
niśāsañjñā
¦[f] blossomed all knowing |
parasañjñā
¦[f] highest total truth |
sarvajñā
¦[f] omniscient knowledge |
sarvajña
¦[cp]|
svājñā
¦[f] to follow one's self derived knowledge |
  • svājña ¦[cp]| msa
parijñāyā
¦[f] all around knowing, general comprehension |
  • parijñāyām ¦[a.sg]| mbk
jñās
¦[m] a close relative |
abhinnā
¦[pali] abhiññā [prak] abhinnā [skt] abhijñā ; [f] five forms of paranormal knowledge (see: siddhi, abhijñā)|
ajñāta
¦[adj] unknowable |

‐jñāna

jñāna
  • ¦[n][act] knowing, understanding |
    • jñāna ¦[cp]| msa
    • jñānam ¦[n.sg]|
    • jñānam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] knowledge, wisdom |
    • jñāna ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk
    • jñānam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsk, vsk, mbk, mmk
    • jñānam ¦[a.sg]| msa, tps
    • jñānena ¦[i.sg]| msa, mbk, mmk
    • jñānais ¦[i.pl]| msa
    • jñānāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
    • jñānasya ¦[g.sg]| msa, tps
    • jñānānām ¦[g.pl]| msa
    • jñāne ¦[l.sg]| msa
ajñāna
¦[n] ignorance |
  • ajñānam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ajñānam ¦[a.sg]| tps
  • ajñāna ¦[cp]| jns
  • ajñānāt ¦[abl.sg]| vsk, tps
adijñāna
¦[n] higher knowledge |
trijñāna
¦[n] hearing, thinking, meditating (śruta, cintā, bhāvanā)|
parijñāna
¦[n] ascertainment, experience, perception, understanding, general knowing | mmk
  • parijñāne ¦[l.sg]| mbk
aparijñāna
¦[n] misperception, nonexperience, misunderstanding | mmk
vijñāna
¦[opp.prajñā] [n] consciousness, ordinary projected consciousness, a skanda, a dhātu (buddh)| mmk
  • vijñāna ¦[cp]| tsk
  • vijñānam ¦[n.sg]| tsn, tsk, tps
  • vijñānam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • vijñānasya ¦[g.sg]| vsk
  • vijñānānām ¦[g.pl]| tsk
  • vijñāne ¦[l.sg]| tsk
āvijñāna
¦[n] strongly affirmed emphatically ordinary consciousness |
  • āvijñāna ¦[cp]| tps
jñānamaya
¦[m] holder of knowledge |
jñānavat
¦[mnfī (-vān-vat-vatī)] knowing, having knowledge |
jñātāra
¦[m] higher knowledge |
jñānā
¦[f] śakti knowledge |
  • jñānā ¦[n.sg]| msa
prajñānā
¦[f] first knowing |
  • prajñānām ¦[a.sg]| msa
jñānin
  • ¦[adj] knowing, wise, knowing of spirit |
  • ¦[m][agt] sage possessing wisdom; astrologer |
āsañjñika
¦[cf.asañjñika][n] unconsciousness, an ecstatic state of non‐cogitation |
  • āsañjñikād ¦[abl.sg]| tsk
sañjñina
¦[m] full knowledge |
  • sañjñinas ¦[n.sg]| msa

√jṛmbh
¦[cl1ā] gape open, spread out; yawn; moving the limbs from discomfort (dp) ; [dk.gā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.454] jṛbhi̱ṃ, gātra vinā̱me |
jṛmbhate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√jvar
¦[cf.√jval][cl1pā] be hot; be hot from an infirmity (dp) ; [dk.ruj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.885][p.av] jvar, (m) roge |
jvarate
¦[mv.3sg]|
jvarati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
jvara
¦[m] fever; a feverish grieving soulful mental affliction |
√jval
¦[cl1pā] illuminate, shine; blaze (fire) ; [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.965] jvalaṃ, dīptau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.916] jvalaṃ, (m) dīptau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.941] jvalaṃ, (anupasargāddā) (mit) |
jvalati
¦[cl1p.3sg] it illuminates, shines |
prajvalati
¦[cl1p] shine forth |
jvalate
¦[cl1ā]| msa
·
jvalita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was illuminated |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] was illuminating |
·
ujjvala
  • ¦[n][act][adj] luminous, shining, blazing up (fire) |
  • ¦[n][obj] gold |
  • ¦[m][agt] enflamed resplendent love |
  • ¦[fā][abst] splendour, brightness, clearness |

√jhaṭ
¦[cl1p] assemble, combine, go together ; [dk.han (move)] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.343] jhaṭaṃ, saṅghā̱te |
jhagiti
¦[av.3sg]|


√ṭauk
< √ḍhauk


ḍākinī
¦[f] female imp |

√ḍamb
¦[cl10] push, throw ; [dk.kṣip] |
ḍambayati
¦[av.3sg]|
viḍambita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) deceived, cheated |

ḍombī
¦[f] a sort of theater with low caste musicians (ḍomba) |

√ḍhauk
¦[cl1a] approach; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.103] ḍhaukṛ̱ṃ, (gatyarthaḥ) |
ḍhaukate
¦[mv.3sg] one approaches |
ḍhaukante
¦[mv.3pl] they approach |
ṭaukayanti
¦[cs.3pl] they are caused to be near |

T


*ta
ta
¦[mn]|
  • ¦[n][agt] virtue, sanctity, crossing | see tṛ
  • ¦[m][obj] buddha, nectar, jewel, |
¦[f] virtue, sacred merit, epithet of lakṣmī |
  • tā ¦[n.sg]| msa

takra
¦[n] diluted buttermilk (1/3 water) |

*taj
tajja
¦[tat‐jan][adj] that born, born of that | mmk
  • tajjam ¦[a.sg]| vsk

taḍ


√taḍ
¦[cl10p] beat, strike, punish, wound; speak, shine : [dk.han (strike)] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.64] taḍaṃ, āghā̱te |
tāḍhi
¦[tadhi][imp.av.2sg][rgveda]|
tāḍayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tāḍa
  • ¦[n][act] beating, striking |
  • ¦[m][agt] blacksmith |
taḍit
¦[f] lightning |

√taṅk
¦[cl1p] stressed out, live in distress; endure, bear |
taṅkati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
taṅka
  • ¦[n][agt] grief, fear, terror |
  • ¦[m][agt] stone cutter's chisel |

*tat
santatyā
¦[] continuous | tps
tatva
¦[n] a subtle element (saṅkhya) (śaivism) ; suchness, thatness, void essence (cf.tattva) |
  • tatva ¦[cp]| msa
  • tatvam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • tatvam ¦[a.sg]|
  • tatve ¦[l.sg]| msa
vittatva
¦[n] all encompassing suchness as existence |
  • vittatvam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
tattva
¦[n] 'thatness', suchness, essence | mmk
  • tattva ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk, jns
  • tattvam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • tattvam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • tattvābhyām ¦[i.dl]|
  • tattvābhyām ¦[dt.dl]| mbk
  • tattvābhyām ¦[abl.dl]| mbk
  • tattvasya ¦[g.sg]| mbk
  • tattve ¦[l.sg]| mbk
tritattva
¦[n] three elements, (cause, result, essence (madhyamaka)), (ātma vidyā śiva-tattva), (three vibrational energies: soma-lunar, agni-solar, marut-etheric) a level in mantra dikṣā, bija is Hūṃ, |
  • cattisa tattva dikṣā
  • nava tattva dikṣā
  • parica tattva dikṣā
  • tri tattva dikṣā
  • eka tattva dikṣā
satattva
  • ¦[mnfā] with knowing suchness |
    • satattvā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][abst] (with) essence, nature ; suchness, thatness | mmk
    • satattvasya ¦[g.sg]| mbk
tattvata
¦[n][abst] void essence absolute |
atattvata
¦[n] non‐void solidity |
  • atattvatas ¦[]| mbk
tattvatas
¦[adv.abs] from suchness (thatness) | mmk, mbk
tattvavit
¦[adj] (having) suchness (thatness) |
tatvavit
¦[n] one who knows tattva |
  • tattvavit ¦[n.sg]| jns
*tath
tathatā
¦[abst.f] suchness, essential śūnya nature of all things |
  • tathatā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, tsk, tps, mbk
tathya
¦[adj] being really so [n] truth | mmk
atathya
¦[adj] being untrue [n] non-truth | mmk
tadīya
¦[adj] belonging to 'tat', its, his, hers, theirs |
taddhita
¦[see:taddhi][tad+√dhi][n] one's welfare [m] secondary nominal suffix |

tan


√tan,√tā(√tāy)
¦[cl8pā] extend, spread, be diffused, stretch ; [rus] tyan ; [dk.tan] [dk.stṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[8.1] tanu̍ṃ, vistā̱re |
tanoti
¦[∪‐̍∪][av.3sg]|
tanute
¦[∪∪‐̍][mv.3sg]|
pāratantrya
¦[gd] having dependance upon others | mbk
·
tata
¦[pst.pv.p] extended, stretched |
pratata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] diffused, covered, diffused, filled |
  • ¦[mnfā][act] spread, spread over |
  • ¦[ind] continuously, unintermittingly | msa
vitata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] extended, stretched |
  • ¦[n][act] drawn, spread out, to extend |
  • ¦[n][agt] stringed instrument |
satata
  • ¦[cf.samtata] [adj] continual, constant, perpetual |
  • ¦[ind] see list below: constantly, always |
santata
¦[mnfā] eternal, continually |
  • santatām ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
satatam
¦[adv] eternally |
·
santati
¦[f] causal connection, a continuous series stretched along a line; perpetuation, continuity; linage, race | mmk
  • santatyā ¦[i.sg]| tps
tanu
  • ¦[adj] thin, slender, delicate, fine; emaciated |
  • [f] body, person, self |
    • tanu ¦[cp]| msa
  • [m] form, manifestation; skin |
tantra
¦[n] kuṇḍalinī cakra based yogic system; texts pertaining thereto |
  • tantra ¦[cp]| jns
paratantra
  • ¦[adj][mnfā] dependent, subservient |
    • paratantras ¦[m.n.sg]| tsn, mbk
  • ¦[n] dualistic mental perception without emotion (second trisvabhava); an other dependant self nature, the appearer, (ngau) |
    • paratantra ¦[cp]| tsn, tsk
    • paratantrasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
paratantratas
¦[abl.adv] from the dualistic mental perception (yogācāra: second trisvabhava) | tsk
paratantratā
¦[f][abst] dependentcy, subjection, |
  • paratantratā ¦[n.sg]| msa
svatantra
¦[adj] self willed |
asvatantra
¦[adj] unself-disciplined |
tantrī
¦[f][act] chord, string, sinew, a stringed instrument, heart strings (fig), name of a daughter of māra, |
asvatantrī
¦[f] be unstrung, be slack, a dissonant state of ones self |

asvatantrī ¦[cp]| msa

vitāna
  • ¦[adj] out of tune, dull, stupid, spaced out, vacant ++ |
  • ¦[mn] spreading out, extension; canopy; abundance, multitude |
santāna
¦[m] continuity, expansion | mmk
  • santāna ¦[cp]| vsk, mbk
pratānatā
¦[f][abst] expansiveness |
  • pratānatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
√tan
¦[cl10pā] causing the means to be reverent ; [dk.śradh] [dk.kṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.377] tanuṃ, śraddhopaka̱raṇayoḥ | upasa̱rgāc ca̱ dairghye̍ |
tanayati
¦[av.3sg]|
√tan
¦[<stan][cl4p] thunder, roar ; [dk.śabd] |
tanyati
¦[av.3sg]|

tap


√tap
¦[cl1pā] hot; intense austere effort ; [rus] top ; [dk.tap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1140] ta̱paṃ, santā̱pe |
ta̍pati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
upatapta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] distressed, afflicted, pained; heated, parched |
    • upatapta ¦[cp]|msa
  • ¦[n][agt] sick, ill, unwell, hot, warm |
·
tāpa
¦[m] heat, ardour; pain, affliction |
tāpana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] heating, burning, enflaming, distressing, illumining |
    • tāpana ¦[cp]| msa
    • tāpane ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] chastisement, penance; a hell realm so named |
  • ¦[m][agt] the sun |
  • ¦[fā][abst] austerity |
tapas
¦[n] austerity making heat |
√tap
¦[cl4ā] be empowered through austerity ; [dk.īṣ] [dk.dah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.54] ta̱paṃ, (dāḥe) aiśve̍rye vā |
tapyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
√tap
¦[cl10pā] burn away ; [dk.dah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.350] tapaṃ, dā̱ḥe |
tapayati
¦[av.3sg] (cause to be) extinguished, burnt away |

√tam
¦cl4p] gasp, choke, faint; be exhausted; be dull; bewildered from desire ; [dk.kāṅkṣ] [dk.muh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.99] tamuṃ, kā̱ṅkṣāyā̍m |
tāmyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tamas
¦[n][agt] darkness, gloom; mental darkness, illusion, ignorance, stupor | mmk
  • tamas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • tamas ¦[a.sg]| tps
pratam
¦[adj] become exhausted, breathless |

√tay
¦[cl1ā] go towards (acc); go out of (abl) ; [dk.gam] |
tayate
¦[mv.3sg]|

*tar
uttara
¦[adj] better, higher, superior |
  • uttara ¦[cp]| msa
  • uttaram ¦[a.sg]| mbk
anuttara
¦[adj] non higher, best, excellent; chief, principal; firmly solid |
  • anuttaram ¦[a.sg]| jns
niruttara
¦[adj] having no superior |
antara
¦[adj] within; interior to |
anantara
¦[adj] having no interior, uninterrupted |
nirantaram
¦ [ind] closely, constantly, immediately |

tark


√tark
¦[cl10pā] conjecture, ascertain; logically argue ; [dk.tark] [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.311] tarkaṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) |
tarkayati
¦[av.3sg] makes a logical conjecture |
·
tarka
  • ¦[m][agt] conjecture, speculation |
    • tarkas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] a philosophical system of logic |
atarka
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] incomprehensible, illogical |
    • atarka ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] one who reasons illogically, unreasoned poor logic |
vitarka
¦[m] reasoned inference, conjecture, supposition |
  • vitarka ¦[cp]| msa
  • vitarkas ¦[n.sg]| tsk
tārkikā
¦[adj] of logicians |

√tal
¦[cf.tṛ][cl1p][cl10p] accomplish, establish ; [dk.sthā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.87] talaṃ, prati̱ṣṭhāyā̍m |
talati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
tālayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|
·
tala
  • ¦[n][act][adj] base, bottom, lower part |
  • ¦[n][agt] root, seed, fundament of an event |
  • ¦[m][agt] śiva; the forearm, palm of hand, sole of foot |
talavat
¦[n] foundation like |

√tas
¦[cl4p] fade away, perish ; [dk.kṣi] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.109] tasuṃ, upakṣa̱ye |
tasyati
¦[av.3sg]|


tāmra
  • ¦[n][act] tāmra̍, dark reddish copper colored |
  • ¦[n][agt] ta̍mra, copper, copper utensil, pepper, |
  • ¦[m][agt] sort of red spotted leprosy |
  • ¦[fā][obj] tā̱mrā, plant: rubia munjista (bengali 'madder' or 'munjīt') |

√tāy
¦[cl1ā] protect ; [dk.pal] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.562] tāyṛ̱ṃ, santāna pāla̱ nayoḥ̍ |
tāyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
taya
¦[m] protection, protector |
tāya
¦[m] cherish, protect |
√tāy
¦[cf.tā] [cl1ā] stretch ; [dk.tan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.562] tāyṛ̱ṃ, santāna pāla̱ nayoḥ̍ |
tāyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
tāya
¦[imp.2s] you must stretch |
·
tāya
¦[m] spread out, extend in a line |

tāla
¦[m] a span of thumb and middle finger; +++ |

tij


√tij
¦[cl1ā] be sharp; the desire to be sharp; to endure ; [dk.tij] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1126] tija̱ṃ, ni̱śāne̍ |
tejate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
tejas
¦[n] sharpness; majestic spiritual splendour, enduring with dignity (aṣt3.5) |

*tim
timira
  • ¦[n][act][adj] dark, gloomy |
  • [n][agt] darkness; partial blindness |
    • timirān ¦[a.pl]| jns
  • [m][agt] cataract of the eye |
    • timirasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
taimirika
  • ¦[adj.mn] like a cataract disease of the eye |
    • taimirikasya ¦[g.sg]| vsk

*tir
tiryañc
¦[m] the lessor of living things |
  • tiraścām ¦[g.pl]| vsk

√til
¦[cl6p] unctuous, anoint; [dk.snih] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.81] tilaṃ, sneha̍ne (snehe̍) |
tilati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tila
¦[m] sesamun indicum (plant and seed); small particle (seed); mole (black) |
tilaka
¦[m] an ornament, symbolically an enhancement; śrīmān |
√til
¦[cl10pā] cause to anoint ; [dk.snih] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.96] tilaṃ, sneha̍ne |
telayati
¦[av.3sg]|
√til
¦[cl1p] go ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.612] tilaṃ, gatau̍ |
telati
¦[av.3sg]|

tisra
¦[m] the three |

√tu
¦[cl2p] be strongly authoritative; to attain, thrive, increase, fill, become full ; go, move ; injure, hurt, kill ; [dk.vṛdh] [dk.hiṃs] ; [lat.tum] [goth.thiu] [lith.tau] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.29] tu, (tu̱) gati vṛddhi hi̱ṃsāsu̍ (vṛddhya̍rthaḥ) | iti̍ sau̱tro dhātuḥ̍ |
tavīti
¦[av.3sg]|
tauti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tīvra
  • ¦[n][act] strong, severe, harsh, violent; intense, ardent, excessive; sharp, acute, pungent |
  • ¦[n][agt] basil, black mustard, iron, tin |
  • ¦[m] sharpness; pungency; śiva |
    • tīvras ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[fā][abst] severity, intensity |
  • ¦[ind] tīvram, impetuously, sharply, violently ; (listed) |
toya
¦[‐̍u][n] (increasing, moving) water |
toyais
¦[i.pl]| msa

√tul
¦[cl10p] determine the weight of anything by lifting it up ; [dk.mā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.88] tulaṃ, u̱nmāne̍ |
tolayati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
tulyavāt
¦[]|
·
tulya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] balancing, similar, comparable, equal valued | mmk
  • ¦[n][agt] equality, a type of dance |
  • ¦[fā][abst] sameness, alikeness, similitude, equivalence |
    • tulyā ¦[n.sg]| tps
    • tulyās ¦[n.pl]| msa
tulyaka
¦[n] a miniscule measure |
tulyatva
¦[n][abst] equivalence, similatude |
  • tulyatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
atula
  • ¦[adj] immeasurable, unequaled |
  • ¦[m][agt] sesame seed (weightless) |
  • ¦[fā][abst] unbalanced |

√tuṣ
¦[cl4pā] contentedness ; [dk.prī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.81][p] tu̱ṣaṃ, prītau̍ |
tuṣyati
¦av.3sg] is peaceful |
toṣayati
¦[cs.3sg] brought to contentedness | msa
·
tuṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) contented, satisfied, pleased |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) satisfying, pleasing |
·
tuṣa
  • ¦[n][agt] contentment, pleasure |
  • ¦[m][agt] chaff of grain |
atituṣṭaka
¦[adj] most highly contented |
tuṣṭatā
¦[f][abst] contentment |
  • tuṣṭatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
tuṣṭi
¦[f] contentment (sāṅkhya) |
  • tuṣṭis ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • tuṣṭim ¦[a.sg]| msa
tūṣṇī
¦[adj] silently, quietly |
santoṣa
¦[m] great satisfaction |

*tūr
tūrya
¦[adj] fourth |
tūrya
¦[n] drum, cymbals, gong, a vibrating musical instrument |
  • tūryebhyas ¦[d.pl]| msa
  • tūryebhyas ¦[abl.pl]|

tṝ


√tṝ
¦[cl1p] transit, cross, pass ; [lat] trans, termo ; [dk.tṝ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1124] tṝ, plavana ta̱raṇayoḥ̍ | u̱dātta̱ḥ para̍smai bhāṣaḥ |
tárati
¦[av.3sg] crosses |
avatāryate
¦[pv.3sg] brought down, bring (from) |
tārayet
¦[op.cs.3sg] ought cause to cross over |
tārayitum
¦[inf] to cross over, to transit | msa
·
tārita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) crossed over, conveyed |
·
tatrī
¦[f] knowledge |
tāra
¦[m] om; monosylabic tantrik bija; one of eight siddhis in samkhya; star; shining |
avatāra
¦[m] one who descends; a highly exalted spiritual incarnation descended here to guide currently living humans |
  • avatāra ¦[cp]| mbk
  • avatārāya ¦[d.sg]| mbk
  • avatārāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
avatāraṇa
¦[n] a cause to descend, to appear, adoration |
  • avatāraṇe ¦[n.dl]| mbk
  • avatāraṇe ¦[a.dl]|
  • avatāraṇe ¦[l.sg]|
avatāraṇā
¦[f] a ephitet for those training to descend as bodhisattvas, belonging to the avatāra |
avatāraṇā
¦[n.sg]| msa
uttāraņa
  • ¦[mnfī] saving, liberating |
  • ¦[n] crossing over, ascending, carrying across, traversing over, bringing over, liberating, freeing, rescuing, conveying, delivering |
    • uttāraṇa ¦[cp]| msa
tara
¦[m] crossing, passage, |
  • tara ¦[cp]| msa
uttara
¦[adj] (pūrva) later, following, subsequent, future; higher, better; ++ | mmk
  • uttara ¦[cp]| msa, tps, mbk
  • uttaram ¦[nt.a.sg]| tsk, mbk
  • uttare ¦[l.sg]| tsk
anuttara
¦[adj.mnfā] none higher, best, excellent; chief, principal; firmly fixed |
  • anuttarā ¦[fā.n.sg] none higher | tps
  • anuttarā ¦[fā.n.sg]| mbk
  • anuttaram ¦[nt.a.sg]| msa
  • anuttarām ¦[fā.a.sg]| tsn
niruttara
¦[adj] having none higher, unsurpassed |
  • niruttara ¦[cp]| msa
  • niruttare ¦[l.sg]| msa
anuttaratva
¦[n][abst] unsurpassability |
  • anuttaratvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
ānuttarya
  • ¦[adj] peerless, unsurpassable, highest, |
    • ānuttaryam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
ānuttārya
¦[n][abst] unsurpassability |
taraṅga
¦[m] a wave |
  • taraṅgānām ¦[g.pl]| tsk
taraṇa
  • ¦[n][act] crossing over, passing; over coming |
  • ¦[m] a raft, boat, an oar; sun; hibiscus mutabilis |
dustara
¦[adj] difficult to cross or overcome |
tāraṇī
¦[f] mahāvidya form of tārā (matṛka), mother goddess |
tiras
¦[ind] across, beyond, over; apart; obliquely; through ((listed)) |
tīra
¦[n] shore, bank (river) |
tīrthya
¦[n] related to a sacred bathing place, belonging to a place of pilgrimage |
  • tīrthya ¦[cp]| mbk

tṛṇa
¦[n] grass, straw, a blade of grass (worthless) |

tṛp


√tṛp
¦[cl4p] satiate, satisfy ; [dk.prī] [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.92] tṛ̱paṃ, prīṇa̍ne |
tṛpyati
¦[av.3sg]|
tṛpyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
tṛpyate
¦[pv.3sg]| msa
·
atṛpta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was unsatiated |
  • ¦[n][act] insatiable |
  • ¦[n][agt] insatiability |
·
tṛpti
¦[f] contentment, satiation, fullness |
tṛptim
¦[a.sg]| msa
√tṛp
¦[cl5p] become satisfied ; [dk.prī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.28] tṛpaṃ, prīṇa̍na ityeke̍ |
tṛpṇoti
¦[av.3sg]|
√tṛp
¦[cl6p] satiate ; [dk.tṛp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.28] tṛpaṃ, tṛptau |
tṛpati
¦[av.3sg]|
√tṛp
¦[cl10pā] cause to satisfy; cause to shine with contentment ; [dk.tṛp] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.351] tṛpaṃ, tṛptau̍ | sa̱ndīpa̍na̱ ityeke̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.355] tṛpaṃ, (sandīpane ityeke) |
tarpayati
¦[av.3sg]|
tarpayate
¦[mv.3sg]|

tṛṣ


√tṛṣ
¦[cl4pā] parched craving thirstyness ; [dk.tṛṣ] [dk.pā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.141] ñitṛṣaṃ, (ñitṛṣāṃ) pipā̱sāyā̍m |
tṛṣyati
¦[av.3sg] thirsts |
tṛṣyate
¦[mv.3sg] thirsty | mmk
·
tarṣa
¦[m][agt] thirst, craving, greediness, desire |
  • tarṣa ¦[cp]| mbk
tṛṣita
¦[pst.av.p] (was) thirsting |
tṛṣyamāṇa
  • ¦[mn.prs.mv.p] is thirsting |
  • ¦[mn.prs.pv.p] is thirsted ( made thirsty) | mmk
·
tṛṣā
¦[f] thirst; strong desire |
tṛṣṇā
¦[f] thirst, craving, desire | mmk
atitṛṣṇā
¦[f] highest thirst, highest craven desire |

√tev
¦[cl1ā] to sport ; [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.572] te̱vṛ, (devane) |
tevate
¦[mv.3sg]|

tyaj


√tyaj
¦[cl1pā] give up in resignation, reject, forsake ; [dk.hā] [dk.tyaj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1141] tya̱jaṃ, hānau̍ |
tyajati
¦[av.3sg] resigns |
tyajate
¦[mv.3sg] forsakes |
tyajyate
¦[pv.3sg] rejected |
tyajyante
¦[pv.3pl] they are rejected |
tyajet
¦[opt.3sg] ought forsake |
parityajet
¦[opt.3sg] ought one all around reject |
santyajet
¦[opt.3sg] ought one fully forsake |
tyaktvā
¦[gnd] having forsaken |
parityajya
¦[gnd] having everywhere forsaken |
·
tyakta
¦[pst.av.p] rejecting, forsaking |
santyakta
¦[pst.av.p] completely rejecting |
·
tyajana
  • ¦[n][act] foresaking, abandoning |
  • ¦[n][agt] exclussion |
atyajana
¦[n][agt] non-excluded, unforesaken |
  • atyajana ¦[cp]| mbk
tyāga
¦[m] forsaking, leaving, rejecting |
  • tyāga ¦[cp]| tps
atyāga
¦[m] grasping, holding, non‐abandoning |
  • atyāgasya ¦[g.sg]| mbk
parityāga
¦[m] (act of) leaving, abandoning, letting go |
  • parityāgas ¦[n.sg]| tps
santyāga
¦[m] relinquishment, abandonment, renunciation, resignation |
antyaja
¦[m] a person of the lower castes |
parityājya
¦[adj] reject all around (every where) |
santyājya
¦[adj] to be rejected |

trap


√trap
¦[cl1āp] perplexed, embarassed, ashamed, modest ; [lat.turpis][lith.tropiyu][slav.trepet] ; [dk.trap][dk.lajj][dk.hrī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.934][ā] trapi' |
trapate
¦[cl1.3sg]|
traptum
¦[inf] to be perplexed |
·
trapta
¦[pst.pv.p] was perplexed, was embarrassed |
·
atrapā
¦[fā] amoral disregard of censure |
  • atrapā ¦[n.sg]| tsk
apatrapā
¦[fā][abst] embarrassment |
  • apatrapā ¦[fā.n.sg]| tsk
√trap
¦[cl4ā] be ashamed; [dk.lajj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.434][ā] trapūṣ, lajjāyām |
trapyate
¦[cl4.3sg]|

√tras
¦[cl4pā][cl1pā] be terrified, tremble in fear, quiver; [lat.terreo] [rus.trayas] ; [dk.vij] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.11] trasīṃ, udve̱ge |
trāsyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]| msa
trasyanti
¦[cl4.av.3pl]|
trásati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]| msa
trasayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg]| msa
·
trāsa
¦[m] terror, fear, anxiety |
  • trāsa ¦[cp]|
  • trāsas ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
atrāsa
¦[m] bravery, valor, |
  • atrāse ¦[l.sg]| mbk
uttrāsa
  • ¦[m] extreme fearful trembling |
    • uttrāsa ¦[cp]| msa
trāsatā
¦[f][abst] anxiousness, fearfulness |
trāsatā
¦[n.sg]| mbk
trāsya
¦[n][abst] be trembling in fear, |
  • trāsya ¦[cp]| mbk

√trā
¦[<√tṛ,√trai][cl4ā] rescue |
dhātupāṭha
¦[√trai][1.1120][ā] trai̱ṇ, pāla̍ne | iti̱ ṣmiṇpra̍bhṛta̱yo 'nu̍dāttā ā̱tmane̍ bhāṣāḥ ||
trāyate
¦[av.3sg]|
·
trāta
¦[pst.pv.p] was rescued |
·
paritrāṇa
¦[pali.paritta][n] (all around) protection, preservation, deliverance from, refuge, retreat, shelter |
  • paritrāṇam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • paritrāṇam ¦[a.sg]|

Tri


*tri
tṛtīya
¦[adj] third | mmk
  • tṛtīyas ¦[m.n.sg]| tsk
tṛtīyaka
¦[adj] thirdly |
  • tṛtīyakam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
traya
  • ¦[a.mnfā] triple, three fold |
    • traya ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps
    • trayas ¦[m.n.sg]| msa, tsn
    • trayā ¦[f.n.sg]| msa
    • trayam ¦[nt.n.sg]| tsn
    • trayena ¦[i.sg]| tps
  • ¦[n] triad; (buddha saṅgha dharma) | mmk
    • traya ¦[cp]| tsn, jns
    • trayam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsk, mbk, jns
    • trayam ¦[a.sg]|
    • trayāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
    • traye ¦[l.sg]| msa, jns
āditraya
¦[n] primarily three fold |
  • āditrayam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsk
  • āditrayam ¦[a.sg]|
triṃśat
¦[adj] thirty |
trayastriṃśat
¦[adj] thirty three |
saptatriṃśat
¦[adj] thirty seven |
  • saptatriṃśat ¦[n.sg]| msa
tryadhva
¦[m] the three times (buddh) |
tri
¦[n] three | mmk
  • tri ¦[cp]| mbk
  • trīṇi ¦[n.pl]| mbk
  • tribhis ¦[i.pl]| msa
tritaya
¦[a.fī] three fold [n] triad |
aditritaya
¦[adj] foremost threeness [n] highest triad |
trai
¦[adj] three | mmk

tvadīya
¦[mfna] yours, thine, thy, [poss.a] your |

tvar
¦[cl1ā] rushing, making haste ; [dk.bhram] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.884] ñitvarāṃ, (m) sambhrame |
tvarate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
tvarita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] hasteful rushing |
  • ¦[n][agt] haste |
·

Da


√dakṣ
¦[cl1pā] [en] (dexterous); [av] to satisfy; [mv] to go quickly; be able, be strong; be harmful ; [grk] deks [lat] dex ; [dk.gam] [dk.vṛdh] [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.692] dakṣa̱ṃ, vṛddhau̍ śī̱ghrārthe̍ ca |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.874] dakṣa̱ṃ, (m) gati hiṃsa̱ nayoḥ̍ (gati śāsa̱nayoḥ̍) (vṛddhau̍ śighrā̱rthe ca̍) |
dakṣati
¦[av.3sg] satisfy, please; be able |
dakṣate
¦[mv.3sg] be strong or able; be harmful |
·
dakṣiṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] right; southern |
  • ¦[n][act] able, clever, dexterous |
  • ¦[m] right (side); south |
dakṣiṇā
¦[f] the right hand tantric path; completion and donation for a ceremony |
dakṣa
¦[m] dexterity, ability, strength, will ; ++ |

*daṇḍ
daṇḍa
¦[m] stick, staff, club, cudgel |
  • daṇḍo ¦[cp]| vsk
  • daṇḍa ¦[cp]| vsk

√dadh
(see √dhā)

√dam
¦[cl4p] tame, subdue, conquer, make tranquil ; [dk.śam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.100][p] damuṃ, upaśa̱me |
dāmyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dāntā
¦[f[ the tranquil ones, the patient ones (group) |
  • dāntā ¦[n.sg]| msa

√day
¦[cl1ā] [en] share, divide, distribute; impart ; [gk] dai ; [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.553] da̱yaṃ, dāna gati rakṣaṇa hiṃsaāadā̱neṣu̍ |
dáyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dayita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] beloved, cherished; protected |
  • ¦[m][agt] male companion |
  • [fā][agt] female companion |
·
daya
¦[adj] sympathy, compassion |
dayālu
¦[pal](lu+ā)|
  • ¦[n][act][adj] compassionate, merciful |
  • ¦[n][agt] compassion |
ādaya
¦[adj] much tenderness, compassion |
adaya
¦[adj][ind] indifferent, unsympathetic, merciless, unkind |
  • adayas ¦[n.sg]| tsk
nirdaya
¦[adj] cruel, hard, excessive, unsympathetic |
atinirdaya
¦[adj] extremely unsympathetic |
  • atinirdayas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa

√dal
¦[cl1p] burst ; [dk.viś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.629] dalaṃ, vi̱śara̍ṇe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.929] dali, (mit) (iti bhojaḥ) |
dalati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dalita
¦[pst.pv.p] broken, torn, burst, rent, split |
·
dala
  • ¦[n][act] dividing, splitting |
  • ¦[n][agt] petal shoot, blade, leaf; rough gold; a clump;
√dal
¦[cl10pā] (causing to) split, tear apart ; [dk.dṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.281] dalaṃ, vi̱dāra̍ṇe |
dalayati
¦[av.3sg]|

*daś
daśan
¦[adj] ten (plural) |
  • daśa ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
  • daśabhis ¦[i.pl]| mbk
  • daśasu ¦[nt.l.pl]| mbk

das


√das
¦[cf.dās][cl4p] exhaust, waste, perish ; [dk.das] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.110] dasuṃ ca |
dásyati
¦[av.3sg]|
√das
¦[cl10ā] cause to perish ; [dk.das]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.195] da̱saṃ, ity apy eke̍ |
dasayati
¦[av.3sg]|

dah


√dah
¦[cl1pā] [en] burn, reduce to ashes, destroy; [lat] del [grk] typh; [dk.dah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1146][av] da̱ḥaṃ, bhasmī kara̍ṇe |
prefix
anu apa abhi ava ni niṣ pra prati vi sam
da̍hati
¦[av.3sg] consume by fire |
dahanti
¦[av.3pl]|
dahyate
¦[pv.3sg] burnt to ashes, destroyed |
adahat
¦[ipf.3sg] was burning |
dhakṣyati
¦[ft.av.3sg] shall burn, shall enflame |
·
dāhita
¦[pst.pv.p] was burned |
nirdagdhā
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) unburnt; burnt out |
·
adahat
¦[m.ns] the unburnt one |
dāha
¦[m] combustion, burning; heat, fever; burning ghat; ++ |
  • dāha ¦[cp]| msa


√dā
¦[cl1p] give, bestow, grant ; [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1079] dā̱ṇ, dā̱ne |
dádati
¦[cl1p.av.3sg]|
√dā
¦[cl3pā] give, bestow, grant ; [rus] da ; [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.10] ḍudā̱ñ, dā̱ne |
dádāti
¦[cl3p.av.3sg] gives |
dátte
¦[mv.3sg]|
ādatte
¦[mv.3sg] bestows much |
upādatte
¦[mv.3sg] bestows upon |
upādāsyate
¦[ft.mv.3sg] shall bestow upon |
dadyāt
¦[op.av.3sg] ought bestow |
upādadyāt
¦[op.3sg] (ought) acquire, gain; appropriate to oneself |
samādāpayate
¦[cs.pv.3sg] (caused to) appropriate, assume, acquire | msa
dattvā
¦[gnd] having given |
datvā
¦[gnd][pal] having given |
adatvā
¦[gnd][pal] having not given |
ādāya
¦[gnd] having taken |
upādāya
¦[gnd] having taken upon, having grasped at, having grasped upon |
anupādāya
¦[gnd] having not taken upon, having not grasped at, having not grasped upon |
·
datta
¦[pst.pv.p] giving, given |
anupādatta
¦[pst.pv.p] non grasping, ungrasped |
  • ¦[n] state of not grasping pairs of opposites |
ātta
¦[mnfā] taken, obtained, grasped, perceived |
  • āttā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
adāttā
¦[]|
udātta
¦[pst.pv.p] was lifted up |
parītta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] given away, given up, delivered up |
  • ¦[n][agt][pali.paritta] protection, refuge, safeguard |
dadat
¦[pr.av.p] giving | msa
·
dātṛtva
¦[n][abst] liberality of giving, |
dātṛ
¦[m] one who gives, a giver |
upādātṛ
¦[m] one who grasps, a grasper |
dāna
  • ¦[n][act] giving, bestowing, imparting, sharing |
    • dāna ¦[cp]| msa
    • dānāt ¦[abl.sg]|
    • dāne ¦[l.sg]| jns
  • ¦[n][agt] charity, generosity, liberality, donation, gift, oblation, distribution |
    • dāna ¦[cp]| msa
    • dānam ¦[n.sg]|
    • dānam ¦[a.sg]| tps, mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] distributor, dispenser |
adidāna
¦[n] primary act of giving |
ādāna
¦[n][act] receiving, taking, seizing, grasping, appropriating; obscures the non‐abiding transcendance of suffering in cyclic existence for a boddhisattva (yogācāra) |
  • ādāna ¦[cp]| mbk
upādāna
¦[pali.upādi]|
  • ¦[n][act] (drawing upon) grasping, clinging, appropriating |
  • ¦[n][agt] attachment (9th of 12 links in the chain of causation (buddh)); cause, motive; accepting, allowing; offering; perceiving, learning; speaking |
  • ¦[m] one who is grasping or clinging; an offering; ++ |
The pāli upādānas: (extream tanhā) :
  • clinging to sensuality - kāmupādāna
  • clinging to views - dittupādāna
  • clinging to rules and rituals - sīlabbatupādāna
  • clinging to egoic personality - atta vādupādāna
anupādāna
  • ¦[n][act] non-grasping, non-clinging |
  • ¦[m] one who is non-grasping |
nirupādāna
¦[adj] desireless, unclinging |
nidāna
¦[n] cause, motivation, a link of pratītyasamutpāda, the chain of causation |
  • nidānena ¦[i.sg]| mbk
twelve nidānas of dependent origination :
  1. avidyā (avijjā) ‐ ignorance
  2. saṃskāra (saṅkhāra) ‐ mental formations
  3. vijñāna (viññāna) ‐ consciousness
  4. nāmarūpa ‐ name and form
  5. ṣaḍāyatana (saḷāyatana) ‐ six sense bases or gates
  6. sparśa (phassa) ‐ contact (āyatana)
  7. vedanā (taṇhā) ‐ sensation
  8. tṛṣnā ‐ craving, desire (thirst)
  9. upādāna ‐ attachment
  10. bhava ‐ process of becoming (creating karma)
  11. jāti ‐ karmic fruition
  12. jarā maraṇa ‐ aging (birth to death)
pradāna
¦[n] offering, instruction, granting, teaching |
vyavadāna
¦[n] purification |
  • vyavadānasya ¦[g.sg]| tsn
  • vyavadānayos ¦[g.dl]|
  • vyavadānayos ¦[l.dl]| tsn
  • vyavadāne ¦[l.sg]| mbk
upādānaka
¦[n] offering, present |
samādāna
  • ¦[n][act] receiving, accepting |
  • ¦[n][agt] resolve, take upon one's self |
    • samādānam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
dānya
¦[mnfā] generosity, giving |
  • dānya ¦[cp]| tps
dāpana
¦[pali][n] (cause) to give, to pay out |
samādāpana
¦[n] causing gifts to be distributed; (tib) correctly appropriate, arouse, urge on, exhort |
  • samādāpanatas ¦[abl.adv]| msa
upādi
¦[pali][skt.upādāna] [n] attachment, to grasp at |
  • upādi ¦[cp]| tsk
dāya
¦[m] initiation offering |
dāyaka
¦[m] giving, bestowing, imparting, effecting |
  • dāyakas ¦[n.sg]| msa
pradāyaka
¦[m] bestowing forth, giving out |
  • pradāyakas ¦[n.sg]| jns
da
¦[adj] giving |
ada
¦[adj] ungiving, unsharing |
  • adā ¦[fā.n.sg]| mbk
prada
¦[adj] give out, hand forth |
mahada
¦[a.mnfā] giving greatness |
  • mahada ¦[cp]| msa
deya
  • ¦[adj] to be given, presented, shown, proper to be given |
  • ¦[n] gift, offering, present |
    • deyam ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • deyam ¦[a.sg]|
ādeya
  • ¦[adj] very acceptable, most agreeable |
    • adeya ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] nice offering |
√dā
¦[cf.√do][cl2p] reap, harvest, cut, mow ; [dk.lū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.54] dā̱p, lava̍ne |
dāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
parītta
  • ¦[mnfī] cut round, circumscribed, limited, (buddh) |
    • parītta ¦[cp]| msa
    • parīttas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
√dā,√di
¦[cl4p] bind |
dyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·

dāḍīma
  • ¦[m] pomegranate tree |
  • ¦[n] pomegranate fruit |
dāru
  • ¦[adj] liberal, open minded |
  • ¦[m] an artist |
dāruṇā
¦[f] hard, harsh, intense |

*dāś
pradāśa
¦[m] envious rivalry |
  • pradāśa ¦[cp]| tsk

√dās
¦[cl1.pā] give [dk.dā]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1041] dāsṛ̍, dā̱ne |
dāsati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dāsa
¦[mfī] person of wisdom, knower of universal spirit |
dāsī
¦[f] an alter |
√dās
¦[cl5.p] hurt, injure ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dāsnoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
·
dāsá
¦[mfī] demonic fiend, savage barbarian, śūdra caste person, slave |

div


√div
¦[cl4p] shine divine spiritual light ; [dk.dī] [dk.div] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.1] divuṃ, krīḍā vijigīṣā vyahāra dyuti stuti moda mada svapna kānti̱ gatiṣu |
dīvyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dina
  • ¦[adv] day to day |
  • ¦[n] the day |
    • dina ¦[cp]| msa
dyu
¦[m] day |
div
¦[m][n] sky; radiance, brilliance; day |
  • dyaus ¦[n.sg][v.sg] heaven | jns
  • ādyaus ¦[n.sg][v.sg] sky, heaven, the divine |
divā
¦[ind] for example (to shine a light upon); by day ([is] of dyu)] |
divya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] divine, beautiful, charming |
    • divya ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] abode of the divine, the sky; a divine thing |
  • ¦[m] barley |
adivya
¦[adj] most undivine |
ādivya
¦[adj] most divine |
deva
¦[m] divine astral being | mmk
devi
¦[f] o'devī |
daitya
¦[m] demonic astral being |
adideva
¦[m] foremost deity |
devatā
  • ¦[abst.f] divinity, divineness, angelic |
  • ¦[adv.is] with the devas |
paridevana
¦[m] lamenting, grieving |
saparidevana
¦[m] with lamenting, with grieving | mmk
adhidaivata
¦[n] highest divine being |
svādhidaivata
¦[n] enthroning the deva within oneself and all things |
√div
¦[cl1p] lament, moan, groan, plead ; [cl10ā] to lament, to cry out ; [dk.kūj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.230][ā] divu̱ṃ, pari̱kūja̍ne |
devati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
devayate
¦[cl10.mv.3sg]|
√div
¦[cl10pā] to suffer crushing pain ; [dk.mṛd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.249] divuṃ, marda̍ne |
devayati
¦[av.3sg]|

diś


√diś
¦[cl3p][cl6pā] point out, show, exhibit; [buddh] teach, communicate, tell, inform, confess ; [dk.diś] [dk.sṛj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.3] di̱śa̍ṃ, ati̱sarja̍ne |
dideṣṭi
¦[cl3.av.3sg]|
diśate
¦[cl6.pv.3sg]|
nirdiśanti
¦[cl6.av.3pl] they point out | mmk
diśyate
¦[cl3.pv.3sg] be taught, be instructed | mmk
upadiśyate
¦[cl6.pv.3sg] pointed out, indicated, explained, be taught | mmk
adeśayat
¦[ipf.cs.3sg] caused to instruct, moved to teach | mmk
deśayet
¦[opt.cs.a3sg] ought be made to inform |
vinirdiśet
¦[opt.av.3sg] one ought increasingly point out, indicate, designate |
deśayituṃ
¦[inf] to teach, to communicate | mmk
samuddiśya
¦[gnd]|
·
deśita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p][mnfā] (was being) shown, taught, instructed, declared, commanded |
    • deśita ¦[cp]| msa
    • deśitas ¦[m.n.sg]|
    • deśitā ¦[f.ā.n.sg]| tsk
    • deśitāt ¦[mn.abl.sg]| msa
  • ¦[pst.av.p][mnfā] teaching, instructing, commanding |
    • deśita ¦[cp]| msa, tps
    • deśitas ¦[m.n.sg]| tps
    • deśitam ¦[m.a.sg]| tps, mbk
sudeśita
¦[n] well instructed, well taught |
  • sudeśite ¦[l.sg]| msa
uddiṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) mentioned, described, pointed out, instructed |
  • ¦[n][act][a.mnfā] descriptive, revealed, promised, mentioned, signified |
    • uddiṣṭam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
    • uddiṣṭam ¦[a.sg]|
  • ¦[n][agt] type of measurement in music |
  • ¦[ind] (was) pointed out |
samuddiṣta
¦[pst.pv.p] fully described, described together |
nirdiṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] pointed out, shown, indicated, described, asserted, declared |
    • nirdiṣṭā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] wisely learned one |
    • nirdiṣṭam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
·
diś
¦[f] direction, precept, rule; manner, way ; ++ |
  • dik ¦[cp]| vsk
  • diśi ¦[l.sg]|
  • dikṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa, tps
diśi·diśi
¦[f] in all directions, everywhere |
  • diśidiśi ¦[l.sg]| msa
uddiṣṭā
¦[fā][abst] (uplifting) enunciation, instruction, descriptiveness, |
  • uddiṣṭā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
deśa
¦[m] point, region, spot, place, part, portion, country | mmk
  • deśa ¦[cp]| msa, vsk
uddeśa
¦[m] pointing to; elucidation, explanation with demonstration, |
upadeśa
¦[m] description without illustration, instruction, advice, pointing toward; class of instructional literature |
  • upadeśasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
anupadeśa
¦[m] without advice, lacking instruction |
  • anupadeśāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
ekadeśa
¦[m] one country, one region, one place | mmk
nirdeśa
¦[m] pointing out |
pratinirdeśa
¦[m] counter point |
deśaka
  • ¦[adj] showing, pointing out |
  • ¦[m] teacher, instructor, ruler |
uddeśaka
  • ¦[adj] illustrative |
  • ¦[m] illustration |
upadeśaka
¦[adj] teaching, instructing |
deśatva
¦[n][abst] advisement, presentation, example, |
  • deśatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| vsk
deśana
  • ¦[n][act] pointing out, instructing, teaching |
sudeśana
  • ¦[n][agt] good direction, proper guidence, proper teaching |
    • sudeśana ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] a buddha |
deśanā
¦[f] direction, instruction; preaching, teaching, lesson, revealation, insight | mmk
  • deśanā ¦[n.sg]| msa, vsk, tps
prādeśika
  • ¦[mnfā] prelimited, confined to, with precedent, previously defined function or meaning; prādeśika, in that the āvaraṇa obscures solely for listeners and pratyeka buddhas (yogācāra) |
    • prādeśika ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[m] holder of a small land parcel |
deśi
¦[f] country people ? |
deśya
¦[mnfā](to be) pointed out, picked out, excellent type, remarkable sort; indigenous, native born |
  • deśya ¦[cp]| tps
deśya
¦[n] proposition, statement (logic) |
daiśika
¦[mnfā] guide, teacher, one who knows a place (provincial, local, national); relating to space (opp.kālika) |
  • daiśika ¦[cp]| tps

dih


√dih
¦[cl2pā] anoint, smear, plaster; increase, accumulate; mould, fashion; [dk.dih] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.5] di̱ḥa̍ṃ, upaca̱ye |
degdhi
¦[cl2p.3sg]|
·
deha
  • ¦[cf] dheha |
    • dheha ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] body |
    • deha ¦[cp]| msa, tps
  • ¦[m] form, shape, manifestation |
    • deha ¦[cp]| msa
triad:
deha vāc manas
sandeha
¦[m] expressive of doubt, uncertainty |
  • sandeha ¦[cp]| msa, tps
niḥsandeha
¦[m] without doubtful uncertainty |
dehatva
¦[n][abst] physicality, manifestation, embodiment |
  • dehatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
dehin
  • ¦[adj] embodied, corporeal |
  • ¦[m] embodied spirit soul, living being, man |
    • dehī ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • dehinas ¦[n.pl]| msa, mbk
    • dehiṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa


√dī
¦[cl3pa] shine, be bright; excel ; [dk.dī] |
dideti
¦[av.3sg]|
pradīyate
¦[pv.3sg] be illuminated, be shined forth | mmk
dadīta
¦[op.mv.3sg] ought shine |
ādadīta
¦[op.mv.3sg] (strongly) ought shine forth; ought excel |
√dī
¦[cl4ā] decay, perish ; [dk.kṣi] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.29] (oṃ) dīṅ, kṣa̱ye |
dīyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
ādīnava
¦[m] distress, affliction, uneasiness, pain, fault, transgression |
  • ādīnavas ¦[n.sg]| msa

√dīkṣ
¦[cl1ā] be consecrated ; [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.693] dīkṣa̱ṃ, mauṇḍye, jyotioupanayana niyama vrataāāde̱ aśeṣu̍ |
dīkṣate
¦[cl1.mv.3sg]|

dīp


√dīp
¦[cl4ā] shine, inflame ; [dk.dīp] [dk.dī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.45] dīpī̱ṃ, dīptau̍ |
dīpyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dīpta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) shining, lustrous, inflaming
  • ¦[m][agt] resplendence |
pradīpta
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) shining, burning |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) kindled, inflamed; stimulated |
  • ¦[m] the shining forth, the blazing forth |
·
dīpa
  • ¦[adj] illuminating |
    • dīpam ¦[a.sg]| tps, jns
  • ¦[m] light, lamp, lantern | mmk
    • dīpa ¦[cp]| msa
    • dīpāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
dīpā
¦[f] lamp; [pal][<dvipā] islands |
pradīpa
¦[m] a light, lamp, lantern; (titles) elucidation; a prasāda ambrosia (see: [cp] pañcapradīpa) | mmk
paridīpaka
¦[adj] (all around) illuminating | mmk
paridīpitā
¦[f][abst] round about general illumination |
  • paridīpitā ¦[n.sg]| tps
dīpavat
¦[adj] (having) illumination, shining |
dīpana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] shining, kindling |
  • ¦[n][agt] act of kindling, digestive tonic, a bija formulaic procedure |
  • ¦[m] bija formula (tantra sāra), type of music composition, various plants ++ |
  • ¦[fī] enkindlement, enflaming |
apradīpana
¦[adj] unshining, invisible | mmk

*dīrgh
dīrgha
  • ¦[adj] prolonged, long in space or time, lofty, tall, deep |
    • dīrgha ¦[cp]| msa
    • dīrgham ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m] long vowel (svara) |
dairghya
¦[n] length, longness |

Du


√du
¦[cf.dū][cl5p][cl4ā] to be burnt, to be consumed with internal heat, consumed by sorrow ; [grk] du̍e (pain) [lit] davyti (torment) [slv] daviti (worry) ; [dk.tap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.22] ṭudu̱, upatā̱pe |
dunoti
¦[cl5p]|
dūyate
¦[cl4ā]|
√du
¦[cl1p] go ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1094] du̱, (gatau̍) |
davati
¦[av.3sg]|

duṣ


√duṣ
¦[cl4p] spoil, defile, corrupt, degenerate ; [dk.duṣ] [dk.vi-kṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.82] du̱ṣaṃ, vaikṛ̍tye |
duṣyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
duṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) miserable |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (had) suffered |
  • ¦[m][agt] rogue, villain |
    • duṣṭeṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa
praduṣṭa
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] corrupt, wicked, wanton, |
    • praduṣṭas ¦{ms.n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] villain, ruffian |
·
duṣṭatā
¦[f][abst] defilement |
  • duṣṭatā ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
dūṣaka
  • ¦[adj] wicked, offending, corrupting, disgracing, seducing |
  • ¦[m][agt] offender, disparager, seducer |
dūṣaṇa
  • ¦[n][act][a.mnfī] corrupting, detracting, counteracting, violating ; ++ |
  • ¦[n][agt] refutation, objection, adverse argument ; ++ |
    • dūṣaṇam ¦[n.sg]|
    • dūṣaṇam ¦[a.sg]| msa
doṣa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] defiling, wicked; ++ |
  • ¦[n][agt] deficiency |
    • doṣa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m][agt] fault, deficiency, default, depravity, vice, crime, malady, disease; negativity, darkness, dusk |
    • doṣa ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
    • doṣās ¦[n.pl]| mbk
    • doṣāṇām ¦[g.pl]| msa, mbk
  • ¦[fā][abst] defilement |
pradoṣa
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] corrupt, wicked, bad |
  • ¦[m][agt] fault, defect, disorder; rebellion |
    • pradoṣas ¦[n.sg]| msa
sandoṣa
  • ¦[m] gathered faults |
    • sandoṣam ¦[a.sg]| msa
doṣas
¦[n] dusk, evening, night, darkness |
  • doṣas ¦[n.sg]| tps
adoṣā
  • ¦[adj.mnfā] thinking no harm |
  • ¦[fā] faultless, guiltless |
    • adoṣā ¦[n.sg]| msa
nirdoṣā
¦[f] without defilement |
dauṣṭhulya
¦[pali.duṭṭhulla] [n] depravity, wickedness, indisposition (strengthens mental afflictions and also physical afflictions ‐ two forms) |
  • dauṣṭhulya ¦[cp]| tsk, mbk
  • dauṣṭhulyam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • dauṣṭhulyam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • dauṣṭhulyāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
sadauṣṭhulya
¦[n] with indisposition, with depravity |
  • sadauṣṭhulyam ¦[n.sg]| msa

*duḥ·kh
suduḥ
¦[adj] very painful, very difficult |
duḥkha
  • ¦[n][act][adj] uneasiness, suffering; sorrowful |
    • duḥkha ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] pain, sorrow, suffering, trouble, difficulty | mmk
    • duḥkha ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
    • duḥkham ¦[n.sg]| vsk, mbk
    • duḥkhena ¦[i.sg]| msa
    • duḥkhair ¦[i.pl]| msa
    • duḥkhāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • dukhasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
aduḥkha
¦[mnfā] unsuffering, free from trouble, propitious |
  • aduḥkha ¦[cp]| tps
anuduḥkha
  • ¦[n][act][adj] (along with) suffering |
  • ¦[n][agt] empathic sorrow |
suduḥkha
  • ¦[a.mnfā] very painful, very troublesome |
    • suduḥkha ¦[cp]|
  • ¦[n] great pain, great sorrow |
  • ¦[adv] great pain | msa
duḥkhatā
¦[f][abst] sorrowfulness, uneasiness |
  • duḥkhatā ¦[cp]| tps
  • duḥkhatām ¦[a.sg]| msa
duḥkhatva
¦[n][abst] painfulness, miserableness |
  • duḥkhatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
duḥkhana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] suffering, painful, ailing, miserable |
  • ¦[n][agt] pain, misery, agony, despair |
    • duḥkhanāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
duḥkhita
¦[mnfā] distressed, pained |
duḥkhitas
¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
duḥkhitā
¦[f.abst] miserableness, sufferable |
  • duḥkhita ¦[cp]| msa
duḥkhitāṃs
¦[prf.av.p] having had a suffering distress | msa
duḥśīla
¦[see: √śīl]|
duritāri
¦[f] a jaina goddess: 'enemy of sin' |

√duh
¦[cf.dugh][cl2pā] milk to abundance ; [dk.pṝ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.4] du̱ḥa̍ṃ, pra̱pūra̍ṇe |
dogdhi
¦[av.3sg]|
·
samdoha
¦[m] completely milked, abundance |
√duh
¦[cl1p] pain ; [dk.hiṃs] |
dhātupāṭha
[1.839] duhir, (ardane) |
dohati
¦[av.3sg]|

√dū
¦[cf.du][cl4ā] (excessive) pain, agony, sorrow; scorch, burn ; [dk.tap] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.28] (oṃ) duṅ, paritā̱pe | ity u̱dāttā̍vā̱tmane̍ bhāṣau |
duyate
¦[mv.3sg]|

dūtya
¦[n][fā][agt] message, news |

*dūr
dūra
  • ¦[mnfā] distant, remote, far away |
  • ¦[n][agt] distance, remoteness |
    • dūra ¦[cp]| msa
    • dūre ¦[l.sg]| msa
sudūra
  • ¦[a.mnfā] goodly well far off, very far away, |
    • sudūra ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[ind] far off |

dṛ


√dṛ
¦[cl5pā] to tear asunder or to pieces, lacerate ; [dk.dṛ] [dk.hiṃs] |
dṛṇāti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dārika
¦[cf.dāraka]|
  • ¦[adj][mnf(ikā)] separating, breaking, tearing, splitting |
    • dārikam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] hog, young animal, infant |
√dṛ
¦[cl6ā] respect, regard, honour, heed ; [dk.dṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.147] dṛ̱ṅ, āda̱re |
driyáte
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dṛta
¦[pst.av.p] (was) respecting, heeding |
·
ādara
¦[m] respect, high regard, notice, care ; ++ |
  • ādarād ¦[abl.sg]| msa
dāra
¦[mfā] consort |
  • dārā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa

dṛṭa
¦[n] anything firm or solid, fortress; [adj] firmly, strongly |

dṛp


√dṛp
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) light, shine, enflame, kindle ; [dk.dṛp] [dk.dīp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.356] dṛpaṃ, sa̱ndīpa̍ne (ityeke̍) |
darpayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
darpaṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] (vanity) reflecting, mirroring, inflaming, kindling |
  • ¦[n][agt] eye, pride |
  • ¦[m][agt] mirror for vanity |
    • darpaṇa ¦[cp]| msa
√dṛp
¦[cl6p] pain, torture ; [dk.kliś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6,36] dṛpaṃ, (utkleśe) |
dṛpati
¦[av.3sg]|
√dṛp
¦[cl4p] raving wildly extravagantly arrogant; ignorant, stupefied; inflame, kindle ; [dk.hṛṣ] [dk.muh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.93] dṛ̱paṃ, harṣa moha̱nayoḥ̍ |
dṛpyati
¦[av.3sg]|

dṛbh


√dṛbh
¦[cl6p] tie or bunch together ; [dk.granth] [dk.dṛbh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.48] dṛbhīṃ, gra̱nthe |
dṛbhati
¦[av.3sg]|

dṛś


√dṛś
¦[cl1pā] see, observe; [dk.dṛś] [dk.īkṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1143][av] dṛ̱śir, prekṣa̍ṇe |
paśyati
¦[<√pac][prf.dadárśa] [cl4.av.3sg] sees, looks after, observes |
darśayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] (is) made visible | msa
sandarśayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] (fully) made visible, observed, becomes revealed | msa
adarśayan
¦[cs.ipf.3sg] (was) made visible | msa
drakṣyati
¦[ft.3sg] one (shall) observe, see | mmk
dṛśyatām
¦[imp.pv.3sg] (must be) observed, seen| mmk
dṛśyate
¦[pv.3sg] be seen, observed | msa, tsk, vsk, mmk
dṛśyante
¦[pv.3sg] they are seen, are observed | msa
darśayet
¦[op.3sg] ought be shown |
pradarśayet
¦[op.cs.av.3sg] (ought be) revealed, shown, illuminated |
adarśat
¦[aor.3sg] (was) observed, seen |
draṣṭum
¦[inf] to see, |
draṣṭu
¦[cp]|
dṛṣṭvā
¦[gnd] having observed | mmk
adṛṣṭvā
¦[gnd] having not observed | mmk
·
adṛśyamāna
¦[prs.pv.p] being seen | mmk
darśita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) shown, explained, displayed |
upadarśita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) explained, perceived, shown, demonstrated |
nidarśita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) revealed, exemplified, shown, presented, offered, illustrated |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) revealing, showing, |
    nidarśitas
    ¦[n.sg]| msa
pradarśita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) shown forth |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) manifestly showing |
darśitavat
¦[pst.av.p][fī] having shown, (was) showing, displaying, beholding, teaching |
dṛṣṭa
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) seen |
    • dṛṣṭa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) seeing |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] visible, manifested, imagined in mind, understood |
    • dṛṣṭa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] perception, observation | mmk
    • dṛṣṭam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
adṛṣṭa
  • ¦[mnfā][act] unseen, unobserved, unforeseen |
    • adṛṣṭa ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] fate, destiny |
ādṛṣṭa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] (fully) seen, visible, perceived, known, foreseen |
    • ādṛṣṭe ¦[l.sg]| tsk
  • ¦[n][agt] destiny, fate, luck |
durdṛṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) ill perceived, wrongly perceived | mmk
draṣṭavya
¦[ft.pv.p] (shall be) seen, examined, observed, regarded, considered | mmk
·
dṛś
  • ¦[f][act] seeing, looking |
  • ¦[n][agt] the eye |
  • ¦[f][agt] the action of seeing, view, look, appearance |
dṛśya·dṛś
¦[f] the visible object action of seeing |
dṛśya·dṛś
¦[cp]| tsn
māna·dṛś
¦[f] conceited view |
  • mānadṛk ¦[cp]| tsk
svapna·dṛś
¦[m] sleep seeing, dream seeing |
  • svapnedṛś ¦[l.sg]| vsk
kīdṛśi
¦[m] who sees, what like |
kīdṛśī
¦[f]| who sees, what like |
adṛśa
¦[adj] not seen like, unseen like |
kīdṛśa
¦[mn] what like |
tādṛśa
¦[mnfī] anyone whosoever |
  • tādṛśas ¦[n.sg]| msa
tādṛg
¦ in compounds for tādṛś |
mādṛśī
¦[f] like me |
idṛśa
¦[mn][adj] of this sort, such like |
idṛśas
¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
idṛśavat
¦[adj] (having) likeness |
īdṛk
  • ¦[m] like him |
  • ¦[n] like this |
īdṛśī
¦[f][adj] such, like this |
sadṛśa
¦[mn] like, similar, with similarity | mmk
  • sadṛśas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • sadṛśās ¦[ms.n.pl]| msa
asadṛśa
¦[mn] unlike, dissimilar, dissimilarity | mmk
sādṛśa
¦[cf sa dṛśa][adj] like, similarity |
sadṛśī
¦[f] similar, similarity | vsk
  • sadṛśī ¦[n.sg]| msa
dṛṣṭānta
¦[m] (final) example, standard, instance |
  • dṛṣṭānta ¦[cp]| tps
  • dṛṣṭāntas ¦[n.sg]| tps
dṛśya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] visible, conspicuous |
  • ¦[n][agt] a visible object, the observable world |
    • dṛśya ¦[cp]| tsn
  • [m] a quantity, a number of things (math) |
yādṛśyā
¦[fā][adj] (with) which likeness | tps
sādṛśya
¦[n][act][adj] (with) likeness, resemblance |
dṛṣṭyā
¦[f] by the glance, from the viewpoint, by sight |
dṛṣṭānta
  • ¦[adj] serving as an example |
    • dṛṣṭānta ¦[cp]|
  • ¦[m] example, standard, instance, illustration, metaphor | mmk
    • dṛṣṭānta ¦[cp]| tps
    • dṛṣṭāntais ¦[i.pl]| jns
dṛṣṭi
¦[f] wrong view (buddh); seeing, looking, beholding | mmk
  • dṛṣṭi ¦[cp]| mbk
  • dṛṣṭis ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
  • dṛṣṭim ¦[a.sg]| tps
  • dṛṣṭes ¦[g.sg]| mbk
  • dṛṣṭau ¦[l.sg]| mbk
adṛṣṭi
¦[f] non‐wrong view, unseeing |
  • adṛṣṭis ¦[n.sg]| tps
dṛṣṭika
  • ¦[a.mnf] falsely believing (cp)|
sadṛṣṭika
  • ¦[a.mnf][act] with false views |
  • ¦[mfā][agt] one with false views |
    • sadṛṣṭikam ¦[a.sg]| msa
dṛṣṭitva
¦[n][abst] divisiveness |
dṛṣṭivat
¦[adj] having a view (point) | mmk

‐darś

ādarśa
¦[m] (insightful) seeing, observing |
  • ādarśa ¦[cp]| msa
darśaka
  • ¦[adj] seeing (gen), looking at-for (acc), examining |
  • ¦[m] door keeper, handy man, prince |
nidarśaka
  • ¦[mnfā] seeing into, perceiving ; proclaiming, announcing, teaching |
  • ¦[n][agt] sight, insight meditation, authority, evidence, example |
    • nidarśakam ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • nidarśakam ¦[a.sg]|
  • ¦[m][obj] summer, hot season, the sun, |
pradarśaka
  • ¦[n][act][adj] showing, indicating, proclaiming, expounding, teaching |
  • ¦[n][agt] doctrine, principle |
  • ¦[m][obj] teacher |
    • pradarśakas ¦[n.sg]| jns
darśana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] revealing, seeing, looking, observing; using ones feelings to confirm an observation |
    • darśana ¦[cp]| msa
    • darśanāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • darśane ¦[loc.sg]| msa
  • [n][agt] appearance; sight, vision, revelation | mmk
    • darśana ¦[cp]| msa, tps
    • darśanam ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
    • darśanam ¦[a.sg]| msa
    • darśanais ¦[i.pl]| msa
    • darśanāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa, tsn, tps
    • darśane ¦[l.sg]| msa
adarśana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] invisible, unseen |
  • ¦[n][agt] non sight, non vision, the invisible | mmk
    • adarśanam ¦[n.sg]|
    • adarśanam ¦[a.sg]| msa
adidarśana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] first appearing |
    • adidarśanam ¦[n.sg]| vsk
    • adidarśanam ¦[a.sg]|
    • adidarśane ¦[l.sg]| vsk
  • ¦[n][agt] first appearance |
    • adidarśane ¦[l.sg]| vsk
nidarśana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] pointing to, showing, indicating, teaching |
    • nidarśanam ¦[n.sg]|
    • nidarśanam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] example, illustration, illumination, appearance, vision, indication |
    • nidarśanam ¦[n.sg]| tps
    • nidarśanam ¦[a.sg]| tps
    • nidarśanāya ¦[d.sg]| msa
sadarśana
¦[adj] (with) observation, looking | mmk
sandarśana
  • ¦[n][act] fully seeing |
    • sandarśanāya ¦[d.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] (completely) visible, seen |
    • sandarśanam ¦[a.sg]| msa
darśin
¦[adj] experiencing, knowing; showing, teaching |
draṣṭṛ
¦[mnf] perceiver, beholder | mmk

√dṛh
¦[cf.dṛṃh,dṛḍh] [cl1p] grow, increase ; [dk.vṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.834] dṛhaṃ, (vṛddhau) |
darhati
¦[av.3sg] grows, increases |

√dṛḍh
¦[<ḍha][cf.dṛṇh,dṛh] [cl10p] make firm, confirm, strengthen ; [dk.sthā] |
dṛḍhayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
dṛḍhatva
¦[n][abst] firmness , hardness , solidity , strength. steadiness , perseverance |
dṛḍhī(karaṇa)
¦[n] making the ḍha akṣara sound; confirmation |
dṛḍha
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] was strengthened, reinforced |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] steady, fixed, settled, firm, strong |
    • dṛḍha ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] stronghold, fortress, iron, a fixed firm solid object |
  • ¦[m][agt] ephitet of various persons |
  • ¦[ind] firmly, steadily, perseveringly, thoroughly |
    • dṛḍhas ¦[nm.adv]| tps
    • dṛḍhī ¦[cp.ind] |
adṛḍha
¦[mnfā] unfirm, unsettled, inconsistent, unstrong |
  • adṛḍha ¦[cp]| msa
sudṛḍha
¦[adj] well fixed on |

√dṛṃh
¦[cf.dṛh,dṛḍh] [cl1p] make firm, make strong, |
dṛṃhati
¦[av.3sg] strengthens, firms up |
·

dainya
¦[n] wretched meanness, covetousness; misery, dejection |

√do
¦[cf.√dā][cl2p][cl4p] cut, divide, reap |
dāti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
dyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
.
parītta
  • ¦[adj] limited, small, minor, restricted |
    • parīttas ¦[n.sg]| msa

dyut


√dyut
¦[cl1ā] shine, be brilliant, beam, twinkle, glitter ; [dk.dyut] [dk.dīp] [dk.dī] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.842] dyu̱taṃ, dīptau̍ |
dyotate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
dyotita
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) shining |
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) enlightened |
·
dyotayan
¦ [ind] let illuminate ; [<cs.ap.dyotayat] [cs.m.nsg] |
dyuti
¦[f] splendour, lustre, brightness; dignity|

√drā
¦[cl2p] run hastfully hither and thither, be impoverished ; [grk] drānai, didrā̍sko ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.49] drā̱, ku̱tsāyā̱ṃ gatau̍ |
drāti
¦[av.3sg]|
daridra
  • ¦[adj] vagrant, impoverished |
  • ¦[m] the suffering poor, begger |
    • daridrās ¦[n.pl]| jns
√drā
¦[cl2p] sleep, slumber |
drāti
¦ sleeps |

dru


√dru
¦[cl1p] run, flee, move fluidly ; [dk.gam] [dk.dru] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1095] dru̱, gatau̍ |
dravati
¦[av.3sg]|
dravanti
¦[av.3pl] flee, run, put ot flight |
·
dravya
¦[n] stuff, collection of things |
  • dravya ¦[cp]| msa
upadrava
¦[m] misfortune, calamity (famine, plague, rebellion) |
  • upadravebhyas ¦[d.pl]|
  • upadravebhyas ¦[abl.pl]| msa
drutatara
¦[adj] faster, quicker |
drutam
¦[ind] quickly, swiftly ; see list |

√druh
¦[cl4p] malicious cruelty ; [znd] druj ; [dk.han] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.94] dru̱ḥaṃ, jighā̱ṃsāyā̍m |
drúhyati
¦[av.3sg] harms |

dvādaśa
¦[adj] twelfth, consisting of twelve|

*dvār
dvāra
¦[n] the door, passage, entrance; a way, means, medium; an opening, aperture |
  • dvāra ¦[cp]| msa
dvāratā
¦[f] the way, the entrance gate, access point |
  • dvāratās ¦[n.pl]| mbk

Dvi

*dvi
dva
¦[m] two fold, two, dual, both; | mmk
  • dvā ¦[cp] dva, dvi | mmk
  • dvau ¦[n.dl]| msa
  • dvau ¦[a.dl]|
  • dvayos ¦[g.dl]| msa
  • dvayos ¦[l.dl]| msa, tsn
adva
¦[m] not two, not both, not two fold |
  • adva ¦[cp]| tsk
dvaya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] double, dual; of two sorts, of two kinds |
    • dvaya ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] couple, pair, duality | pplex, mmk
    • dvaya ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tsk, tps, mbk
    • dvayam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
    • dvayam ¦[a.sg]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk
    • dvayān ¦[a.pl]| msa
    • dvayena ¦[i.sg]| msa, mbk
    • dvayāt ¦[abl.sg]| tsk
    • dvayasya ¦[g.sg]| msa, tsn,tsk, tps, mbk
    • dvayos ¦[g.dl]| msa
    • dvayos ¦[l.dl]|
    • dvaye ¦[l.sg]| tsk, mbk
  • ¦[m][agt] a pair |
dvayā
¦[f] dualness |
  • dvayā ¦[n.sg]| msa
advaya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] unique, non·dual, without a second |
    • advaya ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] non·duality |
    • advaya ¦[cp]| tsn
    • advayam ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
    • advayam ¦[a.sg]|
  • ¦[m] a previous buddha's name |
advayā
¦[f] non·dualness |
  • advayā ¦[n.sg]| msa
dvayatā
¦[fā][abst] duality, dualness |
  • dvayatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
advayatva
¦[n][abst] non·duality essence |
  • advayatva ¦[cp]| tsn
  • advayatvena ¦[i.sg]| tsn
dvayāna
¦[n] twin vehicle of śrāvkas and pratyekabuddhas (opposite ekayāna‐mahāyāna) |
  • dvayāna ¦[cp]| mbk
dvitīya
  • ¦[adj] second |
    • dvitīyas ¦[n.sg]| tsk
  • ¦[m] a second time; companion, friend |
    • dvitīyam ¦[a.sg]| tsn, mbk
  • ¦[fā] female companion; second day of a fort night | mmk
dvandvata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] divided |
  • ¦[m] state of duality |
dvandva
¦[m] polarity, duality, an opposition system |
nirdvandva
¦[m] without duality, without pairs of opposites |
dvayu
¦[adj] double natured, false, deceptive |
dvi
¦[n] two, dual | mmk
  • dvi ¦[cp]| msa, tsn
  • dvi ¦[n.sg]|
  • dvi ¦[a.sg]|
dvaudvau
¦[m] two for each |
  • dvaudvau ¦[cp]| mbk
dvātriṃśat
¦[adj] thirty two |
dvādaśa
¦[adj] twelve |
  • dvādaśa ¦[cp]| msa, mbk

dviṣ


√dviṣ
¦[cl2pā] show hate, be hostile ; [dk.dviṣ] [dk.krudh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.3] dvi̱ṣa̍ṃ, aprī̍tau |
dveṣṭi
¦[av.3sg]|
vidviṣāvahai
¦[imp.1dl] we both must be hostile |
·
dveṣa
¦[m] malice, hatred, hostility | mmk
vidviṣa
¦[mnfā] hating, hostile to |
vidveṣin
¦[m] hater |

√dvṛ
¦[cl1p] obstruct; cover, disregard, appropriate; [dk.vṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1083][p] dvṛ̩, sa̠ṃvara̍ṇe |
dvarati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dvara
¦[mnfā] obstructing |
  • dvara ¦[cp]| msa

Dh


uddhata
¦[pp] raised up, stirred up, ++ |
dhattūra
¦[m] white thorn apple (datura alba) [n] the fruit thereof |

dhan


√dhan
¦[cl3p] set in motion, run, move quickly ; [dk.dhan] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.28] dhānaṃ, dhānye̍ |
dadhanti
¦[av.3pl]|
·
dhana
¦[n] acquired wealth, property, money |
  • dhana ¦[cp]| msa
  • dhanam ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • dhanam ¦[a.sg]|
dhanika
  • ¦[adj] good, wealthy, opulent |
  • ¦[m][obj[ coriander, rich person |
nidhana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] impoverished, poor, without property |
  • ¦[n][agt] (the) finale, conclusion, end; (without) race, family (end result of linage); (without) domicile, residential place |
dhanya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] opulent, rich, wealthy; fortunate; virtuous; wholesome |
  • ¦[n][agt] treasure, wealth |
  • ¦[m][agt] virtuous person; unholy person ++ |
√dhan
¦[cf.dhaṇ,dhvan] [cl1p] sound ; [dk.śabd] |
dhanati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
dhanyate
¦[cl1.pv.3sg]|

*dhandh
dhandha
  • ¦[pali.dandha][adj] slow, weak, dull |
    • dhandha ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] indisposition, |
  • ¦[fā][cf.dhāndhā][agt] small cardamoms |
  • dhandham ¦[adv] slowly |
dhandhatā
¦[abst.f] sicklyness |

√dhanv
¦[cf.dhan] [cl1p](type of) to run; to flow ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.681] dhaviṃ, gatyarthāḥ |
dha̍nvati
¦[av.3sg]|

√dham
¦[cl1pā] blow, exhale; kindle (fire by blowing), melt (ore) ; [dk.vā] |
dhamati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dhama
¦[adj] blowing; melting, fusing |

*dham
adhama
  • ¦[adj] lowest, vilest, worst; [lat] infimus |
    • adhame ¦[l.sg]| tps
  • ¦[m][agt] debauchee, libertine, paramour |
  • ¦[fā][agt] harlot, seductress |

dhā


√dhā,√dadh
¦[cl3pā] put right; fix upon; determine; establish; manifest, create (to establish a well focused, determined, creation) ; [lat.pon] ; [dk.dhā] [dk.dhṛ] [dk.puṣ] [dk.dā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.11] ḍudhā̱ñ, dhāraṇa po̱ṣaṇayoḥ̍ | dā̱na ity apy eke̍ | ity anu̍dāttāv u̱bhayato̍ bhāṣau |
dádhāti
¦[cl3.av.3sg]| msa
dádhate
¦[cl3.mv.3pl]|
dhatte
¦[cl3.mv.3sg] one fixes upon |
adhāt
¦[cl2.impf.av.3sg][aor.av.3sg]|
dhāti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
dhāyeta
¦[cl2.pot.3sg]|
dhāpayet
¦[cl4.cs.opt.3sg]|
dhātayet
¦[cl4.cs.opt.3sg] (one ought be encouraged to) focus upon, establish | jns
dhātvā
¦[gnd] having established |
sandhāya
¦[pali][gnd] having united | tsk
ādhāya
¦[gnd] (having) contemplated, focused upon; received, placed, given | msa
upadhāya
¦[gnd] (having) set upon, rested upon, placed upon, established | msa
vidhāya
¦[gnd] having established so, having done so ; ++ | msa
samādhāya
¦[gnd] having fixed the mind upon, being intent upon |
·
abhidhātavya
¦[ft.pv.p] (shall be) set forth, explained, addressed; shall be surrendered to, shall be put around |
dhita
¦[pst.av.p] (had) put, set, set the mind on |
vidhānata
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) arranged |
hita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) well appointed, assigned, arranged |
    • hita ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] anything useful, welfare, good advice |
  • ¦[m] a benefactor, kind friend |
vihita
  • ¦[pali]|
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) arranged, prepared, appointed, enjoined, distributed, approtioned, bestowed, furnished |
    • vihita ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n] an order, command, decree |
  • ¦[m] without benifit, unfit, improper |
    • vihitas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
vinihita
¦[pst.pv.p] (was) laid down, put down, placed upon, directed towards; turned off, separated |
·
dha
  • ¦[n][act][adj] putting, placing; holding, having; bestowing, granting, causing |
  • ¦[n][agt] wealth, property |
  • ¦[m][agt] virtue, merit |
vidha
¦[m] (increasing) virtue, merit; (dissipating) virtue, merit |
  • vidhas ¦[n.sg]| msa
vividha
¦[m] increasing virtue |
  • vividhayā ¦[d.sg]| msa
vidha
  • ¦[adj] sort, kind, form [cp.end] fold | mmk
    • vidhas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[m] part, section, element, partition |
caturvidha
¦[adj] four fold, four divisions, four kinds, (universality, commitment, attainment, supremacy (yogācāra) ; nāgārjuna's four part syllogism |
  • caturvidha ¦[cp]| msa
  • caturvidhas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • caturvidhā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • caturvidham ¦[a.sg]| tps

caturvidhas of yogācāra :

  • universality
  • commitment
  • attainment
  • supremacy
trividha
¦[adj] three fold, three kinds, triple fold |
  • trividha ¦[cp]| msa
  • trividhas ¦[m.n.sg]| tsn
  • trividhā ¦[fā.n.sg]| tps
  • trividhām ¦[fā.a.sg]| tsk
  • trividhasya ¦[g.sg]| tsk
dvividha
¦[adj] two fold, two ways, two kinds, two sorts |
  • dvividham ¦[a.sg]| msa, tsn, mbk
  • dvividheṇa ¦[i.sg]| msa
ṣaḍvidha
¦[adj] six fold, six sorts |
  • ṣaḍvidhasya ¦[mn.g.sg]| tsk
  • ṣaḍvidhe ¦[l.sg]| msa
vividha
¦[pali][adj] divers, mixed, manifold |
  • vividha ¦[cp]| msa
  • vividhas ¦[n.sg]| tsk
svaparavividha
¦[adj] self utmost divers |
  • svaparavividha ¦[cp]| msa

dhātu

dhātu
¦[m] a constituent element (mahābhūta), root, foundation, fundament; end of cp ‐ can mean 'fold' |
  • dhātu ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tps, mbk
  • dhātus ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsk, mbk
  • dhātūn ¦[a.pl]| msa
  • dhātos ¦[abl.sg]| msa, tps
  • dhātos ¦[g.sg]|
  • dhātūnām ¦[g.pl]| msa
  • dhātau ¦[l.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
  • dhātuṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa
mahābhūtas:
  • kah (ākāśa)
  • anila
  • tejas
  • jala
  • bhū
  • vijñāna (buddh)
vidhātu
¦[m] insubstanstiality |
sadhātu
¦[m] with elemental foundation |
svadhātu
¦[m] self forming element, self existent element, suchness (tathatā), (name for tathāgatagarbha) |
  • svadhātu ¦[cp]| msa
tridhātuka
  • ¦[n][act][adj] triple realmed |
    • tridhātukas ¦[m.n.sg]| msa
    • tridhātukās ¦[m.n.pl]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] three mundane realms of kāmadhātu, rūpadhātu, ārūpadhātu |
traidhātuka
¦[n] belonging to the three realms, three realms |
dhātuta
¦[m] realm of the fundamental elements |
four realms:
  • mundane desire realm
  • supramundane form realm
  • supramundane formlessness realm
  • undefiled realm
svadhātuta
¦[m] self established realm of fundamental elements |
  • svadhātutas ¦[n.sg]| msa
dhātva
¦[n][abst] manifestation |
  • dhātva ¦[cp]| tps
dhana
¦[n][agt] wealth, booty, loot |
adhana
¦[n][act][adj] destitute, poor |
nidhana
¦[n][agt] destitute of wealth or property |
samnidhana
¦[n][agt] total destitution |
dhāna
  • ¦[mnfā][act] containing, holding |
  • ¦[n][agt] receptacle, case, place of habitation, coriander |
ādhāna
  • ¦[n][act] (strongly) putting, placing, adding, depositing, assigning, containing; lighting, kindling (fire) |
    • ādhāne ¦[l.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] the place to deposit something, bit of a bridle |
nidhāna
  • ¦[n][act] putting down, laying aside, depositing, keeping |
  • ¦[n][agt] receptacle, place of rest, hoard, treasure |
    • nidhāna ¦[cp]| msa
praṇidhāna
  • ¦[n][act] laying on, putting aside, fixing, applying |
  • ¦[n][agt] vow, resolve, aspiration (buddh), one of ten pāramitās, one of ten bodhisattva bala |
    • praṇidhāna ¦[cp]| msa
    • praṇidhānam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
    • praṇidhānam ¦[a.sg]| msa
nidhi
¦[m] receptacle, treasure trove, ocean |
praṇidhi
¦[m] observing, attention, watching |
  • praṇidhi ¦[cp]| tps
vidhi
¦[f][pali] form, way, method, rule ; luck, destiny |
suvidhi
¦[f][pali] excellent way |
  • suvidhi ¦[cp]| msa
anādhi
¦[m] unestablished, without family, without foundation |
samādhi
¦[m] state of exalted absorption in meditation, complete attention, full concentration |
  • samādhi ¦[cp]| msa, tsk, mbk
  • samādhayas ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • samādhes ¦[g.sg]|
  • samādhes ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • samādhīnām ¦[g.pl]| msa
samādhin
¦[m] a practitioner of samādhi |
  • samādhinām ¦[g.pl]| msa
dhā
  • ¦[adj] putting, placing |
  • ¦[f] (makes adverbs with numerals) |
anekadhā
¦[adv] variously, in various ways | jns
aṣṭadhā
¦[adv] eight fold, eighthly | mbk
caturdhā
¦[adv] four fold, fourthly | msa, mbk
taddhā
¦[adv] that way | msa
tridhā
¦[adv.fā] triply, in three ways, three fold | tsk, mbk
tredhā
¦[adv.fā] (in three) divisions, parts | tps
daśadhā
¦[adv.fā] ten fold, ten ways | mbk
dvidhā
¦[adv.fā] doubly, two fold, two ways | msa, tsk, mbk
dvedhā
  • ¦[adv.fā] in two, asunder |
  • ¦[ind] in two ways, two parts | msa, mbk
navadhā
¦[adv.fā] nine fold, nine ways | tps, mbk
bidhā
¦[cf.vidhā] [f] division, part, portion |
pañcadhā
¦[adv.fā] five fold, five ways | msa, tps
vidhā
¦[cf.bidhā] [f] bifurcation, division |
  • vidhā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
caturvidhā
¦[f] four fold division |
  • caturvidhā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
trividhā
¦[f] three fold division |
  • trividhā ¦[n.sg]| msa
dvividhā
¦[f] two fold division |
  • dvividhā ¦[n.sg]| vsk
ṣaḍvidhā
¦[f] six fold |
  • ṣaḍvidhā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
ṣaḍdhā
¦[adv.fā] six fold, six ways | msa
sandhā
¦[adv.fā] between the two, place together, |
saptadhā
¦[adv.fā] seven fold, in seven ways | msa, tsn, mbk
aṣṭadhā
¦[adv.fā] eight fold | tps
dhātṛī
¦[f] the nurturing one, nurturing earth, mother, nurse |
  • dhātṛī ¦[n.sg]| msa
dhāna
  • ¦[n][act][adj] holding, containing |
    • dhānān ¦[a.pl]| jns
  • ¦[n][agt] receptacle, seat, abode |
    • dhāna ¦[cp]| msa
ādhāna
  • ¦[adj] placing, putting, adding, effecting, causing, ++ |
    • ādhāna ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] the place of deposit, a ceremony thereof, |
śradda·dhāna
¦[adj] having trustful faith, believing |
aśradda·dhāna
¦[adj] unbelieving, incredulous |
pradhāna
  • ¦[n][act][adj] chief, main, principle |
  • ¦[n][agt] chief person; supreme soul; intellect, understanding; principle member of a compound (opp.upasarjana); ++ |
vidhāna
  • ¦[n][act][adj] regulating, arranging |
  • ¦[n][agt] order, arrangement, regulation, rule |
  • ¦[m] a regulation, a method |
sandhāna
  • ¦[n][act][adj] joining, uniting |
    • sandhāna ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] union, junction |
  • ¦[m][agt] metal foundary, an incantation over weapons |
samādhāna
¦[n] absorbed in deep meditation; full eager attention, steady composure; putting together, uniting |
  • samādhāna ¦[cp]| tps
asamādhāna
¦[n] scattered unfocused lack of attention |
dhāman
¦[n] dwelling place, favored object (thing or person); manner, mode; effect, power, light |
pradhārā
¦[f] focused on one point |
  • pradhārā ¦[n.sg]| mbk

√dhāv
¦[cl1pā] run, flow, stream, gush ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.685] dhāvuṃ, gati śu̱ddhayoḥ | u̱dāttaḥ̍ svari̱tet ||
dhāvati
¦[av.3sg] |
dhāra
¦[mn] flow, gush, stream, flood |
dhāra
¦[m] gushing stream |
avadhāra
¦[mn] pouring down, coming down, heavily raining |
dhārā
¦[f] stream, current |
pradhārā
¦[f] a surging current |
  • pradhārā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
√dhāv
¦[cl1pā] rinse, cleanse, purify ; [dk.śudh] |
dhāvati
¦[av.3sg]|

Dhi


√dhi
¦[cl6p] firm hold ; [dk.dhṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.142] dhi̱, dhāraṇe̍ |
dhiyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dhita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) held |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) holding |
·
sandhi
¦[m] union, hold together; rules of vowel and consonant combinations |
  • sandhis ¦[n.sg]| tps
abhisandhi
¦[m] (put together) an object, construct, purpose, condition, intention, deception |
  • abhisandhi ¦[cp]| msa
  • abhisandhis ¦[n.sg]| mbk
pratisandhi
¦[m] disjunct adversity; a period of rough transition; the linking reunion of birth and previous birth in first consciousness (buddh) |
sandhika
¦[m] a unified whole |
sandhyā
¦[f] juncture points of dawn noon and dusk; evening |
√dhi
¦[cl5p] nourish, satiate; delight, please ; [dk.kan] [dk.puṣ] |
dhinoti
¦[av.3sg]|
·
dhita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] satiated |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] nourishing |
·
dádhi
¦[n] coagulated sour milk | mmk

dhī


√dhī
¦[cl3ā] perceive, think, reflect, envision; wish desire ; [dk.dhī] |
dīdhīte
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
avadhīta
¦[pp] lowly contriving desire |
·
dhī
¦[f] thought, reflection, meditation, insightful comprehension, a wise holy thought, mind, intent, will | mmk
  • dhi ¦[cp]| msa
  • dhī ¦[n.sg]| tsn, tps
  • dhībhyām ¦[i.dl]|
  • dhībhyām ¦[dtv.dl]|
  • dhībhyām ¦[abl.dl]| tsk
sudhī
¦[f] (good) insight, understanding |
dhīra
¦[rv+][mnfā] gifted of empowered insightful comprehension (prajñā ca upāya) ; skillful, clever, wise, intellegent; firm solid wisdom |
  • dhīra ¦[cp]| msa
  • dhīras ¦[m.n.sg]| msa
  • dhīrā ¦[fā.n.sg]| msa
  • dhīrās ¦[fā.n.pl]| msa
  • dhīrāṇām ¦[g.pl]| msa, tsn
  • dhīre ¦[mn.l.sg]| msa
sudhīra
¦[mnfā] good wisdom, well gifted of insight |
  • sudhīras ¦[n.sg]| msa
dhairya
¦[n] steadfast persevering boldness |
dhīmat
  • ¦[adj] intelligent, wise, learned, sensible |
  • ¦[m] term for a bodhisattva, one of wisdom |
    • dhīmān ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, tps
    • dhīmatas ¦[abl.sg]|
    • dhīmatas ¦[g.sg]| msa
dhīmattā
¦[f] intelligence, sensibility, wisdom |
  • dhīmattā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
sudhīmān
¦[mn?] possessed with good wisdom, good intellect |
dhiya
¦[f] thought, meditation, will |
sandhyā
¦[f] twilight, transitional, metaphoric disguised language |
dhyāya
¦[n] meditate on, think of, reflect upon |
ādhyāya
  • ¦[n][act] meditation, reflection, inquiry, mantra chanting |
  • ¦[n]|[agt] chapter, section, division (book) |
sandhyāya
¦[adj] resembling twilight |
svādhyāya
¦[m] self examination, introspection |
  • svādhyāyas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
sāndhya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] of evening |
  • ¦[n][agt] twilight; the evening star, evening lantern |
  • ¦[fā] time of junction, junction point |
dhyāna
¦[n] reflective thoughtful meditation |
  • dhyāna ¦[cp]| msa
  • dhyānam ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • dhyānam ¦[a.sg]| msa
√dhī
¦[cl4ā] (firmly) contain, hold; slight, disregard ; [dk.dhṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.31] (oṃ) dhī̱ñ, ādhā̱re |
dhīyate
¦[mv.3sg]|
abhidhīyate
¦[mv.3sg] holds upon |
vidhīyate
¦[mv.3sg] all encompasses | msa, tsn, mbk
vidhīyate
¦[pv.3sg] all encompassed, all contained | msa
·
avadheya
¦[adj] be held down, restrained |

*dhi
dhīna
¦[adj] independent |
  • dhīna ¦[pali][cp]| msa

dhū


√dhū,dhu
¦[cl6p] agitate, shake, tremble ; [dk.dhū] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.133] dhū, (dhu) vi̱dhūna̍ne | ity u̱dāttau̱ para̍smai bhāṣau ||
dhuvati
¦[cl6.av.3sg]|
√dhū
¦[cl9pā] tremble ; [dk.kamp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[9.20] dhūñ, kampa̍ne | iti̱ knūñ pra̍bhṛtaya u̱dāttā̍ ubha̱yato̍ bhāṣāḥ |
dhunīyāt
¦[cl9.pot.av.3sg]|
√dhū
¦[cl10pā] cause to tremble; [dk.kamp] |
dhavayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg]|
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.372][av][mv] dhūñ, kampa̍ne |
√dhū
¦[cl1p] shake, tremble ; [dk.kamp] |
dhavati
¦[av.3sg]|
√dhū,√dhu
¦[cl5pā] shake, toss; kindle, fan ; [grk] phu̍o ; [dk] kamp |
dhātupāṭha
¦[5.10] dhūñ, (kampane) ity eke̍ | iti̱ svā̍da̱yo vṛñva̱rjam anu̍dāttā ubha̱yato̍ bhāṣāḥ ||
dhūnoti
¦[cl5.av.3sg]|
vidhūya
¦[gnd] having shaken off |
·
vidhūta
¦[pp] shaken off, repelled, removed; unsteady, trembling, tremulous | pplex
.
uddhava
¦[m] pleasure, joy, excitement, exhilaration |
  • uddhavas ¦[n.sg]| tsk, mbk
auddhatya
¦[pali.uddhacca][n] restlessness, excitement |
  • auddhatya ¦[cp]| mbk
uddhavya
¦[n] shaking up |
avadhavya
¦[n] shaking down |
dhūpā
¦[m] kindled incense, perfume, smoke, vapour |
dhūma
¦[m] (agitate fire) smoke, vapour; a sadhu |
pravuddhū
¦[f] excitedly tossing upwards (like: hats in the air) |
dhu
¦[f] shaking, trembling, fanning |
dhutva
¦[n][abst] fanfully agitating enflamedness |

dhūrta
¦[pp] cunning, crafty, fraudulent; subtle [m] rogue, cheat, deceiver |

dhṛ


√dhṛ
¦[cl1pā] bring light, make firm, hold, bear, carry ; [grk] thre [lat] fir ; [dk.dhṛ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1047] dhṛ̱ñ, dhāra̍ṇe |
dhārati
¦[av.3sg] hold, bear, carry, maintain |
sandhāryate
¦[pv.3sg] fully held, fully carried, borne |
dhartum
¦[inf] to bear |
pratisamdhārya
¦[gnd] having fully carried towards |
·
dhārita
¦[pst.av.p] holding, bearing |
dhṛta
¦[pst.pv.p] held, possessed |
·
dharma
¦[pali.dhamma][m] the fundamental elements of dependently arisen phenomena and the sacred way of living in virtuous harmony with these realities of existence, (upstanding) virtue or piety, established way, sacred duty (buddh} | mmk
  • dharma ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, tsk, vsk, tps, mbk, jns
  • dharmas ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, mbk, jns
  • dharmās ¦[n.pl]| msa, tps
  • dharmam ¦[a.sg]| msa
  • dharmān ¦[a.pl]| msa, tps
  • dharmais ¦[i.pl]| msa
  • dharmāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • dharmasya ¦[g.sg]| msa
  • dharmayos ¦[g.dl]| tps
  • dharmāṇām ¦[g.pl]| tsk, tps, mbk
  • dharme ¦[l.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
  • dharmayos ¦[l.dl]| mbk
  • dharmeṣu ¦[l.pl]| msa, tps
adharma
¦[m] irreverent discordant actions | mmk
anudharma
¦[pali.anudhamma] contemplative practice; awareness of not‐self while regarding form, feeling, perception, mental constructs and consciousness |
abhidharma
¦[pali.abhidhamma][m] scholastic teachings, forming along with the sūtras and the vinaya a śāstrapiṭaka (mahāyāna), or tripiṭaka (Theravāda) |
  • abhidharma ¦[cp]| msa
  • abhidharmas ¦[n.sg]| msa
sadharma
¦[m] with true dharma | bcalex
saddharma
¦[see: compound |
sandharma
¦[m] complete dharma | mmk
sudharma
¦[m] good dharma, a good path of virtue |
  • sudharma ¦[cp]| msa
dharmaka
¦[adj] belonging to the dharma |
dharmata
¦[m] virtuous intent |
  • dharmatas ¦[n.sg]| tps
adharmata
¦[m] non virtuous intent |
  • adharmatas ¦[n.sg]| tps
dharmatā
¦[f][abst] essence of all dharmas together, rightousness | mmk
  • dharmatā ¦[n.sg]| msa, tsn, mbk
sudharmatā
¦[f][abst] plenty good righteousness |
  • sudharmatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
dharman
  • ¦[m][agt] one who supports, one who bears up |
    • dharmā ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] order of things, mode, manner, law, duty; nature, quality; will | mmk
vidharman
  • ¦[n][act][adj] devoid of attributes; unlawful, wrong |
  • ¦[n][agt] order, rule, boundary |
  • ¦[m] supporter, arranger, controller | mmk
dharmana
¦[n][agt] established ordinance |
anudharmānta
¦[m] (the step) after the perfection of dharma |
  • anudharmānta ¦[cp]| mbk
dharmitva
¦[n][abst] virtuousness |
dharmin
  • ¦[adj] piously lawful |
  • ¦[m] one who bears the characteristics of dharma | mmk
dharmya
¦[mnfā] righteous, virtuous; ++ |
  • dharmye ¦[l.sg]| tps
dhara
¦[m] bearer, holder |
  • dharas ¦[n.sg]| jns
ādhara
¦[m] making very firm; strongly holding |
ādhāratā
¦[f][abst] substratum, having firm supportiveness |
  • ādhāratās ¦[n.pl]|
  • ādhāratās ¦[a.pl]|
dharatva
¦[n][abst] supportiveness, supportive matrix |
  • dharatve ¦[l.sg]| tps
uddharaṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] holding up |
  • ¦[n][agt] support |
  • ¦[fī] Earth |
dhāraṇa
  • ¦[n][act][adj] holding, having, maintaining, retaining, enduring, possessing |
  • ¦[n][agt] retention, memory, concentration |
  • ¦[fā] retention, memory, understanding, conviction |
avadhāraṇa
¦[n] (bearing down) ascertainment, determination, emphasis ; ++ |
  • avadhāraṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
ādhāraṇa
¦[n][act](strongly) bearing, holding fast, supporting |
sādhāraṇa
¦[n] (with strongly) holding fast, bearing ; ++ |
  • sādhāraṇa ¦[cp]| msa
pradhāraṇa
¦[n] keeping, preserving, protecting |
  • pradhāraṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
sandhāraṇa
  • ¦[n][agt][adj] holding together, life supporting |
    • sandhāraṇāya ¦[d.sg]| msa
  • ¦[n][act] bearing, restraining |
  • ¦[fā] posture, attitude; reflection in thought |
dhāra
¦[m]|
avadhāra
¦[m] precise determination, mental state of reflection |
  • avadhāra ¦[cp]| mbk
ādhāra
¦[m] (strong) support, substratum, aid, reservoir, comprehension (phil) ; ++ |
  • ādhāre ¦[l.sg]| msa
nirādhāra
¦[m] without strong support, nonsupport |
  • nirādhāra ¦[cp]| tps
dhāraṇa
¦[mnfāī] holding, bearing, keeping, preserving protecting |
dhāraṇa
¦[n][act] (act of) holding, bearing, sustaining, possessing, bringing, protecting |
  • dhāraṇāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
dhāraṇa
¦[n][agt] support |
dhāraṇā
¦[fā] focused mind with breath retention ; firmness ; understanding, remembrance ; ++ |
  • dhāraṇā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
dhāraṇī
¦[fī] formulaic invocations (budh), incantations |
  • dhāraṇī ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • dhāraṇīnām ¦[g.pl]| msa
dhārin
¦[adj] bearing, holding |
dhāriṇī
¦[f] the earth; a principle consort of king ajataśatru, or his father king bimbisāra of magadha (558-491bc) |
dhārmika
¦[adj.mnfī] virtuous, pious, righteous |
anudhārmikī
¦[f] (along with) righteous, pious ; an epithet for any bodhisattva |
  • anudhārmikī ¦[n.sg]| mbk
dhārya
¦[adj] to be borne or carried |
adhāraya
¦[adj] unbearing, unholding |
dhurya
  • ¦[n][act][adj] foremost, best, fit for |
  • ¦[n][agt] the upper forepart of a yoke pole |
  • ¦[m][agt] horse, bullock, beast of burden, leader, chief, minister |
vaidhurya
  • ¦[m] lack of leadership ability, incompetence; gem: cat's eye (beryl) |
    • vaidhuryam ¦[a.sg]| mbk
dhṛk
¦[adj] bearing, holding (end of cp) |
dhṛti
¦[f] firmness, steadfast solidity |
  • dhṛtis ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • dhṛtyām ¦[l.sg]| msa

dhru


√dhru
¦[cl6p][cl6p] be firm or fixed ; [dk.dhru] [dk.sthā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.135] dhru̱, gati sthai̱ryayoḥ̍ | dhru̱va, ity eke̍ | ity anu̍dāttau̱ para̍smai bhāṣau ||
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1093] dhru̱ sthairye̍ |
dhruvati
¦[cl6.av.3sg]|
dhravati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
·
dhruva
¦[m] a mode of life, way of life (buddh) ; fixed, firm, unmovable |
  • dhruva ¦[cp]| msa
  • dhruvas ¦[n.sg]| tsk
  • dhruvam ¦[a.sg]| msa

√dhyā,√dhyai
¦[cl1p] think of, ponder reflectively, meditate ; [dk.dhī] |
dhyāyati
¦[av.3sg] |
dhyāyet
¦[opt.3sg] one ought think of |
dhyātvā
¦[gnd] having pondered |
·
dhyāna
¦[n] reflective meditation |

√dhvan
¦[cl1p] sound, roar, reverbate; go in harmony ; [dk.śabd] [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.928] dhvanaṃ, śabde̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.962] dhvanaṃ, śabde̍ | phaṇā̍dayo ga̱tāḥ | phaṇā
dhvanati
¦[av.3sg]|
dhvanyate
¦[pv.3sg]|
·
adhvan
¦[m] time, distance; travel; road, path way, | mmk
adhvani
¦[m] motionless, vibrationless, not vibrational | mmk
  • adhvani ¦[cp]| msa
adhvāna
¦[m] stillness, making no sound, not vibrating | mmk
dhvani
¦[m] intoning the voice, sound, vibration |
√dhvan
¦[cl10p] cause to reverberate ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.431] dhvanaṃ, śabde̍ |
dhvanayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
√dhvan
¦[cl1p] become covered, extinguished; darken ; [dk.vṛ] |
adhvanīt
¦[aor.3sg]|
dhvānta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] darkend |
  • ¦[adj] darkly |

√dhvaṃs
¦[cl1p] perished |
dhvaṃsati
¦[cl1.3sg]|
dhvasta
¦[pp] perished, obscured, scattered |
·
dhvaṃsa
¦[m] decay, ruin, fall |

N


*na
  • ¦[adj] identical, unbroken; ++ |
  • ¦[m] jewel; buddha; a buddhist; fetter | mmk
    • nas ¦[n.sg]| tps

√naj
¦[cf.√llaj][cl6a] shame ; [dk.nind] |
najate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nagna
  • ¦[adj] naked |
  • ¦[m] a naked bauddha mendicant ++ |

*nag
nagara
¦[n] town, city | mmk
natvā
¦[gnd] having buddha jewel'ed |

√nad
¦[cl1p] vibration to sound; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.56] ṇdaṃ, avya̍kte̱ śabde̍ |
nádati
¦[av.3sg]|
vinādyate
¦[p3sg] vibrated |
·
nadī
¦[f] a flowing river (roaring) |
  • nadī ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • nadyas ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • nadyas ¦[a.pl]|
  • nadyā ¦[i.sg]| vsk
  • nadyas ¦[abl.sg]|
  • nadyas ¦[g.sg]|

√nand
¦[cl1p] rejoice, delight, be pleased ; [dk.ṛdh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.70] ṭunadiṃ, samṛ̍ddhau |
nandati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
abhinanda
¦[m] sensual pleasure, delight, desire, wish for, |
  • abhinanda ¦[cp]| msa
ānanda
¦[mn] bliss, joy, rejoiceful delight |
  • ānanda ¦[cp]| msa
nandi
  • ¦[n][f] happiness |
  • ¦[m] a joyful person, used as family name, reference to Kailash spirit beings, śiva |

nam


√nam
¦[cl1pā] bend, bow, bow to another in praise, submit ; [lat] nem [grk] nem ; [dk.hvṛ] [dk.nam] [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1136][av] ṇ̱amaṃ, prahva̱tve, śabde̍ ca |
namati
¦[av.3sg]|
pariṇamate
¦[mv.3sg] bows, stoops down, develops, matures |
pariṇāmayati
¦[cs.av.3sg] caused to respectfully bow |
praṇamyate
¦[pv.3sg]|
upanāmayeyam
¦[cs.op.3sg] caused to bow to |
praṇamya
¦[gnd] having bowed, having honoured another |
·
nata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] bent, bowed, curved, |
  • ¦[pst.av.p]| bowing, saluting |
  • ¦[n][act][mnfā] deep, hanging down, |
  • ¦[n][agt] inclination angle (measurement) |
  • ¦[m] plant: tabernaemontana coronaria |
nirunnata
¦[pst.pv.p] unbowed, not bent up |
nirunnatā
¦[f] the unbowed ones. the unoppressed ones (group) |
  • ¦[f.n.sg]| msa
pariṇata
¦[pst.pv.p] stooped, bent down, matured, perfected |
pariṇāmata
¦[pst.pv.p] transformed, changed |
praṇata
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (was) bowed, inclined, humbled |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] (was) bowing, inclining, bending |
  • ¦[fā][abst] reverence, salutation, respectfulness |
    • praṇatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
·
namas
¦[n] reverential salutation |
nāman
  • ¦[ind] by name, called; in name only; ++ |
  • ¦[n] appellation, name, essence; water | mmk
    • nāman,nāma ¦[cp]| msa
    • nāma ¦[n.sg]| msa
    • nāma ¦[a.sg]|
    • nāmnas ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
    • nāmnā ¦[i.sg]| tps
    • nāmabhis ¦[i.pl]| msa
    • nāmnas ¦[abl.sg]|
    • nāmnas ¦[g.sg]| msa
    • nāmni ¦[l.sg]| msa
nāma
¦[cp] ([ind] in name only) | msa, tps, mbk, mmk
paranaman
¦[m] utmost named |
aparanāma
¦[m] 'non higher' called |
pariṇāma
¦[m] change, alteration, transformation |
  • pariṇāmas ¦[n.sg]| tsk, vsk
  • pariṇāme ¦[l.sg]| tsk
pariṇāmana
¦[n] diverting to another's use, dedication of merit, one's merit transference to all sentient beings, ; transformation of objects, alteration, |
*
pariṇāmanāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
pariṇāmanā
¦[f] cultivating ones merit (puṇya) for the benefit of others (buddh); bend towards (samsara) |
pariṇāmikī
¦[f] fabricated mirage like appearance, type of death (budh) |
  • pariṇāmikyā ¦[i.sg]| msa
praṇāma
¦[m] reverence, obeisance, to bow |
nāmayā
¦[f] meaning of a word |
nāmna
¦[]| nāmnā is ind.,
nāmya
¦[adj] bendable, flexible |
pariṇāmya
¦[adj] humbled about |

namas
¦[<oia] [nāmadhātu] [cl1pā] reverently acknowledge another ; [dk.nam] |
namasyati
¦[av.3sg] bows reverently |
namasyāmi
¦[av.1sg] I do reverently bow | mmk

naraka
¦[mn] the lower realm of punishment |
  • narake ¦[l.sg]| jns

*nav
nava
  • ¦[n][act][adj] new, fresh, young, recent |
    • nava ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] new, new grain ; [lat] novus |
  • ¦[m] novice Buddhist monk, crow |
    • navabhis ¦[i.pl]| msa
navan
¦[n] nine |
nava
¦[cp]|
navaśata
¦[n] one hundred nine |

√naś
¦[cl1pā] reach, attain, find |
naśati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
nāśa
¦[m] attainment |
√naś
¦[cl4p][cl1pā] be lost or missing, vanish, disappear, wane, erased, perish, fly, escape, be gone ; [dk.dṛś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.91] ṅa̱śaṃ, ada̍rśane |
náśyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
vináśyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg] utterly perish, totally lost |
vipraṇaśyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg] has no effect, bears no fruit; disappears | mmk
vinaśyatas
¦[cl4.av.3d] totally gone |
naśati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
naṅkṣyate
¦[cl1.ft.pv.3sg] shall be eliminated | mmk
vinaṅkṣyate
¦[cl1.ft.pv.3sg] shall be exterminated, shall be perished | mmk
vināśayati
¦[cl1.cs.3sg] causes to perish | mmk
·
naṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] fled, gone, departed, run away from (abl), spoiled, perished | mmk
anaṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] unimpaired, undestroyed, not run away from (abl) |
vinaṣṭa
¦[pst.pv.p] lost, ruined; perished, extinguished, gone |
avinaṣṭa
¦[pst.av.p] being unlost |
·
nāśa
¦[m] destruction, annihilation; disappearance | mmk
avipraṇāśa
¦[m] accumulating nondisappearance, an imperishable consequence of an action |
  • avipraṇśas ¦[n.sg]| msa, mmk
anāśana
  • ¦[aved+][n][act][adj] eternally |
  • ¦[mn][agt] nonperishable, eternal, immortal |
praṇāśana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] removing, destroying |
  • ¦[n][agt] destruction, annihilation |

√nas
¦[cl1ā] be crooked, deceive ; [lat.curv]; [dk.kuṭ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.714] ṇa̱saṃ, kauṭi̍lye |
nasate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nasta
¦[pst.av.p] was deceiving, hindering |
  • nastam ¦[a.sg]| msa
·
√nas
¦[cl1ā] unite, approach, join ; [dk.gam] [dk.yuj] |
násate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nasta
¦[m] the nose (septum) |
nāstya
¦[adj] favorable, helpful, friendly, kind; together |

√nah
¦[cl4pā] to bind, tie, fasten ; [lat] nectere ; [dk.bandh] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.62] ṇa̱ḥaṃ, bandha̍ne |
nahyati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
naddha
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] tied, bound |
  • ¦[n] band, knot |
·
nah
¦[adj] bind on or round or together |
nahana
  • ¦[n][act] binding, tying round |
  • ¦[n][agt] fetter, bond, bolt |
upanahana
¦[n][act] being hostile, holding a grudge (buddh) |
  • upanahane ¦[l.sg]| tsk
sannaddha
¦[adj] fully bound, completely tied; [n] complete band, full knot |
sannāha
¦[pali][m] complete binding, full obstruction, fully donning chain mail armour (fig. the vow of a bodhisattva) |
  • sannāhas ¦[n.sg]| msa


*nā
¦[cf.jñā]|
  • ¦[f][act] knowledge |
    • nā ¦[n.sg]| msa, mbk
  • ¦[f][agt] a musical instrument, the navel |

nāga
¦[m] mythic divine half snake half human being |
nāḍī
¦[f] any tubular hollow stalk; a channel of energy in the cakra system, a vein, the pulse thereof |

√nāth
¦[cl1ā] seek aid, request ; [dk.yāc] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.7] nāthṛ̱ṃ, yāñcaoupatāpaaiīśvaryaā̱āśīṣṣu̍ |
nāthate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
nātha
¦[m] protective guiding leader, protector | mmk

*nān
nānā
  • ¦[adv] differently, variously, distinctly, separately |
  • ¦[adj] different, various, distinct from | msa
anānā
¦[adj] undifferentiated | mmk
anānātva
¦[n][abst] sameness, equality |
  • anānātva ¦[cp] mbk
nirnānātva
¦[n][abst] non-difference, sameness, singularity |

√nās
¦[cl1ā] sound ; [lat.son] ; [dk.śabd] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.712] ṇāsṛ̱aṃ, (śabde) |
nāsate
¦[mv.3sg] sounds |
·
nāsāgra
¦[f] tip of the nose (nāsā agra) |

√nij
¦[cl2ā][cl3pā] wash, cleanse, purify ; [grk] nizo ; [dk.śuc] [dk.puṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[3.12] ṇi̱ji̍ṃr, śauca po̱ṣaṇayoḥ̍ |
nenikte
¦[mv.3sg]|

*nit
nitya
¦[mnfā] permanent, constant, perpetual | mmk
  • nitya ¦[cp]| msa
anitya
¦[mnfā] transitory, impermanent, nonconstant | mmk
  • anitya ¦[cp]| mbk
nityatā
¦[f][abst] perpetuity, constantuality, eternality | mmk
  • nityatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
anityatā
¦[f][abst] impermanence, transient existence | mmk
  • anityatā ¦[n.sg]| tsk
nityatva
¦[n][abst] imperishability, continuance |
  • nityatve ¦[l.sg]| mbk

√nind
¦[cf.nid][cl1p] revile, abuse, blame ; [dk.kuts] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.69] ṇidiṃ, ku̱tsāyā̍m |
nindati
¦[av.3sg] |
·
nindā
¦[f] one of eight worldly conditions (budh); blame, censure, reproach, shame, disgrace |
  • lābha gain
  • alābha loss
  • yasa fame
  • ayasa obscurity
  • nindā blame
  • pasamsā praise
  • sukha happiness
  • duḥkha sorrow
nindaka
  • ¦[n][act][adj] blaming, defaming |
  • ¦[n][agt] blame, abuse |
  • ¦[m] mocker, scorner |
  • ¦[f] defamation, censorship |

nirmama
¦[m] non-mineness | mmk

√niś
¦[cl1p] meditate upon, be absorbed in ; [dk.dhā] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.823] ṇiśaṃ, samādhau |
neśati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
niśita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] sharpened, strengthened |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] sharp, eager |
  • ¦[n][agt] iron, steel |

*niś
niśā
¦[f] night, dream |
naiśa
¦[adj] of the night, nocturnal, nightly |

√niṣ
¦[cl1pa] moisten, sprinkle, infuse, impregnate; [dk.sic] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.796] ṇiṣuṃ, seca̍ne |
neṣati
¦[av.3sg] moistens |
neṣyate
¦[pv.3sg] anointed, moistend, infused, impregnated | vsk
neṣyante
¦[pv.3pl] are sprinkled, are anointed |


√nī
¦[cl1pā] leadershipness, lead ; [dk.āp] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1049] ṇī̱ñ, prāpa̍ṇe | iti̱ bhṛñā̍da̱yo aanu̍dāttā u̱bhayato̍ bhāṣāḥ |
nayati
¦[av.3sg] leads |
vinayati
¦[av.3sg] educate, train, guide ; lead away | msa
nayanti
¦[av.3pl] they lead |
ānayate
¦[mv.3pl] (strongly self) leads, guides | msa
upānayati
¦[av.3sg] leads to |
apanetum
¦[inf] to lead back |
·
nīta
¦[pst.pv.p] guided, led, behaved |
praṇīta
¦[mnfā] led forth, guided along, advanced, brought out |
  • praṇīta ¦[cp]| msa
suvinīta
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (well) trained, educated, disciplined, refined, behaved, educated |
    • suvinīta ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[mnfā][act] led away, dispassionate, modest, decorous, lovely, handsome |
pravinetum
¦[inf] (to thoroughly) lead forth, train, educate, discipline, refine | msa
·
naya
  • ¦[adj] fit, right, proper |
  • ¦[m] leading, guiding; behavior; guide, wisdom, reason, plan, prudence |
    • naya ¦[cp]| mbk
    • nayas ¦[n.sg]|msa
    • naye ¦[l.sg]| msa
vinaya
¦[m] modesty, humility, vows of discipline for a monk (buddh); training, discipline, education |
  • vinayās ¦[n.pl]| msa
  • vinaye ¦[l.sg]| msa
vinayatva
¦[n][abst] discipline(ness) |
vinayatvam
¦[n.sg]|
vinayatvam
¦[a.sg]| msa
nayana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] leading, conducting, directing, bringing |
    • ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] prudence, conduct, polity, the eye (leading) |
  • ¦[m] epithet of various people |
  • ¦[fā][agt] the pupil of the eye |
nāya
¦[m] leader, guide; guidence, direction, expedient means; guiding, directing |
  • nāyās ¦[n.pl]| msa
uttara·ṇāya
¦[m] higher guide |
  • uttara·ṇāya ¦[cp]| msa
prasannāya
¦[m] leading fully forth guide |
nāyaka
¦[m] Buddha, guide |
  • nāyakas ¦[n.sg]| jns
adināyaka
¦[m] highest spiritual guide |
vināyaka
  • ¦[adj] taking away, removing |
    • vināyakais ¦[i.pl]| jns
  • ¦[m] guide, guru, buddha; an impediment |
  • ¦[m.pl] class of demons |
  • ¦[n][act][adj] leading, guiding |
  • ¦[mnf][agt] leader, guide |
    • ānī ¦[f][agt] excellent guide |
vinīti
¦[f] training; ++ |
vinītis
¦[n.sg]| msa
netī
¦[f] nasel water cleansing, one of the ṣatkriyas of hatha yoga |
netra
  • ¦[n][act][adj] leading, guiding, conducting |
  • ¦[n][agt] the eye (guiding organ), string, tree root, pipe, carriage, river |
  • ¦[m] a leader, a guide |
sunetra
¦[m] good eye, fair eyed; good leader |
neya
¦[adj] to be lead or guided |
vineya
  • ¦[pali.vineyya][adj](religiously) instructed, chastened |
    • vineya ¦[cp]| vsk
  • ¦[m] disciple, pupil |

√nīl
¦[cl1p] be dark, colour ; [dk.varṇ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.600] ṇīlaṃ, varṇe̍ |
nīlati
¦[av.3sg]|

√nu,√nū
¦[cl2p][cl6p] to sound; shout, roar, bellow ; [dk.stu] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[2.30] ṇu, stutau̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.132] ṇū, (ṇu) stutau̍ |
nauti
¦[cl2.av.3sg]|
nuvati
¦[cl6.av.3sg]|
·
nāva
¦[m] shout of triumphant joy |

nud


√nud
¦[cl6pā] push, thrust, incite, impel, set in motion, reject ; [dk.pre] [dk.i] [dk.nud] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.2] ṇu̱da̍ṃ, prera̍ṇe |
dhātupāṭha
¦[6.162] ṇu̱daṃ, prera̍ṇe |
nudáti
¦[av.3sg]|
nudáte
¦[mv.3sg]|

Nṛ


*nṛ
¦[gk] nēr |
nṛ
¦[m] man, person |
  • nṛṇām ¦[g.pl]| msa
nara
¦[m] a man, person |
  • naras ¦[ns]| jns
naraka
¦[mn] the lower hell realms |
  • naraka ¦[cp]| vsk
  • narake ¦[l.sg]| vsk
narakavat
¦[mn][adv] hell like, like in a hell realm |
  • narakavat ¦[adv]| vsk
nāra
  • ¦[mnfī] relating to men, to humans, to mortals |
  • ¦[n][agt] the multitudes, dry ginger |
  • ¦[m][agt] a man, a calf, |
  • ¦[fī] a woman, a wife |

√nṛt
¦[cl4p] go tossing about, dance, perform ; [dk.gam] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.10] nṛtīṃ, gātra vikṣe̱pe |
nṛtyati
¦[av.3sg]|
nṛtyanti
¦[av.3pl] they dance |
·
nṛtya
¦[adj] trembling, shaking about, riled up |
  • nṛtya ¦[cp]| mbk

*nau
nāva
¦[] boat |
naukā
¦[f] raft, small boat, ship |

√nyas
¦[cl1p][cl4p] bring down; enshrine ; [dk.gam] [dk.tṛ] [dk.pūj] |
nyasati
¦[cl1.av.3sg]|
nyasyati
¦[cl4.av.3sg]|
nyaset
¦[opt.3sg] ought bring down to; ought enshrine |

P


√pakṣ
¦[cl1p][10p] take, seize ; [dk.grah] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.757] pakṣaṃ, parigra̱ḥa ity eke̍ |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.24] pakṣaṃ, parigra̱ḥe |
pakṣati
¦[cl1.av.3sg] takes |
pakṣayati
¦[cl10.av.3sg] cause to take |
·
pakṣa
¦[m] supposition, thesis, proposition; agreement; feather, wing (birds of a feather) | mmk
  • pakṣa ¦[cp]| msa
  • pakṣas ¦[n.sg]| msa
parapakṣa
¦[m] other hand, other side, counter argument |
  • parapakṣa ¦[cp]| msa
pratipakṣa
¦[m] teaching from opposition or adversity, opposite side, an adversary, a rival, an obstacle |
  • pratipakṣa ¦[cp]| tps, mbk
  • pratipakṣas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • pratipakṣeṇa ¦[i.sg]| tps
  • pratipakṣasya ¦[g.sg]| mbk
  • pratipakṣe ¦[l.sg]| msa, mbk
vipakṣa
  • ¦[adj] contrarian, contrary, stubborn, opinionated, |
    • vipakṣa ¦[cp]| mbk
  • ¦[m] counter argument, other wing (side,hand,position); without supposition |
    • vipakṣa ¦[cp]| mbk
    • vipakṣena ¦[i.sg]| mbk
    • vipakṣais ¦[i.pl]| msa
    • vipakṣāt ¦[abl.sg]| mbk
    • vipakṣasya ¦[g.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
    • vipakṣe ¦[l.sg]| msa, mbk
vipakṣatas
¦[abl.adv] contrary, opposing, hostilely; hostile attitude, ++ | mbk
pratipakṣatā
¦[f][abst] opposition |
  • pratipakṣatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
pratipakṣatva
¦[n] opposition, conflict (saṅk) |
  • pratipakṣatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
pratipakṣika
¦[pali.paṭipakkhika][adj] opposed |
  • pratipakṣikās ¦[n.pl]| msa
pakṣatā
¦[f][abst] argument, proposition |
  • pakṣatā ¦[n.sg]| msa
vipakṣatā
¦[f][abst] opposing argument, opposition; enmity, hostility |
  • vipakṣatās ¦[n.pl]|
pakṣya
¦[adj][mnfā] factor of, flocked together, winged |
  • pakṣya ¦[cp]| mbk

paṅkaja
  • ¦[n][act][adj] lotus eyed |
  • ¦[n][agt] lotus (mudborn) (nelumbium speciosum) |
  • ¦[m] name of Brahma |

pac


√pac
¦[cl1pa][cl4a] cook, ripen ; [grk] pek [lat] coq [rus] peč ; [dk.pac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.1151] ḍu̱paca̍ṃṣ, pā̱ke |
pacati
¦[cl1p.av.3sg]|
pacyate
¦[cl4a.mv.3sg] cooks |
apācyata
¦[cl4.mv.3sg] ripens, cooks |
apācyata
¦[cl4.pv.3sg] (is) ripend, cooked |
pacyante
¦[cl4a.mv.3pl]| jns
vipakṣyati
¦[cl1.ft.3sg] (shall) mature, develop, ripen, bear fruit; (shall) cook thoroughly, melt | mmk
vipacyate
¦[cl4.pv.3s;mv.3sg] thoroughly cooked or roasted |
·
pācayat
¦[prs.mn.cs.av.p] brought to maturation |
  • pācayan ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
prapācayat
¦[prs.mn.cs.av.p] brought forth to maturation |
  • prapācayan ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
vipācayat
¦[prs.mn.cs.av.p] thoroughly brought to maturation |
  • vipācayan ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
pācita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] ripened, matured, cooked |
  • ¦[pst.av.p] ripening, maturing |
    • pācita ¦[cp]| msa
pakva
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] ripened, accomplished, experienced, matured, fully developed ; cooked, warmed |
    • pakvas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[mnfā] perfect, mature, ripe, able, shrewd |
  • ¦[n][agt] cooked food, ripe corn, funeral ashes, grey hair |
apakva
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] unripened, undigested |
    • apakvas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[mnfā] immature, unripe |
vipakva
¦[mnfā](fully) matured, ripened, perfected; developed; cooked, burnt, destroyed | mmk
·
vipakvatā
¦[f][abst] perfection, maturity |
  • vipakvatā ¦[n.sg]| mbk
pāka
  • ¦[adj] ripening, growing, simple, ignorant, honest, lacking artifice |
    • pāka ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[m] cooking, cooked food, digestion, cooking utensil, ripeness, maturity |
    • pākāt ¦[abl.sg]| msa
    • pāke ¦[l.sg]| msa
āpāka
¦[m] (from) ripening (ā until, upto [abl]) | mmk
paripāka
¦[m] ripening to perfection, fruit of actions, maturation, result, consequence; shrewdness |
  • paripāka ¦[cp]| msa
  • paripākas ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • paripāke ¦[l.sg]| msa
prapāka
¦[m] bringing forth to maturation, ripening |
  • prapākam ¦[a.sg]| msa
vipāka
¦[m] ripening, maturing, cooking; consequence; calamity | mmk
  • vipāka ¦[cp]| msa, tsn, mbk
  • vipākas ¦[n.sg]| tsk, tps
  • vipākam ¦[a.sg]| tsk
  • vipāke ¦[l.sg]| tsk, tps
vipākatva
¦[n][abst] maturation |
  • vipākatvāt ¦[abl.sg]| tps
vaipākika
¦[m] the bliss of fruition from previous practices, a pariṇāma related to store·house (ālaya·vijñāna) consciousness |
  • vaipākikas ¦[n.sg]| tsn
vaipākya
¦[cf.vipāka]|
  • [n][act][adj] ripend, mature |
    • vaipākyas ¦[ms.n.sg]| msa
  • [n][agt] (effects of) fruition, reward, karmic result, maturation, karmic ripening |
    • vaipākya ¦[cp]| tps
pāca
¦[n] maturity |
prapāca
¦[n] bring to maturity |
  • prapācam ¦[a.sg]|
pācaka
  • ¦[mnfī] ripening, maturing, cooking |
  • ¦[n][agt] bile |
  • ¦[m][agt] fire |
  • ¦[m][obj] a cook |
    • pācakas ¦[n.sg]| msa
pācana
  • ¦[a.mnfī] maturing, ripening, cooking |
    • pācane ¦[l.sg]| mbk
  • ¦[n][agt] penance, expiation, an herbal medical preparation |
  • ¦[m] fire, acidity |
  • ¦[fī] plant: myrobalan, (terminalia chebula.) |
paripācana
  • ¦[n][act] ripening, heating, maturing |
    • paripācana ¦[cp]| msa
  • ¦[n][agt] development, maturation, ripening |
    • paripācane ¦[l.sg]| tps, mbk
pācanā
¦[f] maturation |
  • pācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
adhipācanā
¦[f] beyond maturation, arch maturation |
  • adhipācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
anupācanā
¦[f] after maturation, post maturation |
  • anupācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
utpācana
¦[f] increasing maturation, expansive maturation, great maturation |
  • utpācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
nipācanā
¦[f] inner maturation, inmaturation |
  • nipācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
paripācanā
¦[f] all around maturation, general maturation, super maturation |
  • paripācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
prapācanā
¦[f] prematuration |
  • prapācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
vipācanā
¦[f] complete full maturation, entropic dematuration |
  • vipācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
supācanā
¦[f] well done maturation, very good maturation |
  • supācanā ¦[n.sg]| msa
pācya
¦[mnfā] (capable of being) matured, ripened, cooked |
prapācya
¦[mnfā] (begin to) mature, cook |
aprapācya
¦[mnfā] immature |
  • aprapācyas ¦[n.sg]| msa

√pañc,√pac
¦[cl1pā] to spread out, make clear ; [dk.vyac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.198][mv] paci̱ṃ, vyaktī̱ kara̍ṇe |
pañcate
¦[mv.3sg]|
pacyante
¦[pv.3pl] they are to be spread out |
·
anupacita
¦[pst.av.p] was after making clear |
aprapañcita
¦[pst.pv.p] was unextended, not-amplified, decreased; undeceived, unmistaken | mmk
·
paṅka
¦[mn][agt] mud, mire, dirt; moral impurity |
vipañca
¦[m] wisdom proclamation |
vipañcita
¦[n] clear understanding |
prapañca
¦[pāli.papañca] [m] proliferation of mental constructs through expansion of language (buddh); [m] expansion, amplification, appearance; manifestation | mmk
aprapañca
¦[m] non·proliferation of mental constructs |
  • aprapañca ¦[cp]| msa
prapañcaka
¦[adj] amplifying, multiplying |
niṣprapañca
¦[m] non expansion, non manifestation; pure, honest |
pañca
pañca
¦[adj] five | mmk
  • pañca ¦[cp]| msa, mbk
  • pañcānām ¦[g.pl]| tsk
pañcaka
¦[adj] five fold |
pañcatva
¦[n][abst] fiveness |
pañcadhā
¦[ind] five fold, five times | mmk
pañcama
¦[ordinal] fifth | mmk
pañcaviṃśati
¦[m][cardinal] twenty five |
pañcaviṃśat
¦[cp]|
pañcatriṃśat
¦[f][cardinal] thirty five |
√pañc
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) express expansively, elaborate ; [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.153] paciṃ, vistāra vaca̱ne |
prapañcayanti
¦[cs.av.3pl] (they are made to) speak out fully; ++ | mmk

√paj
¦[] [en] become stiff, rigid ; [grk] pe̍gumi [lat] pango ; [dk.stambh] |
pāpaje
¦[rgveda][prf.mv.3sg]] |
pajāyate
¦[cs.mv.3sg] made rigid |
·
pañjara
  • ¦[n][agt] skeleton, cage |
  • ¦[m] the body |

√paṭ
¦[cl1p] go, wander, roam [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.333] paṭaṃ, gatau̍ |
paṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
utpāṭana
¦[]|
pāṭya
¦[n][abst] meanderfulness |
paripāṭyā
¦[f] wandering about |
√paṭ
¦[cl1p] break asunder, tear; hurt, injure ; [dk.hiṃs] |
paṭati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
utpāṭana
  • ¦[adj] tearing out, destroying, banishing, |
  • ¦[n] dethronement, driving away; (act of) pulling up, tearing out |
    • utpāṭanād ¦[abl.sg]| msa
√paṭ
¦[cl10p] speak resplendently [dk.bhāṣ] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.282] paṭaṃ, (bhāṣārthaḥ) |
paṭayati
¦[cs.3sg]|
·
paṭu
¦[adj] clever, sharp, intelligent, eloquent, talkative ++ |
√paṭ
¦(old Iranian)[cl10p] string together, weave ; [dk.granth] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.394] paṭaṃ, (granthe) |
paṭayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|
·
paṭa
¦[m] woven cloth, monk's habit |
paṭala
  • ¦[n][agt] to cover, veil, obscure; weave; division |
  • ¦[m] an enclosing film over the eyes, cataract |

paṭh


√paṭh
¦[cl1pā](grandly) read, recite, study, teach, instruct ; [dk.paṭh] [dk.vac] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.381] paṭhaṃ, vya̍ktāyāṃ vā̱ci |
paṭhati
¦[av.3sg]|
paṭhanti
¦[av.3pl]|

√paṇ
¦[cl1ā] negotiate, purchase, bargain, barter, buy; bet, wage, stake, risk, play for ; win a thing ; [dk.hṛ] [dk.stu] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.507] pa̱ṇaṃ, vyavahā̱re stutau̍ ca |
paṇate
¦[mv.3sg]|

√paṇḍ
¦[cl1ā] go, move, be active ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.315] pa̱ḍiṃ, gatau̍ |
paṇḍate
¦[mv.3sg]|
·
paṇḍita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] (̱was) learned, wise, shrewd |
  • ¦[m][agt] an erudite scholar, philosopher (upaniṣad +) |
    • paṇḍitas ¦[n.sg]| jns
·
pāṇḍitya
¦[n] scholarship, erudition, wisdom |
pāṇḍara
¦[n] prajñā of amitābha; sense: sight; aspect: knowledge; color: pale whitish yellow orange (mental); bīja: paṃ; a mantra: “oṃ padmadevi puṣpadevi paṃ svāhā”; (pāṇḍaravāsinī - firewind - padma mother) |
√paṇḍ
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) annihilate, destroy ; [dk.naś] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.106] paḍiṃ, (nāśane) |
paṇḍayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

pat


√pat
¦[cl4pā][lat] pat, pot [gk] pat, poth [en] to be patriarch, master; reign, govern, own, possess ; [dk.pat] [dk.rāj] |
patyate
¦[cl4ā]|
ādhipatya
¦[gnd] having reigned supreme, having mastered | mbk
·
pati
  • ¦[m] lord sovereign, master, husband |
    • patis ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • ¦[fī] wife, mistress |
adhipati
¦[f] the master cause of all causes | mmk
  • adhipati ¦[cp]|
  • adhipatyā ¦[i.sg]| mbk
  • adhipatyayos ¦[g.dl]|
  • adhipatyayos ¦[l.dl]| mbk
adhipatitva
¦[n][abst] fundamental causality, dominant causality, |
  • adhipatitvena ¦[i.sg]| vsk
patya
¦[n][agt] sovereignty |
ādhipatya
¦[n] (foremost) supremacy, sovereignty |
  • ādhipatyayos ¦[gl.dl]| mbk
√pat
¦[cl1p][en] fly, fall, leap motion ; [grk] pet, pos [lat] pet ; [dk.gam] [dk.pat] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.979] patḷṃ, gatau̍ |
pátati
¦[av.3sg] it falls | msa
utpatati
¦[av.3sg] it flies up |
upapatyate
¦[pv.3sg] flown near, hastened towards |
vinipātyate
¦[pv.3sg] fallen into |
prapatet
¦[op.3sg] ought fly forth; should leap off |
nipatya
¦[gnd] (having) fallen down, fallen back, fallen into |
praṇipatya
¦[gnd] (having) thrown one's self down, bowed to | jns
·
paripātayat
¦[prs.cs.av.p] causing to fall down; + | mmk
patita
  • ¦[pst.pv.p] fallen, degraded; alighted, fallen into |
  • ¦[n][agt] pitfall, flying, flight |
utpatta
¦[pst.av.p] rising up | mmk
·
pratipat
¦[f] opposite way, different way; middle way, central way |
  • pratipat ¦[]| tps
sampat
¦[f] (fully) falling together (coming), alight upon, meet, encounter, coinciding |
  • sampat ¦[cp]| tps
patti
¦[pali][f][sk.prāpti] acquiring, gain, share, part, portion |
āpatti
¦[pali][f] downfall, misfortune, infraction, offense, fall, sin, fault, error, offense |
  • āpattis ¦[n.sg]| tsn
  • āpattes ¦[abl.sg]| msa
  • āpattes ¦[g.sg]|
utpatti
¦[f] 'flying up', arising, manifesting, growing, evolving, coming forth, birth, origin, production | mmk
  • utpatti ¦[cp]| msa
  • utpattis ¦[n.sg]| mbk
  • utpattim ¦[a.sg]| jns
adyutpatti
¦[f] formostly arising |
anutpatti
¦[f] non·arising |
  • anutpatti ¦[cp]| msa
vyutpatti
¦[f] origin, origination, derivation, etymology (grammar); proficiency, development, cultivation, growth, acquisition, perfection, (kavya) |
  • vyutpatti ¦[cp]| tsn
samutpatti
¦[f] coming forth together |
samotpatti
¦[f] together arising |
  • samotpatti ¦[cp]| mbk
upapatti
  • ¦[f][act] occuring, appearing, rising up, effecting, accomplishing, resulting, happening |
    • upapattim ¦[a.sg]| msa
    • upapattyā ¦[i.sg]| msa
  • ¦[f][agt] cause, reason, conclusion, evidence, argument, association |
    • upapattīs ¦[a.pl]| msa
anupapatti
  • ¦[adj] inadmissible |
  • ¦[f] non accomplishment, insufficient means, failure of proof, inconclusive reasoning; non rebirth descent (buddh) | mmk
niṣpatti
¦[f][pali.nipphatti] result, completion, culmination, consummation, termination, perfection, conclusion, success, arrangement, generation |
  • niṣpattis ¦[n.sg]| tps, mbk
  • niṣpattibhis ¦[i.pl]| msa
prapatti
¦[f] pious calm abiding, letting go |
  • prapattis ¦[n.sg]| msa
  • prapattyā ¦[i.sg]| mbk
  • prapattau ¦[l.sg]| mbk
viprapatti
¦[f] ever more calm abiding, increasing tranquility |
  • viprapattayas ¦[n.pl]| msa
samprapatti
¦[f] complete calm abiding |
  • samprapattayas ¦[cp]| msa
  • samprapattaye ¦[d.sg]| msa
pratipatti
¦[f] acquiring, perception, supposition, practice |
  • pratipattis ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps, mbk
  • pratipattyā ¦[i.sg]| tps
  • pratipattes ¦[abl.sg]| msa, tps
  • pratipattes ¦[g.sg]| mbk
vipatti
  • ¦[f][agt] going wrongly, destruction, ruination, death, agony, torment, adversity |
    • vipatti ¦[cp]| msa
sampatti
¦[f] prosperity, welfare, good fortune, well going, success, accomplishment, fulfillment, turning out well |
  • sampatti ¦[cp]| msa, tps
  • sampattis ¦[n.sg]| msa, tps
  • sampattaye ¦[dat.sg]| jns
  • sampattes ¦[ab.sg][g.sg]| jns
samāpatti
¦[f] together manifesting, attainment in meditation (d·lh) |
  • samāpatti ¦[cp]| tsk
  • samāpattau ¦[l.sg]| tsk
upapattita
¦[m] fallen to rebirth |
anupapattita
¦[m] unfallendown, not rebirth |
pariniṣpattita
¦[m] one who generally does not fall into regression |
  • pariniṣpattitas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
prapattita
¦[m] one who has calm abiding |
  • prapattitas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
pratipattita
¦[m] one who has fallen back to conventional knowledge (external discernment of object), regressed, |
  • pratipattitas ¦[n.sg]| mbk
utpatin
¦[adj] upwards flying |
patra
¦[n] leaf, leaf for writing, paper document, promissory note, legal document | mmk
pāta
¦[m] flight, mode of flying, flying; alighting |
samnipāta
¦[m] alighting down together, coalescing together | mmk
pātana
  • ¦[n][act][adj] causing to fall; felling, striking down, removing, humbling |
  • ¦[n][agt] falling, a mineral refinement, chastising, casting the eyes, casting dice, abortion |
pātāla
¦[n][mfā] a lower hell realm, abode of nāga serpents and demons ; the capital city of the nāgas ; ++ |
  • pātālam ¦[n.sg]|
  • pātālam ¦[a.sg]| msa
√pat
¦[cl10pā] (cause to) go making a godly noise; speak with finality ; [dk.gam] [dk.vad] [dk.rāj] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.400] pataṃ, (devaśabde) gatau̍ (vā) | vāda̍nta̱ ity eke̍ ||
patayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

√path
¦[cl1p] way, path ; [dk.gam] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[1.982] patheṃ, gatau̍ |
páthati
¦[av.3sg]|
·
patha
¦[m] way, path, road, course, reach | mmk
  • patha ¦[cp]| msa, tps
pathin
¦[m] way, path, course |
paripanthin
  • ¦[adj] standing in the path, hindering |
  • ¦[m][agt] waylayer, opponent |
√path
¦[cl10pā] ; (cause to) throw forth, send ; [dk.gam] [dk.kṣip] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[10.29] pathaṃ, (prakṣepe) ity eke̍ |
pāthayati
¦[cs.av.3sg]|

pad


√pad
¦[cf√path][cl4pā][cl10ā] go, step by step, tread; [grk] pad [lat] pes, pont [rus] pad ; [dk.gam] [dk.pad] |
dhātupāṭha
¦[4.65] pa̱daṃ, gatau̍ |
pādyate
¦[mv.3sg] stepped |
pādayate
¦[cs.mv.3sg] (caused to) go step by step |
abhiniṣpadyantām
¦[cl4a.imp.mv.3pl] manifest, come, appear; 'towards (come) forth go' |
āpad
āpadyate
¦[pv